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on, 340

Diocletian, persecution of, 33

death, 646 ; her resistance to the Spanish
Doomsday Book, Thierry's account of, 141 Armada, 657 ; chronology of the principal
Dover, capture of, by the Conqueror, 135 events from the accession of Edward I. to
Dover Castle, defence of, by Southey, 328 her reign, 671
Dramatic scenes, on the introduction of, 5; Ely Abbey, Canute's visit to, 90

from English History suggested, 93 ; England, Saxon rulers of, 88; the discontents
various examples of, 22, 72, 79, 94, 104, in, as related by Froissart, 433
150, 168, 182, 203, 229, 294, 321, 330, English dominion, decay and subversion of in
363, 376, 398, 410, 416, 421, 448, 457, France, 479 et seq.
466, 475, 487, 513, 545, 556, 562, 589, ENGLISH HISTORY, Half Hours of ;-the
664

Roman period, 1-41; Anglo Saxon
Druids, of Britain, account of the, 26; period, 42-134 ; Saxons and Normans-
Julius Cæsar's description of the, 27,

from William I. to Henry III., 135—-348;
28 ; religious system of the, 28 ; their annals of Edward I., 349; a series of
chief deities, ib. ; their peculiar doctrines, dramatic scenes from, suggested, 93 ; (see
29

DRAMATIC SCENES)

English possessions in France, 380
E.

Essex, one of the kingdoms of the Saxon

Heptarchy, 48, 49
East Anglia one of the kingdoms of the Essex, Earl of, account of his fall, 659 ;
Saxon Heptarchy, 49

dramatised by Landor, 664
Edgar and Elfrida, account of, 83

“Essex and Bacon,” Landor's drama of, 644
Edith, banishment of, 101

Ethelbert, the king of Kent, converted to
Edmund, the Saxon king, 88

Christianity, 55 et seq.
Edmund de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, execu- Ethelured, forced to fly to Normandy, 87
tion of, 571

Ethelwald, declared a rebel, and killed in
Edric, Duke of Mercia, 87

battle, 74
Edward, son of Ethelred, called to the Evesbam, battle of, 336, 339; ballad written

Saxon throne, 89
Edward the Confessor, 94

Evil May Day," historical account of, 579
Edward I., annals of, 349 et seq. ; joins the Exeter, Duke of, his conspiracy against

Crusaders in the Holy Land, ib. ; his con- Henry IV., 443; his defeat and execution,
quest of Wales, 350, 352 ; his attempt to 446, 447
conquer Scotland, ib. ; ode on his treat-
ment of the Welsh, 354 ; his death, 352 ;

F.
chronology of events from the reign of, 671
Edward II. defeated at Bannockburn, 368—

“Fair RoSAMOND,” life and death of, 243;
371 ; his fall and cruel death, 372 ; drama

poem on, 243 et seq.

Falkirk, battle of, 362
of, by Marlowe, 376
Edward III., his possessions in France, 380 ;

Feudal System, Guizot's account of the,
the order of descent from which he laid

208-212 et seq. ; its introduction into
claim to the throne of France, 384, 385 ;

England, 309

"Field of the Cloth of Gold,” 574
gains the battle of Cressy, 385; his siege

Fisbing, among the Anglo-Saxons, 121
of Calais, 388 ; the Countess of Salis-
bury, 397 ; anecdote of, ib.; the story

France, English possessions in, 380; the

order of descent from which Edward III.
dramatised, 398 et seq.
Edward VI., annals of his reign, 623 et seq. ;

laid claim to the throne, 384, 385 ; the
his illness and death, 627 ; sonnet on, by

decay and subversion of the English

dominion in, 479 et seq.
Wordsworth, 626

Francis I., his meeting with Henry VIII. on
Edwin, King of Northumbria, converted to

the “Field of the Cloth of Gold,” 574
Christianity, 58
“Edwin the Fair,” Taylor's drama of, 78

Franks, detested by the English, 100; their

civil contests, 101 ; Ay from the country,
Eleanor, daughter of the Count of Provence,

102
336

Frenchmen, their domineering spirit, 579;
Eldred, Abp., 139; his malediction on the

quarrels with the, 581
Conquest, 140; his death, ib.

Froissart, Sir John, how he arrived in
Elfrida, beauty of, 85; married to Earl
Athelwold, ib.; married to King Edgar,

England, 426
86 ; murders her step-son, ib.

G.
Elizabeth, Princess (afterwards Queen), her

sister Mary's persecution of, 634; reign of, GARDINER, Bishop of Winchester, 573
639; her learning and talents, 640; her Garter, order of the, its origin, 397; the
judicious choice of ministers, 642; her story dramatised, 398 et seq.

et seq.

et seq.

Gaul, Cæsar's preparations in, for the inva-

sion of Britain, 4 ; condition of during the
fourth century, 46; invasion of by bar-
barians, 47; destruction of Roman society

in, 47
Gauls, manners and customs of the, 6
Godwin, Earl, 93 ; the wealth and power of

England in his hands, 94; marries his
daughter to King Edward, ib. ; drama of,
94 et seq. ; banishment of, 99; bistorical
events connected with, 100 et seq. ; his

death and character, 104
Greek fire, its invention and use, 272, 273.
Gregory “the Great,” biographical notices

of, 56
Grey, Lady Jane, proclaimed as Queen of

England, 627; death of, 632
Guilford, Lord, execution of, 635
Guizot's remarks on the overthrow of the

Roman power by barbarian tribes, 45
Guthrun, the Dane, converted to Christian-

ity, 64
Guy of Lusignan, the dethroned King of

Jerusalem, 271

Henry IV., the Duke of Exeter's conspiracy

against, 443; death of, from Holicshed, 457;
dramatised by Shakepere, 457-465
Henry V. and the Lord Chief Justice, 465;

anecdote of, 466; dramatised by Shak-
spere, 468; gains the battle of Agincourt,
468, 472; dramatised by Sbakspere, 475;

his illustrious character and death, 481
Henry VI., his early succession, 481; crowned

at Paris, 482
Henry VII., character of, by Lord Bacon,

551
Henry VIII., events of his reign, 568 et seq.;

his children, 574; his visit to France and
the “Field of the Cloth of Gold,” 574; his
meeting with the French king, 575; last
days of, as related by Hume, 610; condi.
tion of the people during his reign, 616; the
causes of his resistance to the Pope, as re-

lated by Sir Walter Scott, 620, 621
Heptarchy of the Saxons, 48; its different di-

visions and their founders, 48, 49; proposed
to substitute the word Octarchy, 50; geo-

graphical divisions of the, ib.
Hooper, Bishop of Gloucester, martyrdom of,
636

I.

H.

ICENIANS, the, 16
Innocent, Pope, his contentions with King

John, 304
Ireland, conquest of by Henry II., 239 €

seq. ; historical notices of, 240 ; the inha-
bitants divided into clans, 241; more
addicted to pasturage than agriculture,
ib. ; the militia of, 242; invasion of, and
subjugation, ib.; conquest of, as related

by Froissart, 429
Isaac, sovereign of Rhodes, 270, 271

J.

HANDICRAFTS among the Anglo-Saxons, 176
Hankes, martyrdom of, 637
Harold, the Saxon king, historical notices of,

104; his vow, ib.; drama of, 104 et seq.;
his coronation, 111; defeated at the battle
of Hastings, 112, 113; is slain, and buried
at Waltham Abbey, 113; speech of, before

the battle of Hastings, 119
Hasting, the Danish general, 64; his ravages

in England, 65
Hastings, battle of, 111; Harold defeated at

the, 112, 113; castle of, 162; speeches of
Harold and William I. before the battle of,

119, 120
Hastings, Lord, death of, 520
Hengist, the Saxon chief, enters Britain, and

defeats the Picts and Scots, 43; subdues
the province of Kent, and lays the founda-
tion of the first Saxon kingdom, ib.; his

victorious career, 45
Henry I., surnamed Beau Clerc, 177; his

accession, ib.; his wife Maud, 178; state
of the country under, 187; popularly called
the Lion of Justice, 188; legend respecting,
189; his children, ib.; union of his daughter

Matilda with Geoffrey Plantagenet, 191.
Henry II., accession of, 215; his contests

with Thomas à Becket, 221 et seq.; drama
of the “

King and the Archbishop,” 229
et scq.; his family troubles, 237, 253; pen.
ance of, 238, 239; his conquest of Ireland,
239; death of his “Fair Rosamond,” 243;

his death, 253; character of, 256
Henry III., annals of, 324 et seq. ; nominated

to the throne by the Earl of Pembroke,
336

Jaffa, arrival of the Crusaders at, 276;

et seq.

battle of, 277
Joan of Arc, the “Maid of Orleans," her

first interview with Charles VII., 490;
dramatised by Shakspere, 491; brief
history of, 493 ; relieves Orleans, and ex-
pels the English, 496; her victorious
career, ib. ; crowns the king, 497 ; her

capture, ib. ; her trial and execution, 499
Johannes Scotus, 70
John, King, his contentions with the Papal

power, 302, 304 ; his abject submission,
308; his contentions with the barons of
England, 309; signs Magna Charta, 312;
the last days of, 318; death of, 321;

scenes of, from Shakspere, 321 et seq.
John and Arthur, the two royal competitors

for the throne of England, 291 ; the latter

murdered, 293 ; dramatic scenes of, 294
Jury, trial by, 251

et seq.

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ODIN, the leader of an Asiatic army, 42
Ordeal, trial by, during the Norman period,

248
Ordovices, the, 17
Orleans, siege and capture of, 490 et seq.

(see JOAN OF ARC)
Ostorius, the Roman general, his conquests

in Britain, 17

P.

M.
MÆATÆ, their manners and customs, 30, 31
Magna Charta, historical account of, 263 ;

its essential clauses, 263 et seq. ; always
considered a fundamental law, 265; its
principal provisions, ib. ; signed at Runne-

;
mede, 312
“Maid of Orleans" (see JOAN OF ARC)
Manufactures among the Anglo-Saxons, 127
Margaret, Countess-Dowager of Salisbury,

executed, 573
Mary, Queen of England, reign of, 629; her

persecution of the Princess Elizabeth, 634
Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland, her event-

ful career, 647; her marriage with the
Dauphin, 648; fate of her husband, Lord
Darnley, 650 ; her marriage with Both-
well, Duke of Orkney, ib. ; her flight with
Bothwell, ib. ; her abdication, and flight to
England, ib. ; her imprisonment and exe-

cution, 651 et seq.
Matilda, daughter of Henry I., married to

Geoffrey Plantagenet, 191 ; her invasion

of England, 199
Maud, wife of Henry I., 178 ; her invasion

of England, 199
Maximianus Herculius, 34
Mercia, one of the kingdoms of the Saxon

Heptarchy, 49; the “Wars of,” a tragedy,
Medals found in Britain, 2
Miracles, pretended, 606
Monasteries, suppression of the, as related by

Hume, 605; their number, and great

wealth, 607, 608 ; dissolution of, 572, 573
Money, power of granting, according to

Magna Charta, 265
More, Sir Thomas, death of, 600

PANDOLF, the Papal legate, 307; King John

does homage to him, 308
Papal power, contentions of King John with

the, 302, 304 ; its fulminations, 306
Parliamentary representation, historical no-

tices of, by Hallam, 333
Paulinus defeats Boadicea, the British queen,

21
Peasants, insurrection of the, temp. Edward

III., 407
Pembroke, Earl of, nominates Prince Henry

to the throne, 336
People, oppressions of the, 187
Percies, revolt of the, 447, 454
"Perkin Warbeck,” tragedy of, by the Rev.

J. White, 545
Philip Augustus of France, 274
Philip II. of Spain, his invasion of England,

656
Picts defeated by Hengist, 43
Piers Gaveston, death of, 366
Plautius, the Roman prætor, his attack on

Britain, 15 ; his conquests, 16
Poictiers, William of, his description of the

Saxons, 146
Poitiers, battle of, 391
Popery, sonnet on the revival of, 628
Princes in the Tower, murder of the, 522
Protestant martyrs, 635

50 et seq.

N.

R.

Naval victory, the first one gained by the

English over the French, 315
New Forest, the, 165
No Normans," the ancient English cry of,

194
Norman army, its march to London, after

the battle of Hastings, 135—137 ; its

devastations, ib.
Norman government, character of the, 259

RAYMOND, prince of Antioch, 271
Reformation in Scotland, beginning of the,

as related by Sir Walter Scott, 618
Rhodes, seizure of, by Richard I., 270
“Revolt of the Percies," from Holinshed,

447, 454 ; dramatised by Shakspere,
448, 454

686

INDEX.

racter, ib.

et seq. ;

Richard I., the Crusader, Hume's account of, Scotland, Edward I.'s military operations

266 ; his fleet, 269 ; his dangerous adven- against, 350; invaded by Henry VIII.,
tures, ib. et seq. ; captures a large 574; beginnings of the Reformation in, as
Saracen ship, 272 ; his arrival at Acre, and related by Sir Walter Scott, 618
its capture, 273; departs for Jerus lem, Scott, Sir Walter, his story of William
275 ; defeats Saladin, 276; bis heroic Wallace, 357; his account of the battle of
bravery, ib. ; his captivity in Austria, Bannockburn, 368
279 ; subis advanced for bis ransom, 281 ; Severus, bis invasion of Britain, 31; his
his liberation, 282; his death and cha- death, 32

Seymour, Jane, married to Henry VIII.,
Richard II., the deposition of, 421 ; drama- 573
tised by Shakspere 421

the Seymour, Lord, charged by his brother with
captivity of, as related by Froissart, 436; high treason, and executed, 625
his deposition, 439

Sherwood Forest, Robin Hood's adventures,
Richmond, Earl of, his victory at Bosworth 285
Field, 525, 526

Ships of war, all galleys during the Norman
Ridley, Bishop of London, martyrdom of, 637 period, 272
Robert, the Captive, 179; takes possession Shrewsbury, battle of, 454
of Normandy, 180

Silchester, site of, 37; description of, 38, 39;
Robert, Earl of Gloucester, 193

antiquities of, 40, 41
Robert Fitz-Walter, chosen by the Barons Silures, the, 17
of England as their general, 311

Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, 329;
Robin Hood and Sherwood Forest, 284

dramatic scene of, 530; ballad written on,
Rochester Castle, its antiquity and strength, 340; slain at the battle of Evesham, ib.;
160

ballad on, ib. et seq.
Roderic, King of Connaught, 242

Simnell, Lambert, the impostor, historical
Rogers, Prebendary of St. Paul's, martyrdom notices of, 527
of, 636

Somerset, Duke of, the Lord Protector of
Roman civilization, destruction of, 45

England, 623; charged with high treason,
Roman period, 1–41; Cæsar's invasion of and executed, 626

Britain, 1; Cymbeline, 5; invasion of Spanish Armada, invasion of the, 656 ; de-
Claudius, 15; Bonduca, 18; the Druids, feated and destroyed by the English
26 ; Severus, 30; Diocletian, 33; the last squadron, 658
Romans, 36

Standard, battle of the, 196
Roman road, near Silchester, 38

Stephen of Blois, his accession to the throne
Romans, their first acquaintance with Bri- of England, 191

tain, 2; their conquest of Britain, 3; the “Stephen and Maud," Keats' drama of, 202
written monuments of their rule, ib. ; their
first landing in Britain, 3, 4; their depar- Stonehenge, account of, 26; the purposes to
ture from Britain, 5; last of the, in Bri- which it was appropriated, 27 ; Julius
tain, 36

Cæsar's description of, ib.
Roses, White and Red,” their sanguinary Surrey, Henry Howard, Earl of, executed,
contests, 509

574
Rouen, captured by the French, 483

Sussex, one of the kingdoms of the Saxon
Rufus—(see William Rufus)

Heptarchy, 48
Runnemede, the place where Magna Charta Sweyn, King of Denmark, invades England,
was signed, 312

87; his death, ib. ; succeeded by his son

Canute, ib.
S.

Swithelm, Bishop of Sherburn, sent to India,
SACÆ, a nation of Asiatic Scythia, 43
St. Alban, Abbey of, 137
St. Albans, battle of, 509

T.
Saladin, the Saracen commander, 276; op-

et seg.

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70

poses the Crusaders, 276 ; bis defeat, ib. Talbot, John, and his son, death of, 436 ;
Saunders, martyrdom of, 637

dramatised by Shakspere, 487
Saxons, their arrival in Britain, 42, 43; their Taylor, the Rev. —, martyrdom

of, 637
supposed origin, 42; defeat the Picts and Taylor's drama of “ Edwin the Fair,” 78
Scots, 43; their irruptions into Britain, ib.; Tewkesbury, battle of, 512
Saxon kingdom founded by Hengist, 43; Thomas à Becket, rise of, 217 ; biographical
Heptarchy of the, 48; the Norians rapidly notices of, 218 et seq. ; his character and
absorbed among the, 145; the Conqueror's great abilities, 220 ; history of his fall, 221
conciliatory policy towards the, 145 ; et seq. ; account of his death, 226 ; drama
description of the, 146. (See ANGLO- of the “King and the Archbishop," 229
SAXONS)

et seq.

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“Wars of Mercia,” a tragedy, 50 et seq.
Warwick, John Dudley, Earl of, his opposi-

tion to the Lord Protector, 625; his power
and authority, 626
Wessex, one of the kingdoms of the Saxon

Heptarchy, 48
“White and Red Roses,” historical notices

of the, 509
Wilford, Ralph, the impostor, 544
William I., the Norman, his invasion of Bri-
tain, 111 ; wins the battle of Hastings,

;
112, 113 ; his speech before the battle,
120 ; Thierry's account of his march to
London, 135 ; coronation of, 137; his con-
ciliatory policy towards the Saxons, 145 ;
his death, 147 ; his death and burial dra-
matised, 150 et seq. ; his character, 156 ;
his wife and children, 157 ; epitaphs and
panegyrics on, 158
William, Prince, shipwreck of, 180; the ship-

wreck dramatised, 182
William Rufus, the son and successor of the

Conqueror, 157; account of bis accession,
158 ; death of, 164 ; inscription on, 168

character of, 173
Wine among the Anglo-Saxons, 124
Wolsey, fall of, dramatised by Shakspere,

562 ; death of, 572

V.

VERSTEGAN, the antiquarian writer, 62
Vespasian in Britain, 16
Vineyards among the Anglo-Saxons, 125
Vortigern, the British Sovereign, 42 ; invites

the Saxons to Britain, 43 ; is deposed, ib.
Vortimer, son of Vortigern, 43

W.

Y.

WAKEFIELD, battle of, 510
Wales, Edward the First's military opera-

tions against, 350; conquest of, and
anexation to England, 350, 352; ode on

Edward's treatment of, 354
Wallace, Sir William, of Scotland, his resist-

ance to Edward I., 351 ; history of, by

Sir Walter Scott, 357
“ Wallace and Bruce," dramatised, 363
Warbeck, Perkin, the impostor, Lord

Bacon's account of, 531, 541 ; condemned
and executed, 545 ; tragedy of, ib.

YORK AND LANCASTER, quarrel between the

houses of, 509
York, Edward, Duke of, 571
York, Richard, Duke of, his address to the

Houses of Parliament, 509; is slain, 510
York, Richard, Duke of, defeated at the bat.

tle of Bosworth Field, 526, 527

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