Sivut kuvina

If, verb, in the imperative mood, with the words that fact, understood after it, as the governed object. Give that fact-Celia would be silent-(the Consequence would be) her beholders would adore her.

Celia, proper noun, feminine, singular, subject of the verb would.

Would, irregular verb, denoting volition or inherent propensity, put conditionally or suppositively in the past tense, implying the admitted truth that Celia is not silent, and agreeing with its subject Celia, which is third person singular.

Be, an infinitive verb, depending on the words Celia would, and governing the compounded word herself, as its object.

Silent, adjective, referring to Celia.
Her, specifying adjective, referring to beholders.
Beholders, noun plural, subject of would.
Would, as before.

Adore, infinitive verb, depending on the phrase, “ her beholders would,” governing her, as its object.

If, as before.
Iras, proper noun, subject of would.
Would, as before.

Talk, infinitive verb, following the phrase, “ Iras would."

Her, specifying adjective, referring to hearers, to identify them.

Would, as before.
Admire, infinitive verb, following would.

Her, pronoun, object of the verb admire, third person, singular, feminine, standing for Iras.

But, imperative verb, add, (understand farther.)

Celia's, specifying adjective, formed from the noun, denoting the particular tongue which is meant.

Tongue, common noun, subject of runs.

Runs, irregular verb, indicative mood, present tense, agreeing with its subject tongue, third person singular.

Incessantly, adverb, expressing the manner of running.

While, noun, meaning, whirl, revolution, period, time; and generally parsed as an adverb of time.

Iras, proper noun, subject of gives.

Herself, compounded of specifying adjective her, and noun self, meaning, identical person, in ihe objective case, or position, governed by the preposition to, understood.

Silent, describing adjective, referring to airs.

And, conjunctive participle, connecting airs and languors.

Soft, adjective, describing languors.

So, like as, formerly used as an adjective, meaning that or these : now generally signifying, in such manner, and parsed as an adverb. The words “so that," taken together, are a contracted form of expression, which save the repetition of what has gone before, and a part of what follows.

It, an assumed term for the thing, or the general idea which follows the verb.

Is, irregular verb, it, (the idea or the thing,) is, (makes itself) difficult.

To, past participle, signitying acted, finished, done : used here as the convenient distinctive sign of the infinitive mood, and generally in parsing, taken together with the following verb, as denoting one idea.

Persuade, infinitive verb, depending on the preceding phrase, it is difficult.

One's, specifying adjective, referring to the noun self.

That, specifying adjective; the preposition of, or into, is understood before it, and fact, belief, or other equivalent word after it; as, to persuade one's self into that belief, or of that fact.

Celia, proper noun.

Has, irregular verb, agreeing with Celia, governing beauty.

Beauty, common noun.
Wit, common noun,

formed from the old verb, witan, to know, object of has.

Each, specifying adjective, referring to person, woman, or lady, understood.

Neglects, verb, indicative mood, present tense, agreeing with lady, understood.

Her, specifying adjective, referring to excellence.

Own, participial adjective, referring to excellence.

Ambitious, describing adjective, referring to each lady.

Of, participle, used as a preposition, governing character.

The, specifying adjective, referring to character.

Other's, specifying adjective, in contraction for other person's, referring to character.

Character, noun, governed by of.
Iras, noun, subject of would.

Would, indicative verb, from will, suppositive past tense.

Be, irregular infinitive, following the phrase, "Iras would.”

Thought, participial adjective, referring to Iras.

To have, infinitive verb, depending on the whole preceding phrase.

As, adjective, referring to much.

Much, noun common, signifying considerable quantity, object of the verb to have.

Beauty, common noun, governed by of, under stood.

The rest as before.


323. Find the nouns or persons to which each of the following adjectives refers.

We are told by Diodorus Siculus that, adjoining the sepulchre of Osymandyas, king of Egypt, was a magnificent library, over the door of which was inscribed, in letters of gold, “ Food for the mind.” In a conspicuous place on the wall was a sculptured figure of a judge, with the image of truth suspended from his neck, and a number of books lying before him.

Who are told? What was adjoining ? What was inscribed? What was suspended ?

324. All verbs are transitive, and active.

“Bliss, a native of the sky,
Never wanders (herself.) Mortals try (your efforts ;)
There you can not seek (Bliss) in vain;
For to seek her is to gain (her.)"


The word, in each parenthesis is supplied in grammatical construction.

“He enters (himself into the territory of the peaceable inhabitants; he fights (the people) and conquers (them ;) takes an immense booty which

(booty) he divides among his soldiers and returns (himself) home, to enjoy (himself with) an empty triumph.”

325. It often happens that the apparent is not the real object of the verb; as, in the above sentence, where it is evident, on proper examination, that it is not the triumph which was to receive the joy; but the boastful conqueror by means of a triumph.Those who can compare English with almost any other language, will need no farther elucidation on this subject.

“ Murdre is waltsome and abhominable
To God that so just is and reasonable
That he ne wol* it suffre healed to be
Though it abide a yere, two or thre

Murdre wolt out."-Chaucer. Tale of the Nondes Priest. Vol. III. p. 1.

That he not willsit to suffer (itsell) concealed to be.

Murder wills out, or wills itself out, by the conscientious restlessness of its will.

326. Language, as generally used, is very elliptical and its contractions are particularly, great, in verbs of primary importance, and consequent frequency of use.

"A bird that can sing and will not sing must be made to sing."

A bird, that (bird) knows the way to sing (songs or tunes) and (that bird) wills (the determination) not to sing (any tune) (that bird) ought (without excuse to be) made to sing (some tune or notes.)

However clumsy this phraseology may appear, no one should pretend to have a true philosophic or grammatical knowledge of language, till he can

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