Sivut kuvina
PDF
ePub

moist, cool, green aisles the sun can seldom intrude, and the bush fire never, and where the giant fig-tree (macrophylla) towers like a cathedral cupola above all its fellows.

Still passing northward from the country which makes Rockhampton its centre, the constant westerly trend of the Queensland coast becomes more noticeable, and soon the rich sugar plantations on the Pioneer River are reached, spread over almost treeless plains with rich soil of measureless depth; and then come more rich mines of gold, plenteous coal and copper, with countless interpersed lead and silver lodes, carrying associated gold, but all quite neglected and unnoticed amid so much other wealth. Tracts of country near the Burdekin River as large as some English counties are covered with networks of mineral reefs, made up of richly golden mundic, whose untold wealth could only yield fully to the scientific efforts of an army of chemically-skilled miners, and which is all lost to the present rough operators. We have not said much hitherto of the pastoral wealth of the colony, but the whole of it is, none the less, abounding in sheep, cattle, and horses, whose interests all the minerals and sugar tend to keep going instead of interfering with. The Cloncurry copper mines are abundantly rich in the beautiful clear red crystals of the famous ruby oxide-the most valuable and easiest-smelted copper ore known. They lie on the Cloncurry River, which runs into the Gulf of Carpentaria, as does also the Gilbert, which, besides the universal gold, affords some of the most superb oriental agates and sardonyxes in the world, fully rivalling, if not surpassing, the best deposits of Uruguay and Brazil in the size, transparency, and brilliant colouring of the stones. It would simply be monotonous to follow the description of the colony northward and to describe the golden wealth, in reef and alluvial, which stretches away into the Cape York Peninsula, so we will be content, and work our way back and south to the opal mines of Western Queensland, after a farewell glance at the coralline beauties of the Great Barrier Reef on our north-eastern sea frontier, which ably bears the palm as premier coral bank of the world, 1,200 miles in length. Western Queensland introduces us to the great watershed of the Warrego, Thomson, and Barcoo rivers, which mostly find their final outlet in the Murray River system of South Anstralia. This part of Queensland is so open and level that many a watershed is imperceptible in dry weather, and it is often not until the heavy monsoon rains of the wet season send the water along in a wide and almost inevitable wall on to the unwary traveller that he perceives, for the first time, that there is a depression and a watershed under his feet at all. In Western Queensland lie the trachytic conglomerates which form the matrix of that gleaming and gorgeous gem, the priceless opal, in its varied hue and shades of purple, green, ruby, amber, blue, orange, and other florescent fires. This stone, with the large, clear, glowing red chrysolites of the Burnett River, and the delicate aquamarine of Stanthorpe, are the leading gems of Queensland. The sapphires are small, so are the diamonds; the true ruby is no larger than a grain of sand, and the emerald is absent altogether. All this vast western country is rapidly being filled up with the sheep and cattle it so well can carry, its distance from the eastern sea coast being atoned for by river navigation on the Darling to South Australia.

This notice of the topography of Queensland would be all incomplete if no mention were made of the lengthy seaboard which mark its giant frontiers on the east, and the equally vast rolling prairies of the west, in which either Germany or Austria might be comfortably placed, and with plenty of room all round the edges to spare. The coast of Queensland is dotted with some of the most beautiful islets in the world, grassy and fertile to the water's edge; some being low, open, park-like, and clean-beached, and some being high, woody, and grand of aspect. They lie chiefly between the 18th and 22nd parallels of latitude, inside the Great Barrier Reef, in the smooth shallow sea which is enclosed between it and the mainland. The east coast of Queensland, therefore, is distinguished by many picturesque beauties of reef, island, mountain, and river, and the sunset of the tropics sheds its glory on many a tranquil scene by the shore where a new Robinson Crusoe might meet with romantic adventures to eclipse even the old time-hallowed escapes in Defoe's original and charming tale. And for the vast western plains of the Warrego and Thomson, the Barcoo and the Bulloo, who shall measure the limit of their pastoral and productive wealth in the future?

The foregoing description is copied from the "Queenslander" newspaper in its special edition for the

36714.

Y

Philadelphia Exhibition. How far the lan after inspection of its representative exhibit

The general arrangement of the Queen showing at a glance the physical character shown by a series of photographs illustratin photographs the natural products of such for

One side of the Queensland Court is devot of view; the other is illustrative of its mining will be observed is a tablet of information.*

I

From the illustrative tablet in this division Soil.-Rich vegetable mould on scrub ] forming it. Generally adapted to agricultura Products.-Cotton, sugar-cane, maize, &c. auriferous districts.

These facts, as given in the descriptive t products can be freely grown, and that gold e Photograph No. 1 is a view near Brisbane, Creek. Every kind of garden produce can river.

No. 2.-A view of a portion of the Mary ri left bank shows the thickness of the allu inexhaustible.

No. 3.-Also a view of a Queensland river, country on the other.

No. 4.-A view of Maryvale Creek, lat. 19 country are rather extensively developed, and enormous kangaroos, the extinct dyprotodon, &

No. 5.-This is a characteristic view of mini working in the alluvium the depth of which va at the latter depth. Such deep sinking, howev is found in shallow drifts, rarely exceeding 201

No. 6. This may be taken as a fairly repres deposits are generally very extensive, and the c inland range.

No. 7.-Another view of Maryvale Creek, pr bones of some of the extinct animals are shown i No. 8.-Here is depicted a rough method of sl mountainous parts of the colony.

[blocks in formation]
[graphic]
[ocr errors]

1. ar he angrage a ratized vile or besitor to the Queensland Court, spencinta its ad te tamaties the colony, to ieerde.

[ocr errors]

teensland Cart Pildeichia as een 'arried out with the view of Pesa harreter na maturna mrazers the owny. De nysical character is PATTAA Strating he runs reoigral ormations of the country, and beneath the muzea ↑ ma tomations are presented on pecimen cases.

Sorr a ternted mirety o ization of the colony rom a geological point tar a Caritatrack'ta mining storm. return in ther nuustries, and over each Evison - niet : 22rmation.

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

No 10k mưa đà petion of the Marr ever, onanera,” wrn of the township of Maryborough. T ank shows the hiczness of the alvum chars mitivation is concerned, is coming nathanstible.

No. 3-kiso a view of a Queensland fiver, showing a tense grown scrub on the one side, mi me fres nt on the other.

No. L-A view of Maryvale Creek, lar. 19-30 nora. On the banks of this creek the aider lurra để tha country are rather extensively developed, and in them the remains of extinet marsupials abound. SUCÌ 28 Bornens tangarcos, the extinct dyprotoden, ez.

Sa. 1-Tus is a characteristic view of mining for god in the lep Kurial irts. Here the miners at SHO wering in the alarium the depth of which varies from 50 to 120 feet. Handsome returns of gut i Rud at the latter degrh. Such deep sinking, however, is rather rare in Queensland, as nearly all the alum -is found in shallow trifte, rarely exceeding 2 feet in depth.

No. 6-This may be taken as a fairly representave view of the coast country in Queensland. The alırsl deposits are generally very extensive, and the country ricardy fat from the absolute coast ine u zu f inland range.

No. 7.—Another view of Maryvale Creek, presenting the same characteristics as Photograpú Sz. 4 bones of some of the extinct animals are shown in the immediate foreground.

No. 8.-Here is depicted a rough method of sluicing the beds of creeks for the extraction of gmi n mountainous parts of the colony,

* Most of these photographs wore taken by Mr. R. Daintree whilst travelling in Queensland, by a “iry muses,' I v.1 the gum resin of one of the Australian Eucalypti was used as the "preservative" mixture: they were aturvamis munze re totype procces, and coloured in oil.

139

1

« EdellinenJatka »