Sivut kuvina

ter, and the sevententh verse. So B. IX. Sect. 24. signifies book the ninth, and the twenty-fourth section.

Figures are also used to express the things following, namely,

1. The order or succession of things, as 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, 10th, 39th; first, second, third, &c.

2. The fractions or parts of a thing, as one half, one third part, one two thirds, & quarters, & five eighths, &c.

fourth, or quarter,

3. The numbers of action, as 2ce twice, 3ce thrice.

4. The size of books, 4to quarto, Svo octavo, 12mo duodecimo or twelves, 24mo twenty-four.


5. The months, as 7br September, 8br October, 9br November, 10br December.

TABLE XIV.—A Table of Letters and other Marks used for whole Words in Money, Weights, Measures, &c.

In Money.

1. a pound, or 20 shillings
s. or f. a shilling or 12 pence
d. a penny, or 4 farthings
q. a farthing; or thus,
One farthing

An halfpenny.
Three farthings

87. 16s. 7d., Eight pound, six-
teen shillings, and seven- fs. half
pence farthing.

Common Weights

C. an hundred weight

q. a quarter of an hundred

a pound...

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oz. an ounce

pwt. Pennyweight
hhd. Hogshead
gal. Gallon
yd. Yard

nl. Nail

mo. Month

d. Day; h. Hour

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m. Minute.

Apothecaries Weights and Mea

7:37 sures.

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Pound, or pint
3 Ounce

3 Dram or drachm
gr. Grain

Zii. Two ounces
Div. Scruples

Measures. 3iss, One dram and a half
gt. Drop
m. Handful

ana. Equal quantity.




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6+2 six more two, or six increased by two.

6-2 six less two, or six lessen-
ed by two.

6X2 six multiplied by two.
six divided by two.

63+3 six is equal to three

more three.

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The Seven wandering Stars, called, The Seven Planets.

O The Sun.

The Moon.

Jupiter, or Jove.



But by the best philosophers in our age, the Sun is supposed to rest in the centre, and that the Earth is a planet, and then is sometimes marked thus +

According to the vulgar Philosophy, the Planets may be thus

described in their Order.

The Earth, the centre of the world
Sees all the planets round her hurl'd:
The Moon keeps always near:
Then Merc'ry, Venus, and the Sun,
And Mars and Jove their circuits run,
And Saturn's highest sphere.

Or thus, according to the New Philosophy.

First Saturn, Jupiter and Mars,
Then rolls the Earth among the stars,
And round the Earth the Moon:
Venus and Mercury are next,
The Sun is in the centre fixt,
And makes a glorious noon.

The Twelve Heavenly Signs or Constellations, or Companies of fixed Stars, through which the Sun passes in a Year.

Y Aries, or the Ram.
8 Taurus, the Bull.
II Gemini, the Twins.
Cancer, the Crab.
Leo, the Lion.
Virgo, the Virgin.
Libra, the Scales.

m Scorpio, the Scorpion.
I Sagittarius, the Archer.
Vs Capricornus, the Sea-goat.
Aquarius, the Water-pot.
Pisces, the Fishes.


The Twelve signs may be thus described.

The Ram, the Bull, the heavenly Twins,
And near the Crab the Lion shines,
The Virgin and the Scales,
The Scorpion, Archer and Sea-goat,
The man that holds the Water-pot,
And Fish with glittering tails,


I persuade myself that I shall gratify many of my readers, by inserting here several copies composed for the use of children at the writing school.

I. Copies containing Moral Instructions, beginning with every Letter of the Alphabet.

Attend the advice Of the old and the wise.

Be not angry, nor fret, But forgive and forget.
Can you think it no ill, To pilfer and steal?
Do the thing you are bid, Nor be sullen when chid.
Envy none for their wealth, Or their honour or health,
Fear, worship, and love, The great God above.
Grow quiet and easy, When fools try to teize ye.
Honour father and mother, Love sister and brother.
It is dangerous folly, To jest with things holy.
Keep your books without blot, And your clothes without spot.
Let your hands do no wrong, Nor backbite with your tongue.
Make haste to obey, Nor dispute or delay.

Never stay within hearing Of cursing and swearing.
Offer God all the prime Of your strength and your time.
Provoke not the poor, Tho' he lie at your door.
Quash all evil thoughts, And mourn for your faults.
Remember the liar Has his part in hell-fire.

Shun the wicked and rude, But converse with the good.
Transgress not the rule, Or at home, or at school.
Vie still with the best, And excel all the rest.
When you are at your play, Take heed what you say.
X Excuse, but with truth, The follies of youth.

Yield a little for peace, And let quarrelling cease.
Zeal and charity join'd. Make you pious and kind.

Note, The letter X begins no English word, so that we must begin that

line with Ex; unless the reader will choose this instead of it, namely,

X is such a cross letter, Balks my morals and metre.

II. Copies containing the whole Alphabet, or the twenty-four


Knowledge shall be promoted by frequent exercise.
Happy hours are quickly follow'd by amazing vexations.
Quick-sighted men by exercise will gain perfection.
A dazzling triumph quickly flown, is but a gay vexation.

III. Copies composed of short Letters to teach to Write even with


Virtue in an eminent station raises our esteem.
Art comes in to imitate or assist nature.

Our most virtuous actions are not meritorious.
Conversation is a sweet entertainment to wise men.
Some incoveniences await our easiest moments.
A covetous, or an envious man, is never at rest.

In Verse.

Astronomers can trace A comet's various race.
Nor snow, nor ice, nor rain, Were ever sent in vain.
No meaner creatures can Converse or act as man.
Here no man is secure To sin or mourn no more.


IT may not be amiss to conclude this little book with a short view of the unspeakable advantages of Reading and Writing.

The knowledge of letters is one of the greatest blessings that ever God bestowed on the children of men. By this means we preserve for our own use, through all our lives, what our memory would have lost in a few days, and lay up a rich treasure of knowledge for those that shall come after us.

But the Arts of Reading and Writing we can sit at home and acquaint ourselves what is done in all the distant parts of the world, and find what our fathers did long ago in the first ages of mankind. By this means a Briton holds correspondence with his friends in America or Japan, and manages all his traffic. We learn by this means how the old Romans lived, how the Jews worshipped: We learn what Moses wrote, what Enoch prophesied, where Adam dwelt, and what he did soon after the creation; and those who shall live when the day of judgment comes, may learn by the same means what we now speak, and what we do in great Britain, or in the land of China.

In short, the Art of Letters does, as it were, revive all the past ages of men, and set them at once upon the stage; and brings all the nations from afar, and gives them, as it were, a general interview: so that the most distant nations, and distant ages of mankind, may converse together, and grow into acquaintance.

But the greatest blessing of all, is the knowledge of the Holy Scripture, wherein God has appointed his servants in ancient times to write down the discoveries which he has made of his power and justice, his providence and his grace, that we who live near the end of time may learn the way to heaven and everlasting happiness.

Thus Letters give us a sort of immortality in this world, and they are given us in the word of God to support our immortal hopes in the next.

Those therefore who wilfully neglect this sort of knowledge, and despise the Art of Letters, need no heavier curse or pu

nishment than what they chuse for themselves, namely, "To live and die in ignorance, both of the things of God and



If the terror of such a thought will not awaken the slothful to seek so much acquaintance with their Mother Tongue, as may render them capable of some of the advantages here described, I know not where to find a persuasive that shall work upon souls that are sunk down so far into brutal stupidity, and so unworthy of a reasonable nature.

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