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On the following morning it was that day received, that the light and ascertained, that, opposite to You- advance divisions had the evening theet stockade, there was another before taken up a position in the on the right bank, named Mighee; river Irrawuddy, commanding the and about a mile further up on entrance of the branch leading to the point of land formed by the Panlang, and that the passage, division of the river, was dis- though extremely intricate, might covered the very extensive stockade be made good. The following mornof Panlang. A point of land, about ing (the 26th), they proceeded to 500 yards distant from the outer Talynda, a distance estimated to be works, was immediately occupied, eighteen miles from the former anand a battery of four mortars and chorage. The heavier vessels having two six-pounders erected, and was grounded there, it was found necesopened within an hour from the sary, on the 27th, to unload the time when the order was given ; steam-vessel and gun schooners, for two columns of attack were formed which purpose boats were allotted ; on the right and left banks, the and the remainder of the flotilla right under lieut.-colonel O'Do- joined the advance division in the naghue, and the left under major Irrawuddy. General Cotton proBasden, with orders to attack the ceeded on the 28th to reconnoitre, stockades situated on the respective and came in contact with the enemy banks, and then to advance, accord- at Youngyoun, about ten miles ing to circumstances, after their above our position. They occupied reduction.
the left bank of the river, as we About five o'clock in the even- advanced, and appeared to be an ing, the steam-vessel arrived, and outpost from Donabew, the white anchored in advance between the pagoda of which was visible on the two stockades, with the boats a right bank about ten miles higher Little in her rear : the attack was up the river. The right bank was then made. The enemy fired from deserted, except by a few Carboth their positions, but deserted rians. them the moment the troops land- The whole of the flotilla, except ed. The right column and the the boats employed in assisting the left, advanced by the respective heavy vessels through the shallows banks. The Tantabain creek was and over the bar, were directed to forded by the column under lieut.- proceed and to occupy the position colonel O'Donaghue, and the branch reconnoitred the day before. When of the river leading to Yungun- they had advanced about half-way, chinyah still interposing, no time it was discovered that the enemy had was lost in re-embarking the troops occupied a post on the right bank, and pushing them forwad to attack and pushed on thirteen war-boats. the main stockade. It, too, was The latter were driven away by found deserted, the Burmese having the boats of the light division, left it by both Aanks. These opera- while a few soldiers of the 89th retions were effected with the loss of giment were landed, who dispersed only two men.
the former, at the expense of four On the 25th of February, the men slightly wounded. The floflotilla proceeded to Mezlee, about tilla occupied the allotted position, ten miles from Panlang, up the resting the left upon an island which branch of the river leading to there divides the river ; and two Yungunchynah. Information was six-pounders were placed upon the
point, completely commanding the directed, gave a colouring of truth space between the island and the to the report, that the chief, Bunleft bank, which is about one-third doola, had been for some time of the whole width of the river, and practising his artillery. maintaining free intercourse with General Cotton was anxious to the right bank.
have attacked the place on the side The last of the vessels having which stood furthest up the river: arrived on the evening of the 5th but to have done so, he must have of March, the flotilla got under left behind him a force to mainweigh early on the morning of the tain his communication with Pan6th, and took up a position about lang; and his numbers were too two miles below Donabew. The small to be separated with safety. enemy was protected by a succes- The column under his command sion of formidable stockades, com- was originally composed of 750 mencing at the pagoda, and in- Europeans, exclusive of the 18th recreasing in strength, until com- giment of native infantry, stationed pleted by the main work, which at Panlang. Of these, twenty-five stood upon a commanding site, sur- men had been left to guard the rounded by a deep abatis, with all armed transport Satellite; about the customary defences. The guns. twenty-five more were sick; and appeared to be numerous, and the guards were required for the differgarrison were seen in crowds upon ent boats ; leaving only about 600 all the works. At half-past one bayonets disposable for the attack o'clock, there was sent, by a prisoner, of a strong place, the garrison of a flag of truce, with a summons to which was estimated by no one surrender the place. A reply ar- at less than 12,000 men, well furrived at half past three, containing nished with artillery and muskets. a civil, but decided refusal to ac- Under these circumstances general cede to the proposed terms. A Cotton had no option but that of party of 160 men of his majesty's landing below the works of Dona89th regiment, covered by the light bew, and attacking them in sucdivision, and some row-boats, had cession, while the flotilla defended been prepared to land on the right the river. bank, to reconnoitre a point oppo- Preparations were accordingly site the main stockade, which was made to commence with the pain possession of some men belong- goda stockade ; and at sun-rise, on ing to war boats, that were lying the 7th of March, 500 men, being under cover of the bank of the disembarked one mile below the river. This party was immediate- pagoda, were formed into two coly advanced ; some of the war- lumns of equal strength, under the boats retired under the guns on
command of lieutenant-colonel the opposite side, where they were O'Donaghue, and major Basden; unassailable ; and the object of two six-pounders were also landed, the reconnoissance was completely and a small rocket battery was esgained. During the time that our tablished. Both columns were led boats were advancing, and while on with great steadiness ; while, they were lying at the point, the at a proper range, a regular fire enemy kept up an incessant fire was opened from the guns and from about thirty pieces of cannon, rocket battery. All were exposed many of heavy calibre ; and the to a heavy fire, which was kept up precision with which they were by the enemy to the last, with
perseverance and spirit. The non, also of the 89th, was killed ; gorges of this strong work were other officers were wounded, and narrow and completely occu- the loss in men was extremely pied by the assailants, who were heavy. The party was at length forcing an entrance; and the ene- directed to retire. Two eight-inch my, amounting to about 3,000 men, mortars, and four light twelvehad no means of escape except over pounders from the gun-boats, were their own defences. They were landed, to increase the battery. overtaken in the last abatis, where The enemy strengthened the work, they stood to fire, until they were and, towardsevening, brought more closed upon by the troops who had heavy guns into play. Although forced their way, and checked by general Cotton was confident that others who had run round on the he could have carried the second outside in search of an entrance to work, it would have been with the body of the work.
such a loss as would have preventIn obtaining possession of the ed him from attacking the main first line of defence, we had about stockade ; and he would have been twenty men killed and wounded : either left in a position exposed to the enemy lost between four and one of superior strength, or forced to five hundred.
relinquish the post after carryingit The second defence was about at a great sacrifice. He thereforede500 yards from the pagoda stock- termined to re-embark the tzoops, ade, and at the same distance from and to occupy a position untilhecould the main work, from which it was receive a reinforcement. The guns distinct, though commanded by it. and stores of every description were For the immediate reduction of re-shipped, and after spiking the this place, two other six-pounders, enemy's cannon, and destroying four five-and-a-half-inch mortars, the numerous jingals and other and a fresh supply of rockets were arms which had been taken, the brought up and placed in position troops marched out at two o'clock at a house in advance of the cap- on the 8th of March, and embarked tured work. When it was pre- without opposition. The loss sussumed that a sufficient impression tained in this affair amounted to had been made from the batteries, 129 in killed, wounded, and miss200 men, under the command of ing. captain Rose, of his majesty's 89th Sir Archibald Campbell, having regiment, advanced in two parties been deceived by false intelligence, to the storm : a destructive fire on the 8th of March, of the supwas immediately commenced from posed capture of Donabew, moved all parts of the face of the work, from Sarrawah on the 9th, and on which caused thecolumns to diverge the 10th reached U-au-diet, at a to the right of the point of attack, distance of 26 miles. There he and to get into a ditch, filled with received information from general spikes, and scarped so as to expose Cotton of the failure of the attack it to the fire of the work. Here of the 7th, and on the night of the all who presented themselves were 11th he commenced a retrograde knocked down; captain Rose, who march on Donabew. He arrived had already received one wound, there on the 25th, and on the 27th fell by a second shot, while perse- opened a communication with the vering in the attack; captain Can- water column. On the 1st of April Vol. XLVII.
the mortar and enfilading batter- In the mean time, the subordiies were opened, and the breach- nate operations of the campaign ing batteries had just commenced had been carried on with success. their fire at day-light on the morn- Colonel Richards, on the 1st of Febing of the 2nd, when the enemy's ruary, obtained possession of Rangsmall rear-guard was discovered in poore by capitulation. By that acfull retreat towards the jungle. quisition, the Burmese and their The place was immediately taken allies were completely expelled possession of; and, in addition to from Assam, the whole of which the great number of guns, &c. was now reduced under our power. found on the works, granaries and In Cachar, too, general Shuldham, dépôts of grain were taken, suffi- who was directing his march upon cient for the consumption of the Munnipore, which lies North by army for many months. Maha West of Ammerapoora about 200 Bundoolah was said to have been miles, made some progress: though killed by a rocket while going his he was retarded, in a degree greater rounds on the preceding morning, than had been anticipated, by the and no entreaty of the other chiefs nature of the country. The forests could prevail upon the panic-struck and jungles were almost impenegarrison to remain longer toge- trable: and the unusually heavy ther. They fled through the jun- rains had rendered the task of congle in the direction of Lamina. structing roads toilsome in the exDuring the siege, the enemy made treme. several bold and desperate sorties A series of brilliant operations on our line, but were, on all occa- on the 26th, 27th, 28th, and 29th, sions, quickly repulsed. In one of of March, gave general Morrison these sorties, a novel scene present- possession of Arracan. A force ed itself in front of both armies. detached by him, under the comSeventeen large elephants, each mand of general Macbean, occucarrying a complement of armed pied without resistance, the islands men, and supported by a column of Ramiree and Sandowey. of infantry, were observed moving In the principal scene of warfare, down towards our right flank. no further operations took place. Sir The body guard, under captain Archibald Campbell's head-quarSneyd, charged them, and mixing ters remained at Prome, where boldly with the elephants, shot his army was shut up by the their riders off their backs, and rainy season, which usually lasts finally drove the whole into the in that country till the end of fort.
October. Although a considerable Sir Archibald Campbell resumed, number of the inhabitants had rewithout loss of time, his march to- turned to Prome and to other wards Prome. The enemy no- places, the system acted upon by where attempted any resistance; the Burmese, of depopulating the and though great preparations had country in the route of the British been made for defence, he entered forces, had been to a great extent Prome on the 25th of April with- successful. Provisions for the supout firing a shot. The enemy, be- ply of the army could not be obfore they withdrew, had set fire tained in the neighbourhood of to a part of the town, and a whole Prome, in the requisite quantity,and quarter was reduced to ashes. they were conveyed from Rangoon,
a distance of about 150 miles, up Menjee Maha Mengom, first ministhe river Irrawaddy, by a flotilla ter of the king of Ava, when the of men-of-war's boats employed following articles were agreed upon, for that purpose, under the com- signed by, and exchanged between mand of captain Alexander, of his the parties : majesty's ship Alligator. Nearly “ 1st. There shall be a cessation the whole of the country between of hostilities between the British Rangoon and Prome had been de- and Burmese armies, from the date serted by the inhabitants.
hereof to the 17th day of October The Burmese army, amounting next, inclusive : to 60,000 men, was stationed as “ 2nd. The first minister of the follows:-20,000 at Meeaday, 50 king, Sahdo Menjee Muha Mengon, miles from Prome; a second divi- being invested with full powers sion, of the same strength, at Pa- from his majesty for that purpose, tana-go; and the remaining 20,000 will meet the British authorities at Ghem'bi'gune, where they were (duly qualified by their governposted for the purpose of preventing ment) at the village of Nenbonzick our force in Arracan from joining (being half-way between the armies) the troops under the commander- on the 2nd of October next, there in-chief.
to enter into negotiations for the The mortality among the troops re-establishment of peace between was considerable. The season was the subjects of the two countries : more than usually raing, and the “3rd. A line of demarcation shall partial inundation of the country be drawn between the two armies, greatly increased the epidemic. The commencing at Comma, on the proportion of Europeans who were western bank of the Irrawaddy, sick, was about one-eighth of the passing through the village of whole number. In addition to the Nenbonzick, and continuing along mortality caused by disease, the the road from that village to troops sustained considerable loss Tongho. from the incessant attacks made “The respective parties engage to upon them by the Burmese ; for prevent their troops or adherents scarcely a day passed without some passing the said line; and further skirmish between our troops and give assurance that all parties or the enemy.
The latter always detachments belonging to either made their approaches under cover shall be immediately recalled to of the woods and jungles, and an- their own side of the line
respecnoyed our troops, without giving tively. them an opportunity of effectually
“ It is further agreed on the part chastising their assailants.
of the British commander, that this In the mean time some negotia- cessation of hostilities shall be tions for the restoration of peace observed by the several British had been set on foot ; and on the armies on the frontiers of these 17th of September, lieutenant-col. dominions, which shall remain Tidy and lieutenant Smith, com- without making any forward movemanding the light division, were ment before the 18th of October met at Meeady by the Attawoon, next, when the armistice shall Moonjee Maha Moula Rajah, and cease and determine ; the Burmese the Woondock Maha Seree Senkee- authorities engaging that this argah, duly authorized by Saha ticle shall be reciprocally observed.