Peasant Farming in Muscovy
CUP Archive, 1977 - 289 sivua
This comprehensive study of farming methods and agrarian organization in Russia before the time of Peter the Great shifts the emphasis from the great estates to the basic production unit, the peasant family farms, and uses archaeological and enthnographic materials to supplement the documentary evidence. The methods of production and the farm implements used are described in detail and Professor Smith argues that features inherent in peasant farming account for Russian backwardness during this period. Part I classifies and describes the range of agrarian activities carried on in Muscovy - arable farming, hayfields, livestock, and gathering from the forest - and presents a model of a hypothetical farm unit; Part II examines three regions -Moscow, Toropets and Kazan - which stretch across central European Russia; and Part III provides a chapter on the relationship between peasant farming and the state.
Mitä ihmiset sanovat - Kirjoita arvostelu
Yhtään arvostelua ei löytynyt.
Tillage implements the arable land
The hayfields livestock
The forest gathering and extractive industry
Muita painoksia - Näytä kaikki
activity amount animals appear arable land ASEI central changes chets clear clearances common considerable continued course court cultivation dengas desyatinas developed documents early empty entries especially established estates estimated evidence example extensive fact farming field fifteenth figures finds fish forest four give given grain granted half hamlet held by service holding horses implement important included increased indicate inquisition Kazan khozyaistvo labour lake late later least listed live lords mainly material means measured mentioned mills monastery monastic Moreover Moscow nature noted Novgorod obligations officers original peasant perhaps period population possible Prince probably production recorded references relating rents river Russian seems settlement seventeenth century shows sixteenth century sokha sometimes sources suggests taken tenement third three-field tilled Toropets town uezd unit usually village volost waste