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mouth of the Cape Fear River to Wilmington, 12 to 2oft alongside the wharves. Charges. On a vessel of 179 reg. tons £35 145 7d. Pilotage. Bar pilotage, from £l 18s ofd for 6 and under 6ft to £13 145 10fd for 17! and under 18ft. River pilotage, from Smithville to Wilmington and vice versa, from £2 os idd for 6 and under 6}ft to £9 6s id for 15 and under 15 ft ; from Five Fathom Hole to Wilmington and vice verså, from 2 1 9571d for 6 and under 63ft to £6 6s told for 15 and under 153ft ; from Smithville to Brunswick, or from Brunswick to Wilmington or vice verså, half the rate from Smithville to Wilmington ; from Smithville to Five Fathom Hole, from Five Fathom Hole to Brunswick, from Brunswick to Campbell's Island, from Campbell's Island to Wilmington or vice versa, one quarter the rate from Smithville to Wilmington. Pilotage must be paid whether pilot is employed or not. WILMINGTON Delaware, U.S. Lat. 39° 47' N ; long.

75° 48' W. Pop. About 35,000. Tr.-I. General merchandise, &c. ; E. Powder, cars, machinery, watches, four, corn, meal, &c. Accn. Vessels drawing 17ft can reach the town at HW. Charges. None. Pilotage. None. WINDSOR, N.S. Lat. 45° N ; long. 64 9' W. Tr.-I. Ship

building materials ; E. Deals and plaster. Accn. Port perfectly safe for a vessel drawing 14tt, which can lie in mud alongside wharves. At HWST. 48ft; N. 4oft ; at LW. channel is almost dry. Charges. No charge is made for wharfage. 2/1 at custom-house the only port charge. Towage. In 2}d, and out, loaded 4d ton. WISBY, Sweden. Lat. 57° 40' N ; long. 18° 16' E. Pop.

16,000. Tr.-E. Marble, lime, cattle, and hops. The forests produce large trees fit for exportation. Accn. 14 to 16ft in the new harb., and in the old harb. 11 to 13ft. Charges. Moderate. On a vessel of 129 reg. tons, cargo of coals in and ballast out, about £10. Pilotage. On vessel drawing list in and Sft out, 14/3. WISMÄŘ, Germany. Lat. 53° 53' N ; long. 11° 28' E. Pop.

16,000. Tr.--Same as Rostock. Accn. Close to the town there are 16!ft of water, but the roads are safe and deep. Charges. A little cheaper than Rostock. Pilotage. See Warne. munde. Towage. See Rostock. WOLGAST, Germany. Lat. 54° 4' N ; long. 13° 52' E.

Pop. 6,000. Tr.-E. Wheat, &c. Accn. 15ft in the harb. ; vessels drawing more than 13ft must lighten at Ostertief. Charges. Port charges of a vessel 110 tons 27 Ios. Pilotage. On vessel of 210 reg. tons loaded £2 4s. Towage. From Wolgast to sea on vessel of 198 tons, 12ft dst., about £7 6s. YARMOUTH, N.S. Lat. 43° 50' N ; long. 66° 10' W. Pop.

8,000. Tr.-E. Fish, lumber, and deals. Accn. Vessels of any dft. can enter at half tide ; vessels of 16st dft. can lie afloat at any of the wharves. Charges are low. Harb. dues 14/7. Wharfage and labour cheap. Pilotage. In and out about id ion. Towage. 2d reg. ton inward and outward.

YENIKALE.-See Kertch.
YOKOHAMA, Japan. Lat. 35° 26' N ; long. 139*40' E. Pop.

50,000. Tr.-I. Dry goods, coal, petroleum, sugar, &c. ; E. Tea, silk, lacquer ware. Accn. It is a good and sale port for vessels of any size. Sp. rise 6}ft ; N. 4ift. Å graving dock 393 by 82 by 21st, and dry dock 300 by 52 by 143 (t. Charges. Expenses of a vessel 1,188 tons, cargo coal in and ballast out, £438 175 5d. Pilotage. In or out 12,6 foot. YSTAĎ, Sweden. Lat. 55° 27' N ; long. 13° 30' E. Pop.

8,000. Tr.-1. Coals, iron, salt, potatoes, oilcake, bones; E. Grain, oak, timber, beech, staves, and firewood. Accn. A safe harb. with a fine quay. Vessels of 16ft dft. can lie alongside the pierhead. Ystad is situated about 36 miles ESE. of Malmo. A patent slip 250 by 16ft for vessels up to 300 tons. Charges. For a vessel of 150 tons £13 to £15. Pilotage. On a ship of 150 reg. tons :--(a) coming with cargo from a foreign port, and going with cargo to a foreign port, (6) coming with cargo from, and going in ballast to a foreign port, (c) coming in cargo from a foreign port, and clearing coastwise in ballast :-(a) in, izst, 14/2}; out, 12ft, 14/21; (6) in, 12ft, 14/4) ; out, 9ft, 9/4; (c) in, 12ft, 14/2}; out, 9ft, 9/4: Towage. {i 6s 7d for vessels up to 250 reg. tons, above that size about 14d per reg. ton. ZANTE, Greece.-Lat. 37° 47' N ; long. 20° 54' 42" E.

Pop. 20,000. Tr.-I. Lumber, sugar, coffee, iron, coal, petroleum, &c.; E. Currants, olive oil, and wine. Accn. A capacious harbour. Ships anchor in from 10 to 12 fms at a distance of 500 to 1000 yds from and opposite to the town, sheltering themselves behind a mole or jetty when the wind is from the N.E. Charges. 150. per ton with cargo in and out, 10c. per ton with cargo one way only. Expenses of loading a vessel of 298 tons about £51. Pilotage. From 7/ to 21/. ZEBU, Philippine Islands. Lat. 10°17'N; long. 130° 06' E.

Pop. 10,000. Tr.-E. Chiefly sugar and hemp. Accn. Vessels (merchant) generally anchor SSW. of the fort, in 7 fms of water. Charges. On a vessel of 870 tons £103. Pilotage. On a vessel of 869 tons, in ballast inwards, and outwards with cargo of sugar, shells, hemp, &c., in or out £10. On a ship of 1,434 tons reg. (1,763 Spanish tons), ballast in, and cargo of sugar and hemp out, shifting anchorage LI os rod, inwards 25 165 $d, outwards £2 18s 4d. ZIERIKZEE, Holland. THW. 2h ; Sp. rise 10ft ; N. 9ft.

Tr.-I. Coals, wine, and provisions ; E. Madder. Accn. Harb. about it miles long, with accn. for ships drawing 16ft. There are also two shipbuilding yards. Charges. On a vessel drawing 15ft £12 Tis 8d. Pilotage. On vessel of 226 reg. tons, 15ft dft, inward £5 155, in winter from Oct. I to April 1, 18/6, in harb. 15/10, to sea 21/4, in winter 24/, moving each time 2/6. Towage. Under 300 to 1,000 tons, Helvoet to sea, from £6 55 to £13 6s 8d ; ditto to Zierikzee, or vice verså £9 35 40 to £18 6s 8; ditto to Dordrecht £6 135 40 to £15 16s 8d; Zierikzee to sea £4 35 4d to £10; ditto to Dordrecht £10 to £17 ios; sea to Zierikzee or Helvoet £7 ios to £19 Tis 8d ; each 10 tons above 1,000, 4d. Two ships being towed together, each ship pays £13s 4d less; the second vessel has to use one hawser. One ship wishing two boats pays £3 6s 8d more for the second boat. ŹWOLLE, Netherlands. Pop. 25,005, Tr.-E. Cattle,

jute, &c. Only frequented by vessels of small tonnage. 6ft on bar. Pilotage. In and out, £2 155. Charges. On vessel of 79 tons drawing 64ft, £10 6s.

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GENERAL STATISTICS OF STEAMERS ACCORDING TO THEIR FLAG. From the Bureau Veritas Répertoire Général, 1890-91.

Steamers of 100 tons net & upwards. Steamers under 100 tons net. FLAGS.

Steamers recorded as lost.
Tonnage.
No.

Tonnage.
No.

Tonnage.
Gross. Net.

No.
Gross. Net.

Gross. Net.
British

5,302 8,043,872 5, 106,581 774 122, 508
German

44394

155 689

187,237 118,965 930, 754 656,182

54 6,890 French

3,806 17 18,301 3 471 805,983

13,199
484,990 85 10,634

II
American

18,193 12,229
419 533,333 375,950
5 Spanish

2,964
1,630

13,512
423,627
350

9,262
273,819

6,196
6 Italian

2,900

8

6,099
200

3,802
294,705 185,796

16
1,946

1,082
Norwegian

5, 101 3,396
371 245,052 176,419
8 Dutch

39 4,789

2,974

6

3,853
164

2,905
220,014 149,355

8
9 Russian

1,123

5
9,777

6,788
230 177,052 116,742

16
10 Swedish

1,913
944

4,224 2,813
403
11 Danish

172,013 126,642 63 7,680

5,237

1,664

1,138
197 154,497 103,578
12 Austrian

19

1,409

5
III 149,447 96,503 22

1,542

I
13 Japanese

156
147
123,279

I
143

80
14 Belgian

55
15 Brazilian...

98,056 71,658

38 3,620 1,837

739

526 129 75,970 48,901

662 16 Greek 68

413

426

290
70,435 44,424

745
17 Portuguese.

309

1,708

I,III
41

49, 364
18 Chinese

29,564

300
181

645
43, 396
19 Turkish

28,540

38,833
20 Chilian

5
803

402
34,509 22,863

202

80 21 Egyptian 28

4

2,973
28,435

2,144
22 Argentine

18,040

245

96
54

25,039
23 Hawaian...

14,986

14
1,611

875
19 16,872

TO,423
24 Zanzibar

3
288

164
9

9,654 6,042
25 Uruguay

18
8,191 5,021

1

129
26 Haitian

49
9

6,615 3,856
27 Mexican ...,

5,890

3,710
28 Peruvian

I
113

90 5 5,268 3,151

1 29 Roumanian

140

78
I

1,598 1,116
3,977
2,574

2

181
30 Venezuela

93
6
1,582

157
Tunisian

99
31

1,762
32 Maroc

1,204

1,579
33 Siamese

1, 164
4.

1,454
34 Persian

1,004

838
35 Costa Rica

579
721

425 36 Equator ..........

329

249
37 Nicaragua

325
38 San Domingo

167

103
39 Honduras
40 | Unknown

155

95 13 20,901 12,929 Total..

9,638

12,825,709 8,286,747 1,244 181,760 76,099 238 282,150 184,265
• The Répertoire Général only gives the sea-going vessels of at least 100 tons rogistered gross tonnage, therefore some difference must exist between the official statistios of
each country and our list. N.B.-In the present issue (1890-91) and henceforth, the above statistics shall include also vessels under 100 tons classed by the Bureau Veritas.

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861

2 33

145,862

74 1,222

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320

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916

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1,073

10,559 3,693,650 3,406 1,445,016 3,567 1,405,934 1,698 706,475 2,402

655,640 2,131 455,907 1,799 373,357 1,457 299,473 1,627 298,787 I, 359 253,426

230, 250
877
330 120,739
512

89, 357
146 74,587

68,266 268 56,222 106

29,378 104 27,721

21,419

14,489
40

11,967
23 10,125
50 8,830
15 6,544
14 5,251
16
5

3,992
19

3,603 20

3,557 13 2,287

1,731 4

1,453 4 1,295

1,241

965 916

36

46

2

British American Norwegian.. German Italian Russian Swedish Greek French Spanish Dutch Danish Austrian Turkish Chilian Portuguese Brazilian... Argentine Republic Japanese. Peruvian. Hawaian Uruguay Nicaraguan Mexican Siamese Belgian Guatemala Bolivian Haitian Roumanian Venezuelan Ecuador San Salvador Chinese Montenegrin Colombian Liberian St. Domingo Costa Rica Egyptian Tunisian. Houduras Unknown

748

177

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Total... 33,879 10,540,051

398

14,436

970

358,641

* The Répertoire Général only gives the sea-going vessels of at least so tons register, therefore some difference must exist between the official statistics of each country and our list.

TARIFFS OF ALL NATIONS,

Corrected to November 15th, 1890.

1.-UNITED KINGDOM. Articles subject to import duties in the United Kingdom, and the rate of duty levied upon each article, distinguishing the duties levied as ordinary import duties and those levied to countervail Excise and other Inland Revenue duties upon British productions, according to the tariff in operation at the present time. No export duties are levied in the United Kingdom.

ORDINARY IMPORT DUTIES. Cocoa.-Raw, per lb., id. ; husks and shells, per cwt., 25. ; cocoa or choco

late, ground, prepared, or in any way manufactured, per lb., ed. Coffee.-Raw, per cwt., 145.; kiln-dried, roasted, or ground, per lb., zd. Chicory-Raw or kiln-dried, per cwt., 135. 3d. ; roasted or ground, per lb. 2d.;

coffee, chicory, or other vegetable matter applicable to the uses of

coffee or chicory, roasted and ground, mixed, per lb., 2d. Fruit, Per cwt. (Dried): --Currants, figs, fig-cake, plums not preserved in sugar,

prunes, and raisins, 7s. Tea, per lb., 4d. Tobacco, per lb.-- Unmanufactured: stemmed or unstemmed, containing in

every 100 lbs. weight thereof 10 lbs. or more of moisture, 3s. 2d. ; containing less than 10 lbs. of moisture, 38. 6d. ; manufactured: cigars, 55. ; cavendish or negrohead, 4s. 6d. ; snuff, contain: ing in every 100 lbs. weight thereof, more than 13 lbs. of moisture, zs. gd.; not more than 13 lbs. of moisture, 4s. ôd. ; other manu. factured tobacco, and cavendish or negrohead manufactured in bond

from unmanufactured tobacco, 45. Wine, per gallon.-Containing less than 30 degrees of proof spirits, is. ; con

taining 30 and less than 42 degrees of proof spirits, 25. 6d. With an additional duty of 3d. per gallon for every degree of strength beyond the highest above specified. Degree not to exceed fractions of the next higher degree. Additional duty on sparkling wine imported in bottle, not exceeding the proved market value of 155. the gallon, is.

exceeding that value as. 6d.

IMPORT DUTIES TO COUNTERVAIL EXCISE DUTY. Beer and Ale, the worts of which were, before fermentation, of a specific gravity

of 1,057 degrees, per barrel of 36 gallons, 6s. 6d. ; and so in propor.

tion for any difference in gravity. Beer, Mum, and Spruce, per barrel of 36 gallons, the worts of which were,

before fermentation, of a specific gravity not exceeding 1,215

degrees, 41 6s. ; exceeding 1,215 degrees, A1 ios. 6d. Spirits and Strong Waters. - Rum, brandy, Geneva, and unenumerated

spirits, per proof gallon, ros. 1od.; liqueurs, cordials, or other preparations containing spirits, in bottle, not tested for strength, per gallon, 143. 8d. ; perfumed spirits and Cologne water, per gallon,

175. 3d. Chloroform, per lb., 3s. Id. Chloral Hydrate, per lb., Is. 3d. Collodion, per gallon, £155, Ether, Acetic, per lb., is. iod. Ether, Sulphuric, per gallon, £1 6s. 2d. Ethyl, lodide of, per gallon, 135. 7d. Naphtha, purified so as to be potable, per proof gallon, ros. 4d. Soap (Transparent), in the manufacture of which spirit has been used

per lb., 3d. Varnish, containing alcohol. See Spirit Duties.

IMPORT DUTIES TO COUNTERVAIL STAMP DUTIES. Playing Cards, per dozen packets, 35. 9d.

Note as to Articles charged with Import Duties.-In this return sub-divisions of articles of a similar nature, and subject to the same rate of duty, are classed under one head. The total number of articles and sub-divisions of arti. cles in the English tariff of Import Duties, was 53 in May, 1875, as compared with 397 in 1859, and 1,046 in 1840.

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