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CHAPTER III.

POPULATION-GOVERNMENT-FINANCES - COMMERCE-EDU

CATION, &c.—PROPERTY-SOCIAL STATE, &c.

We have no correct estimate of the progressive increase of the population; when taken from the French the island is supposed to have contained 6,000 Acadians; a great number of whom were afterwards removed, as stated under Nova Scotia. In 1802 the number of inhabitants was,

-males, 10,644 ; females, 10,007; total, 20,671: in 1822, males, 12,140; females, 12,460; total, 24,600 : in 1825, males, 14,140; females, 14,460 ; total, 28,600. Scotchmen form more than one half of the whole population ; those from the Hebrides are best suited to the island. The Acadian French are estimated at about 5,000; but of the Mic-mac, or native Indians, once so numerous, there are probably not more than thirty families on the island. The two last censuses, viz. in 1827 and 1833, were as follows :

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Census of the POPULATION taken under the authority of

the Acts Geo. IV. cap. 7. A.D. 1827—and William IV. cap. 7. A.D. 1833.

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176 40 51 77 91

601 61 7

49

111 107

9 51 35 1 3 25 24 1

56 38 4 5 60 58

41 26 2 7 22 23 2 & 25 24 2

12 7
10 8 1
56 34 4
29
72 75 8
107

72 8
171 124 8

114 95 4 17 228 1991 17 18 174 176 14 19 208 178

3 20 193 137 10 21 162 132 17 22 52 52 8 23 144 132 24 289 245 13 25 103 74 5 26 111 110 20 27 117 77 12 28 246 227 22 29

141 149 18 30 49 33 2 31 90 84 7 32 1871 207 13 33 141 123 19 34 340 275 28 35 87 191 58 36

105 118 12

99 105 10 38

76 83 12 39

93 77 4 40 112 113 13 41 72 76 12 42 96 68 15

227 87 50 98 118 69 47 51 19 19 94 78 155 187 303 213 444 364 389 340 311 112 285 547 182 241 206 495

138 94
47 39
31 20
36 35
52 43
39 23
29
27 22
5 9
7 10
32 37
29 20
56 64
104 76
148 24
106 90
197 194
197 192
191 157
175 140
158 142

56 53
144 119
265 190

97 70 101 113

89 79 224 204 148 119 51 24 81 S6 185 182 122 116 324 303 150 171 104 113 84 106 60 91 74 82 86 84 71 87 84 95

232 86 51 71 95 62 52 49 14 17 69 49 120 180 272 196 391 389 348 315 300 109 263 455 167 214 168 428 267

75 167 367 238 627 321 217 190 151 156 170 158 179

459 173 101 169 213 131 119 100 33 36 163 127 275 367 575 409 835 753 737 655 611 221 548 1002 349 455 374 923 575 159 348 774 521 1270 657 452 404 322 330 408 318 358

148 72 28 50 64 78 31 21 14 21 64 67 116 167 225 184 367 385 261 222 245

57 114 360 121 199 118 379 220

45 105 299 180 448 238 143 240 139 174 123 143 132

135 61 22 42 58 58 28 18 12 21 58 25 95 166 211 147 349 328 230 183 212

49 121 362 124 175

96 341 182

51 124 309 136 437 222 133 193 148 154 101 126 133

283 133 50 92 122 136 59 39 26 42 122

92 211 333 436 331 716 713 491 405 457 106 235 722 245 374 214 720 402

96 229 608 316 885 460 276 433 287 328 224 269 265

41 35 64 34 139

78 119

40 246 250 154 115 313 280 104

81 160 203 173 63 119 166 205 385 197 176

- 308

84 181 407 283 643

336

37

235 214 171 174 238 160 179

35

2 184 49 93

(continued.)

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265
452
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93
102
189

62 188

174 230 137 117 302 201 333 304

6

97

43 111 106 9 44 114 119 11 45 129 133 6 46 54 68 5 47 186 183 14 48 116 135 14 49 241 190 21 50 215 206 20 51 48 43 2 52 47 53 2 53 711 110 8 54 36 23 3 55 102 73 13 56

162 105 10 57 273 249 25 58 167 135 13 59 75 93 10 60 86 75 8 61 48 59 7 62 94 84 14 63 60 63 4 64 118 151 9 65 223 2001 17 66 17 10 67 29 39 3 68* 431 524 17 69* 1381 152 15 70* 9 22 71* 55 41 1 72* 4 8 73* 128 109 5 74. 6 10 75* 3 4 76*

4 77* 10 5 78*

4 5 1

247 240 234 138 372 250 406 416

78 116 130

59 174 239 552 275 147 167 117 164 129 250 380 23

132 115
114 126
122 112

72 66
180 192
126 124
218 188
209 207
40 38
72 44
60 70
31 28
82 92
125 114
286 266
140 135
69 78
84 83
62 55
81 83
73 56
119 131
197 183
13 10
26 22
436 557
1301 141
13 15
48 40

1 3 115 101 13 10 4 7

277

161 265 126

99 323 219 338 341

6 93 146

31 153 207 282 247 132 100 106 142

99 174 290

2

463 464 502 265 755 515 858 $57 171 218 319 121 362 516 1099 590 325 336 231 356 256 528 820

50 119 1965 576

59 185

16 458 39 18

4 28 19

335 128
495
263 239

49 625 130 423 92 671 187 645 212

12 159 190 28 260 59

64 289 73 395 1211 557 542 464 126 240 85 203 133 198 33 262 94 173 831 350 571 249

4 46

114

33 136 188 275 217 108 103

92 120

74 176 281

2

547
315
178
169
114
192
127
278
440
27
71
972
305
31
87

12
242
16
7
4
15
10

178

48

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156

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G.tl. 8297 7829 714 16840 7910 7542 15452 32292 11976 11290 23266 8832

•68 Charlotte Town

72 Prince Town

76 Rustico Island 69 Charlotte Town Royalty 73 Prince Town Royalty 77 St. Peter's Island 70 George Town

74 Boughton Island 78 Governor's Ibland 71 George Town Royalty 75 Panmure Island

GOVERNMENT FINANCE.

203

GOVERNMENT.—Prince Edward's Island having its own Lieutenant-Governor, Council, and House of Assembly, constituted after the manner described in the preceding chapters, is perfectly independent of the Governor-General at Quebec in the civil administration of its affairs ; its military are under the control of the Nova Scotia Commander of the Forces. The Council consists generally of nine members appointed by the King's mandamus, and the House of Assembly of eighteen members elected by the people as in the other colonies—four for each county, and two for each of the towns of Charlotte, George, and Prince towns. The form of procedure is that of the British Parliament. There is a Court of Chancery regulated after that at Westminster, over which the Governor presides and the jurisprudence of the colony is managed by a Chief Justice. The laws are English.

FINANCE.—The first revenue attempted to be levied for the support of the Government, as before stated, was the quit-rents—these failing in their extent, a Parliamentary grant was applied for and obtained. according to the following document, which was drawn up by the Colonial Office for the Board of Trade, and not used by the latter : the revenue and expenditure for twelve years was in sterling money

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The salaries of the Government, at present defrayed by an annual grant of the Imperial Parliament, are — Lieutenant-Governor, 10001. sterling per annum ; Chief Justice, 7001. ; Attorney-General, 2001. : Secretary, Registrar, and Clerk of the Council, 1501. ; Provost Marshal, 1001.; Minister, 1001.; Surveyor-General, 2001.; Coroner and Clerk of the Crown, 901. ; Agent, 1001.; Roman Catholic Missionary, 501.; Contingencies, 1301.-total, 2,8201.; the whole grant voted for 1832 was 3,5001.

As previously observed, the Legislature of this little colony express themselves desirous of relieving the mother country from any contribution for the support of their Government, and they ask in return for the Crown to resign its claim to the quit-rents,

* I am enabled to give these years from documents furnished me by Mr. Stewart.

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