Sivut kuvina

thoughtless as himself, who had a pleasant house, called Mountown, near Dublin, at wbich be most of his time, in convivial indulgence and poetical amusement.

Here he made a red cow, called Mully, which gave him milk, the subje&t of a paterale which, at that time, was supposed to be a political allegory, though it originally meant na ring than it expressed.

In 1708, when the Earl of Wharton was appointed to the governñent of Ireland, and a... his secretary, made kecpeř of the records, he returned to England, with no other treasure this is wit, and a few merry poems and humorous cílays.

He was now again to fubfist on his fellowship in Chrift Church College, which had be a chief resource against poverty when he was a regular advocate in the courts of the civil 2.>non law; and his indolence left him nothing to desire beyond the case and tranquillity it loc him.

Soon after his return from Ireland, he wrote the Art of Love, a poem, in imitation de De Arte Amandi, which was well received; and, in 1709, published the Art af Cockers, is 23 tion of Horace's De Arte Poetica, with some letters to Dr. Lister, on his publishing the voi Apicius Cælius, concerning the soups and sauces of the ancients, which completely eitabi. 3 reputation for wit and learning.

In 1710, he appeared as a zealous Tory and High-churchman, on the side of Dr. Sachers concurred in the projection and conduct of " the Examiner,” animadverted on Dr. Renees mon on the death of the Duke of Devonshire, and hared in the opposition that was given an. operations of the Whigs. In 1911, he published the Hitory of the Heathen Gods, a book composed for schools

, petar that of Westminster, the general use of which was afterwards supplied by “ The Panthe," ** ten by Tooke of the Charterhouse, a man of inferior abilities.

The same year, he published an historical essay, intituled Rufinus, a harsh fatire on the Ds Marlborough and the Whigs, and a poem imitated from Claudian, with the same title, der party rage rather than truth, and intended to reconcile the nation to the measures of the most niftry.

These services were not long unrewarded; for, the same year, without the trouble of tec or the mortification of a request, Swift, Prior, Friend, and other men of the same parts, t-.a him the key of the Gazetteer's office, from Mr. Secretary St. John, together with another bar & the use of the paper office. Competence, if not plenty, was now again in his power, ad 2** thrown away; for an act of insolvency having made his employment at that time permette troublesome, he impatiently resigned it, and returned to his former indigence.

About midsummer 1712, he retired to a friend's house at Lambeth, where he amused his mortifying Dr. Tennison, the Archbishop, by segaling the populace with ale, on the fare Dunkirk to Hill.

In the autumn, his health declined, and growing weaker by degrees, he was removed *** kindness of Lord Clarendon, to a lodging he had provided for him in the Strand, oppá: ** merset-house, where he died on Christmas-day, in the 49th year of his age.

Though his life had not been without irregularity, his death was exemplary. He yielded a breath with the patience of a philospher, and the piety of a Christian.

His noble relation took care of his funeral, and had him decentiy interred in the Narsh C3 of Westminster Abbey, but erected no monument or grave-fone, to mark the place at * durt.

His character united some {triking contrarieties. He was a man of eminent learning and piety; but more zealous for the cause than the appcarance of religion. His chief plea ute 62 ed in trifles, and he was never happier than when he thought he was hid from the wsid in people pleased him in conversation; and it was a proof of his liking them, if his behande tolerably agreeable. His discourse was cheerful, and his wit pleasant and entertaining. Hun sophy and good sense prevailed over his natural temper, which was fullen, murote, and permanent but he was of a timorous disposition, and the lead light or regled would chosow him into ;

choly fate of despondency. He would say a great many ill-natured things, but never do one. He was made up of tenderness and pity, and tears would fall from him on the smallest occasion.

His poems have been often printed, and are generally know Most of his tales, and other levities and pieces of humour, came abroad in manuscript, at various times, as they happened to be finished, and were collected and published, with other pieces, in his “ Miscellanies," without a date, and afterwards reprinted in Lintot's “ Miscellaneous Poems and Translations," 2 vols, 1722.

His Remains were published from the original manuscripts in the possession of his sister, by Joseph Brown, M. D., 1732, and reprinted, under the title of “ Posthumous Works," in 1734

and 1739.

A coniplete collection of his “ Original Works, in Prose and Verse," was published, in 3 vols., 8vo., 1776, by John Nichols, the learned printer of “ the Gentleman's Magazine" a man who merits the praise of the compiler of these little narratives, for his zeal in restoring the noblest monuments of the dead; and who deserves the graiitude of every man of letters, for his laborious and useful researches in topographical history, and his numerous and valuable additions to che poctical and literary biography of his country.

His Pocms, diftin&ly considered, do not seem unworthy of his reputation ; neither do they appear to entitle him to rank among our best poets. He seems to have cultivated the grotesque and familiar Igle, without aiming at seriousness or fublimity. His Imitations and Tales, therefore, do not display that boldness of invention and vivacity of fancy which characterise the higher poetry, but are chiefly distinguished by their sprightliness, familiarity, and ease. His Art of Cookery is an ingenious and skilful imitation of Horace, and justly reckoned an admirable satirico-didadic poem. His Art of Love is remarkable, notwithstanding its citle, for purity of sentiment, and chalte description. It is divided into fourteen books, most of which end with some remarkable fable, or interesting novel. His Tales have obtained general approbation. They are facetious and familiar. The language is easy, but seldom gruss, and the versification smooth, without appearance of study. It is not known, whether he was the original author of any of them. Some of them are undoubtedly older than his time : But the art of telling them is his own, and that is the chief merit of such trifling compositions. His Political Verses, dictated by party rage, and designed to asperse the friends of the Revolution and the Proteftant succellion, may be permitted to perich, without any diminution of his fame.

“ His poems,” says Dr. Johnson, were rather the amusements of idleness, than efforts of ftudy. He endeavoured rather to divert than astonish; his thought seldom aspired to sublimity; if his verse was cafy, and his images familiar, he attained what he desired. His purpose is to be mer. ry; but, perhaps, to enjoy his mirth, it may be sometimes necesary to think well of his opi. Divos."


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Being the

Works of APICIUS COELIUS, concerning the Soups and Sauces of the Ancients.



Humbly inscribed to



ODr. Lister's book only 120 copies were printed in 1705. It was reprinted at Amsterdam, in 1709, by Theod. Jans. Almeloveen, under the title of “ Apicii Cælii de Opsoniis et Condimentis, " five Arte Coquinaria, Libri Decem. cum Annotationibus Martini Lister, è Medicis Domeficis " Serenissimæ Majestatis Reginæ Annæ, et Notis fele&ioribus, variisque Lectionibus integris, Hu“ melbergii, Barthii, Reinefii, A Van Der Linden, et aliorum, ut et variorum Lectionum Libella. “Editio Secunda.” Dr. Askew had a copy of each edition,



Ir is now-a-days the hard fate of such as pretend the laying a stress upon improper words will make to be authors, that they are not permitted to be the niort corred piece ridiculous. Falle concert master of their own works; for, if such papers tenses and grannar, nonsense, impropricts, as (however imperfect) as ma; be called a copy of confusion, may go down with funie persons; bar them, either by a fervant or any other means, it should not be in the power of a bok'eiler : come to the hands of a bookseller, he never con lampoon an author, and tell him, " You do! fiders whether it be tiir the person's reputation to " write all this : I have got it; and yo: 42 come in:o the world, whether it is agreeable to “ fand to the feandal, and I will have the bears his lentimenis, whether to his style or correctness, “ fit.” Yet this is the present case, now or whether he has for some tinie looked over it; Nanding there are above threescore faults of thi Dur doth he care what name or character he puts nature; verses tranfpe fed, fome added, others : to it, so he imagines he may get by it.

tered, or ra her that should have been altered, It was the fate of the following Foem to be f, and near furty omitted. The author does Me To used, and printed with as much imperlection and | lue himself upon the whole : but, if he thens ta as many mistakes as a bookseller that has common esteem for Horace, and can by any means prs. Tense could imagire should pass upon the town, voke persons to read so useful a treatise ; i te especially in an age so police and critical as the thews his aversion to the introduction of luer, prefent.

which may tend to the corruption of macar These following Letters and Poem were at the and declares his love to the old British holy salos, pre's some time belore the other paper pretending charity, and valour, when the arms of the famis, to the fame title was crep: out: and hey had ne old pikes, mulkets, and halberts, hung <3 else, as the learned fay, groaned under the press the hall over the long table, and the marros* till such time as the sheets had one by one been bones lay on the floor, and “ Chevy Chace" perused and corrected, not only by the author, “ The old Courtier of the Queen's” were placed but his friends; whose judgment, as he is sensible over the carved mantle-piece, and the bezf ad he wants, fu is he proud to own that they some- | brown bread were carried every day to the poet, times condescend to afford him.

he desires little farther, than that the reader wie For many faults, that at first seem small, yet for the future give all such boukiellers as are be create unpardonable errors. The number of the fore Ipokon of no manner of encouragénient verse turns upon the darliness of a lyllable; and

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