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My labors have not been in vain. A young and vast state, managed from Brussels, has peacefully taken its place in the sunlight, thanks to the kindly support of the powers which have welcomed its appearance. Belgians administer it, while others of our countrymen, each day more numerous, are already investing their capital there.

The immense network of rivers of the upper Congo opens to our energies rapid and economical means of communication, which allow of penetrating directly to the center of the African continent. The construction of the railroad from the region of the cataracts, now assured thanks to the recent vote of the Legislature — will remarkably increase the ease of access. Under these conditions, a great future is reserved for the Congo, whose immense value will soon burst upon the sight of all.

On the morrow of this great act, I have thought it my duty to put Belgium in a position, so that when death shall overtake me, it will profit by my work as well as by the labors of those who have aided me in its foundation and management, and whom I thank again. I have made, as sovereign of the Independent State of the Congo, the testament which I address to you; I shall ask you to communicate it to the Legislative Chambers at what seems to us the most opportune moment.

The beginnings of enterprises like those with which I have occupied myself are difficult and burdensome. I have had to support the expenses of it. A king, in order to serve his country, should not fear to conceive and carry out a work, even if it appear rash. The wealth of a sovereign consists in public prosperity: that alone may form in his eyes an enviable treasure which he ought constantly to attempt to increase.

Until the day of my death I shall continue to be guided by the same thought of national interest as heretofore, to direct and maintain our African work; but if, without waiting until that time, the country shonld desire to contract closer relations with my possessions in the Congo, I would not hesitate to put them at its disposal. I should be happy to see it in full enjoyment thereof during my lifetime. Let me, in the meantime, tell you how grateful I am to the Chambers, as well as to the Government, for the aid which they have lent me at different times in this enterprise. I do not believe I am mistaken in asserting that Belgium will derive substantial advantages from it, and will see opened before it on a new continent wide and happy prospects.

Believe me, dear Minister,
Your very devoted and affectionate,

(Signed) LEOPOLD.

GENERAL ACT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND OTHER

POWERS FOR THE REPRESSION OF THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE AND THE

RESTRICTION OF THE IMPORTATION INTO, AND SALE IN, A CERTAIN DEFINED ZONE OF THE AFRICAN CONTINENT, OF FIREARMS, AMMUNITION AND SPIRITUOUS LIQUORS.

Signed July 2, 1890.

[Translation.]

In the name of God Almighty.

The President of the United States of America;

His Majesty the German Emperor, King of Prussia, in the name of the German Empire;

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, &c., and Apostolic King of Hungary;

His Majesty the King of the Belgians;
His Majesty the King of Denmark;

His Majesty the King of Spain, and in his name Her Majesty the Queen Regent of the Kingdom;

His Majesty the Sovereign of the Independent State of the Congo; The President of the French Republic;

Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India;

His Majesty the King of Italy;

His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxemburg;

His Majesty the Shah of Persia;
His Majesty the King of Portugal and the Algarves, &c.;
His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias;
His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, &c.;
His Majesty the Emperor of the Ottomans; and
His Highness the Sultan of Zanzibar;

Being equally actuated by the firm intention of putting an end to the crimes and devastations engendered by the traffic in African slaves, of efficiently protecting the aboriginal population of Africa, and of securing for that vast continent the benefits of peace and civilization;

Wishing to give fresh sanction to the decisions already adopted in the same sense and at different times by the powers, to complete the results secured by them, and to draw up a body of measures guaranteeing the accomplishment of the work which is the object of their common solicitude;

Have resolved, in pursuance of the invitation addressed to them by the Government of His Majesty the King of the Belgians, in agreement with the Government of Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, to convene for this purpose a conference at Brussels, and have named as their plenipotentiaries: The President of the United States of America,

Mr. Edwin H. Terrell, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni

potentiary of the United States of America near His Majesty

the King of the Belgians, and

Mr. Henry Shelton Sanford; His Majesty the Emperor of Germany, King of Prussia, in the Name of

the German Empire,
Frederic John, Count of Alvensleben, His Chamberlain and

Actual Privy Councillor, His Envoy Extraordinary and
Minister Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the King of the

Belgians, and
Mr. William Goehring, His Privy Councillor of Legation, Consul-

General of the German Empire at Amsterdam ;
His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia and Apostolic

King of Hungary,
Rodolphe Count Khevenhüller-Metsch, His Chamberlain, His

Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near his

Majesty the King of the Belgians, His Majesty the King of the Belgians,

Auguste Baron Lambermont, His Minister of State, His Envoy

Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, and
M. Emile Banning, Director General in the Department of For-

eign Affairs of Belgium; His Majesty the King of Denmark,

Mr. Frederic-George Schack de Brockdorff, Consul-General of

Denmark at Antwerp;
His Majesty the King of Spain, and in His Name Her Majesty the

Queen Regent of the Kingdom,
Don José Gutierrez de Agüera, His Envoy Extraordinary and

Minister Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the King of the
Belgians;

His Majesty ihe Sovereign-King of the Independent State of the Congo,

Mr. Edmund Van Eetvelde, Administrator-General of the De

partment of Foreign Affairs of the Independent State of the

Congo and
Mr. Auguste Van Maldeghem, Councillor in the Belgian Court

of Cassation;
The President of the French Republic,

M. Albert Bourée, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo

tentiary of the French Republic near His Majesty the King

of the Belgians, and M. George Cogordan, Minister Plenipotentiary, Director of the

Office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of France;
Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and

Ireland, Empress of India,
Lord Vivian, Peer of the United Kingdom, Her Envoy Extraor-

dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the

King of the Belgians, and

Sir John Kirk;
His Majesty the King of Italy,

Francis de Renzis, Baron of Montanaro, His Envoy Extraordinary

and Minister Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the King

of the Belgians, and Mr. Thomas Catalani, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister

Plenipotentiary; His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxemburg,

Louis Baron Gericke de Herwynen, His Envoy Extraordinary and

Minister Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the King of the

Belgians;
His Imperial Majesty the Shah of Persia,

General Nazare Aga, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister

Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the King of the Belgians; His Majesty the King of Portugal and of the Algarves,

Mr. Henrique de Macedo Pereira Coutinho, Member of His

Council, Peer of the Kingdom, Minister and Honorary
Secretary of State, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister
Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the King of the Belgians;

His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias,

Leon Prince Ouroussoff, Master of His Court, His Envoy Ex

traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near His Majesty

the King of the Belgians, and Mr. Frederic de Martens, His Actual Councillor of State, Perma

ment Member of the Council of Foreign Affairs of Russia; His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway,

Mr. Charles de Burenstam, His Chamberlain, His Minister Pleni

potentiary near His Majesty the King of the Belgians and

near His Majesty the King of the Netherlands; His Majesty the Emperor of the Ottomans,

Étienne Carathéodory Efendi, High Dignitary of His Empire,

His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near

His Majesty the King of the Belgians; His Highness the Sultan of Zanzibar,

Sir John Kirk, and

Mr. William Goehring; Who, being furnished with full powers, which have been found to be in good and due form, have adopted the following provisions :

CHAPTER I. Slave-trade countries. - Measures to be taken in the places

of origin.

ARTICLE I. The powers declare that the most effective means of counteracting the slave-trade in the interior of Africa are the following:

1. Progressive organization of the administrative, judicial, religious, and military services in the African territories placed under the sovereignty or protectorate of civilized nations.

2. The gradual establishment in the interior, by the powers to which the territories are subject, of strongly occupied stations, in such a way as to make their protective or repressive action effectively felt in the territories devastated by slave-hunting.

3. The construction of roads, and in particular of railways, connecting the advanced stations with the coast, and permitting easy access to the inland waters, and to such of the upper courses of the rivers and streams as are broken by rapids and cataracts, with a view to substituting economical and rapid means of transportation for the present system of carriage by men.

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