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CL 600, 601

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per ton,

Cl. 645,


Cl. 645, 254.

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CI. 645,


Cl. 645, 254.

Dupuch, Joseph. 65 Walking Capes, all manufactured out of woods growing in the Bahamas. 2 Crab Wood, each $1 25, can be supplied in Nassau from the tree at $12 per 100. 2 Red Crab Wood, each $1 25, in Nassau at $12 per 100.

2 Casava Wood, each $1, in Nassau at 4c. per foot. 2 Black Torch, each $1 25, in Nassau at $12 per 100 2 Lignum Vitæ, each 75c., in Nassau at $12

2 Cocoanut Wood, each $1. 2 Mahogany, each $1, in Nassau at 4c. per foot. 2 Sabicu, each $1, in Nassau at 4c. per foot. 2 Satin Wood, each 75c., in Nassau at 4c. per foot. 2 Iron Wood, each $1 25, in Nassau at $12 per 100. 2 Green Ebony, each $1 25. 2 Red Stopper, each $1, in Nassau at 4c. per foot. 3 White do., each 50c., in Nassau at 4c. per foot. 2 Mastic Wood, each 75c., in Nassau at 4c. per foot. 2 Saffron do., each 50c., in Nassau at $12 per 100. 2 Cascarilla, with Bark, each 50c., in Nassau at $12 per 100. 2 Crab Wood do., each 50c., in Nassau at $12 per 100. i Prince do., do., each 25c., in Nassau at $12 per 100. 3 Red Stopper do., each 25c., in Nassau at $12 per 100. 1 White Stopper do., each 25c., in Nassau at $12 per 100. 6 Hercules Club do., set $4, in Nassau at $10 per 100. 4 Wild Lemon do., each 25c., in Nassau at $12 per 100. 2 Tamarind do., 25c., in Nassau at $8 per 100. 2 White Torch do., 50c., in Nassau at $12

2 Black Torch do., 50c., in Nassau at $12 per 100. 2 Guava do., 25c., in Nassau at $12 per 100. 2 Wild Coffee do., 25c., in Nassau at $12 per 100. 3 Wild Cane do., 25c., in Nassau at $4 per 100. 2 Lemon do., 25c., in Nassau at $15 per 100.

No. 23, letters A to Z, AA to AC. Wallace, Alexander C.

Walking Canes, viz.:-4 Crab Wood, with heads, 82 50. 2 do., without heads, $1 50. 2 Green Ebony, $2 50. No. 24, letters BC to BE.

Armbrister, James A. 18 Walking Canes, viz.:-12 Green Ebony, $i 25. Satin Wood, $1 25. Manufactured at Long Island, Bahamas. No. 25, letters CD, CE.

SHELLS AND SHELL WORK. Sawyer, R. &. de Co. 6 King Conch Shells, 6 Queen Conch do., 6 Common Pink Conch do., 3 Lamp Conch do. To be sold to the highest bidder. Largely exported to London. Nos. 34 to 37.

George, John S. 7 Queen Conch Shells. No. 38.

Saunders, Samuel P. 1 case containing about 100 varieties small shells, $100. The shells in this case were all collected in the Bahamas. No. 39.

Treco, P. A. 1 case containing Bahama Shells, $100. The shells were collected and arranged by J. R. Saunders. No. 40.

Evans, Ellen G. E. Cases containing 1 Shell Cross, $100; 1 Shell Basket, $60; 1 Bridal Wreath, $30. Manufactured out of Bahama Shells. Nos. 41 to 43.

Symonett, Mrs. Mathew. Cases containing 1 Palm Tree, $12; 1 Watch Stand, $25. Nos. 44 to 45.

Eldon, Mrs. James. Case containing 1 Orange Tree, $25. No. 46.

Garner, Mrs. Maria E. Cases containing 1 Basket, $60; 1 Fruit Basket, $60; 1 Bridal Wreath, $20; 1 Spray, $4; 1 do., $3; 1 do., 83. Nos. 47 to 49, letters A to D.

Robertson, Mrs. S. E. Case containing Epergne, $500. No. 50.

Atwell, Misses, Cases containing Memorial Wreath, $140 ; Cornucopia, $45 ; 1 doz. sets Brooches and Earrings, $3 each or $35 the lot. Nos. 51 to 53.

All manufactured out of Shells and Fish


CI, 645,

per 100.

Cl. 645,


Cl. 645, 254.

Cl. 600,


Cl. 645,


Cl. 645,


Cl. 600,




WORK. George, John S. 6 pieces Tortoise Shell; obtained from Hawksbill Turtle, largely exported to London. 1 lot Loggerhead Shell;


Dupuch, Joseph. 1 Card Tray, $4, manufactured out of 9 different woods. 5 Bread Platters, $i 50, manufactured out of various woods. 3 Bread Platters, to be presented to Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., do. Nos. 26 to 28.


CI. 600,


Cl. 645,


CL 287.

Cl. 645, 254.

Cl. 289.

CL. 287.

CI. 645, 845.

obtained from Loggerhead Turtle, largely exported to London. Nos. 54, 55.

Centennial Exhibition Committee, Nassau. I Tortoise Back, cleaned and polished entire, $75. Cleaned and polished by J. R. Saunders, Nassau. No. 56.

Minns, Albert C. J. I case containing tortoise shell ornaments, viz., Lady's set consisting of Necklace, Pin and Earrings, Bracelets, Solitaires and Studs, $ 140; Gentleman's set consisting of Albert Chain and Charms, Scarf Ring, Solitaires and Studs, and Vest Button, $50 ; Lady's Necklace and Locket, 830; 1 Spoon 1, Paper Knife $ 10. All the tortoise shell work is manufactured by hand and is warranted genuine. No. 57, letters A to D.

CL. 600.

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CL 254.


Cl. 605, 254.

CI. 200

Cl. 605, 254.

Grant, Misses Julia & Mary. I case containing Mimosa Bean Work, viz., Set of Lady's Ornaments 85, 1 Card Tray $4 50, 1 pair Watch Cases $2 50, 1 pair Mats $1, I case containing Cross $12. Nos. 58 and 59, letters A to D.

Centennial Exhibition Committee, Nassau. I case Mimosa Bean ornaments, viz., 1 Card Basket 84 50, 2 Bags $4, 2 pairs Bracelets, each $150. Manufactured by Messrs. Jarrett, Nassau. No. 60, letters A to C.

The Mimosa grows wild in the Bahamas.

Centennial Exhibition Committee, Nassau.* Specimens of Palmetto Rope, 3 sizes. Nos. 66.

Xnowles, Joseph A.,* L.I. Specimens of Palmetto Baskets (3), ditto Mat. Nos. 67, 68.

Carroll, Richard E.,* L. I. Specimens of Rope made out of Fibre of Aloe.

Not exported but extensively used in the

Bahamas. No. 69. George, Jno. S.* Specimen of Palmetto Leaves. Indigenous to the Bahamas can be extensively exported. * For presentation to the Smithsonian

Institution, Washington. No. 70. Centennial Exhibition Committee, Nassau. 1 case containing Palmetto Work, viz., 6 Fans each $i 50, 3 Pearl Edge Hats, $3, 3 Edging Hats, $2. Manufactured by Mrs. Jno. Taylor, Inagua. No. 71, letters A to C.

SUNDRIES. Meadows, Jno. G., Inagua, Sargent, D., Inagua, 1 case containiug, viz., specimens of Salt and jar of Table Salt. This salt is largely exported to U. S. and Brit. N. America. No. 72.

Sawyer, R. E., & Co., * Saunders, s. P., Brice, D. A.* Specimens of Cotton, produced principally at Long Island and exported to London. No. 73.

Saunders, Saml. P.* Specimen of Care Earth (Fertilizer), exported to United States. No. 74. * For presentation to the Smithsonian

Institution, Washington. Sawyer & Co., R. H. Specimens of Bark (Canella Alba and Cascarilla), to be sold to highest bidder. Exported to United States, and London. Nos. 75, 76.

George, Jno. S. Specimens of Bark (Cascarilla and Canella Alba, exported to United States and London ; Arrow Root and Casava Starch, Bahama manufacture ; Bees Wax ; Wax made from Myrtle Berry, exported to London. Nos. 77 to 82.

Sawyer & Co., R. H. Wax made from Myrtle Berry, to be sold to highest bidder, exported to London. No. 83.

Saunders, Saml. P. Specimen of Mammee Sapota or Vegetable Sponge, excellent for bathing purposes; cost about 3c. each. No. 84.

CL 665.

CL 681



CL. 600, 666,

CL 600

CI. 600.

654. 658.

Centennial Exhibition Committee, Nassau.* 1 case containing specimens of Fibres, viz., Fibres of the Pita Plant, Plaintain Tree, Banana do., Pine Apple Plant, Aloe, Esparto Grass; 1 case containing specimens of Fibres viz., Wool made from Leaf of Forest Pine, Pita Plant, Banana Tree, and Plaintain. None of the Bahama Fibres are at present utilized; could, however, be obtained and exported in large quantities. No. 61, letters A to F; No. 62, letters G to J.

Knowles, Joseph A.,* Long Island. Specimens of wild Fig Tree (Bark), very durable when manufactured into rope ; Rope & Net made out of above; Palmetto Rope. Nos. 63 to 65.

Cl. 654

Cl. 600, 666, 287.

CL 604

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BERMUDAS, Or Somers’ Islands, a cluster of about 100 small islands, situated on the western side of the Atlantic Ocean, in lat. 32° 15' N. and long. 64° 51' W., at a distance of about 580 miles from the nearest land, viz., Cape Hatteras in North Carolina,

Fifteen or sixteen of these islands are inhabited : the rest are of inconsiderable size, the largest, or Bermuda proper, containing less than 20 square miles of land, and nowhere exceeding three miles in breadtb.

The islands extend from N.E. to S.W. in a curved line for about 20 miles, bending inwards at both extremities, so as to enclose spacious and secure harbours.

Besides the main island, on which the town of Hamilton, the present seat of Government, is situated, the principal islands are St. George's, where the ancient town of St. George, the former capital, stands ; Ireland Island, where the dockyard is established ; Boaz and Watford Islands, occupied entirely by a military detachment, formerly a convict establishment; Somerset, St. David's, Smith's, Cooper's, Nonsuch, Godet's, Port's, and River's. With the exception of one break between Somerset and Watford Islands, there is continuous communication by bridges from St. George's to Ireland Island.

The climate has been long celebrated for its mildness and salubrity. The islands produce arrowroot of a fine quality, and an indigenous cedar of great durability, well adapted for ship-building and house-timber.

A few whales are occasionally taken in the neighbouring waters. Turtle are common.

The islands derive their name from Bermudez, a Spaniard, who sighted them in 1527. The earliest account of them is given by Henry May, who was cast away upon them in 1593. They were first colonized by Admiral Sir George Somers, who was shipwrecked there in 1609, on his way to Virginia. On his report, the Virginia Company claimed them, and obtained a charter for them from James I. in 1612. This company sold their right for 2,0001. to an association of 120 persons, who obtained a new charter in 1616, incorporating them as the Bermuda Company, and granting them very extensive powers and privileges.

Representative government was introduced in 1620. In 1621 the Bermuda Company in London made a Body of Ordinances for the Government of the Colony. During the civil war, great numbers of emigrants, from England were attracted thither by the favourable reports of the climate and soil. Towards the end of the reign of Charles II., grave complaints were made by the inhabitants of the misgovernment of the plantation by the Company ; and its charter was annulled by process of Quo Warranto, at Westminster, in 1684–85. Since then the Governors have been appointed by the Crown, and laws for the Colony enacted by a local legislature, consisting of the Governor, Council, and Assembly.

The lands belonging to the company were forfeited to the Crown on the annulment of their charter, and with the exception of some reserved for public uses, were granted in 1759 to purchasers on small quit-rents, extinguishable on the payment of a fixed sum of money.

During the revolutionary war in North America the inhabitants suffered great privations from the scarcity of food; and although they export largely certain articles of agricultural produce, especially potatoes, onions, tomatoes, and arrowroot, they are still dependent on foreign supplies for all the flour and most of the meat consumed.

In 1784 a printing-press was introduced.

Early in the present century the importance of the Bermudas as a naval station came to be recognized. Ireland Island was purchased exclusively by the Government, and a Dockyard established there. By Order in Council, dated June 23, 1824, the Bermudas were declared a place where male convicts might be kept at hard labour on the public works ; but these islands never were made a penal settlement, strictly speaking,

; where convicts might be discharged. The establishment was broken up in 1863.

On the abolition of slavery in 1834, the system of temporary apprenticeship of the emancipated slaves. permitted by the Act of Parliament in the slave-holding colonies, was dispensed with by the local legislature of Bermuda, so as to entitle the slaves to their absolute freedom six years sooner than was required by Parliament. They and their descendants now form more than a numerical half of the entire population.

In 1846, a lighthouse, visible at more than 30 miles' distance, was erected on the highest land in the Colony; the light being 362 feet above the sea. A public library was established in 1839. In 1871 the Island of St. George's was connected with the main island by a causeway and road two miles in length, commenced in 1866, and completed at a cost of nearly 30,0001. An iron girder swing-bridge still permits the passage of vessels. Revenue and Expenditure.

Imports and Exports.


24,946 35,627

1865 200,983

1866 192,123





30,040 32,039

1869 103,962

1870 232,387

34,969 33,700


1872 149,842



1874 252,435

Public Debt in 1874, 13,2341.

1875-6, Parliamentary Grant, 2,2001. (Governor's

Population, Census 1851, 10,982.

1861, 11,461. White. Coloured.
1871, 12,121. 4,725.

7,396. Total tonnage of vessels entered 1874, 72,212; cleared 1874, 71,935.

(From " Colonial Office List, 1876.")

Cl. 102.

Ness, Ph. An assortment of Building
Stones of various qualities. A. Hard Stone
containing some fossil shells, chiefly used in
Military works, and for Road-making. B.
Bastard Stone, less hard. C. Soft Building

Stone, such as is commonly worked with a
hand-saw, but hardens a little on exposure.
They only differ in the degree to which the
grains of sand are cemented by the infil
tration of carbonate of lime in solution,

Cl. 672.

Cl. 662.

Cl. 594.

CI. 621,

624. CI. 622. CI. 611.

Cl. 596.

Cl. 300.

Cl. 656. Ci, 700 to

707. Cl. 600.

CL, 300.

Cl. 601.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Tools used in freeing the ground of the Roots of Sage and Wild Mimosa,

Hinson, Dr., M.D. Model of a Bermuda Yacht, Cutter-rigged, length of keel 4ft. ; scale about th.

Admiralty, Lords of the. Model of Her Majesty's Floating Dock at Bermuda.

Sectional Drawing of Ditto.

Education, Board of. School Map of the Bermudas.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Large General Map of the Bermudas, details by Royal Engineers and Major Crawford, R.A.

Bermuda, Gov. of, Diagram showing the Monthly Mean Temperature of Bermuda compared with other places of Winter resort. Drawn by Lieut. Col. Bland, R.E.

Thorpe, Mrs. W. “ Afternoon in Bermuda."

Wilkinson, Major H. J. « The Sand Hills."

Anon, Bermuda Flowers from Nature.

Somerset, Col. Fitzroy, R.E. Photo. graphs of Bermuda Scenery, by the Royal Engineers.

Hugh, J. B. Photographs of Bermuda Scenery.

Cl. 300.

Cl. 200,

272. CI, 666.

Cl. 306.

CI, 645.

Cl. 306.

C). 650.

Cl. 306.

709. Cl. 430.

Bermuda Potatoes raised from Irish or American Seed, but much modified by Climate.

Bermuda Tomatoes. American Seed.

Bermuda Onions, chiefly from Madeira Seed, modified by climate.

Committee, The. Bananas and other Fruits. To be forwarded at the proper season.

Hugh, J. B. Dried and Preserved Fruits.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Flowers, Ferns, and Ornamental Plants.

Several Contributors. Sections and Specimens of Woods.

Astwood, Mrs. Birds-eye Cedar, and other ornamental Woods.

Hugh, J. B. Medicinal Herbs and Drugs.

Peniston W. Fibre prepared from the leaves of Fourcroye gigantia. Bermuda,

Gov. of. Conch Shells (strombus gigas) used by Cameo Cutters. An Extinct Land Shell of relatively large size. Sp. of Hyalline.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Corals, Sponges, Nullipores, and Corallines, Sea Fans (Gorgonias), Sea Rods, (Plexaura).

Tucher, Tho, Fowle. Arrowroot.
Bertram, J. T. Arrowroot.
Bertram, J, T, Tous les Mois.

(To be sent at the proper season.) Trimingham, J. Palmetto Plat, and articles made from the Palmetto leaf.

Trimingham J. Bermuda Straw Plat, Bonnets, &c.

Middleton, T, D. Articles in Point Lace. Somerset Island.

Smith, Mrs. R. T. Fine Point Lace.

Miss. Point Lace Sleeveless Basque.

Ness, Miss C. Point Lace Sofa Pillow.
Lines, Mrs. Point Lace.
Trimingham, J. Wreath of Shell Work.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Walking Canes from the exterior of the Gru-gru Palm (Astrocaryum Auream (Cedar and other Walking Canes.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Two inlaid Tables Bermuda Wood and Workmanship.

Cl. 430.

Cl. 658,

622, Cl. 658,

622. Cl. 658,

622. Cl. 600,


Cl. 306.

Cl. 251.

Cl. 252.

Cl. 306.

Cl. 252,

Cl. 252.

HISTORICAL SECTION. Bermuda, Gov. of. Examples of the Ancient Records of the Colony of Bermuda from 1616.

Title Deeds, or Original Grants of Land of the Bermuda Company, 1628–9.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Fac-simile of the earliest published Map of Bermuda, from Norwood's Survey of 1616.

MISCELLANEOUS. The top of a Pillar of Stalagmite, taken from the floor of a Submerged Cave about 23 feet below low-water mark.

A small Stalactite taken from the roof of the same cave, where the top was also submerged below low-water mark.

These are exhibited in evidence of the

gradual subsidence by operation, of which the floors of nearly all the caves are somewhere below low-water mark.

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