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As the eodly consideration of Predesti- Art XXI. Of the Authority of General tration, and our Election in Christ, is full
Councils. (1) of sweet, pleasant, and unspeakable com
Art. XXII. of Purgatory. fort to godly persons, and such as feel in themselves the working of the Spirit of
The Romish doctrine concerning Pur Christ, mortifying the works of the flesh
gatory, Pardons, Worshipping, and Adoend their earthly members, and drawing
ration, as well of Images, as of Reliques, up their mind to high and heavenly
and also invocation of Saints, is a fond things, as well because it doth greatly
thing vainly invented, and grounded establish and confirm their faith of eter
upon no warranty of Scripture, but nal salvation, to be enjoyed through
ther repugnant to the Word of God. Christ, as because it doth fervently kin Art. XXIII. of Ministering in the dle their love towards God: so, for curi
Congregation ous and carnal persons, lacking the Spi It is not lawful for any man to take rit of Christ, to have continually before upon him the Office of public Preaching, their eyes the Sentence of God's Predes.
or Ministering the Sacraments in the tination, is a most dangerous downfall,
Congregation, belore be be lawfully call whereby the Devil doth thrust them ei. ed, and sent to execute the same. And ther into desperation, or into wretchless. those we ought to judge lawfully called ness of most unclean living, no less per. and sent, which be chosen and called to ilous than desperation
this Work by men who have public AuFurthermore, we must receive God's thority given unto them in the Congre. Promises in such wise as they be gene. gation, to call and send Ministers into rally set forth to us in holy Scripture : the Lord's Vineyard. And in our doings, that will of God is to
Art. XXIV. Of Speaking in the Con. be followed, which we have expressly declared unto us in the Word of God.
gregation in such a longue as the Peo
ple understandeth. Art. XVIII. of obtaining Eternal Sal. It is a thing plainly repugnant to the
ration only by the Name of Christ. Word of God, and the custom of the They also are to be had accursed, that Primitive Church, to have Public Prayer presume to say, that every man shall be in the Church, or to minister the Sacra. saved by the Law or Sect which he pro. ments in a tongue not understanded of fesseth, so that he be diligent to frame the people. his life according to that Law, and the Art. XXV. of the Sacraments. light of nature. For holy Scripture doth set out unto us only the Name of Jesus
Sacraments ordained of Christ be not Christ, whereby men must be saved.
only badges or tokens of Christian men's
Profession; but rather they be certain Art. XIX. Of the Church. sure witnesses, and effectual signs of The visible Church of Christ is a Con.
grace, and God's good will towards tis, gregation of faithful men, in the which
by the which he doth work invisibly in the pure Word of God is preached, and
us, and doth not only quicken, but also the Sacraments be duly ministered ac.
strengthen and confirm our faith in him. cording to Christ's Ordinance, in all
There are two Sacraments ordained of
Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is 10 those things that of necessity are requi. site to the same.
say, Baptism, and the Supper of the
Lord. As the Church of Hierusalem, Aleran. aria, and Antioch, have erred; so also
Those five commonly called Sacraments, the Church of Rome bath erred, not only
that is to say, Confirmation, Penance, in their living and manner of Ceremonies,
Orders, Matrimony, and Extreme Unc. but also in matters of faith.
ition, are not to be counted for Sacra.
ments of the Gospel, being such as bave Art. XX. Of the Authority of the grown, partly of the corrupt following Church.
of the Apostles, partly are states of life The Church hath power to decree Rites allowed by the Scriptures; but yet have or Ceremonies, and Authority in contro.
not like nature of Sacraments with Bapversies of Faith: And yet it is not law. tism and the Lord's Supper, for that they ful for the Church to Ordain any thing have not any visible Sign or Ceremony that is contrary to God's Word written; ordained of God. neither may it so expound one place of The Sacraments were not ordaloed of Scripture, that it be repugnant to an. Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried other. Wherefore, although the Church about, but that we should duly use them. be a Witness and a Keeper of Holy Writ, | And in such only as worthily receive the yet as it ought not to decree any thing same, they have a wholesome effect or against the same, so besides the same operation : but they that receive them ought it not to enforce any thing to be unworthily, purchase to themselves daro Lelieved for necessity of salvation
nation, as St. Paul saith. (1) The 21st of the former articles is omitted, because it is partly of a local and civil nature, and is provided for, as to the remaining parts of it, in other articla.
Art. XXVI. or the Unworthiness of the The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper
Ministers, which kinders not the Effect was not by Christ's Ordinance reserved, of the Sacraments
carried about, lifted up, or worshipped. Although in the visible Church the evil
Art. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat be ever mingled with the good, and
not of the Body of Christ in the Use of sometime the evil have chief authority in
the Lord's Supper the ministration of the Word and Sacra. ments : yet, forasmuch as they do not
The wicked, and such as be void of a the same in their own name, but in
lively faith, although they do carnally Christ's, and do minister by his Com
and visibly press with their teeth (as St. mission and Authority, we may use their
Augustine saith) the Sacrament of the Ministry, both in hearing the Word of body and blood of Christ; yet in no God, and in receiving the Sacraments.
wise are they partakers of Christ; but Neither is the effect of Christ's Ordi.
rather to their Condemnation do eat and nance taken away by their wickedness, drink the Sign or Sacrament of so great nor the grace of God's gifts diminished
minished / a thing from such, as by faith, and rightly, do Art. XXX. of both kinds. receive the Sacraments ministered unto
The Cup of the Lord is not to be denied them, which be effectual, because of
to the Lay. People for both the parts of Christ's institution and promise, al.
the Lord's Sacrament by Christ's Ordithough they be ministered by evil men.
nance and Commandment, ought to be Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the Dis
ministered to all Christian men alike. cipline of the Church, that inquiry be made of evil Ministers, and that they be
Art. XXXI. of the one Oblation of accused by those that have knowledge of
Christ finished upon the Cross. their offences : and finally being found The offering of Christ once made, is guilty, by just judgment, be deposed. that perfect redemption, propitiation, and
satisfaction for all the sins of the whole Art XXVII of Baptism.
world, both original and actual ; and Baptism is not only a sign of Profes there is none other satisfaction for sin, sion, and mark of Difference, whereby but that alone Wherefore the Sacrifice Christian men are discerned from others of Masses, in which it was commonly that be not christened: but it is also a said, that the Priest did offer Christ for sign of Regeneration, or new Birth, the quick and the dead, to have veinission whereby, as by an instrument, they that of pain or guilt, were blasphemous fa receive Baptism rightly are grafted into bles, and dangerous deceits. the Church the promises of the forgive.
Art. XXXII. of the Marriage of ness of sin, and of our adoption to be
Priests. the sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealed : faith is con
Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, are not firmed, and grace increased by virtue of
commanded by God's Law, either to sow Prayer unto God, The Baptism or young the estate of single life, or to abstain children is in any wise to be retained in
from Marriage : therefore it is lawful for the Church as most agreeable with the
them, as for all other Christian men, to institution of Christ.
marry at their own discretion, as they
shall judge the same to serve better to Art. XXVIII. of the Lord's Supper. godliness.
The Supper of the Lord is not only a Art. XXXIII. of excommuntonte Per. sign of the Love that Christians ought to sons, hore they are to be avoided. have among themselves one to another ;
That person which by open denunciation but rather it is a Sacrament of our Re
of the Church is rightly cut off from the demption by Christ's death: insomuch
| Unity of the Church, and excommuni. that to such as rightly, worthily, and
cated, ought to be taken of the whole with faith receive the same, the Bread
multitude of the faithful, as an Heathen which we break is a partaking of the
and Publican, until he be openly reconBody of Christ ; and likewise the Cup
ciled by Penance, and received into the of Blessing is a partaking of the Blood
Church by Judge that hath authority of Christ.
thereunto. Transabstantiation (or the change of the Substance of Bread and Wine) in the
Art. XXXIV. of the Traditions of the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by
Church. Holy Writ; but it is repugnant to the It is not necessary that Traditions and plain words of Scripture, overthroweth Ceremonies be in all places one, or utter. ine nature of a Sacrament, and hath ly alike ; for at all times they have been given occasion to many Superstitions. divers, and may be changed according to
The Body of Christ is given, taken, and the diversity of countries, times, and eaten in the Supper, only after an hea men's manners, so that nothing be orvenly and spiritual manner. And the dained against Cod's word. Whosoever, mean whereby the Body of Christ is re- through his private judgment, willingly ceived and eaten in the Supper, is Faith. I and purposely doth openly break the Traditions and Ceremonies of the fThis Article is received in this Churche Church, which be not repugnant to the so far as it declares the Books of Homi word of God, and be ordained and ap lies to be an explication of Christian doc. proved by common authority, ought to trine, and instructive in piety and morals. be rebuked openly (that other may fear But all references in the constitution and to do the like) as he that offendeth against laws of England are considered as inap the common Order of the Church, and plicable to the circumstances of this hurteth the Authority of the Magistrate, Church, which also suspends the order and woundeth the Consciences of the for the reading of said Homilies in weak Brethren.
Churches until a revision of them may be Every Particular út National Church conveniently made, for the clearing of hath Authority to ordain, change, and them, as well from obsolete words and abolish Ceremonies ur Rites of the phrases, as from the local references. ] Church, ordained only by man's au. Art XXXVI of Consecration of Biss thority, so that all things be done to
ops and Ministers edifying
The Book of Consecration of Bishops, Art. XXXV. of Homilies.
and Ordering of Priests and Deacons, as
set forth by the General Convention of The second Book of Homilies, the se. this Church in 1792, doth contain all veral titles whereof we have joined, un- things necessary to such consecration der this Article, doth contain a Rodiy and ordering ; neither hath it any thing and wholesome Doctrine, and necessary that, of itself, is superstitious and un. for Loese l'imnes, as doth the former Bouk godly and, therefore, whosoever are of Homilies, which were set forth in the consecrated or ordered according to said time of Edoard the Sixth ; and therefore form, we decree all such to be rightly, we judge them to be read in Churches by orderly, and lawfully consecrated and the Ministers diligently and distinctly, ordered. that they may be understanded of the
Art. XXXVII. of the Power of the people.
Civil Magistrates. of the Names of the Homilies.
The power of the Civil Magistrate er.
lendeth to all men, as well" Clergy us 1. of the right use of the Church.
Laity. in all things temporal; but hath 2. Against Beril of Tolatry
no authority in thing. purely spiritual. 3. of Repairing and keeping clean of And we hold it to be the duty of all men Churches
who are professors of the Gospel, to pay 4. Of good Works : Arst Fasting respectful obedience to the civil authori5. Against Gluttony and Drunken. ty, regularly and legitimately consti.
tuted. 6. Against Excess of Apparel.
Art. XXXVIII. of Christian Men's 7. Of Prayer.
Goods, which are not commor. 3. Of the place and Time of Prayer. 9. That Common Prayers and Sacru.
The Riches and Goods of Christians ments ought to be ministered in a are not common, as touching the right, koton Tongue
title, and possession of the same, as cer. of the reverend Estimation of
tain Anabaptists do falsely borst. Not. God's Word
withstanding, every man ought of such 11. of Alms-Doing
things as be possesseth, liberally to give of the Vativity of Christ.
alms to the poor, according to his ability. 13. of the Passion of Christ.
Art XXXIX. Of a Christian Man's 14. Of the Resurrection of Christ.
Oath. 15. of the worthy receiving of the Sa. As we confess that vain and rash swear
crament of the Body and Blood of ing is forbidden Christian men by our Christ.
Lord Jesus Christ, and James bis Apos. of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost. tle so we judge that Christian Religion For the Rogation-days.
doth got prohibit, but that a man may 18. Of the State of Matrimony.
swear when the Magistrale requireth, in 19. Of Repentance.
a cause of Faith and Charity, so it be 20. Against Idleness.
| done according to the Prophets' teaching 21. Against Rebellion.
I in Justice, Judgment, and Truth.
The Form and Manner of Making, Ordaining, and Consecrating BISHOPS, PRIESTS. AND DEACONS. According to the Order of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of
America, as established by the Bishops, the Clergy, and Laity of said Church, in General Convention, in the month of September, A. D. 1792
THE PREFACE. It is evident unto a!l men, diligently reading holy Scripture and ancient Authori, that from the Apostles' time there have been these Orders of Ministers in Christ'. Church, .. Bishops, Priests, and Deacons. Which offices were evermure had in such revereud esuimation, that no man might presume to execute any of them, except he were first called, tried, examined, and known to have such qualities as are requisite for the same and also by public Prayer, with imposition of hands, were approved and admitted thereunto by lawful Authority. And therefore, to the intent that these Orders may be continued, and reverently used and esteemed in this Church, no man shall be accounted or laken to be a lawful Bishop. Priest, or Deacon, in this Church, or suffered to execute any of the said Functions, es cept he be called. tried, examined, and admitted thereunto, according to the Form hereafter following, or hath had Episcopal Consecratior or Ordination And gone shall be admitted a Deacon, Priest, or Bishop, except he be of the age
which the Canon in that case provided may require And the Bishop knowing, either by himself, or by sufficient testimony, any Person
to be a man of virtuous conversation, and without crime ; and, after examination and trial, finding him sufficiently instructed in the holy Scripture, and otherwise leared as the Canons require, may, at the times appointed, or else, on urgent occasion, upon some other day, in the face of the Church, admit him a Deacon, in such Manner and Form as followeth
The Fo m and Manner of Making Deacons, When the day appointed by the Bishop is come, after Morning Prayer is ended, there shall be a Sermon, or Exhortation, declaring the Duty and Ofice of such as come to be admitted Deacons, how necessary that Order is in the Church of Christ, and also how the People ought to esteem them in their office. T A Priest skall present unto the Bishop, And if any great Crime or Impedisitting in his Chair near to the holy ment be objected, the Bishop shall cease Table, such as desire tu he or lained from Ordering that person, until such Deacons, each of them being decently time as the Party accused shall be found habited, saying these words:
clear of that Crime
Then the Bishop (commending such as REVEREND Father in God, I pre
shall be found meet to be Ondered, to sent unto you these persons present, the Prayers of the Congregation) shall, to be admitted Deacons.
with the Clergy and Peop.e present, say 1 The Bishop
Then shall be said the Serrtce for the T RE heed that the persons whom ye Communion, with the Collect, Epistle, 1 present unto us, be apt and meet
and Gospel, as followeth. for their learning and godly conversa
The Collect tion, to exercise their Ministry duly to
A LMIGHTY God, who by thy Di. the honour of God, and the edifying of A vine Providence hast appointed dihis Church.
vers orders of Ministers in thy Church, The Priest shall answer :
and didst inspire thine Apostles to choose T HAVE inquired concerning them, into the Order of Deacons the first MarI and also examined them, and think
tyr Saint Stephen, with others; merci. them so lo be.
fully behold these thy servants now call.
ed to the like Office and Administration; Then the Bishop shall say unto the
80 replenish them with the truth of thy People:
Doctrine, and adorn them with inno. DRETHREN, if there be any of you, cency of life, that both by word and good
who knoweth any impediment, or example they may faithfully serve theo notable crime in any of these persons pre-, in this Office, to the glory of thy name, Sented to be ordered Deacons, for the and the edification of thy Church, which he ought not to be admitted to through the merits of our Saviour Jesus that Office, let him come forth in the Christ, who liveth and reigneth with thee name of God, and show what the crime and the Holy Ghost, now and for ever. or impediment is
The Epistle. 1 Tim. iii. 8. Church where you shall be appointed to TIKEWISE must the Deacons be serve ? U grave, not double-tongued, not giv.
Ansue. I will. en lo much wine, not greedy of filthy
The Bishop.. Jucreholding the mystery of the faith TT appertaineth to the Office of a Dea. in a pure conscience. And let these also Icon, in the Church where he shall be first be proved; then let them use the appointed to serve, to assist the Priest Office of a Deacon, being found blame. in Divine service, and specially when he less. Even so must their wives be grave, ministereth the Holy Communion, and not slanderers, sober, faithful in all to help him in the distribution thereof; things. Let the Deacons be the bus and to read holy Scriptures and Homibands of one wife, ruling their Children lies in the Church, and to instruct the and their own Houses well. For they Youth in the Catechism ; in the absence that have used the Office of a Deacon of the Priest to baptize Infants ; and to well, purchase to themselves a good de. preach, if he be admitted thereto by the gree, and great boldness in the faith Bishop. And furthermore, it is his of which is in Christ Jesus
fice, where provision is so made, to Or else this, out of the siath Chapter of search for the sick, poor, and impotent the Acts of the Apostles.
people of the Parish, to intimate their
estates, names, and places where they Acts vi. 2.
dwell, unto the Curate, that by his exMT HEN the Twelve called the multi
hortation they may be relieved with the 1 tune of the disciples unto them,
alms of the Parishioners, or others : and said, It is not reason that we should
Will you do this gladly and willingly? leave the Word of God, and serve tables.
Ansioer I will so do by the help of Wherefore, brethren, look ye out among
God. you seven men of honest report, full of
The Bishop. the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business. But
W ILL you apply all your diligence we will give ourselves continually to
V to frame and fashion your own prayer, and to the ministry of the Word.
lives, and the lives of your families, ac. And the saying pleased the whole multi
cording to the Doctrine of Christ; and tude. And they chose Stephen, a man
to make both yourselves and them, as full of faith and of the Holy Ghost, and
much as in you lieth, wholesome examPhilip, and Prochorus, and Nicanor,
ples of the flock of Christ? and Timon, and Parmenas, and Nicolas
Answer. I will so do, the Lord being a proselyte of Antioch: whom they set
my helper. before the Apostles; and when they had
The Bishop. prayed, they laid their hands on them. W ILL you reverently obey your And the word of God increased, and the
Bishop, and cther chief Minisnumber of the disciples multiplied in Je ters, who, according to the Canons o. rusalem greatly, and a great company of the Church, may have the charge and the Priests were obedient to the faith. government over you ; following with a Then shall the Bishop erumine every
glad mind and will their godly admoni. one of those who are to be Ordered, in the presence of the People, after this
Anster I will endeavour so to do, manner following:
the Lord being my helper D o you trust that you are inwardly
Then the Bishop, laying his hands scomoved by the Holy Ghost to take
erally upon the Head of every one of upon you this Office and Ministration,
them humbly kneeling before him, skall to serve God for the promoting of his
say, glory, and the edifying of his people ? TAKE thou Authority to execute the Answer I trust so
1 Office of a Deacon in the Church The Bishop
of God committed unto thee; lu the
name of the Father, and of the Son, and D o you think that you are truly call
of the Holy Ghost Amen. ed, according to the will of our Lord Jesus Christ, and according to the
Then shall the Bishop deliver to every Canons of this Church, to the Ministry
one of them the Vew Testament, seyof the same ? Answer. I think so.
TAKE thou Authority to read the The Bishop.
1 Gospel in the Church of God, and D o you unseignedly believe all the to preach the same, if thou be thereto li.
D Canonical Scriptures of the Old and censed by the Bishop himself.
Then one of them appointed by tke Answer I do believe them.
Bishop shall read
The Gospel. St. Luke xil. 35.