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com, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: [it shall be] a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the Wave
16 offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days ;* and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord.
17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven ; [they are] the first fruits of the wheat harvest
18 unto the Lord. And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be [for] a burnt offering unto the Lord, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, [even] an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto
19 the Lord. Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of
20 peace offerings. And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the first fruits [for] a wave offering before the Lord, with the two lambs : they shall be holy to the Lord for the
21 priest. And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, [that] it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work [therein: it shall be] a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.t
22 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapesl, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest : thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I [am] the Lord your God.
23 24 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first [day] of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of
25 blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.f Ye shall do no servile work [therein ;] but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.
26 27 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Also on the,. tenth [day] of this seventh month [there shall be] a day of
• Hence called Fentecoit, Acts ii. i. I Car. xvi. 8. or, the Feast of Week,, Dint. «E'' l». It was about the middle of May.
t This feast was only observed one day ; probably because it was a busy time, at the beginning of their win. u harvest. It was kept in remembrance of their coming out of Egypt, and the giving of the law at this season. Dedicating their first fruits to God. was a natural acknowledgment of his universal providence ; the he;>then had such a custom' among them. It was wisely appointed, that at this feast the Spirit should be poured out on the apostles, because multitudes of J cws were then at Jerusalem ; the days were at the longest; the roads best, and great numbers attended beside the men. The promulgation of the gospel answered to that of the law; and as the first fruits were then presented, so the first fruits of the christian church were then gathered in an4 presented to God.
T This was the first day of their new civil year, and it was unreduced with a peculiar solemnity, called the Feast of Trumpets.
V»l. I. Ddd
atonement: (ch. xvi. 30. J\'umb. xxix. 7.) it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls unti fasting, and dieter repentance, for all your sins, but especially national sins, and offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.
28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it [is] a day of atonement, to make an atonement for yon before the Lord
39 your God. For whatsoever soul [it be] that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his
30 people. And whatsoever soul [it be] that doeth any work in that same day, though it escape the eye and judgment of man, it shall not escapc my judgment, for the same soul will I de.
31 stroy from among his people. Ye shall do no manner of work: [it shall be] a statute for ever throughout your gener
33 atione in all your dwellings. It [shall be] unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: m the ninth [day] of the month at even, beginning to do it then, and ending on the tenth day at even, v. 27. from eren unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
33 34 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month [shall be] the feast of tabernacles [for] seven
35 days unto the Lord.* On the first day [shall be] an holy
36 convocation: ye shall do no servile work [therein.] Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord; on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord : it [is} a solemn assembly; [and] ye shall do no servile work [there
37 in.t] These [are] the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim [to be] holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord, a burnt offering and a meat offering, a sac
38 rifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day: Beside the sabbaths of the Lord, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give
39 unto the Lord. Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land,t ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days : on the first day [shall be] a sabbath, and on the eighth day [shall be] a sab
40 bath. And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of
*. At this feast they were to make booths, or arbours ; in remembrance of God's protection of them in the wilderness, when they dwelt in booths or tabernacles, v. 43. ansf to show their thankfulness for the fruits now reaped, Dtut. xvi. 13, 14.
t On thifl day they removed out of the booths into their houses again, and so It de— noted their settlement in the land of Canaan, after their forty years' abode In the wit derncss. In the lattertycars of the Jewish state there were some circumstances added, which were not of divine institution; particularly, a custom of pouring water, drawsr from the pool of Slloam, on the altar; some say, as an acknowledgment of God's goodness in giving them rain ^ others say, of their drinkmg water in the wilderness: but rather. In token of their desire and expectation of the ctfusion or pouring out of the Spirit in th* days of the Messiah. On that great day of the feast. Jesus stood end cried, saying, If any manthirit, let him come ttnto me and drink. John vii. 37.
J Not com, which was gathered long before, but of vines, olives, fcc hence calletJ the Feast of Ingathermg, tXxtd. uiii. 16.
goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick
trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before
41 and in expectation of future good tiiings. And ye shall keep
42 in the seventh month. Ye shall dwell in booths seven days
43 all that arc Israelites bom shall dwell in booths: That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of
ii Egypt: I [am] the Lobd your God. And Moses declared1 unto the children of Israel the feasts of the Lord,
I.TT'ROM hence we leam, that it is our duty to devots I. a considerable part of our time to God's service; he is the author of our life, and of all our comforts ; and therefore should be served with the best. Let us not grudge him that time which should be appropriated to his worship; but redeem some part of every day for religious purposes. We are under peculiar obligations to keep the sabbath holy, because no other time is made sacred under the gospel. The Jews observed it from evening till evening, that is, the whole day ; and it is rea» sonable that we should devote the whole of it to God. Let us remember, as it is observed, v. 30. that ivhatsorver soul it be that doeth any work in that day, the same soul ivill I destroy from among his people. God observes if we do any unnecessary work, and, though it may not be taken notice of by human laws, he will call us to an account for H. Ye shall keep the sabbath in all your dwellings; not only in God's house, but also in your own. This is a most important law; public ordinances do little good, without the fear and worship of the Lord in our own dwellings.
2. Let us commemorate the greater and more important mercies which God hath granted tb tis. The Israelites had deliverance from Egypt, but we have deliverance from sin and Satan. They had the passover, but Christ, our passover, is sacrificed for 'us; therefore let us keep the feast with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. They had their pentecost; let us remember the effusion of the Spirit. They had their feast of tabernacles; let us acknowledge the goodness of God to us, while passing through this world ; in feeding and clothing us, priding us by his providence, and giving us views of the heavenly Canaan, They had their day of atonement; let us remember the great
• These in Jerusalem were made on the tops of hoiuc»» in court yards, in gardens,« (be streets, &tc
i atonement, the sacrifice of Christ, to which the sacrifices under the law had regard, and were designed to typify.
3. Let us honour the Lord with our substance, as we desire his blessing. They offered their first fruits to God; let us acknowledge his goodness and mercy in the blessings of harvest, and our plentiful provisions; nor let us forget to do good and to communicate., for with such sacrifices God is well pleased. It was attended with great expense to come to these feasts at Jerusalem, where lodgings and provisions were scarce and dear, as a considerable part of their cattle were taken with them to be used for sacrifices. Since we are delivered from all these expensive rites, let us grudge nothing that we can do for God, his cause, or peo-. pie, and for his ministers too. This is the way to obtain his blessing, which maketh rich, and addelh no sorrow with it.
In this chapter we have directions about the lamps and the shew bread for the sanctuary : and the conviction and execution of a blasp/icmer, t7"c.
1 AND the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Command
2 the children of Israel, that they bring unto thee, at the public charge, pure oil olive beaten, run from the olive, just bruised, and not squeezed or pressed in a mill, for the light, to
3 cause the lamps to burn continually, every night. Without the veil of the testimony, in the tabernacle of the congregation, shall Aaron and his family, all the priests, order it from the evening unto the morning before the Loid continually:
4 [it shall be] a statute for ever in your generations. He shall order the lamps upon the pure candlestick, the candlestick of pure gold, before the Lord continually.*
5 And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof, answerable to the number of the twelve tribes represent
6 ed by them: two tenth deals shall be in one cake. And thou shalt set them in two rows, six on a row, upon the pure table before the Lord, on the table covered with pure gold,
7 And thou shalt put pure frankincense upon [each] row, that it may be on the bread for a memorial, [even] an offering
8 made by fire unto the Lord.i Every sabbath he shall set it in order before the Lord continually, it shall be renewed every sabbath by the priests who minister in their courses, [being taken] from the children of Israel, at the common expense, by
* Some think the lainns burned all day, as well as all night, becauso there were c* window* in the tabernacle.
t when Ac bread was eatcR this was to be burned, probably on the altar of incense.
an everlasting covenant between God and them, in which they 9 engaged to observe these laws, (1 Chron. ix. 32.) And it shall be Aaron's and his sons'; and they shall eat it in the holy place, after it hath stood a week upon the table before the Lord: for it [is] most holy unto him of the offerings of the Lord made by fire by a perpetual statute.* JO And the son of an Israelitish woman, whose father [was] an Egyptian, went out among the children of Israel, came with them out of Egypt : and this son of the Israelitish ,[woman] and a man of Israel strove together in the camp ; we are not told the ground of their quarrel, but the contention grew
11 warm ; And the Israelitish woman's son blasphemed the name [of the Lord,] and cursed, uttered some rcproacliful speeches in his fury against God, (v. )5, 16.) And they brought him unto Moses: (and his mother's name [was] Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan ;)
12 And they put him in ward, that the mind of the Lord might be showed them ; there being then no particular law against
13 blasphemy, Moses sought direction from God. And the Lord
14 spake unto Moses, saying, Bring forth him that hath cursed, without the .camp, as an unclean thing; and let all that heard [him] lay their hands .upon his head, to mark out the man, and give evidence against him; to denote that having witnessed nothing but the truth, they were freefrom his blood, which therefore must be on his own head; and to imply that he was to be a sacrifice to the justice of God; and let all the congrega.
15 tion stone him. And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, Henceforth this shall be the law in all such cases,
} 6 whosoever curseth his God shall bear his sin. And he that blasphemeth the name of the Lord, he shall surely be put to death, [and] all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name [of the Lord,] shall be put to death.t
17 And he that Jcilleth any man shall surely be put to death.
18 And he that killeth a beast shall make it good ; beast for
19 beast. And if a man cause a blemish in his neighbour; as
20 he hath done, so shall it be done to him ; Breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth: as he hath caused a blemish in
21 a man, so shall it be done to him [again.] And he that killeth a beast, he shall restore it: and he that killeth a man,
22 he shall be put to death. Ye shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger, as for one of your own country: for I [am] the Lord your God. See Exodus xxi.
• God being Kingof the Jews, the tabernacle was his pabce, the priests his servants: the lamps were to light his palace, the incense to perfume it; the sacrifices and shew bread were the prmtision3 of his house and tablf, and the priests, as God's household and Servants, were to partake of what came from his table.
+ The stranger was not obliged to worship God in their way ; in this he was left to his owa choice; but if he blasphemed the God of Israel, he was to be puc to death.