« EdellinenJatka »
1550 April 10. The Duke of Somerset is again sworn in of the privy council.
May 2. Joan of Kent is burned in Smithfield for heresy. 1551 Aug. The chief officers of the household of the Princess Mary are committed to the
Tower. The chancellor and other members of the councii confer with her re.
specting the mass, which she refuses to relinquish.
and, on Jan. 22, 1552, is beheaded on Tower Hill. 1552 Jan. 23. Parliament meets; acts are passed for the enforcing the use of the books of
Common Prayer; for amending the law of treason; for the relief of the poor; for
legalising the marriage of priests, and for other purposes. 1553 May. Lord Guilford Dudley is married to Lady Jane Grey.
June 11. The king requires the crown lawyers to draw a bill, entailing the crown on
Lady Jane Grey.
Lady Jane Grey.
Northampton are arraigned for treason in Westminster Hall; they are all con
demned, and Northumberland is beheaded on the 22nd. Sept. 14. Cranmer is arrested and sent to the Tower. Oct. Gardiner assembles the convocation; the book of Common Prayer declared an
abomination ; they recommend the suppression of the reformed English Catechism. Nov. 13. Lady Jane Grey, her husband, and Lord Ambrose Dudley, with Cranmer,
are tried and condemned for treason; Cranmer is respited, but detained for heresy. 1554 Jan. 14. The Chancellor Gardiner announces the queen's intended marriage with the
Prince of Spain.
April 15. Sir Nicholas Throgmorton is tried and acquitted. 1555 Mary sends an embassy to the pope to confirm the reconciliation of England with
Oct. 16. Ridley and Latimer are burned at Oxford.
June 7. Mary declares war against France.
July 6. Philip departs from England. 1558 Jan. 1. The Duke of Guise commences the siege of Calais; it is assaulted and taken
in a few days.
Nov. 18. Sir William Cecil is appointed Secretary of State. 1559 Jan 12. The queen proceeds to the Tower before her coronation.
Jan. 25. She meets the parliament; they restore the first-fruits and tenths to the
crown; they declare the queen supreme head of the church; the laws of Edward
VI. relating to religion are restored; the book of Common Prayer re-established. 1559 Parliament exhort the queen to marry; she declares her intention to live and dia a
virgin queen. May 30. The oath of supremacy is tendered to Bonner; he refuses to take it; he is
deprived, as are others who refuse. The Acts of Supremacy and Uniformity are
strictly enforced, and the Protestant religion established throughout England. July 10. Henry II. of France dies; is succeeded by Francis II., the husband of
Mary, queen of Scots. They assume the titles of King and Queen of France,
England, and Scotland. 1560 Feb. 27. Elizabeth concludes a treaty at Berwick with the Scottish reformers, for
mutual defence, to last during the marriage of Mary with the French king. July 7. The treaty of Edinburgh, by which the government of Scotland was vested
in a committee of noblemen. A separate peace is concluded between England and France, recognising Elizabeth's
right to the crown of England. Aug. 1. The Scotch parliament declare that the authority of the Roman church is an
usurpation; pass a declaration of faith, renouncing the tenets and dogmas of that
church, and disowning the authority of the pope.
Dec. 5. Francis II. of France dies, and is succeeded by Charles IX. 1561 Aug. 19. Queen Mary arrives at Leith; proceeds to Holyrood. John Knox has an
interview with her. 1562 Oct. Elizabeth proposes Lord Robert Dudley as a husband for Queen Mary. 1563 Parliament meets : addresses the queen as to her marriage; the Duke of Würtem
berg proposes for her hand. Sept. The plague rages in London.
Sept. 29. Lord Robert Dudley is created Earl of Leicester. 1565 July 28. Darnley is married to Mary, Queen of Scots, and proclaimed king. 1566 March 9. Rizzio is murdered by Ruthven and other conspirators.
June 19. Mary is delivered of a son, who is named James, Elizabeth being his god
mother at the christening. 1567 Feb. 10. Darnley is murdered.
April 12. Bothwell is arraigned for the murder of Darnley, and is acquitted.
July 29. Murray is appointed regent.
On the 14th takes place the battle of Langside; the queen's forces are defeated;
she flies into England, is conducted to Carlisle, and detained as a prisoner. Ulster is vested in the English crown, and is colonised by English.
July 16. Mary is removed to Bolton Castle.
Oct. 2. Norfolk is arrested, and committed to the Tower.
surgents march to Durham, burn the Bible and Common Prayer-book, and celebrate
mass in the cathedral. 1570 Jan. 22. The Regent Murray is shot at Linlithgow. 1571 April 2. Parliament meets; supplies are granted; it is declared to be high treason to
claim a right to the succession of the crown during the queen's lifetime.
Parliament declares the Queen of Seots incapable of succeeding to the English crown.
Aug. 23. The massacre of St. Bartholomew.
Netherlands. 1578 James, after the execution of the Regent Morton, assumes the government of
1580 Alençon, now Duke of Anjou, arrives at Greenwich, as a suitor to Queen Elizabeth. 1581 Anjou returns to the Netherlands, the queen refusing to marry. 1584 The Throckmorton plot; Francis Throckmorton is executed at Tyburn. 1585 Elizabeth sends a large army into the Netherlands, under the command of Leicester;
he is made governor-general of the Low Countries; he attacks Zutphen; is de
feated. Sir Philip Sidney is killed. 1586 Babington's conspiracy to assassinate Elizabeth is discovered; he is taken with
many of his adherents. Some of them are condemned and executed in Lincoln's
Inn Fields, on Sept. 20.
Mary that she is to be tried for being accessory to Babington's conspiracy, and
Dec. 6. The order for her execution is proclaimed. 1587 Feb. 1. Elizabeth signs the warrant for her execution.
Feb. 7. The Earl of Shrewsbury, earl marshal, attended by the Earls of Kent, Cum
berland, and Derby, arrive at Fotheringay Castle, and read the warrant to Mary.
forms other brilliant exploits.
expected invasion of the Spaniards be met at sea; a great camp is formed at
Tilbury Fort; the queen reviews the troops at Tilbury Fort. -588 May 29. The invincible armada, under the Duke of Medina Sidonia, sails from the
Tagus; it is dispersed by a tempest off Cape Finisterre.
to the 26th of July; the Duke of Medina Sidonia sails for Spain; many of his
ships are wrecked at the Orkneys and the coast of Norway.
Sept. 4. The Earl of Leicester dies. 1591 Essex goes to France with a small army to aid Henry IV. 1597 July. A large fleet is fitted out to attack the coast of Spain; Essex captures three
Spanish ships; he returns, and is received by the queen with displeasure. 1598 June. The queen quarrels with Essex; he leaves the court.
Aug. 4. Lord Burleigh dies. 1599 March. The Earl of Essex is appointed to command in Ireland; he leaves London
with a large army; in September he returns to London, and appears at court
without leave. 1601 Feb. 8. Essex, the Earls of Southampton and Rutland, and others attempt an insur.
rection in London; they are sent to the Tower.
Feb. 25. Essex is executed privately in the Tower. 1603 March 21. The queen is confined to her bed.
March 22. She names James VI., of Scotland, as her successor.
Arthur, son of Constance of Bretagne, a
competitor for the throne of England, 291;
Asers, from Asiatic Tartary, 42
Alfred's court, 64
feats the Danes, 75 ; his victorious career,
espouses Elfrida, 85; assassinated by King
ACRE, arrival of the Crusaders at, 273
her sons Stephen and Henry, ib.
ring pictures of, 472; dramatised by Shak.
prisoners at, 484
BABINGTON's conspiracy, 651 ; followed by
numerous executions, 652
the battle of, 368—371
King John, 309; their success, 312
of, 117 ; desecration of, 119
served in the hotel of the Prefecture at
duca,” scene from, 22
of, 55 ; selections from his “Ecclesiastical
Christian faith, 57
35; his martyrdom, ib. ; sonnet to, 36
gles and exalted character, 63 ; his abilities
plishments and qualifications, 69 et seq.
pressed by the Danes, 87 ; their slaughter
to Henry VIII., 573
572 ; trial and execution of, 573; the fall
588 ; Milman's tragedy of, 589—598
57 ; appointed primate of all England, 58
Bible, translation of the, into English, 599 Carlisle, castle of, 163
Cassibelan, the British king, 16
Castles of the Norman kings, 144
Celts, the great national family of, 3
to the Romans, 18; her speeches, 19, 20; Chronology of the Anglo-Saxon kings, 128;
tinge, 129 ; of the principal events from
death of Henry III., 343–348; from the
accession of Edward III. to the death of
Civilization in France, Guizot's History of,
early_history, 1; first acquaintance of Claudius, his invasion of Britain, 15; re-
Cogidunus, a British king, 17
habits and customs, 6 ; their dress, ib. ; the of the, 538
Cressy, battle of, by Froissart, 385
572 ; his great power, 572, 573 ; his trial
trial, dramatised by Shakspere, 556 ; be- under Richard I., 267; great preparations
for the, 268; the fleet for the prosecution
of the, 269 ; arrival at Acre, 273 ; fearful
loss of life, 273
Crusaders, divisions among the, 274 ; their
departure for Jerusalem, 275, 277 ; op-
Cymbeline, Shakspere's historical drama of,
tions, 1, 2 ; his landing, 4; his depar. Cyprus, conquest of, by Richard I., 272
and customs of the inhabitants, 30, 31 DANEGELDT, a tax levied for payment to the
Danes, their ravages in England, 64; the
of England, ib.; his greatness as a man 66 ; their augmented power, 86; impose
land, 88 ; their power extinguished, ib.
the Romans, 17 ; his noble speech, 17, 18 Days of the week, their Saxon origin, 59
Dermot, King of Leinster, 242