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them ; a ministry should recollect that if they want to sit firm, it must be by upholding the immense domestic and colonial industry of England, which seems now abandoned for fallacious doctrines of free trade with France and other countries, while maxims, that if carried into operation, would speedily ruin a private mercantile establishment, are absurdly supposed to be the surest guides for promoting and securing the business and welfare of a commercial empire.

RELIGION, EDUCATION AND THE PRESS.—There has usually existed a very commendable harmony of religious feeling between the different persuasions,--the Wesleyans, Roman Catholics, Congregationists, and Dissenters generally, being more numerous than the Episcopalian Church, over which there is an archdeacon; the Romish Church has a bishop. Since the introduction of a local legislature, the clergy unhappily have taken an active part in the elections, by which course they have distracted the community; but it is to be hoped the excitement will gradually subside, and things will assume their former tone.

As regards the Press, there are no less than five newspapers published at St. John's weekly, namely,

Royal Gazette,” Public Ledger,” (twice a week,)“ Newfoundlander,' Times,” and “Patriot ;” their politics are various, but the latter is most distinguished by the peculiarity of its character, which is furiously radical, and at variance with the sentiments of a vast majority of the population, though edited with much industry and some talent. At Harbour Grace they publish the “Conception Bay Mercury,” and at Carbonear the “ Star,” also weekly, both respectable journals. Of late years, the taste for

the or

literature has greatly increased, and it is but due to
that enlightened and excellent judge, Chief-Justice
Forbes, who presided over the Supreme Court for five
years, from 1817 to 1822, to state, that he was mainly
instrumental in promoting it.

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30

St. John's Central School...... 1824 1248 121

221
Quidi Vidi

1825 90

102
River Head or Southside

1828 155

24 117

30
Signal Hill...

1828 50

50
Portugal Cove

1828 180
73/ 100

13
Torbay

1828

56
Trinity

1825 247 1011 193 46 137
Ship Cove

1828 60 40 60 40
North Side.

1828

41 71 41
Cuckold's Cove....

1828

56 40 56 40
Old Bonaventure..

1829 64

37 64 37
South Side...

1832 53 40 53 40
Harbour Grace .....

1825 451 129 412 123 85
Mosquito

1828 86 22 77
Upper Island Cove • 1829 151 53
River Head

1830 151
Port-de-Grave...

1829 266132 335 135 109
Cupids

1830 36
Bareneed

1831 120

58 152 71
Bonavista...

1826 544 273 308 207 139
Brigus

1832 177 140 227 130 30
Burnt Head..

1832

58 50
Petty Harbour

1825 187 651 126 73
Maddox Cove

1828
Spaniard's Bay

1829 207 90 198 106 63
Twillingate

1829 102 52 112 54 20
Jenkin's Cove

1830

72 56
Herring Neck

1830 40

60
Green's Pond ....

1828 186 130220 135 75
Swain's Island ...

1829 20

22
Fool's Island......

1829 45 32 47 32
Bay Roberts

1829 100 40 54 54 10
Juggler's Cove

1832

29 29
Western Bay

1831 107

98
Little Placentia ................... 1332 85

11

Total
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the Books

Total
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the Books.
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the Books.

Total
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the Books.
91!!:::: admitted.
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1279 121

85
170

25
205 73

56
34 343 135
60 40

41
56 401
64 37
531

401
21 536 178

86 22
151 53
151
4281 161

36

174 71
24 721 311
17 254 215

58 50
207 81

36
28 231 155

168 100
72

63
30 251 162

22
47 32
139 79)

29 29
137
96

63

...

...

56

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Total......

5335 17323540|1529 1072 154 6560 2312

Branch Schools.

VALUE OF PROPERTY.

331

NATURE and VALUE of PROPERTY annually created

in Newfoundland', and if not consumed, con

verted into Moveable or Immoveable Property:Animal food for 80,000 mouths, at 200 lbs. each per annum, at 4d. per pound

£266,666 Fish for 80,000 mouths, at 150 lbs. each per annum, at ld. per pound....

50,000 Bread and other vegetables for 80,000 mouths, at 3d. per day for each

365,000 Butter, milk, cheese, and eggs, for 80,000 mouths, at ld. per day for each

120,166 Luxuries-viz. wines, spirits, ale, tea, coffee, sugar,

&c. for 80,000 mouths, at 3d. each per day... 365,000 Food for horses, cows, &c. 40,000, at 11. each ....., 40,000 Clothes and furniture worn out, for 80,000 mouths, at ll. each

80,000 Domestic produce

500,000 Income from business, or profits on professions 100,000 Waste by fire, loss, bad seasons, shipwreck, &c. 10,000 Total annual production of property

£1,896,832 VALUE OF MOVEABLE PROPERTY. Horses, 1,000, at 101. each ...

£10,000 Horned Cattle, 10,000, at 5l. each ..

50,000 Sheep, 10,000, at 1l. each

10,000 Swine, 20,000, at 11. each

20,000 Poultry

2,000 House furniture, &c. 15,000 houses, at 101. each.. 150,000 Clothing and equipage, 80,000 mouths, at 5l. each 400,000 Machinery and farming implements, &c.

20,000 Bullion and Coin ...

60,000 Ships, boats, timber, and other merchandise

200,000 Total moveable property

£922,000 1 The statistics of the island are so vague, that a very imperfect estimate can only be made of property ; an estimate is however given for the purpose of promoting further inquiry.

VALUE OF IMMOVEABLE PROPERTY.

Houses, 15,000, at 101. each
Warehouses, mills, &c.
Arable land, 100,000 acres, at 5l. per acre
Land granted, but untilled, 200,000 acres, at ll.

£150,000

100,000 500,000

per acre

200,000

Land not granted, fit for use, 1,000,000 acres, at 5s.

per acre......
Roads, canals, dykes, bridges, wharfs, &c.
Forts, gaols, churches, barracks, &c.
Manufactories, mines, quarries, fisheries, &c. ....

250.000

50,000 300,000 1,000,000

Total immoveable property..

£2,550,000

Total moveable and immoveable

...£5,368,832

SOCIAL STATE.—On this head there are not many remarks necessary, even did space permit; the inhabitants are principally divided into fishermen, traders, and merchants : the population is of a shifting nature; but under the fostering care of a local legislature will probably become more stationary. Agriculture is extending annually, and in general it has rewarded the toil and labour of the careful and industrious husbandman. The land might be made extensively useful in grazing farms; and as potatoes can be raised with much facility, hogs may be fed with success after the country is more opened and cleared.- It has been suggested the new government house, erected at an enormous expense, and quite disproportioned to the salary of the governor, might readily be converted into apartments for the legislative council and assembly to hold their sessions. At St. John's they have a Commercial Society, out of which a Chamber

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of Commerce is chosen annually, to watch over and promote the trade and fisheries. There is a branch of the Bank of British North America now open at St. John's. The capital has a Benevolent Irish Society, and two Benefit Societies, under the denomination of the “ Association of Fishermen and Shoremen,” and a

“ Mechanics' Institution.” There is also a Benevolent Irish Society in Conception Bay.

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