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H A R M O N Y
ON THE PLAN PROPOSED BY LANT CARPENTER, LL. D.
PUBLISHED BY GRAY AND BOWEN.
M DCCC XXXI.
BE IT REMEMBERED, that on the twelfth day of January, A. D. 1831,'in the fifty-fifth year of the Independence of the United States of America, Gray and Bowen, of the said District, have deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof they claim as proprietors, in the words following, to wit:
“ A Harmony of the Gospels, on the Plan proposed by Lant Carpenter, LL. D.”
In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, “ An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned”; and also to an act, entitled, “ An Act, supplementary to an Act entitled “An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned'; and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints.”
JNO. W. DAVIS,
E. W. METCALF AND COMPANY,
Printers to the University.
DR. CARPENTER, in his “ Introduction to the Geography of the New Testament,” has explained his plan for a Harmony of the Four Gospels, giving directions for the construction of such a Harmony, which have been observed in the arrangement of the following pages.
According to prevailing views on the subject, represented in the Harmony of Archbishop Newcome, the ministry of our Lord, beginning with his baptism, comprehended four Passovers, or extended through something more than three
years ; and in settling the succession of events, recorded by the first three evangelists, the order of Luke deserves a general prefer
Dr. Carpenter understands the length of the ministry to have somewhat exceeded one year, including but two Passovers; and prefers the order of Matthew, where it differs from that of Mark and Luke.
These questions open an argument of great extent. A few general statements relating to it are all that would here be in place.
The early writers of the church, who have alluded to this subject, are understood to have been almost unanimously of the opinion maintained by Dr. Carpenter. Authorities to this point may be seen in Mann de Veris Annis Christi Natali et Emortuali. Dissert. 24, cap. 120.; Marsh's Michaelis, Vol. III. Part II. p. 63; and Sir Isaac Newton's Observations on Daniel, Part I. chapter 11. Irenæus indeed, in the second century, is an exception, extending the ministry to nearly twenty years, and maintaining his opinion from Luke 111. 23, John vill. 57.