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Section 39, Act 1855. Cook and cooking apparatus.
Section 40, Act 1855. In what cases interpreters must be carried.

Section 41, Act 1855. In what cases a medical man must be carried.

Section 42, Act 1855. Qualification of medical men.
Section 43, Act 1855. Medicines and medical comforts.

Section 44, Act 1855. Medical inspector of passengers and medicines, &c. Proviso where no medical inspector can be obtained. Section 45, Act 1855. Re-landing sick passengers.

Passengers' Rights before, during, and after the voyage. Section 46, Act 1855. Return of passage money to sick passengers re-landed.

Section ii, Act 1863. Return of half-passage money to sick cabin passengers re-landed.

Section 47, Act 1855. Subsistence money to be paid to passengers so re-landed.

Section 48, Act 1855. Return of passage money if passage not provided according to contract.

Section 49, Act 1855. Subsistence money in case of detention.

Section 50, Act 1855. Stores to be replenished when ships put back, and report to be made immediately to Emigration Officer.

Section 14, Act 1863. Passengers' rights in case of wreck or other disaster off the coast. They may be landed for the ship to be repaired.

Section 52, Act 1855. The Secretary of State, Governor or Consul may pay expenses of taking off passengers at sea.

Section 15, Act 1863. Governors or Consuls may send on to their destination shipwrecked passengers, is the master of the ship fail to do so.

Section 16, Act 1863. Expenses incurred under last two sections to be a Crown debt.

Sectior. 55, Act 1855. Insurance of passage-money not to be void on account of nature of the risk.

Section 56, Act 1855. Passengers not to be landed elsewhere than at destination.

Section 57, Act 1855. Passengers to be maintained 48 hours after arrival. Section 58, Act 1855. Passengers' right of action preserved.

Miscellaneous Provisions. Section 59, Act 1855. Rules may be prescribed by order in council for health, cleanliness, and ventilation.

Section 60, Act 1855. Surgeon and master to ensorce such rules.

Section 61, Act 1855. Copy of Act and extract of Order in Council to be kept and exhibited on board.

Section 62, Act 1855. Sale of spirits on the voyage prohibited.

Section 63, Act 1855. Bond to the Crown by master, &c., in duplicate.

Section 17, Act 1863. Bond when owner, master, or charterer resides abroad.

Section 64, Act 1855. Counterpart of bond to be forwarded to colony.

Section 65, Act 1855. In the absence of agreement to the contrary the owner to be responsible in re:pect of any desault in complying with requirements of Act,

Passage Brokers. Section 66, Act 1855. No passage broker to act without a license.

Section 67, Act 1855. How passage brokers' licenses may be obtained (bond with two sureties), and how forseited.

Section 69, Act 1855. Passage brokers to employ no agents except in writing.

Section 70, Act 1855. Penalty on persons fraudulently inducing others to engage passengers.

Section 71, Act 1855. Contract tickets to be given to cabin as well as other passengers, and to be without stamps.

Section 72, Act 1855. Penalty for altering or inducing any person to part with contract ticket.

Section 73, Act 1855. Summary remedy for breach of regulations in contract ticket provided.

Section 74, Act 1855. Penalty on cabin passengers and masters, &c., omitting to produce contract tickets.

Section 75, Act 1855. Penalty on persons acting as “emigrant runners " without licence and badge, and on those employing them

Section 76, Act 1855. Mode of licensing and registering runners.

Section 77, Act 1855. “Emigrant runner's” licence to be renewed annually.

Section 78, Act 1855. Penalty on "runners” for certain acts of misconduct, and on persons using “runner's " badges not lawfully issued to them.

Section 79, Act 1855. Fresh badges may be obtained in case of loss or mutilation of old ones.

Section 80, Act 1855. Runners not entitled to commission from any passage broker unless acting with his authority, nor from emigrants for procuring them passages.

Section 81, Act 1855. List of runners to be exhibited by brokers, and sent to Emigration Officers.

Section 82, Act 1855. Trustees of docks may pass bye-laws for regulating landing and embarkation of emigrants, and for licensing emigrant porters. Bye-laws to be approved by Secretary of State.

Section 83, Act 1855. Penalty for salsifying documents to obtain passages from the Board of Trade ; for falsely assuming to act as iheir agent; and on personation.

Clauses Relating to Penalties and Procedure. Section 84, Act 1855. By whom penalties and compensation monies to be recoveredi.

Section 85, Act 1855. Tribunals for adjudicating on offences and complaints under the Act.

Section 86, Act 1855. Police and stipendiary magistrates, and in Scotland sheriffs, &c., have the same power as justices of the peace.

Section 87, 1855. No objection allowed or conviction quashed for want or form.

Section 88, Act 1855. Application of penalties; compensation thereout may be given to party aggrieved.

Section 89, Act 1855. Burden of proof lies on persons claiming exemption from Act. Proof of negatives.

Section 90, Act 1855. Proof of being Government Emigration Officer.

Section 91, Act 1855. Passengers to be competent as witnesses.
Section 92, Act 1855. Tender of amends.

Section 93, Act 1855. Limitation of actions against officers
executing these Acts.
Section 94, Act 1855. Limitation of legal proceedings generally.

Voyages from the Colonies.
Section 95, Act 1855. Colonial voyages defined.
Section 96, Act 1855. Extension of Act to “Colonial voyages,”
with exceptions.

Section 97, Act 1855. Governors may proclaim length of voyages, with scale of diet, medicines, &c. Copy of such proclamation to be evidence and enforceable in any part of British dominions.

Section 98, Act 1855. Provision for survey of ships and appointment of surgeons in the Colonies.

Section 99, Act 1855. Governor-General of India may adopt the
Act.

Voyages to the United Kingdom.
Section 100, Act 1855. List of passengers brought into the United
Kingdom to be delivered to an Emigration Officer, by whom returns
of births and deaths at sea are to be made to Registrar-General.

Section for, Act 1855. Number of passengers limited by tonnage and space, as in the case of passenger ships from the United Kingdom.

Section 102, Act 1855. Provisions and water to be issued to passengers brought into the United Kingdom.

Appendix to Acts. Sections 5, 6, and 7, Act 1872. Transfer of administration of Passenger Acts to Board of Trade by Sections 5, 6, and 7 of Merchant Shipping Act, 1872.

Passengers' Amendment Act 1870. Conveyance of naval and military stores authorised in passenger ships.

Copy notice in London Gazette of June 7, 1864, reducing declared length of voyage for certain steamers to North America.

Copy notice in London Gazette of June 9, 1882, amending entire scale for computation of voyages.

Copy notice in London Gazette of April 29, 1856, authorising shipowners to use another victualling scale instead of scale B in section 35 of Passenger Act, 1855.

Order in Council of August 9, 1866, requiring ships with fifty passengers to carry a surgeon on any voyage.

Order in Council of February 3, 1863, for preserving order in passenger ships to Victoria carrying as many as ten unprotected females.

Order in Council of January 7, 1864, for promoting order and health in passenger ships.

Order in Council of June 28, 1875, respecting distilling apparatus in passenger ships. Section 37, Act 1874. As to registration of births and deaths at

Entry by master in official log book, and copy of same to be delivered to Registrar-General of Births and Deaths.

Suggestions by Board of Trade in official notice to masters of emigrant ships respecting boats and fire at sea (see Merchant Shipping Life Saving Appliances Act, 1888).

Sections 18, 19, and 20 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1876. Provisions against double survey of passenger ships. Survey of

sea.

foreign passenger steamer or emigrant ship. Power of Board of Trade to modify Passengers' Acts as to food, space, and accommodation in emigrant ships.

DIGEST OF MERCHANT SHIPPING ACTS.

MERCHANT SHIPPING ACT, 1854. PART I. Powers of Board of Trade and its Officers. - Sections I to 16. Board of Trade has superintendence of all matters relating to merchant ships and seamen. Board to issue all instruments for carrying Act into effect, which are exempted from stamp duty. Penalty for forging seal and for fraudulent substitution of forms, &c. All fees and payments received by Board of Trade to go to Mercantile Marine Fund, and all fines to Consolidated Fund. Powers to Board's officers, including superintendents of mercantile marine offices, customs officers, and consuls to muster crews and inspect ship's papers. Board of Trade inspectors may report upon accidents or damage, &c., examine witnesses on oath, and inspect documents. Penalties for non-compliance and obstruction.

Part II.--Deals with British Ships--their Ownership and Registry.--Sections 17 to 29. Application of this part of Act to all Her Majesty's dominions. Ownership of British ships to be vested in British subjects or naturalised citizens, or bodies corporate legally established. British ships to be registered with following exceptions: --(1) Those registered before operation of Act. (2) Ships not ex• ceeding 15 tons burthen employed in the coasting trade of United Kingdom, or in British possessions where managing owners reside. (3) Ships not exceeding 30 tons burthen without whole or fixed deck, and employed solely in fishing or trading within waters of British North America as defined. Ships not legally registered not entitled to recognition as British ships and not permitted to proceed to sea.

Rules for Measurement of Tonnage.--Computation of areas, allowances, ships measured, under Rule II., with cargo on board for purposes other than registry, ascertained tonnage to be deemed correct until remeasurement. Remeasurement of registered ships may be made, but not compulsory. Remeasurement of engine rooms improperly extended, provided. See Merchant Shipping (Tonnage) Act, 1889.

Registry of British Ships.-Sections 30 to 33. Registrars in United Kingdom and British possessions are the collectors and principal officers of customs ; in Crown Colonies, governors. Application for registry and prior survey. Declaration of ownership by individuals and body-corporate. Penalty on builder for false certifi. cate. No notice taken of trusts.

Certificate of Registry.--Sections 44 to 54. Certificates of Registry to be granted. Changes of owners and masters to be endorsed. Power to grant new certificate provided. Provision in case of loss. Provisional certiñcates to be delivered up. Custody of certificate. Delivery may be required under penalty for detention. Legal proceedings. Penalty for using improper certificate. Certificates of ships lost or ceasing to be British to be delivered up, &c.

Transfers and Transmissions. --Sections 55 to 65. Transfer of ships or shares therein. Declaration by transferee. Registration of transfer. Transmission of shares by death, bankruptcy, and marriage with necessary proof. Unqualified owners enti! transmission Tercer:: zi 3p. Power of Court and limit of time

-- 66 to 108 Mortgages of ships and shares. Rathe's priority. Certificates of mortgages 32 Die oop abie thereto. Ver registry and transfer of Penty pronte on change of ownership. Penalties for forging es al for false declaration of national character of ship.

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Parr III.

Masters cred Seamen. La Marina Bazas-Section 109. — Application of this part of et Seccions 110 DO 121.- Establishment of Local Marine Boards 2 ports where already in existence, and at such other ports as Board of Trade appreciate Election of members. Owrers of foreign-going or boere te passenger ships have one rote for every 250 tons of Sheppin Narimum member of votes to be ten for any one person. song powers of joint owners. List of voters to be kept by Col. Teater of Cases and revised every three years. Persons entitled Na realy entitled to election Board of Trade may appoint Te Urine Or Section 10 of Merchant Shipping Act, changes are of "Shipping Offices Sections 122 to 130.

e of shipping offices at Local Marine Board ports. La Verite Boards ar appoint and control officials of those whether trumber and salaries controlled by Board of Trade. Northers to be the engagement and discharge of seawere their presence on board, and facilitating sea appren.

de Renalties against officials for misconduct. Board W terandece business of these ofñces at Custom Houses, Lol Varie Bauris exist, and at Sailors' Homes in London

e Cortes of Masters and Mates.--Sections A laminations are instituted for masters and mates for W tener: Local Narine Boards, where established, Y pues and appoint examiners under sanction and

v Bard of Trade Powers of Board of Trade to grant ve service to officers of certain rank in navy, and to others. * We makes certain Ships. --Foreign-going

Are trade passenger ships, before proceeding to sea fr We a must each have a master possessing an art We competency or service. In addition, a

here the first and second mates, or only mng er & home trade passenger ship the fir the ey be possessed of an appropriat W or service Ships of 100 tons burth

tuless at least one officer beside ates only mate, or one of a high

place and against persons for fury ships are available for Auto Registrar General of the event of certificates ar

AhSh en of Mercantile M htturer of boys bo wered by two

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