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Section 5. Ships laden in accordance with regulations of Board of Trade are exempted from penalties provided by Act.

Section 6. Notice by master of kind and quantity of grain cargo to be given to British Consular Officer or Officer of Customs abroad.

Sections 8 and 9. Board of Trade has power to enforce Act. Mode of prosecution and recovery of penalties, &c. MERCHANT SEAMEN (PAYMENT OF WAGES AND RATING)

Act, 1880. Advance Notes. --Section 2. Advance notes made illegal when beyond one month's wages. (See Merchant Shipping Act, 1889, Chapter 46, Section 2.)

Allotments.-Section 3. Seamen may leave half their wages under allotments to relatives mentioned in Section 169 of M.S. Act, 1854, or may leave allotment payable to Seamen's Saving Bank.

Payment of Wages.-Section 4. Seaman entitled on leaving ship at end of engagement to £2, or one-fourth of balance due him whichever is least ; remainder to be paid within two clear days (exclusive of any Sunday or Bank Holiday) after leaving ship. Delivery of wages account at Mercantile Marine Office instead of to seaman himself at master's option (see Section 171,M.S. Act, 1854). Final settlement of wages may be lest to superintendent if seaman consents. Wages in case of non-payment within required period run on until final settlement. In cases of dispute where sum does not exceed 65 superintendent may arbitrate.

Section 5. ' Penalty provided against persons being on board with out permission before seamen leave, £ 20 (see Section 237, M.S. Act, 1854). This provision may be applied to foreign-going ships by order in Council.

Rating of Secmen.-Section 7. Seamen entitled to be rated A.B.s on proof of certain sea-service.

Section 8. Power of Court to rescind contracts between master or owner and seaman or apprentice.

Seamen's Lodging-houses.-Section 9. Board of Trade may license and approve of bye-laws and regulations made by Sanitary Authority at ports.

Desertion.-Section 10. Imprisonment for desertion abolished, but power of arrest and conveyance on board provided. (See also Merchant Shipping Act, 1889, Section 3.)

Section 11. Benefits of Employers' and Workmen's Act, 1875, extended to seamen.

MERCHANT SHIPPING (FISHING BOATS) ACT, 1883. Sections 3 to 12. Application of Act. Apprenticeship to the sea-fishing service, and agreements with boys under sixteen.

Sections 13 to 23. Articles of agreement to be made with seamen in fishing service.

Sections 24 to 27. Deals with the wages and discharge of seamen, and the duties of skippers.

Sections 28 to 35. Provisions as to discipline, amenities, and penalties in the sea-fishing service.

Sections 36 to 42. Issue of certificates of competency to skippers and second hands by Board of Trade. Sections 43 to 47.

Enactments relating to deaths, injuries, punishments, ill-treatment, and casualties. Disputes between skippers or owners and seamen.

Sections 48 to 55. Miscellaneous.

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The MERCHANT SHIPPING (MISCELLANEOUS) Act, 1887.

The provisions of this Act, passed in the 1886 session of Parlia. ment, amending in certain minor particulars some of the enactments relating to merchant shipping and seamen, may be learned in the following summary :

Section I gives the title of the Act as above, and recites that it may be construed as one with the Merchant Shipping Act, 1854, and amending Acts, and that this Act and those Acts may be cited collectively as the Merchant Shipping Acts, 1854 to 1887.

Fees on Examinations of Engineers.-Section 2 recites that by Section 7 of the Merchant Shipping Act Amendment Act, 1862, it is provided that fees payable by applicants for certificates of competency as engineers shall be carried to the account of the Mercan. tile Marine Fund, and that at the time of the passing of that Act the salaries of the surveyors who conduct the examinations were paid out of that sund.

And, further, that by Section 39 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1876, it was provided that the salaries of the said surveyors should be paid out of moneys provided by Parliament ; and by Section 4 of the Merchant Shipping (Fees and Expenses) Act, 1880, it was provided that the fees paid by the applicants for engineers' certiticites of competency should be paid into the exchequer.

And it further recites that under Section 3 of the Merchant Shipping (Expenses) Act, 1882, the salaries of the said surveyors are charged on and paid out of the Mercantile Marine Fund, and it is expedient that the fees paid by the applicants for examination should be carried to the account of the Mercantile Marine Fund, It is, therefore, enacted that the fees payable in pursuance of Section 7 of the Merchant Shipping Act Amendment Act, 1862, shall cease to be payable into the exchequer ; and all such of those fees as have been levied since April 1, 1883, or are herealter levied, shall be carried to the account of the Mercantile Marine Fund.

Powers of Colonial Governors re Measurement and Registry of Ships.--Section 3 recites that doubts have been expressed as to the extent of the powers conferred on certain Colonial authorities by Section 31 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1854, and it is therefore enacted that the powers conferred by that section on the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, or other person administering the Government in a British possession, shall be deemed to include the following powers :

(a) Power to approve a port or place within the possession for the registry of ships; and (b) power to appoint surveyors within the limits of the possession to survey and measure ships for registry or re-registry as British ships, in accordance with the provisions of the Merchant Shipping Acis, 1854 10 1887.

Public Records in Custody of Registrar-General of Seamen.Section 4 enacts that all documents which, under Section 277 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1854, or enactments amending same, are required to be recorded and preserved by the Registrar-General of Seamen, shall be deemed to be public records and documents within the meaning of the Public Record Offices Acts, 1838 to 1887, and those Acts shall, where applicable, apply to such documents in all respects as if they had been specifically referred to in the said Acts.

Explana!ion of Meaning of Lighthouses.--Section 5 enacts that in the Merchant Shipping Act, 1854, and amending Acts, the expres.

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sion “lighthouses” shall, in addition to the meaning therein assigned to it, include sirens and all other descriptions of fog signals ; and the expression “new lighthouse ” shall include the addition to any existing lighthouse of any approved light, or any siren, or any description of log signal.

Repeals.-Section 6 is the last in the Act, and merely repeals Section 48 of the Seamen's Fund Winding-up Act, 1851, and Section 4 of the Merchant Shipping (Fees and Expenses) Act, 1880. MERCHANT SHIPPING (LIFE SAVING & APPLIANCES) Act, 1888.

Section 1. Obligation of owners and masters to carry boats and other appliances in British merchant ships for saving life.

Section 2. Authority of Board of Trade to appoint a a consultative committee for framing rules under Act. Tenure of office, &c.

Sections 3 and 4. Power to make rules as to life-saving appliances, and penalties provided for breach of rules.

Sections 5, 6, and 7. Power of Board of Trade to inspect and enforce rules. Rules not to apply to sea-fishing boats.

Power provided to proceed for breach of other Acts.

Sections 8, 9, and 10. Repeals after first publication of rules, sections 292, 293, and 294 M. S. A., 1854, as to boats to be carried, except so far as they relate to sea-fishing boats, registered under Sea Fisheries Act, 1868. Repeals section 27 of Passengers Act, 1855, from the beginning to words “immediate use at sea ”; and repeals section 15 M. S. A., 1873.

Sections 9 and 10. Construction and short title of Act.

Schedule 1 of Act specifies constitution of committee and number of representatives from Chamber of Snipping, Liverpool and Glasgow Associations, Council of Naval Architects, Shipmasters' Societies, Seamen's Societies, Lloyd's Committee, Lloyd's Register Society and Committee of London Underwriters.

Schedule 2. Matters for which rules are to provide, including arrangement of British ships into classes ; boats, buoys, and other apparatus and appliances to be carried.

RULES MADE BY THE BOARD OF TRADE.

(Which came into effect on November 1, 1890.) For the purposes of these rules, British ships shall be arranged into the following classes :

DIVISION (A). —Class 1.-Steamships carrying emigrant pas, sengers, subject to all the provisions of the Passengers Acts.” Class 2.- Foreign-going steamships having passenger certificates under the “Merchant Shipping Acts.' Class 3.-Steamships having passenger certificates under the “Merchant Shipping Acts” authorising them to carry passengers anywhere within the hometrade limits ; that is to say, between places in the United Kingdom, or between the United dom and ports in Europe between the River Elbe and Brest.

DIVISION (B).- Class 1.-Sailing ships carrying emigrant passengers subject to all the provisions of the “Passengers Acts.” Class 2. - Foreign-going sailing ships carrying passengers, but not subject to all the provisions of the “ Passengers Acts. Class 3.- Foreigngoing sailing ships not carrying passengers. Class 4.–Foreigngoing steamships not certified to carry passengers.

Division (C).-Class 1.-Steamships not certified to carry

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passengers plying anywhere within the home-trade limits. Class 2.- Sailing ships in the same trades not carrying passengers.

Division (D). --Class 1.-Steamships having passenger certi. ficates authorising them to carry passengers within certain specified limits of the home-trade ; that is to say, on short specified passages along the coasts of the United Kingdom, or between Great Britain and Ireland, or between Great Britain or Ireland and the Isle of Man. Class 2.-Steamships carrying passengers on short excursions or pleasure trips, to sea, or in estuaries or mouths of rivers during daylight. Class 3.-Steamships carrying passengers on rivers (and) (or) lakes, but not goirg to sea or into rough waters. Division (A).-Class I.-Rules and Tables for steamships carry.

ing Emigrant Passengers, subject to all the provisions of ihe

Passengers Acts.(a) Ships of Division (A), Class I, shall carry boats placed under davits, fit and ready for use, and having proper appliances for getting them into the water, in number and capacity not less than prescribed by the following table ; such boats shall be equipped in the manner required by and shall be of the description defined in the General Rules appended hereto.

(6) Masters or owners of ships of this class claiming to carry sewer boats under davits than are given in the following table must declare before the collector or other officer of Customs, at the time of clearance, that the boats actually placed under davits are sufficient to accommodate all persons on board, allowing 10 (ten) cubic feet of boat capacity for each adult person, or statute adult."

(c) TABLE for DIVISION (A), Class 1.

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Gross Tonnage.

Minimum Number of

Boats to be placed

under Davits.
Total Min. Cubic Con-

tents of Boats to be
placed under Davits.
L. X B. ~ D. X 6.

Gro's Tonnage.

Minimum Number of

Boats to be placed
under Davits.
Total Min. Cubic Con,

tents of Boats to be
placed under Davits.
L x B. X D. X.6.1

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9,000 and upwards
14 5,250 3,500 and under

3,750 8 2,600 8,500 ard under 9,000 14

5,100 3,250

3,500 8 2,500 8,000 8,500 14 5,000 3,OCO

3,250

8

2,400 7,750 8,000 12 4,700 2,750

3,000

2,100 7,500 7,750 I 2

4,600
2,500

2,750 6 2,050 7,250 7,500 12 4,500

2,25

2,500 6 2.000 7,000 7,250 12 4,400 2,000

2,250

6

1,900 6,750 7,000 12 4,300 1,750

2,000 6 1,800 6,500 6,750 4,200 1,500

1,750

6 1,700 6,250 6,500 12 4,100 1,250

1,500 6

1,500 6,000 6,250 12 4,000 1,000

1,250 4 1,200 5,750 6,000 10

3,700
900

1,000 4 1,000 5,505 5,750 IO

3,600
800

900 4 900 5,250 5,500 3,500 700

809
4

800 5,000 5,250 3,400 600

700 3
4,750
5,000 IO

3,300
500

600
3

too 4,500 4,750 8 2,900 400

500
2

400 4,250

4,500
8 2,900 300

400 2 350 4,000

4,250
8 2,800 200

300 2

300 3,750

8
2,700 100

200

250 Note.-Where in ships already fitted the required cubic contents of boats placed under davits is provided, although by a smaler number of boats than the minimum required by this table, such ships shall be regarded as complying with the rules as to boats to be carried under davits.

4,000

9

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99

700

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(d) Not less than half the number of boats placed under davits shall be boats of Section (A) or Section (B). The remaining boats may also be of such description, or may, in the option of the shipowner, conform to Section (C), or Section (D), provided that not more than two boats shall be of Section (D).

(e) If the boats placed under davits in accordance with the fore. going Table (c) do not furnish sufficient accommodation for all persons on board, then additional wood, metal, collapsible or other boats of approved description (whether placed under davits or otherwise) or approved life rafts shall be carried. One of these boats may be a steam launch; but in that case the space occupied by the engines and boilers is not to be included in the estimated cubic capacity of the boat.

Subject to the provisions contained in paragraph (g) of these rules, such additional boats or rafts shall be of at least such carry. ing capacity that they and the boats required to be placed under davits by Table (c) provide together in the aggregate three-fourths more than the minimum cubic contents required by column 3 of that Table. For this purpose 3 cubic feet of air case in the life raft is to be estimated as 10 cubic feet of internal capacity. Provided always that the rafts will accommodate all the persons for which they are to be certified under the Rules.

All such additional boats or rafts shall be placed as conveniently for being available as the ship's arrangements admit of, having regard to the avoidance of undue encumbrance of the ship's deck, and to the safety of the ship for her voyage.

(n) In addition to the life-saving appliances before mentioned, ships of this Class shall carry not less than one approved life-buoy for every boat placed under davits. They shall also carry approved lise-belts, or other similar approved articles of equal buoyancy, suitable for being worn on the person, so that there may be at least one for each person on board the ship.

(8) Provided, nevertheless, that no ship of this class shall be required to carry more boats or rafts than will furnish sufficient accommodation for all persons on board.

Division (A).-CLASS 2. Ships in this Class shall be subject to the same requirements as those in Division (A), Class 1. Division (A).-CLASS 3.-Rules for steamships having passenger

certificates under the Merchant Shipping Acts,authorising them to carry passengers anywhere within the Home Trade Limits, that is to say between places in the United Kingdom, or between the United Kingdom and ports in Europe between

the River Elbe and Brest. (a) Ships in this Class shall carry boats placed under davits in accordance with the rules and table provided for ships in Division (A), Class 1.

(6) If the boats placed under davits in accordance with this requirement do not furnish sufficient accommodation for all persons on board, then additional wood, metal, collapsible, or other boats of approved description (whether placed under davits or otherwise), or approved life-rafts, shall be carried of at least such cubical capacity that they and the boats required to be placed under davits by Table (c) provide together in the aggregate one-half more than the minimum cubic contents provided by column 3 of that Table.

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