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8438 5775 12555 19762 38 168 21430 12273 2 1 13699 9031 15670 11986) 1 37714 1501 3840 4390 28740

100 6181

270 16860 2140 1015

208
24

7
40
407

5864

146 272 1299 7659

554
24
58

93
277

12 91

4 296 38 12

2832
129
365
763
2980

20
657

48 2455 127 124

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1355

70* 71* 72+ 73* 74* 73+ 76* 77* 78*

191

60

205

20 769 71 28

15
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130 4528 188 266 i90

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Tot. 387616946314 13869 337 7 131826299 50510 207021283504 388504 261664 1310063 46,29

No.

in 1827 336981 59909

9378 2473 11074 3979 39899 21531

13418

3908

28712

76172

* 68 Charlotte Town.

69 Ditto Royalty.
70 George Town,
71 Ditto Royalty.

72 Prince Town.
73 Ditto Royalty.
74 Boughton Island.
75 Panmure ditto.

76 Rustico Island.
77 St. Peter's ditto.
78 Governor's ditto.

The fisheries of Prince Edward's Island have not been sufficiently attended to: the herring fishery is of great importance; it commences early in the spring, when the bays and harbours, particularly on the north side of the island, are no sooner clear of ice, than they are filled with immense shoals of those fish, which may be taken in any quantity : they are

larger, though not so fat, generally, as those taken off the western coasts of Ireland and Scotland, and partake more of the character of the Swedish herring. Alewives or Gasperaus, although not so plentiful as the herring, appear in great quantities. Mackarel are in great abundance on the coast and in the harbours, from June to November. Cod are caught in great plenty in every part of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, more particularly on the coast of Prince Edward Island, the bay of Chaleur, and in the straits of Belleisle. Trout is found everywhere extremely fine, and often very large : the halibut taken sometimes weigh 300 pounds. Sturgeons are common in the summer months in all the harbours, some measuring six to seven feet in length. Perch are found in all rivers and ponds that have a communication with the sea. In fine, if the fisheries of this fine island were more attended to, they would add much to the value of property, while their pursuit would stimulate the progress of agriculture and the colonization of the settlement.

PROPERTY Y-NATURE AND VALUE.—The preceding statements will convey some idea of the extent of property in the island. In conformity, however, with the plan adopted in the preceding colonies, I subjoin the following estimate, which must be considered only as an approximation to truth :

PROPERTY ANNUALLY CREATED.

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VALUE of PROPERTY annually created in Prince

Edward's Island, and, if not consumed, converted into Moveable or Immoveable Property :

£. Animal Food for 33,000 mouths, at 200 lbs. each per annum, at 4d. per pound ...

110,000 Fish for 33,000 mouths, at 150 lbs. each per annum, at 13d. per pound

30,937 Bread and other vegetables for 33,000 mouths, at 3d. per day each

150,606 Butter, milk, cheese, and eggs for 33,000 mouths, af Id. each per day for 365 days

50,187 Luxuries, viz.—wine, spirits, ale, tea, coffee, sugar,

&c. for 33,000 mouths, at 3d. each per day for 365 days

150,606 Food for horses, cows, &c., 100,000 animals, at 11. each per annum

100,000 Clothes and furniture worn out for 33,000 mouths, at 31. each per annum

99,000 Domestic manufactures, &c. annually produced 100,000 Income from business, or profits on professions, &c. at 101. each

330,000 Waste by fire, loss, bad seasons, &c.

25,000

Total annually created........£1,146,336

VALUE OF MOVEABLE PROPERTY.

£. Horses, 6,299 at 101. each ...

32,990 Horned cattle, 30,428 at 51. each

152,140 Sheep, 50,510 at 1l. each

50,510 Swine, 20,702 at 11. each

20,702 Poultry

25,000 House furniture, &c.

500,000 Clothing and equipage

165,000 Machinery, farming implements, &c.

100,000 Bullion and Coin

10,000 Ships, boats, timber, and other merchandize . 1,000,000

Total, moveable property

. £2,056,342

VALUE OF IMMOVEABLE PROPERTY.

£, Houses, 5,500 at 101. each......

55,000 Saw and grist mills, &c., 75 at 2001. each

15,000 Land, arable, 100,000 acres, at 5l. per acre

500,000 Land, occupied but untilled, 400,000 acres, at ll.

400,000 Land not granted, 900,000 acres, at ls. per acre. 45,000 Roads, canals, dykes, bridges, wharfs, &c.

160,000 Forts, gaols, churches, barracks, &c.

80,000 Manufactories, mines, quarries, &c.

50,000

per acre

Total, Immoveable Property

£1,303,000

Total, Moveable and Immoveable, £3,361,342

RELIGION, EDUCATION, AND THE PRESS-SOCIAL STATE, &c.—The established religion of the colony is Episcopalian, but I think the greater number of the inhabitants are of the Kirk of Scotland, or Romish faith. There are several missionary establishments; and it may be truly said, that no people are more sedulously attentive to the pleasing duties of religion than the inhabitants of this little island, who have shown its practical workings on their minds by the efforts made for the dissemination of education.

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40 43 44 45 46 48 49 50 5) 56 57

18 13 15 17 32 14 30 16 32

7 17 46 34 23 16 18

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9 16 2 7 25 18 12 7

10 21 22 33 27 14 14

9 35 18 9 5 48 26 14 12 27 22 46 9 2 16 13

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74

1464

20
35

812

There are two newspapers, well conducted'; but, as may naturally be expected in a free community, with some party feeling. In its colonial assembly a watchful eye is kept over the distribution of their small funds; and I see no reason to regret that the

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