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Who shall devour Israel with full jaws.
For all this his anger is not turned away,
But his hand is stretched out still.


13 “ The people turneth not to him that smiteth them;

Neither do they seek Jehovah of hosts. 14 Therefore shall Jehovah cut off from Israel the head and the tail,

The palm-branch, and the rush, in one day; 15 [The aged and the honorable are the head,

And the prophet, that speaketh falsehood, is the tail.] 16 For the leaders of this people lead them astray,

And they that are led by them go to destruction.
17 Therefore shall Jehovah have no joy in their young men,

And on their orphans and widows he shall have no compassion;
For they are all profane, and evil-doers;
Every mouth speaketh folly.
For all this his anger is not turned away,
But his hand is stretched out still.

18 “For wickedness burneth like a fire ;

It consumeth the briers and thorns,
And it kindleth the thicket of the forest,

So that it goeth up in columns of smoke.
19 Through the wrath of Jehovah of hosts is the land burned,

And the people are food for the fire;

No one spareth another. 20 They consume on the right hand, and yet are hungry;

They devour on the left, and are not satisfied;

Every one devoureth the flesh of his arm. 21 Manasseh is against Ephraim, and Ephraim against Manasseh,

And both together against Judah.
For all this his anger is not turned away,
But his hand is stretched out still.

i “Woe to them that make unrighteous decrees,

That write oppressive decisions ! 2 To turn away the needy from judgment,

And rob the poor of my people of their right.

3 What will ye do in the day of visitation,

And in the desolation which cometh from afar?
To whom will ye flee for help,
And where will ye deposit your glory?
4 Forsaken by me, they shall sink down among the bound,

And fall among the slain.
For all this his anger is not turned away,

But his hand is stretched out still.”
Ps. xlii. xliii. xlvi. Isa. ix. 7, x. 4. Am. i. 2–ii. 16.
Ps. cvii. xlix. lix.

But there are so few logical strophes, that we cannot consider them any thing more than the work of unconscious instinct.

a Ps. i. ii. iii. iv. vi. vii. xi. and Job viii.





$ 135.


They contain the history of the theocracy; and,

I. The books of Moses and Joshua contain the history of its establishment, together with the theocratic laws.



I. RABBINICAL COMMENTARIES. R. Salomo Jarchi, (or R. Salomo Isaac, commonly abbreviated 04, Raschi,) Commentary on the whole Bible, in Buxtorf's Rabb. Bible; Lat, with notes, ed. by Breithaupt; Gotha, 1710—1714, 3 vols. 4to.

Aben Esra, (or Abraham Ben Meir A. E.,) Commentary upon most of the Books of the 0. T., in Buxtorf's Rabb. Bible, wherein, also, is David Kimchi's Comment on the early and later Prophets and the Chronicles, and R. Levi Ben Gerson's Explanation of the first Prophets, the Proverbs of Solomon and Job.

Isaak Abarbanel, Comment on the Pentateuch; Lat., by Henr. van Bashuisen; Hannov. 1710, fol. On the historical books, by Aug. Pfeiffer ; Leipz. 1686, fol. On the later Prophets; Amst. 1641, fol. On Isaiah ; Lat by J. H. Majus; Frcf. a. M. 1711, 4to. On Hosea; Lat. by Fr. von Hasen ; Leid. 1686. On Nahum, Hebr. and Lat. by J. D. Sprecher ; Helmst. 1703. On Malachi, with Commentaries of Aben Esra, Jarchi, and Kimchi ; Lat. by Sam. Bohl ; Rost. 1637, 4to.

R. Salomo Ben Melech, pian; best editions, Const. 1685, fol., with Abendana's addition. Ex Michlal Jophi, sive Commentario R. Salom. Ben

II. The (so called) historic books, with their appendages, Chronicles and the book of Ruth, contain the

Melech in V. T. Libros ...... particula complectens Prophetiam Jonæ. Vers. Lat. et Indice illustravit, Paraphrasin Chald. Textui Hebr. adposuit atque Præf. præmisit Ern. Chr. Fabricius ; Gott. 1792, 8vo.


Origen, Exegetical Remains on the 0. T., in Origenis Commentaria, ed. Huetius ; Rothomagi, 1668. Opera, ed. De la Rue, vol. ii. iii.

Jo. Chrysostomus, Homilies, Opp. ed. Montfaucon ; Paris, 1718–1738, 13 vols. fol.

Ephraem the Syrian's Commentary on the 0. T., after the Peshito, in his Opp. Syr. et Lat. ed. Petr. Benedictus ; Rom. 1740, fol.

Theodoreti Quæst. in Pentat., Jos., Jud., Ruth, Sam., Regg., Paralip. Comment. in Psalm., Cant. Cant., Proph., Opp. ed. Jac. Sirmond; Par. 1642, 4 tom. fol.; ed. J. L. Schulz et J. A. Nösselt; Hal. 1769–1774, 5 tom. 8vo.

Procopii Gazaei Comment. in Octateuchum Lat. ; Tigur. 1555; in Libros Regg. et Paralipp. Græce et Latine a Jo. Meursio ; Lug. Bat. 1620, 4to. Variorum in Esaiam Prophetam Commentariorum Epitome Græce et Lat. a Jo. Curterio; Paris, 1580.

Σειρά ενός πεντήκοντα υπομνηματιστών εις την 'Οκτάτευχον και των Βασιλειών ήδη πρώτον τύποις εκδοθείσα επιμελεία Νικηφόρου; Leipz. 1772, 2 vols. fol. Catena Græcorum P. P. in beatum Job. Collectore Niceta ed. et Lat. Vers. Op. et St. Patricii Junii ; Lond. 1637, fol. Expositio Patrum Græcorum in Psalmos a Balth. Corderio ex Codd. concinnata, Latinitate donata; Antwerp, 1643—1646, fol. 3 vols. Eusebii, Polychronii, Psellii in Cant. Cant. Expositt. Græce Jo. Meursius publicavit ; Lug. Bat. 1617, 4to.

Hieronymi Comment in Prophetas, Eccles. Quæst. Hebr. in Genes. Epist. critt. xviii. Opp. ed. Martianay; Par. 1693—1706, 5 vols. fol. ; — ed. Vallarsi ; Veron. 1734–1742, 11 vols. fol.; ed. 2, 1766—1772, 11 vols. 4to.

Augustini Liber de Genesi ad Litteram imperf.; de Genesi ad Litteram LL. xii.; Quæst. in Heptateuchum LL. vii.; Enarrat. in Psalm.; Annotatt. in Job. L. I. Opp. ed. Bened. ; Par. 1679–1701, 11 vols. fol. ; - ed. 2, Cur. Clerici; Antwerp, 1700—1703, 12 vols. fol.


Conr. Pellicani Comm. in Libros V. et N. T.; Tigur. 1532—1539, 9 Fols. fol.

Jo. Piscatoris Comm. in omnes Libros V. T.; Herborn. 1646, fol.
Cornel. a Lapide, Comm. in omnes S. S. Libros; Venet. 1688, 16 vols. fol.
Calvini Comm. in his Opp.; Amst. 1671, 9 vols. fol.

subsequent history of the theocracy, its struggle and downfall.

Franc. Vatabli (Vatblé) Annotatt. in V. T. ex ejus Prælectt. collectæ a Bertino le Comte ; Par. 1545; also at the end of the Vulgate of Rob. Stephanus ; 1557, 2 vols. fol.

Seb. Münster, Annotatt. in omnes Libros V. T. in his Bibl. Hebr. Lat; 1535– 1546.

Jo. le Mercier, Comm. in Gen.; 1598; in Job., Proverbb., etc.; 1573, fol.; in Prophetas quinque priores inter eos, qui minores vocantur; 1698, 4to.

Jo. Drusii Annotatt. in Loca diffic. Pentateuchi; Frankf. 1617, 4to.; in Loca diffic. Jos., Judd., et Sam. ; 1618, 4to. Lectiones in Proph. Nahum, Hab., Sophon., Joel., Jon., Abdiam. In Græcam Editionem Conjectanea, et Interpretum vett. quæ exstant Fragmenta ; Leid. 1595. Lect. in Hos., etc.; Leid. 1699. In Amos; Leid. 1600. In Mich., Agg., Zachar., et Malach.; Amst. 1627, 4to. Comm. in Prophetas min., ed. Sixt. Amama; Amst. 1627, 4to. Comm. in Libr. Ruth ; 1586, 4to. Annotatt. in L. Esther; Leid. 1586. Scholia in Job.; Amst. 1636. In Cohel. ; ib. 1635, 4to.

Grotii Annotatt. in V. T.; Par. 1644, 3 vols. fol. ; — ed. G. J. L. Vogel et Döderlein ; Hal. 1775, 1776, 3 vols. 4to.; — with an Auctarium by Döderlein ; 1779, 4to.

See these and other interpreters in Critt. sacris; Lond. 1660, 9 vols. fol., (by J. and R. Pearson Scattergood, and Gouldman,) reprinted and enlarged; Amst. 1698, 9 vols. fol., ed. by Gürtler ; Frankf. 1696, 7 vols. fol.; and 2 suppl. vols.; 1700, 1701. Matth. Poli, Synopsis Criticorum aliorumque S. S. Interpretum ; Lond. 1669, 5 vols. fol.; Frankf. 1712, 5 vols. fol.; ib. 1694, 5 vols. 4to.

Jo. Maldonnti Comm. in Præcip. Libr. V. T.; Par. 1643, fol.

Lud. de Dieu, Animadverss. in V. T. Libros omnes; Leid. 1648. Critica sac. sive Animadverss. in Loca quæd. diffic. V. et N. T.; Amst. 1693, fol.

Lud. Cappelli Comm. et Notæ criticæ in V. T., cum Jac. Cappelli Observatt. in V. T.; Amst. 1689, fol. .

Abrah. Calovii Biblia V. et N. T. illustrata, sive Comm. Locupl. in V. et N. T., præmissis Chronico s., Tractatu de Nummis, Ponderibus, et Mensuris, insertis et refutatis Annotatt. Grotianis universis; Frcf. a. M. 1672 1676, 4 vols, fol.

Seb. Schmidt, Annotatt. super Mosis L. I.; Arg. 1697, 4to. Prælect. in viii. priora c. Jos. in his Comm. in Jes. ; Hamb. 1723, 4to. Comm. in Libr. Judd.; Arg. 1706, 4to. Annotatt. in L. Ruth; ib. 1696, 4to. Comm. in Librr. Sam.; ib. 1697, 4to. Annotatt. in Librr. Regg.; ib. 1697. Comm. in Job.; ib. 1705, 2 vols. 4to. In Cohel. ; ib. 1704, 4to. Super Prophet. Jes.; Hamb. 1702, 4to. In Jerem.; Frcf. a. M. 1706, 2 vols. 4to. In Proph. min.; Lips. 1698, 4to.

Jo. Clerici Comm. in Pentat. ; Amst. 1710. In Libros hist. V. T.; 1708. In Hagiogr. ; 1731. In Proph. ; 1731, fol.

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