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ing. The Socialists, by way of a demonstration, held 21 crowded mass meetings in Vienna in favor of general, equal, and direct suffrage, where resolutions were offered declaring that a condition of things in which two thirds of the population had no political rights could not be maintained permanently, and that the workers would no longer submit to political servitude under those who exploited them economically. The project of electoral reform put forward by Count Taafe would have extended the franchise to every citizen who was able to read and write and had fulfilled his military obligations. As this would have damaged the position of the German-Liberal party, its leader, Dr. von Plener, joined with Count Hohenwart, the Conservative leader, and, with the aid of the Poles and the Old Czechs, overturned the ministry. The coalition ministry that succeeded, when obliged to face the question, sought a solution that would not disturb the existing balance among the nationalities. This Prince Windischgrätz thinks he has found in the creation of a fifth body of electors, which shall embrace all the workingmen of the towns and all the peasants who cultivate a plot of ground, however small. The proposed qualifications are membership in any of the mutual-benefit societies that all artisans and factory operatives are obliged by law to belong to, or the payment for two years of any direct tax whatever, which would practically admit the whole rural population.

Socialism. The Social Democrats have been gaining rapidly in numerical strength under the impetus of the suffrage agitation, and have lately endeavored to indoctrinate and organize the rural workers who are dissatisfied with agrarian conditions. In Vienna even the maidservants have formed a trade union, and throughout the country the female workers are organized generally. The Socialists of Vienna are well disciplined, and, as a rule, thorough constitutionalists and upholders of order. Anarchists made few converts except among the Bohemian proletariat, till in 1894 a section of the extreme Socialists declared for anarchy. There was a trial in Vienna, in February, of 3 anarchists who made bombs and distributed incendiary literature, and in August the editors of a paper devoted to theoretical anarchism were arrested. The peasantry in their meetings demanded, in addition to the right of suffrage, the extension of the laws for the protection of workmen to agricultural laborers, and sometimes the expropriation of the estates of the nobility and the Church; and abolition of all taxes, except a progressive income tax. A series of large strikes occurred in Vienna in the spring. Cabinetmakers and joiners employed on the many new buildings in course of erection went out, and were followed by the masons and carpenters until 50,000 men were made idle. The carpenters demanded a minimum daily wage of 24 florins; others, the shortening of working hours and the abolition of piecework. The conductors and drivers on the street railroads struck in the middle of March, and also the work people in several factories. In May many thousands of coal miners in Silesia went on strike, demanding the eight-hour day and a mitigation of the charges of the official mutual-aid societies. At

the annual assembly of the Social-Democratic party a general strike for the franchise was voted down. May day was celebrated as a labor holiday. In Grätz there was a fight between paraders and the police, which was stopped by the military. The Socialists put forward the following demands: Eight hours as the maximum day's labor in all trades, together with thirty-six hours Sunday rest; the security of the right of combination, and the abolition of restrictions on the right of public meeting and association, together with the punishment of officials for any illegal hindrances in struggles for wages; and the abolition of all restrictions on the free expression of opinion in writing or speech.

The Minister of Commerce promised to bring in a bill to amend the trade laws, in which the protection of the weak would be the first consideration, and care would be taken to insure adequate Sunday rest; also a bill to establish labor tribunals with the object of preventing breaches of contract and labor conflicts. Bills have been presented to establish labor bureaus and to create workmen's committees and associations of masters and men.

The Czech Movement.-In 1894 the state of siege was maintained over Bohemia. A formidable revolutionary secret society was broken up just before the beginning of the year, and during the judicial examination a treacherous member, named Rudolf Mrva, was murdered by two of his fellows. The society, which pursued Nationalist and anti-dynastic ends, had its origin in a congress of Radical Slav students held in 1890, at Vienna, when an understanding was reached between the students and a large body of workingmen to work together for the federation of the empire and equal rights for all classes. When they organized into a society in 1892 the Stadtholder of Bohemia refused to sanction their rules as submitted to him, and consequently they became an illegal secret society, known as the Omladina, having for its aim the solution of social problems on Nationalist lines. It was organized in groups of 5 members, the head of each group being distinguished as the thumb, while the others were fingers. The chief knew who belonged to the society everywhere, but the subordinate members knew only the few with whom they came into contact. The society had two newspaper organs, and counted among its members numerous journalists as well as students and artisans. They held Republican principles; many were Socialists, some anarchists. They made demonstrations in favor of an alliance with France and Russia. Some of the young Czech members of the Diet and the Reichsrath were suspected of giving aid and encouragement. The people of Prague and other towns were generally restive under the arbitrary rule of the Stadtholder, and flaunted their anti-German feeling. When spoken to in German they would answer in French or Russian or Latin. The town council had the German street signs removed and Latin or Greek names put in their places. The council removed the German clerks from the municipal administration and the post office, and would entertain no petition written in German. They resolved to change the names of streets and squares, but were forbidden by the Stadtholder.

After the arrest of the 2 murderers of Mrva the secretary of the Young Czech committee in the Bohemian Diet, Anton Cesik, was arrested on being charged by them with supplying them with money. There were 71 persons arrested altogether. The trial began in Prague on Jan. 15, 1894. It was held in chambers, and the presiding judge gave offense to the friends of the accused by ordering that they should not be admitted in the usual number, which is fixed by law at 3 for each prisoner. The head of the Omladina was a youth of nineteen, named Holzbach, and few of the accused were over twenty-four. They bore themselves insolently and defiantly. There were 14 accused of high treason; others simply of riotous demonstrations or membership in a secret society. When the judge refused the request of the prisonersthat their friends should visit them in jail-they badly protested, and were only forced back into their cells with bayonets amid the stormy protests of the public. Turmoil arose again on the following day because armed constables were posted in the court room, and while the prisoners bared their breasts and called on the gendarmes to shoot and stab them, their counsel threw up their case and the trial was interrupted. The proceedings came to a close on Feb. 21, when those found guilty of illegal association or breaches of the peace were sentenced to hard labor for seven or more months, and those convicted of high treason, leze majesty, or ther serious offenses, for periods varying from two and a half to eight years. Dolezal and Dragoun, the murderers of the informer Mrva, were tried in March, convicted by their own admissions, and sentenced to ten years' imprisonment: while Cesik and others, charged with complicity, were, with one exception, acquitted. Omladina societies continued to exist and to ow, in spite of the efforts of the police to suppress them. On May 24 a large meeting was bed secretly in the village of Lomnitz. The Young Czechs, under the spur of the Omladina, drifted farther away from the Old Czechs, as Samned under the lead of Dr. Gregr an attitude of bitter hostility toward the coalition ministry, and offered to assist the laboring classes to atain the political privileges and the amelioration in their social position that they desire.

Hungary. The Hungarian Parliament cons of a House of Magnates and a House of presentatives. The Magnates, under the remact of 1885, are the 19 princes of the blood full age. 54 Roman and Greek Catholic, Protlant, and Jewish ecclesiastical dignitaries, the bannerets of the kingdom, the Count of Presar, the 2 keepers of the crown, the 2 presints of the Royal Bench, the Governor of Fiume, the President of the Royal Table at da-Pesth, 3 delegates of the Diet of Croatiaenia, princes, 151 counts, and 36 barons ho are hereditary peers by virtue of paying 3,000 ins of land taxes, and 17 life members. The se of Representatives has 453 members, of 413 are elected for five years by the elecal colleges of the counties and towns of Hunand Transylvania, and 40 are elected for the by the Diet of Croatia-Slavonia from ng its own members. The electorate emes all male citizens over twenty years of age

who pay certain small land, house, or income taxes or possess certain intellectual qualifications. The Cabinet, in the beginning of 1894, was composed as follows: President of the Council and Minister of Finance, Dr. Alexander Wekerle, appointed Nov. 19, 1892; Minister of National Defense, Baron Geza Fejervary; Minister near the King, Count Louis Tisza; Minister of the Interior, Charles de Hieronymi: Minister of Justice, Desiderius de Szilagyi; Minister of Commerce, B. de Lucacs; Minister of Worship and Public Instruction, Count A. Csaky; Minister of Agriculture. Count Andreas Bethlen; Minister for Croatia and Slavonia, Emerich de Josipovich. Finance. The ordinary revenue for 1891 was 403,333,000 florins, and the ordinary expenditure 377,877,000 florins. The transitory and extraordinary revenue was 83,321.000 florins, and the expenditure 108,306,000 florins, making the total revenue 486,654,000 florins, and expenditure 486,183,000 florins. For 1894 the ordinary revenue is estimated at 416,608,097 florins, of which 289,541,012 are taken in by the Ministry of Finance, 104,351,996 by the Ministry of Commerce, 15,543,360 by the Ministry of Agriculture, 1,337,748 by the Ministry of Education and Worship, and 3,602,001 are from state debts. The estimate of ordinary expenditure is 394,532,835 florins, of which 126,941,363 are for the national debt, 70,824,062 for the Ministry of Commerce, 67,694,963 for the Ministry of Finance, 26,278,772 for the common expenditure of the empire, 15,960,034 for the Ministry of Agriculture, 14,872,139 for the Ministry of Justice, 13,797,861 for the Ministry of National Defense, 13,670,807 for railroad debts assumed by the state, 13,304,360 for the Ministry of the Interior, 8,681,659 for the Ministry of Worship and Instruction, 7,608,193 for pensions, 7,159,702 for the administration of Croatia, and 4,650,000 for the civil list. The transitory revenue is estimated at 48,395,898 florins, making the total revenue 465,003,942 florins. The transitory expenditure is estimated at 47,576,883, investments at 16,351,972, and extraordinary common expenditure at 6,530,561 florins, making the total expenditure 469,992,554 florins. The special public debt of Hungary amounts to 2,218,719,000 florins.

The Civil-marriage Bill.-The introduction of a bill making civil marriage compulsory, as it is in France and other European countries, created a great ferment and dislocation of parties. The Catholic bishops, who had already struggled in vain against a measure that denied the right of a parent in a mixed marriage to bring up the children in the Catholic faith, issued a pastoral declaring the proposal relating to marriage to be opposed to the sacramental character and indissolubility of Christian marriage, and an infringement of the divinely appointed jurisdiction of the Church, which endangered Catholic dogma, liberty of conscience, the free practice of religion, and the interests of the people. The Catholic aristocracy, in their opposition to the measure and to the bourgeois ministry that proposed it, incited by the Protestants, the irreligious, and the newly emancipated Jews, were moved by social and political as well as by religious considerations." Count Julius Szapary, the former Prime Minister, Count Alexander Andrassy, and other noblemen broke away from

the Liberal party. The Catholic Congress denounced the bill as a usurpation of the jurisdiction of the Church, and the message sent to it in the name of the Pope expressed the conviction that the Catholics of Hungary would defend the rights and teachings of the Church. The ultramontane movement stirred the antipathy of a large part of the electorate. Meetings called for the purpose of protesting against civil marriage passed, instead, resolutions approving the Government. The popularity of the measure caused many Opposition members to vote with the Government in the preliminary action taken on Feb. 6, when a majority of 200 was obtained. Even in the House of Magnates a majority of Ministerialists were appointed on the committee. The Catholics augmented their exertions and still predicted the defeat of the bill. The bill was passed in the House of Representatives on April 12 by the crushing majority of 281 against 106. The fight was transferred to the House of Magnates, and extraordinary efforts were put forth by the opponents of the measure. Magnates attached to foreign legations were called home to vote, and in some Catholic families estates were divided to enable younger members to qualify as peers. Threats were made anonymously to blow up the Chamber of Magnates should the Government obtain a majority. Social pressure was brought into play, and many members who were indifferent Churchmen and had never shown the slightest interest in politics were induced to appear in their unaccustomed seats. The machinations of the Opposition would probably have failed if high functionaries of the court had not appeared in open active opposition to the ministry, strengthening the prevalent impression that the King was anxious to have the measure killed in the Upper Chamber. Magnates who had always been active supporters of the Government absented themselves from the proceedings, and when the vote was taken on May 9 the bill was rejected by a vote of 139 to 118. The majority included 29 Roman Catholic and 8 Greek spiritual peers, while of the Protestant spiritual peers 10 voted for the measure, and 3 abstained from voting. There were 89 members absent, of whom 62 had promised to vote in the affirmative. Indignation was aroused even among Conservatives at the intrusion of members of the Austrian court in domestic Hungarian politics.

The Conservatives tried to turn the obsequies of Kossuth to account by representing the action of the ministry on that occasion to be disloyal. On Dr. Wekerle's motion the Reichstag sent a deputation to place a wreath on the bier, but refused to consider proposals for a state funeral or a monument to the exile who died an enemy to the Constitution. Francis Kossuth, after his father's burial, took the oath as a Hungarian subject. Students of the university at BudaPesth stopped the performances at the theaters, and attempted to drape with black the national opera house, thereby coming into conflict with the police.

Civil marriage was a part of the national programme of 1848, and was advocated by Francis Deak in 1872. The framers of the present measure deemed it essential for the moral, social, and political advancement of the people that, instead

of 8 different forms of marriage treated in the different ecclesiastical laws as of varying value and force, the state should establish a uniform marriage contract and guarantee its equal binding force. The bill provided that the civil contract must precede any religious ceremony. Some of the Slav communities were hostile to the bill, but the Catholic constituencies were not. large part of the Catholic laity, indeed, joined in Liberal Catholic demonstrations in favor of the bill.


Dr. Wekerle determined to carry the bill again through the House of Deputies and send it to the Magnates a second time before the close of the session, making it a question of confidence. But before proceeding to demand a new decision he deemed it indispensable to obtain from the Emperor certain guarantees. In interviews with Count Kalnoky and Franz Josef he asked that the King should pledge himself to fill up 3 vacancies among the life peers by nominating supporters of the bill; that he should make public an assurance that he regarded the measure as a political necessity; and that, if the Opposition was still strong enough to defeat the bill, he should consent to the creation of a sufficient number of new peers to overcome the resistance of his opponents. Kaiser Franz Josef acquiesced willingly in the first two of these conditions, but declined to accede to the last. When the bill was reintroduced Dr. Szilagyi stated that the principle of the bicameral system was that the House of Magnates, being based on a scheme of privilege, should bow to the will of the people, and, if necessary, the Government would not hesitate to increase the number of life members. On May 21 the Reichstag adopted the simple proposal to send back the civil-marriage bill to the House of Magnates by 271 votes to 105.

Before the bill reached the Magnates Dr. Wekerle went to Vienna to seek the guarantees that he considered indispensable. The Hungarian aristocracy, roused to the defense of the legislative powers of the House of Magnates, persuaded the King that it would be improper for him to interpose in the conflict over civil marriage and rescue the bill by flooding the House of Magnates with Liberals. They held out hopes that the bill could be carried without precipitating the constitutional question. The Emperor having rejected the proposal of an unlimited creation of peers, Dr. Wekerle placed the resignations of the Cabinet in his hands. Count Khün-Hedervary, the Ban of Croatia, a Liberal Magnate, on June 4 accepted the task of forming a ministry to persevere with the bill without making new peers. He reckoned without the Liberal party, which stood by the retiring ministers. As Count Khün-Hedervary was unable to induce any prominent Liberal to accept a portfolio, he gave up the task, and on June 5 the King, who had come to Buda-Pesth, sent for Dr. Wekerle. Being assured that the bill would go through, Wekerle was willing to return to office without demanding from the King a public pledge to create new peers; but the Clericals demanded, as the price of their allowing the bill to become law, that he should sacrifice Dr. Szilagyi, who had denounced the interference of Austrian courtiers in Hungarian legislation, and also Count Csaky and two or three others. Szilagyi

was willing to withdraw, but Wekerle would not consent to any combination in which he was not included, and eventually the Emperor gave way and asked Dr. Wekerle to select his colleagues. The new ministry was gazetted on June 12. It contained all the members of the old one except Count Csaky, Minister of Public Instruction and Worship, whose place was taken by Baron Eotvos; Count Tisza, Minister at the Austrian court, who was succeeded by Count Julius Andrassy; and Count Bethlen, Minister of Agriculture, whose duties were assumed temporarily by Baron Fjedervary, the Minister of National Defense. Dr. Wekerle stated in the Reichstag that the King was in agreement with the ministry as to the necessity of the ecclesiastico-political reforms, and considered it indispensable that they should promptly become law. Three new peers were nominated to fill the existing vacancies, and on June 21 the civil-marriage bill was adopted in the Chamber of Magnates by 128 votes to 124. Parliament adjourned on June 30. On July 26 Count Andor Festetich was appointed Minister of Agriculture.

Roumanian Separatists.—On May 7 the members of the executive committee of the Roumanian National party were brought to trial at Klausenburg on an indictment charging them with having contravened the law by questioning the validity and binding force of the act of union in a document published in 1892, which declared that Transylvania had been unjustly deprived of its autonomy and its historical and national rights by becoming incorporated in Hungary on a basis that denied to the Roumanian people the participation that was due to their numbers, and in disregard of the principles that secured the autonomy of the principality. The prisoners, 23 in number, were lawyers, clergymen, professors, journalists, and physicians, All except three were found guilty and sentenced to terms of imprisonment varying from eight months to five years. Their condemnation caused much excitement in Grosswardein and other Roumanian districts of Hungary, where agitators convened nocturnal meetings of the peasantry and harangued against the ecclesiastical and school policy of the Government. Several leaders were arrested, but, as the military were quartered in the disaffected districts, few outward disturbances took place. M. Hieronymi, the Minister of the Interior, visited the districts in which the Nationalist agitation had made most progress and sought

to confer with the leading men of Hungarian, Saxon, and Roumanian nationality, in the hope of removing real grievances and effecting a reconciliation between the Roumanians and the Hungarian gentry.

Agrarian Socialism.-In various parts of Hungary, as well as in Austria, agricultural distress has produced discontent among the peasants, and led to a political agitation against the feudal and ecclesiastical ownership of land, and in favor of universal suffrage, state help, and other demands of the Socialists. In sections where Nationalist movements are rife the country people are impelled to join in them chiefly by hopes of improving their economic condition by self-government. In the Alsöld district, where thousands of laborers who were employed on the works for the regulation of the river Theiss have been thrown out of employment, riots took place and preparations were made for a peasant insurrection in the beginning of May. There had been wholesale conversions there to the Nazarene sect and to the Socialist and Nationalist parties. The danger of an uprising was averted by the arrival of a large military force, and the Government endeavored to mitigate the discontent by colonizing the unemployed on state lands and by starting public works. Dr. Wekerle proposed to utilize the landed property of the towns and districts, which amounts to over one sixth of the total area of Hungary, in the interest of the unemployed, and promised to arrange for the representation of the lower classes in the government of municipalities and communes. Socialism prevails chiefly in the parts of the country where the estates are entailed and the peasants are reduced to the position of day laborers. They used to receive good wages, but these have fallen of late years below living rates. In some districts, where the peasants themselves own land, they are still comfortably off.


BAPTISTS. I. Regular Baptists in the United States.-The "American Baptist Yearbook" for 1894 gives as footings of the statistics of the Baptist churches in the United States: Number of churches, 38,122; of ordained ministers, 25,354; of members, 3,496,988. The churches are represented in 1,498 associations; number of members received by baptism during the year, 176,077. Amount of contributions during the year: For missions, $1,467,294; for education, $367,417; for miscellaneous purposes, $2.739,589; for salaries of ministers and other church expenses, $7,986,464; total for all purposes, $12,

The most serious disturbance occurred at Hod Mezö Vasarhely. The Socialist leader, a former police officer named Kavacz, a man of great prowess and force of character, was locked up for proclaiming internationalism, saying that he and his followers were not Magyars and had no fatherland, for they had been deprived of the soil. This man had acquired great influence over the common people, and when they attacked the town hall, trying to rescue him, half the police force made common cause with the rioters.

560,714. Value of church property, $78,605,769. The Baptists sustain in the United States 7 theological institutions, with 54 instructors, 776 pupils, and property aggregating in value $3.401.618; 35 universities and colleges, with 701 instructors, 9,088 pupils, and a property valuation, including endowments, of $19,171.045; 32 seminaries for young women, with 388 instructors, 3,675 pupils, and $4,211,906 of property; 47 seminaries and academies for young men or for both young men and young women, with 369 instructors, 5,250 pupils, and $3,787,793 of property; and 31 institutions for the education of

negroes and Indians, with 179 instructors, 5,177 pupils, and property estimated to be worth $1,380,540; in all, 152 institutions, with 1,791 instructors, 23,966 pupils, and $31,862,902 of property. The number of charitable institutions recorded is 54, with property valued at $1,360.021. The number of periodicals of all kinds is


The largest numbers of members in the several States are in the Southern States, Georgia leading with 352,595, and being followed by Virginia, with 319,698: North Carolina, with 255,803; Texas, with 240,851; Alabama, with 240,489; Kentucky, with 217,310. The largest numbers of baptisms are also found in the Southern States, beginning again with Georgia, 26.818, after which follow in order Texas, Virginia, Kentucky, South Carolina, Alabama, North Carolina, Mississippi, Tennessee, and New York leading the Northern States with 6,457 baptisms. The largest contributions, however, are returned from the Northern States, New York leading in aggregate contributions, $1,826,027, and Massachusetts in the highest average per member, $16.85. In the States of the Southern Baptist Convention, Missouri leads in absolute amount, $500,490, and Maryland in average per member, $12.68.

Baptists have in all the world, including Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australasia, as well as both Americas, 44,069 churches, 29,871 ordained ministers, and 4,184,507 members; and the whole number of baptisms during the year throughout the world was 221,724. The distribution of members in the principal states of Europe is: In France, 1.979; in Germany, 27,332: in England, 208,728; in Ireland, 2.200; in Scotland, 13,208; in Russia and Poland, 16,443; in Sweden, 36,585; in Finland, 1,329; in Denmark, 3,015; in Norway, 1,950; in Italy, 1,151; in Austria-Hungary, 2,675; in Spain, 100; in Switzerland, 439.

Education Society. The American Baptist Education Society met in Saratoga Springs, N. Y., May 22. The year's income of the society from all sources had been $53,357, and the expenditures, including appropriations to institutions, $48,617. The report showed that, aside from a special effort in the first year of the society's history, the aggregate gifts of individuals and churches during the past four years had been only $1,777, or an average of $444.32 per year. This sum was equivalent to only about half the society's expenses for a single year. Its expenses had been met mainly by its beneficiaries. The society had, since its beginning, granted allowances to 32 institutions in 23 States of the Union, of which 8 had collected their pledges and received the full amount of their grants. During the past year 10 institutions, to which the society had made conditional grants, had reported $92,265 collected on their pledges for endowment; to these institutions the society had paid during the year $34,017. A committee appointed to prepare a memorial to the Constitutional Convention of the State of New York urging the adoption of a provision forbidding the appropriation of State money to sectarian institutions reported adversely to a national organization like this society sending a memorial to a State constitutional convention, but recommended as a suitable constitutional provision for which Baptists could present memorials to

the legislatures and conventions of their States, the following:

No law shall be passed respecting the establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; nor shall the State, or any county, city, town, village, or other civil division of the State, use its property or credit or any money raised by taxation or otherwise, or authorize such property, credit, or money to be ing by appropriation, payment for services, expenses, used for the purpose of founding, maintaining, or aidor in any other manner, any church, religious denomination, or religious society, or any institution, society, or undertaking which is wholly or in part under sectarian or ecclesiastical control.

Publication Society.-The seventieth annual meeting of the American Baptist Publication Society was held at Saratoga Springs, N. Y., May 25. The receipts of the society had been $21.236 in the department of Bible distribution, $127,650 in the missionary department, and $497,807 from sales in the business department. Forty-nine new publications had been issued. In the missionary department 116 missionaries and workers had been employed, 704 persons baptized, 48 churches constituted, 285 Sunday schools organized and 332 aided, and 330 pastors and ministerial students aided with grants for their libraries. Two chapel cars had been continuously in use in Minnesota and west of the Mississippi and on the Pacific coast. They had traveled altogether 17,834 miles, and from them 681 Bibles and 74,945 pages of tracts had been granted, 1,313 sermons and addresses delivered, 207 prayer meetings held, 589 families visited, 18 persons baptized. 7 churches constituted, 11 Sunday schools organized, 45 Sunday schools addressed, and 4 Sunday-school institutes held. A third chapel car had been offered the society on condition that means were contributed to it by the denomination for building a fourth, and had been completed in anticipation of the fulfillment of the condition.

Home Mission Society.-The sixty-second annual meeting of the American Baptist Home Mission Society was held in Saratoga Springs, N. Y., May 23. The total receipts of the society had been $405,213, and the aggregate of expenditures $524,155, leaving an indebtedness of $101,456. The society had employed 1,111 laborers, 29 more than in the preceding year, and the largest number ever reported. Of them, 252 had been engaged among the foreign populations, 215 among the negroes, 35 among the Indians, 26 among Mexicans, and 583 among Americans. Fourteen nationalities were represented among the missionaries. The churches aided returned a membership of 50,701 souls. Thirty-six schools were maintained by the aid of the society among the colored people, Indians, and Mexicans. The act of incorporation granted by the Legislature of Massachusetts was accepted. A memorial was adopted for presentation to the Constitutional Convention of the State of New York asking for the incorporation in the Constitution to be framed by it of the clause proposed by the American Baptist Education Society, forbidding the appropriation of public money to sectarian schools and institutions.

The seventeenth annual meeting of the Woman's Baptist Home Mission Society was held in Saratoga Springs, N. Y., May 21 and 22. The total receipts of the society for the year, includ

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