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CHAP. XIII.-An Act making Appropriations for the Payment of Invalid and other Pensions of the United States for the Year ending the thirtieth June, eighteen hundred and fifty-eight.
Jan. 17, 1857.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums be and Appropriations. the same are hereby appropriated, out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the payment of pensions for the year ending the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-eight:
For invalid pensions, under various acts, four hundred and seventy-six thousand dollars.
For pensions under acts of the eighteenth March, eighteen hundred and eighteen, fifteenth May, eighteen hundred and twenty-eight, and seventh June, eighteen hundred and thirty-two, eighty-four thousand one hundred and twenty dollars.
1818, ch. 19.
1828, ch. 53.
1832, ch. 126.
For pensions to widows of those who served in the revolutionary war, under the third section of acts of fourth July, eighteen hundred and thirty- 1836, ch. 362. six, seventh July, eighteen hundred and thirty-eight, third March, eighteen. hundred and forty-three, seventeenth June, eighteen hundred and fortyfour, second February and twenty-ninth July, eighteen hundred and fortyeight, and second section act of third February, eighteen hundred and fifty-three, five hundred and sixty-nine thousand six hundred dollars.
1838, ch. 189. 1843, ch. 102. 1844, ch. 102. 1848, ch. 8.
1848, ch. 120.
1853, ch. 41,
For pensions to widows and orphans, under act of twenty-first July, eighteen hundred and forty-eight, first section of act of third February, 1848, ch. 108. eighteen hundred and fifty-three, and under special acts, one hundred and ninety-one thousand five hundred dollars.
For navy invalid pensions, forty thousand dollars.
For navy pensions to widows and orphans, under act of eleventh August, eighteen hundred and forty-eight, one hundred and forty thousand dollars.
APPROVED, January 17, 1857.
CHAP. XVIII.-An Act to procure a Bust, in Marble, of the late Chief Justice John
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the joint committee of the two Houses of Congress on the Library be and they are hereby authorized and required to contract with a suitable artist for the execution, in marble, and delivery in the room of the Supreme Court of the United States, a bust of the late Chief Justice John Rutledge.
1853, ch. 41.
1848, ch. 155.
Jan. 21, 1857.
Bust of the late Chief Justice
John Rutledge to be contracted for for the Supreme Court Room.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That for the purpose of carrying this act into effect, there be and hereby is appropriated, eight hundred dollars, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropri- ated therefor.
APPROVED, January 21, 1857.
CHAP. XIX.-An Act more effectually to enforce the Attendance of Witnesses on the Summons of either House of Congress, and to compel them to discover Testimony.
Jan. 24, 1857.
Penalty on witnesses summoned
default or refusal
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That any person summoned as a witness by the authority of either House of Congress to give testimony by either House or to produce papers upon any matter before either House, or any com- of Congress for mittee of either House of Congress, who shall wilfully make default, or to answer. who, appearing, shall refuse to answer any question pertinent to the matter of inquiry in consideration before the House or committee by which he shall be examined, shall in addition to the pains and penalties now existing, be liable to indictment as and for a misdemeanor, in any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, and on conviction, shall pay
No person to be held criminally
a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars and not less than one hundred dollars, and suffer imprisonment in the common jail not less than one month nor more than twelve months.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, Than no person examined and testifor any matter fying before either House of Congress, or any committee of either House, respecting which shall be held to answer criminally in any court of justice, or subject to he has been re- any penalty or forfeiture for any fact or act touching which he shall be quired to testify before either required to testify before either House of Congress or any committee of House of Con- either House as to which he shall have testified whether before or after gress or any com- the date of this act, and that no statement made or paper produced by any Nothing dis- witness before either House of Congress or before any committee of either closed by such House, shall be competent testimony in any criminal proceeding against dence against such witness in any court of justice; and no witness shall hereafter be allowed to refuse to testify to any fact or to produce any paper touching No such wit- which he shall be examined by either House of Congress, or any comfrom answering mittee of either House, for the reason that his testimony touching such on the ground fact or the production of such paper may tend to disgrace him or otherinate himself. wise render him infamous: Provided, That nothing in this act shall be Proviso for pun- construed to exempt any witness from prosecution and punishment for ishing perjury in perjury committed by him in testifying as aforesaid.
witness to be evi
that he will crim
ing to testify, how brought to trial.
Jan. 26, 1857.
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That when a witness shall fail to testify, as provided in the previous sections of this act, and the facts shall be reported to the House, it shall be the duty of the Speaker of the House or the President of the Senate to certify the fact under the seal of the House or Senate to the district attorney for the District of Columbia, whose duty it shall be to bring the matter before the grand jury for their
APPROVED, January 24, 1857.
CHAP. XXIV. An Act making a Reappropriation from the Surplus Fund for the
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Balance of apStates of America in Congress assembled, That the sum of one thousand propriations for seven hundred and sixty dollars and forty-nine cents, being the balance coast survey car- remaining of the appropriations made by Congress in the years eighteen ried to surplus fund, reappropri- hundred and forty, and eighteen hundred and forty-one, for the survey of ated for John the coast from Apalachicola bay to the mouth of the Mississippi River, Guest and others. for the ascertainment of the practicability of establishing a navy yard
Jan. 28, 1857.
and naval station which should best subserve the protection of the commerce of the Gulf of Mexico, which balance has been carried to the credit of the surplus fund, be and the same is hereby reappropriated, for the payment of the sum due Lieutenant John Guest, United States Navy, (six hundred and seventeen dollars,) for services rendered in such survey, and for other lawful claims of officers who were employed in that survey. APPROVED, January 26, 1857.
CHAP. XXV.—An Act authorizing the establishing of a Navy Depot on Blythe Island, at
A site on Blythe
CHAP. XXXII.-An Act to authorize the President of the United States to cause to be
CHAP. XXXVI.—An Act supplementary to "An Act to organize an Institution for the Insane of the Army and Navy, and of the District of Columbia, in the said District," approved March third, eighteen hundred and fifty-five.
Feb. 5, 1857.
Feb. 7, 1857. 1855, ch. 199. Vol. x. p. 682. No insane person not charged
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That no insane person not with a breach of charged with any breach of the peace shall ever hereafter be confined in the peace, to be the United States jail, or in the United States penitentiary, in this confined in the jail or peniten
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Interior How admission shall have power to grant his order for the admission into the government to the asylum is hospital for the insane, any insane person unable to support himself or to be obtained for insane persons, herself and family, (or himself, or herself if he or she have no family,) residents of the under the visitation of insanity, who resided in the District at the time he District of Coor she became insane, and who is not charged with any breach of the peace, upon the certificate of any judge of the circuit or criminal court, or any justice of the peace of the District, stating that two respectable physicians appeared before said judge or justice and certified under oath, and under their hands, that they knew the party alleged to be insane, and that they believed him or her to be a fit subject for treatment in such hospital; also stating that two respectable householders, residents of the District, appeared before him and certified under oath, and under their hands, that they knew the party alleged to be insane and indigent, that he or she was a resident of the District at the time he or she was seized with the mental disorder under which he or she then labored, and that he or she was unable to pay his or her board and other expenses therein; and the certificate of such physicians, and the certificate of such householders shall accompany the certificate of such judge or justice. The application of [to] the Secretary of the Interior for his order for the admission of time application said indigent insane person into the said hospital must be made within five to be made. days after the examination of the witnesses before the said judge or justice of the peace, before such proceedings shall be had before such judge or justice.
Proof that per
son is insane and indigent.
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the order of the Secretary of Police officers, the Interior, granted under the authority of the second section of this act, &c., may assist shall authorize any police officer or constable to assist in carrying such in conveying inindigent insane person to the hospital, whenever such assistance is represented to be necessary by the person holding the order; but all the expenses of witnesses before said judge or justice of the peace, and of carrying such patient to the hospital, shall be borne by his or her friends, or by the local authorities of the District.
SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That any indigent insane person who did not reside in the District at the time he or she became insane, may in non-resident inlike manner as provided in the second section of this act, be admitted sane persons. into the said hospital upon the application of the corporate authorities of the city of Washington, or of Georgetown, and at the expense of either of the said cities during the continuance of said insane person therein, it being hereby designed to give the superintendent thereof authority to take
Insane persons charged with crime, admission
Insane criminals admission of.
Notice to be
turn to sanity.
charge of such insane person until the authorities aforesaid can discover who his or her friends are, or whence he or she came, with a view to the return of such person to such friends, or to the place of his or her residence, and thus relieve said corporate authorities of the expense and charge of said indigent insane non-resident.
SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That if any person, charged with crime, be found, in the court before which he or she is so charged, to be an insane person, such court shall certify the same to the Secretary of the Interior, who may order such person to be confined in said hospital, and if he or she be not indigent, he or she and his or her estate shall be charged with expenses of his or her support in said hospital.
SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That any person becoming insane during the continuance of his or her sentence in the United States penitentiary, shall have the same privilege of treatment in the hospital during the continuance of his or her mental disorder as is granted in section five to persons who escape the consequences of criminal acts by reason of insanity, unless it be the opinion, both of the physician to the penitentiary and the superintendent of the hospital, that such insane convict is so depraved and furious in his or her character as to render his or her custody in the hospital insecure, and his or her example pernicious.
SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That when any person confined in given of their re- said hospital, charged with crime and subject to be tried therefor, or convicted of crime and undergoing sentence therefor, shall be restored to sanity, the superintendent of the hospital shall give notice thereof to the judge of the criminal court, and deliver him or her to said court in obedience to the proper precept.
Admission of independent or pay patients.
SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That the independent or pay patients may be received into the hospital on the certificate of two respectable physicians of the District, stating that they have personally examined the patient, and believe him or her to be insane at the time of giving the certificate, and a fit subject for treatment in the institution, accompanied by a written request for the admission from the nearest relatives, legal guardian, or friend of the patient, where he or she may remain until restored to reason: Provided, The friends of the patient comply with the regulations of the hospital in respect to payment of board, and in all other respects. The request for admission must be made within five days of the date of the certificate of insanity.
SEC. 9. And be it further enacted, That if any person will give bond, patients on giving with sufficient security, to be approved by the criminal court, or circuit court, or any judge thereof in vacation, payable to the United States, with condition to restrain and take care of any independent or indigent insane person not charged with a breach of the peace, whether in the hospital or not, until the insane person is restored to sanity, such court or judge thereof may, in its discretion, deliver such insane person to the party giving such bond. APPROVED, February 7, 1857.
Feb. 7, 1857.
CHAP. XXXVII.-An Act for regulating the Terms of the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, and for other Purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the circuit court of the District of Columbia shall have power, by rule of court, to regulate the Court may fix periods of holding the terms of said court, and to fix the number of such the number and terms, and the same, from time to time, to alter, as public convenience may require: Provided, That at least three terms shall be held annually. And all suits, or actions at law, shall stand for judgment or trial at the term next after that to which process shall be returned executed, unless good cause for further continuance be shown.
times of its sessions.
APPROVED, February 7, 1857.
CHAP. XXXVIII.—An Act making Appropriations for the Consular and Diplomatic Expenses of the Government for the Year ending the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-eight.
Feb. 7, 1857.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Appropriation. States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums be and the same are hereby appropriated out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the objects hereafter expressed, for the fiscal year ending the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-eight, namely:
For salaries of envoys extraordinary, ministers, and commissioners of Envoys, ministhe United States at Great Britain, France, Russia, Spain, Austria, ters, and Prussia, Brazil, Mexico, Switzerland, Rome, Naples, Sardinia, Belgium, Holland, Portugal, Denmark, Sweden, Turkey, Peru, Chili, Buenos Ayres, New Grenada, Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guatemala, Nicaragua, China and Sandwich Islands, two hundred and seventy-one thousand dollars.
legations and as
For salaries of the secretaries of legation of the United States at
For salaries of assistant secretaries of legation at London and Paris, three thousand dollars.
For salary of the secretary of legation to China, acting as interpreter, five thousand dollars.
For salary of the secretary of legation to Turkey, acting as dragoman, three thousand dollars.
For contingent expenses of all the missions abroad, seventy-five thou- Contingencies. sand dollars.
For contingent expenses of foreign intercourse, sixty thousand dollars.
For expenses of intercourse with the Barbary powers, six thousand Barbary powers. dollars.
For expenses of the consulates in the Turkish dominions, viz: inter- Turkish consulpreters, guards, and other expenses of the consulates at Constantinople, ates. Smyrna, Candia, Alexandria, and Beyrout, two thousand five hundred dollars.
For the relief and protection of American seamen in foreign countries, one hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars.
For expenses which may be incurred in acknowledging the services of the masters and crews of foreign vessels in rescuing citizens and vessels of the United States from shipwreck, three thousand dollars, to be expended under the direction of the President of the United States.
For the purchase of blank books, stationery, arms of the United States, Blank Books. seals, presses, and flags, and for the payment of postages for the consuls of the United States, fifty thousand dollars.
For compensation of the commissioner provided in the first article of the reciprocity treaty with Great Britain, two thousand dollars.
For per diem of commissioner and compensation of surveyor, four thousand nine hundred and twenty dollars.
For payment of all expenses attending the employment of steamer or sailing vessel; and for surveys and umpirage, fifteen thousand seven hundred and fifty dollars.
For travelling expenses, transportation, repairs of instruments, and all other expenses, seven hundred dollars.
Commissioner, &c., under reciprocity treaty with Great Bri
with Great Bri
For compensation of the commissioner, secretary, chief astronomer and Commission to surveyor, assistant astronomer and surveyor, clerk, and for provisions, run the boundary transportation and contingencies of the commission to run and mark the tain on Washing boundary line between the United States and the British possessions ton Territory. bounding on Washington Territory, seventy-one thousand dollars. Provided, That the annual compensation of said officers shall not exceed the