« EdellinenJatka »
April 23, 1856. Chap. XXI. An Act amendatory of an Act entitled "An Act to regulate the Fees and
Costs to be allowed Clerks, Marshals, and Attorneys of the Circuit and District Courts of the United States, and for other Purposes.”
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That so much of the act entitled Pay of Jurors “An act to regulate the fees and costs to be allowed clerks, marshals, and in District of Columbia. attorneys of the circuit and district courts of the United States, and for
other purposes," approved February twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred and 1853, ch. 80. fifty-three, as applies to the fees of jurors, be and the same is hereby Vol. x. p. 161. made to embrace the jurors of the United States courts for the District
APPROVED, April 23, 1856.
April 30, 1856. CAAP. XXIII.-An Act to alter and amend an Act entitled “An Act to establish a Circuit
Court of the United States in and for the State of California," approved March third, 1855, ch. 142.
eighteen hundred and fifty-five.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That the circuit court of the Times and United States for the districts of California shall hereafter hold four places of sessions of circuit court regular sessions in each year, two of which, beginning respectively on in California. the first Monday in January and July, shall be held at San Francisco,
in and for the northern district of California ; and the other two, beginning respectively on the first Monday of March and September, shall be
held at Los Angeles, in the southern district of California, and the Powers of circuit judge of California shall have the same powers in relation to his same as of other attendance on said sessions and the arrangement of business thereat as circuit judges. are vested in the other circuit judges of the United States by the second
section of the act approved the seventeenth of June, one thousand eight 1856, ch. 142. hundred and forty-four, entitled “An act concerning the supreme court Vol. x. p. 631. of the United States ;” Provided, That the term of said court herein pro
vided to be held at San Francisco on the first Monday in January next, may be held in advance of that time under order of the said circuit judge upon notice previously given in conformity with the second section of the act of which this act is amendatory.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said circuit court shall
be presided over by the judge of the circuit court of the United States Judges of circuit court.
for the districts of California, and by the judge of the district court for Either judge
the district in which the court is holden, either of whom shall constitute a to be a quorum. quorum; and the said circuit court and the said circuit judge, and
each of the said district judges within his separate district, when sitting Powers of as circuit judge, shall be, and they are hereby, respectively vested with judges saine as all the authority, powers, and jurisdiction which are vested by existing of other circuit laws in the several circuit courts of the United States, or the judges judges. Laws respect
thereof. And all laws, or parts of laws, which now are or may hereafter ing circuit courts be enacted, regulating the jurisdiction, process, and practice of the circuit extended to circuit court of
courts of the United States, shall be, and the same are hereby, made California. applicable to the said circuit court for each of said districts of California. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That all suits or causes instituted in the district courts of California prior to the first Monday of July, eighteen
And the marshal of the United States for each district of California shall Marshal.
act as marshal of said circuit court for his district, and shall attend not only the regular sessions of said courts, but such special or extra terms as may be held in either district, which the said circuit judge is hereby authorized to order in conformity to the mode directed by the second
section of the act of which this act is amendatory. Clerk of cir- Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the clerk of the said circuit cuit court to
court of the United States for the districts of California shall keep the keop records in San Francisco records of said court in the city of San Francisco, and he is hereby inay oint authorized to appoint a deputy deputies, whose official acts, signatures, teputies.
attestations, and certificates shall be entitled to as full credit as those of the said clerk.
Suits to be hundred and fifty-five, and which remain pending in either of said courts, the circuit
transferred to or in which final process has not been executed, and which are properly court. within the jurisdiction of circuit courts, and not of district courts of the United States, shall be removed for the district in which the cause is pending by a transfer and delivery to the clerk of the said circuit court of the original papers with an exemplification of the record or docket entries under the seal of the district court, for which exemplification the clerk of the said district court shall receive the same fees as are allowed for similar services in making transcripts for appeals or writs of error, to be paid by the party applying for the same, and taxed as costs on final judgment; and all causes now pending in said circuit court of the United States, against parties residing in the southern district of California, shall, on application of the parties defendant, made within three months from the date when this act shall take effect, be removed in like manner to the said circuit court held in the southern district of California, and all such causes shall take rank on the docket according to the date of removal; and all suits removed under the provisions of this section shall be proceeded in, and conducted in the same manner as if originally instituted in the court to which they may be removed.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That all laws, or parts of laws, con- Inconsistent trary to or inconsistent with this act, shall be, and remain repealed,, from laws repealed. the date when this act shall take effect.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect in Act, when to ninety days after the passing thereof, and not before that period.
take effect. APPROVED, April 30, 1856.
CHAP. XXIV. - An Act creating Columbus, in Kentucky, a Port of Delivery. May 9, 1856. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Columbus, in the State of Columbus, Kentucky, be and is hereby constituted a port of delivery, within the Ky made a port
delivery. collection district of New Orleans, and there shall be a surveyor of cus
Surveyor. toms appointed for the said port, who shall perform the duties, and receive the salary and emoluments prescribed by the act of Congress, approved on the second day of March, eighteen hundred and thirty-one, entitled 1831, ch. 87. "An act allowing the duties on foreign merchandise imported into Pitts- Vol. iv. p. burg, Wheeling, Cincinnati, Louisville, St. Louis, Nashville, and Natchez, to be secured and paid at those places :" Provided, That it shall be the
Port shall be
abolished if duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to abolish said port of delivery public good whenever, in his judgment, the public interest shall no longer require a requires it. port of delivery at that place.
APPROVED, May 9, 1856.
CHAP. XXV. - An Act to surrender to the State of Illinois the Cumberland Road in said
May 9, 1856. State. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That so much of the Cumber
So much of
the Cumberland land Road as lies within the State of Illinois, and all the interest of the Road as is in United States in the same, together with all the stone, timber, and other Illinois, with materials belonging to the United States, and procured for the purpose rendered to that
materials, surof being used in the construction of the same, and all the rights and State. privileges of every kind belonging to the United States, as connected with said road, in said State, be, and the same are hereby, transferred and surrendered to the said State of Illinois.
APPROVED, May 9, 1856.
May 14, 1856. Chap. XXVI. - An Act to amend the Act in addition to certain Acts granting Bounty
Land to rertain Officers and Soldiers who have been engaged in the Military Service of 1855, ch. 207. the United States, approved March third, eighteen hundred and fifty-five. Vol. x. p. 701.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That in all cases where a cerFormer evi- tificate or warrant for bounty land for any less quantity than one hundred dence of right to and sixty acres, shall have been issued to any officer or soldier, or to the be received in widow or minor child or children of any officer or soldier, under existing certain cases.
laws, the evidence upon which such certificate or warrant was issued
of his widow, or in case of her death, of the identity of his minor child or
tificate or warrant was properly granted, he may require additional evi
dence, as well of the term as of the fact of service. Former evi- Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That in all cases where a pension dence of right to has been granted to any officer or soldier, the evidence upon which such a pension to be received in cer- pension was granted shall be received to establish the service of such tain cases on officer or soldier in his application for bounty land under existing laws; application for
and upon proof of his identity as such pensioner, a certificate or warrant bounty land.
may be issued to him for the quantity of land to which he shall be
entitled ; and in case of the death of such pensioned officer or soldier, his Rights of
widow shall be entitled to a certificate or warrant for the same quantity widows and of land to which her husband would have been entitled, if living, upon children.
proof that she is such widow, and in case of the death of such officer or
receive if living, upon proof of the decease of father and mother: Pro-
vided, nevertheless, That if, upon a review of such evidence, the Commis
sioner of Pensions shall not be satisfied that the pension was properly dence may required. granted, he may require additional evidence, as well of the term as of the
fact of service. So much of
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That so much of the third section act of 1856, che of the "Act in addition to certain acts granting bounty land to certain 207, as requires record evidence officers and soldiers who have been engaged in the military service of the of service,
United States,” approved March third, eighteen hundred and fifty-five, repealed.
as requires the party claiming a certificate or warrant, under the provis-
of the service for which such certificate or warrant has been or may be
claimed, be, and the same is hereby, repealed, and parol evidence, where be received no record evidence exists, may be admitted to prove the service perwhere no record formed, under such rules and regulations as the Commissioner of Pensions evidence exists.
ŠEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the eighth section of the act Act of 1855, cbabove mentioned, approved the third day of March, in the year eighteen
extended to naval officers, hundred and fifty-five, shall be construed as embracing officers, marines, &c., in revolu
seamen, and other persons engaged in the naval service of the United
of all such officers, marines, seamen, and other persons engaged as
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of the said act
to volunteers who forces of the United States, subject to military orders, for the space of
tered into ser
fourteen days, in any of the wars specified in the first section of the said were not musact, whether such persons were or were not mustered into the service of vice. the United States.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the widows and minor children of all such persons as are specified in the last preceding section of this Same subject. act, and are now dead, shall be entitled to the same privileges as the widows and minor children of the beneficiaries named in the act to which this is an amendment.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That when any company, battalion, or regiment, in an organized form, marched more than twenty miles to Allowance of the place where they were mustered into the service of the United States, time of service
for distance from or were discharged more than twenty miles from the place where such home to place company, battalion, or regiment was organized, in all such cases, in com- of muster or puting the length of service of the officers and soldiers of
such company, battalion, or regiment, there shall be allowed one day for every twenty miles from the place where the company, battalion, or regiment was organized to the place where the same was mustered into the service of the United States, and also one day for every twenty miles from the place where such company, battalion, or regiment was discharged, to the place where it was organized, and from whence it marched to enter the service: Provided, That such march was in obedience to the command Proviso. or direction of the President of the United States, or some general officer of the United States, commanding an army or department, or the chief executive officer of the State or Territory by which such company, battalion, or regiment was called into service.
APPROVED, May 14, 1856.
CHAP. XXVIII. - An Act making a Grant of Lands to the State of lowa, in alternate May 15, 1856.
Sections to aid in the Construction of certain Railroads in said State. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there be and is hereby granted to the State of Iowa, for the purpose of aiding in the construction Grant of land of railroads from Burlington, on the Mississippi River, to a point on the toolowa for railMissouri River near the mouth of the Platte River; from the city of Davenport, via Iowa City and Fort Des Moines, to Council Bluffs ; from Lyons City northwesterly to a point of intersection with the main line of the Iowa Central Air Line Railroad, near Maquoketa, thence on said main line, running as near as practicable to the forty-second parallel across the said State to the Missouri River, from the city of Dubuque to a point on the Missouri River near Sioux City, with a branch from the mouth of the Tete Des Morts to the nearest point on said road, to be completed as soon as the main road is completed to that point, every alternate section of land, designated by odd numbers, for six sections in width on each side of each of said roads. But in case it shall appear that the United States have, when the lines or routes of said roads are Other lands to definitely fixed, sold any sections, or any parts thereof, granted as afore- be selected in
lieu of those sold said, or that the right of preëmption has attached to the same, then it
or preëmpted. shall be lawful for any agent or agents, to be appointed by the governor of said State, to select, subject to the approval of the Secretary to the Interior, from the lands of the United States nearest to the tiers of sections above specified, so much land, in alternate sections, or parts of sections, as shall be equal to such lands as the United States have sold or otherwise appropriated, or to which the rights of preëmption have attached as aforesaid; which lands (thus selected in lieu of those sold and to which preëmption rights have attached, as aforesaid, together with the sections, and parts of sections, designated by odd numbers as aforesaid, and appropriated as aforesaid) shall be held by the State of Iowa for the use and purpose aforesaid : Provided, That the land to be
VOL. XI. PUB. - 2
Proviso. so located shall, in no case, be further than fifteen miles from the lines of
said roads, and selected for and on account of each of said roads : ProSaid lands vided, further, That the lands hereby granted for and on account of said granted solely
roads severally shall be exclusively applied in the construction of that for railroad pur- road for and on account of which such lands are hereby granted, and poses.
shall be disposed of only as the work progresses, and the same shall be
applied to no other purpose whatsoever : And provided further, That any Prior reserva- and all lands heretofore reserved to the United States, by any act of tions excepted, Congress, or in any other manner by competent authority, for the purpose except as to right of way.
of aiding in any object of internal improvement, or for any other purpose whatsoever, be and the same are hereby reserved to the United States from the operation of this act, except so far as it may be found necessary to locate the routes of said railroads through such reserved lands, in which case the right of way only shall be granted, subject to the approval of the President of the United States.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the sections and parts of secPrice of the tions of land which, by such grant, shall remain to the United States alternate sectious.
within six miles on each side of said roads, shall not be sold for less than double the minimum price of the public lands when sold; nor shall any of said lands become subject to private entry until the same have been
first offered at public sale at the increased price. Lands granted
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said lands hereby granted solely for the to the said State shall be subject to the disposal of the legislature thereof, above purposes. for the purposes aforesaid, and no other; and the said railroads shall be
Railroads to be public high
and remain public highways for the use of the Government of the United ways, free from States, free from toll or other charge upon the transportation of any
property or troops of the United States.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the lands hereby granted to How said lands said State shall be disposed of by said State only in manner following: shall be disposed that is to say, that a quantity of land not exceeding one hundred and
twenty sections for each of said roads, and included within a continuous length of twenty miles of each of said roads, may be sold ; and when the governor of said State shall certify to the Secretary of the Interior that any twenty continuous miles of any of said roads is completed, then another quantity of land hereby granted, not to exceed one hundred and twenty sections for each of said roads having twenty continuous miles completed as aforesaid, and included within a continuous length of twenty miles of each of such roads, may be sold, and so from time to time until said roads are completed ; and if any of said roads are not completed within ten years, no further sale shall be made, and the lands unsold shall
revert to the United States. Transportation Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the United States mail shall of the mails on be transported over said roads, under the direction of the Post-Office said railroads.
Department, at such price as Congress may by law direct : Provided, That until such price is fixed by law, the Postmaster-General shall have the power to determine the same.
APPROVED, May 15, 1856.
May 15, 1856. Chap. XXIX.-- An Act to supply Deficiencies in the Appropriations for the Service of
the fiscal Year ending the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-six. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums be, Appropriations, and the same are hereby, appropriated, to supply deficiencies in the ap
propriations for the service of the fiscal year ending the thirtieth of June, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-six, out of any money in the treas
ury not otherwise appropriated, namely: – Senate, For the compensation of the officers, clerks, messengers, and others
receiving an annual salary in the service of the Senate: