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2 Kings viii. 20. “In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves."

Numbers xxiv. 7. “He [Jacob] shall pour the water out of his buckets, and his seed shall be in many waters, and his king shall be higher than Agag, and his kingdom shall be exalted.”

Numbers xxiv. 17–20. “I shall see him, but not now; I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth. And Edom shall be a possession ; Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly. Out of Jacob shall come he that shall have dominion, and shall destroy him that remaineth of the city. And when he looked on Amalek, he took up his parable, and said, “Amalek was the first of the nations, but his latter end shall be that he perish forever.'

Compare 1 Sam. xv., where Saul routs the Amalekites, and Samuel hews Agag, their king, in pieces ; xiv. 47, where Saul's conquest of this nation is related; 1 Ch. iv. 43, where their destruction is completed ; and 2 Sam. viii. 2, 14.

Num. xxiv. 22. " The Kenite shall be wasted until Ashur shall carry thee away captive.” But this is doubtful. Compare the following:

Deuteronomy xxviii. 68. “And the Lord shall bring thee into Ægypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, “Thou shalt see it no more again:' and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bond-men and bond-women, and no man shall buy you."

Isaiah xi. 11. “ And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Ægypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea."

Zephaniah iïi. 10. “From beyond the rivers of Æthiopia my suppliants, even the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring mine offering.”

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IV. Names of places and regions, which were first known at a later date, also occur:Hebron. Gen. xiii. 18, “ Mamre, which is Hebron,” &c. But from Josh. xiv. 15, xv. 13, it appears Hebron was a modern name, probably given in honor of the grandson of Caleb. (1 Ch. ii. 41.) [Formerly it had been called Kirjath-arba. It is even called by its ancient name in Neh. xi. 25.]

Dan is mentioned Gen. xiv. 14, and Deut. xxxiv. 1. In the last passage, it is the extreme limit of the land of Gilead. But the place did not come into the possession of Dan until long after Moses, as it appears from Judg. xviii. 29—“ And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name of Dan their father, who was born unto Israel : how beit, the name of the city was Laish at the first."

Beth-el is mentioned Gen. xii. 8— " And he [Abram] removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Beth-el; there he builded an altar.” Again, (xxviii. 19,) Jacob comes to the place, where he passes the night, and has a remarkable dream ; « And he called the name of that place Beth-el; but the name of the city was Luz at first." Gen. xxxv. 15, as Jacob returns from Padan-aram, Elohim appears to him, “ And Jacob called the name of the place where Elohim spake with him Beth-el.” But in Josh. xviii. 13, it is still called “ Luz, (which is Beth-el.)”

Havoth-jair (the villages of Jair) is mentioned Num. xxxii. 41—66 And Jair the son of Manasseh went and took the small towns thereof, and called them Havoth-jair ;” and Deut. ïïi. 14, “ Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country of Argob, unto the coasts of Geshuri, and Maachathi, and called them after his own name, Bashan-havoth-jair, unto this day.” But, according to Judges, (x. 3, 4,) the place was named from Jair, who judged Israel long after Moses. " And after him arose Jair, a Gileadite, and judged Israel twenty-and-two years. And he had thirty sons that rode on thirty asscolts, and they had thirty cities, which are called Havothjair unto this day, which are in the land of Gilead.”

Ophir, also, is mentioned Gen. x. 29. Compare 1 Kings ix. 28.

In the course of such an unhistorical and arbitrary treatment, it was natural that the same thing should be differently represented, and the various writers should contradict themselves.

Compare Gen. ii. 4-25, with the very different account of the same things in i. 1-ii. 3. Compare, also, the following:

Genesis. Chap. vi. 19–21. “ And of Chap. vii. 2, 3. “Of every every living thing of all flesh, two clean beast thou shalt take to of every sort shalt thou bring into thee by sevens, the male and his the ark, to keep them alive with female; and of beasts that are not thee: they shall be male and fe clean by two, the male and his male. Of fowls after their kind, female. Of fowls also of the air and of cattle after their kind, of by sevens, the male and the feevery creeping thing of the earth male; to keep seed alive upon the after his kind; two of every sort face of all the earth.” shall come unto thee, to keep them alive. And take thou unto thee of all food that is eaten, and thou shalt gather it to thee; and it shall be for food for thee, and for them.”

Chap. ix. 8—17. And God Chap. viii. 20—22. “And spake unto Noah, and to his | Noah builded an altar unto the sons with him, saying, “And I, | Lord, and took of every clean behold, I establish my covenant beast, and of every clean fowl, with you, and with your seed and offered burnt-offerings on the after you; and with every liv- altar. And the Lord smelled ing creature that is with you, a sweet savor; and the Lord of the fowl, of the cattle, and of said in his heart, I will not every beast of the earth with you, again curse the ground any more from all that go out of the ark, to for man's sake; for the imaginaevery beast of the earth. And I tion of man's heart is evil from will establish my covenant with his youth: neither will I again you ; neither shall all flesh be cut smite any more every thing livoff any more by the waters of a ing, as I have done. While the flood; neither shall there any earth remaineth, seed-time and more be a flood to destroy the harvest, and cold and heat, and earth.' And God said, “This is summer and winter, and day and the token of the covenant which night, shall not cease.'” I make between me and you, and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations. I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth. And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud : and I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you, and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.' And God said unto Noah, “This is the token of the covenant which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.'”

Genesis. [Chap. xi. 26, 32. “And Te- Chap. xii. 4. “So Abram derah lived seventy years, and begat parted, as the Lord had spoken Abram, Nahor, and Haran. unto him; and Lot went with

“ And the days of Terah were him: and Abram was seventy two hundred and five years: and and five years old when he deTerah died in Haran."

I parted out of Haran.”]

Compare the whole of chapter xv. with the repetition of the same thing in xvii. Compare also the following passages : —

Chapter xvii. 17.1 Chapter xxi. 5, 6. Chap. xviii. 12—15. “Then Abraham fell | “ And Abraham was “ Therefore Sarah upon his face, and a hundred years old laughed within herlaughed, and said in when his son Isaac self, saying, “After I his heart, “Shall a was born unto him. am waxed old, shall I child be born unto | “And Sarah said, have pleasure, my lord him that is a hundred God hath made me to being old also ?' And years old ? and shall | laugh, so that all that the Lord said unto Sarah, that is ninety hear will laugh with Abraham, Wherefore years old, bear?'me.'"

did Sarah laugh, saying, “Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old ?" Is any thing too hard for the Lord ? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son. Then Sarah denied, saying, *I laughed not;' for she was afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh.'”.

Here the same fact is related three times, with only

vol. II. 9

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