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DOCUMENT «ELOHIM.” ery living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you, from all that go out of the ark to every beast of the earth.' And I will establish my covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.' And Elohim said, “This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you, and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations. I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth. And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud : and I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you, and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between Elohim and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.' And Elohim said unto Noah, • This is the token of the covenant which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.””


DOCUMENT “JEHOVAH.” (6.) Chap. ix. 28. “And Noah Chap. ix. 20—27. “ And Noah lived after the flood three hun-began to be a husbandman, and dred and fifty years, and all the he planted a vineyard : and he years of Noah were nine hundred drank of the wine, and was drunkand fifty years, and he died.” en; and he was uncovered within

his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without. And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father : and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father's nakedness. And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him. And he said, • Cursed be Canaan; a servant of DOCUMENT “JEHOVAH.” servants shall he be unto his brethren." And he said, · Blessed be Jehovah Elohim of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. Elohim shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.'"*


DOCUMENT “JEHOVAH." IV. Chap. xi. 10—26. Genea- ! Chap. x. Register of the nalogical register till Abraham. tions, with parallel genealogies.

V. Chap. xi. 27—32 is decidedly Elohistic. The passage xii.xiv. — containing Abraham's migration to Canaan and Ægypt, his separation from Lot, his military expedition - is chiefly Jehovistic, but, perhaps, contains some Elohistic verses, as in xii. 5, 6, and elsewhere.

VI. Chap. xvii. God's covenant with Abraham.

Chap. xv. A covenant also, but without the institution of circumcision, and the promise of Isaac, which is related in chap. xviii.

VII. Chap. xix. 29. Destruction of Sodom, and delivery of Lot.

Chap. xix. 1–28. The same. Verses 30–38. Lot's incest.

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VIII. Chap. xx. Abraham's Chap. xii. 10–19. A similar residence at Gerar, and seizure adventure in Ægypt. Chap. xxvi. of Sarah."

1--11. A similar adventure befalls Rebekah.


Srizure of Sarah in Seizure of Sarah in Seizure of Rebekah.

Ægypt. I “And there was a “And Abraham “And there was a famine in the land, journeyed from thence famine in the land: | besides the first famtoward the south and Abram went ine that was in the country, and dwelled | down into Ægypt to days of Abraham,

[Perhaps verses 18, 19, likewise belong here.] o Comp. chap. V.

· See Tuch, l. C. p. 4. & Comp. the passage ix. 1–17, which is closely allied to this. e Verse 18 is interpolated.


DOCUMENT “ JEHOVAH.” between Kadesh and sojourn there; for the | And Isaac went unto Shur, and sojourned famine was grievous | Abimelech king of in Gerar. And Abra in the land. And it | the Philistines unto ham said of Sarah his came to pass, when Gerar. And Jehovah wise, She is my sis. he was come near to appeared unto him, ter :' and Abimelech | enter into Ægypt, that and said, 'Go not king of Gerar sent he said unto Sarai his down into Ægypt : and took Sarah. wife, Behold now, dwell in the land But Elohim came to I know that thou art which I shall tell Abimelech in a dream a fair woman to look thee of. Sojourn in by night, and said to upon : therefore it this land, and I will him, “Behold, thou shall come to pass, be with thee, and art but a dead man, when the Ægyptians will bless thee: for for the woman which shall see thee, that unto thee and unto thou hast taken: for they shall say, “ This thy seed I will give she is a man's wife.' is his wife;" and they all these countries, But Abimelech had will kill me, but they and I will perform not come near her; / will save thee alive. | the oath which I and he said, “Lord, Say, I pray thee, thou sware unto Abraham wilt thou slay also art my sister; that it thy father: and I a righteous nation ? may be well with me will make thy seed to Said he not unto me, for thy sake; and my multiply as the stars “She is my sister ?" soul shall live because of heaven, and will and she, even she her- of thee.'

give unto thy seed all self, said, “ He is my “And it came to these countries : and brother : " in the in- pass, that when A- | in thy seed shall all tegrity of my heart, bram was come into the nations of the and innocency of my | Ægypt, the Ægyp- earth be blessed : behands, have I donetians beheld the wo- cause that Abraham this. And Elohim man that she was very obeyed my voice, and said unto him in a fair. The princes also kept my charge, my dream, ‘Yea, I know of Pharaoh saw her, commandments, my that thou didst this in and commended her statutes, and my laws.' the integrity of thy before Pharaoh : and “And Isaac dwelt heart; for I also with the woman was taken in Gerar: and the held thee from sin- | into Pharaoh's house. men of the place asked ning against me : | And he entreated | him of his wife; and therefore suffered I | Abram well for her he said, "She is my thee not to touch her. / sake : and he had | sister :' for he feared


DOCUMENT “ JEHOVAH." Now, therefore, re sheep, and oxen, and to say, 'She is my store the man his he-asses, and men- wife;' • lest,' said he, wife; for he is a servants, and maid | 'the men of the place prophet, and he shall servants, and she should kill me for pray for thee, and asses, and camels. Rebekah;' because thou shalt live: and “And Jehovah she was fair to look if thou restore her plagued Pharaoh and upon. And it came not, know thou that his house with great to pass when he had thou shalt surely die, plagues because of been there a long thou, and all that are Sarai, Abram's wife. time, that Abimelech thine.'

And Pharaoh called | king of the Philistines “Therefore Abim- Abram, and said, looked out at a winelech rose early in What is this that dow, and saw, and the morning, and thou hast done unto behold, Isaac was called all his servants, | me? Why didst thou sporting with Rebekand told all these not tell me that she ah his wife. And things in their ears: was thy wife? Why Abimelech called and the men were saidst thou, “She is Isaac, and said, “Besore afraid. Then my sister"? so I hold, of a surety, she Abimelech called might have taken her is thy wife; and how Abraham, and said to me to wife: now, saidst thou, “She is unto him, · What hast therefore, behold thy my sister"?' And thou done unto us? | wife; take her and go | Isaac said unto him, and what have I of thy way. And Pha- . Because I said, fended thee, that thou raoh commanded his “Lest I die for her." hast brought on me, men concerning him: And Abimelech said, and on my kingdom, and they sent him · What is this thou a great sin? Thou away, and his wife, hast done unto us? hast done deeds unto and all that he had.” One of the people me that ought not to

might lightly have be done.' And Abim

lien with thy wife, elech said unto Abra

and thou shouldest ham, What sawest

have brought guiltithou, that thou hast

ness upon us.' And done this thing ?'

Abimelech charged And Abraham said,

all his people, saying, • Because I thought,

• He that toucheth this “ Surely the fear of

man or his wife, shall Elohim is not in this

surely be put to death."

DOCUMENT “ELOHIM." place; and they will slay me for my wife's sake.” And yet indeed she is my sister; she is the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother: and she became my wife. And it came to pass, when Elohim caused me to wander from my father's house, that I said unto her, “ This is thy kindness which thou shalt show unto me; at every place whither we shall come, say of me, 'He is my brother.""

“And Abimelech took sheep, and oxen, and men-servants, and women-servants, and gave them unto Abraham, and restored him Sarah his wife. And Abimelech said, “Behold, my land is before thee: dwell where it pleaseth thee.' And unto Sarah he said, “Behold, I have given thy brother a thousand pieces of silver; behold, he is to thee a covering of the eyes unto all that are with thee, and with all other :' thus she was reproved.

“So Abraham prayed unto Elohim; and Elohim healed Abimelech, and his wife, and his maid-servants; and they bare children.”

DOCUMENT “ ELOHIM.” I DOCUMENT “JEHOVAH." IX. Chap. xxi. 1—21.“ Birth of Chap. xvi. Similar Events.

Isaac, and Erpulsion of Ish | “Now Sarai, Abram's wife, mael.

bare him no children: and she “Sarah conceived, and bare had a handmaid, an Ægyptian, Abraham a son in his old age, at whose name was Hagar. And the set time of which Elohim had Sarai said unto Abram, . Behold, spoken to him. And Abraham now, Jehovah hath restrained me called the name of his son that from bearing : I pray thee, go in was born unto him, whom Sarah unto my maid; it may be that I bare to him, Isaac. And Abra- may obtain children by her.' And ham circumcised his son Isaac, be- Abram hearkened to the voice ing eight days old, as Elohim had of Sarai. And Sarai, Abram's commanded him. And Abraham wife, took Hagar her maid the was a hundred years old when Ægyptian, after Abram had dwelt his son Isaac was born unto him.. ten years in the land of Canaan,

“And Sarah said, · Elohim hath and gave her to her husband made me to laugh, so that all that Abram to be his wife. hear will laugh with me. And “And he went in unto Hagar, she said, “Who would have said and she conceived: and when she

• Comp. verses 244 with xvii. 21, 10–14; verse 13 with xvii. 20. Verse 1 is interpolated.

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