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with the words The Mighty Mother, and ending witte the words buries all, containing the entire sum of One thousand seven hundred and fifty-four verses, declare every word, figure, point, and comma of this impression to be authentic : And do therefore strictly enjoin and forbid any person or persons whatsoever, to erase, reverse, put be: tween hooks, or by any other means, directly or indirectly, change or mangle any of them. And we do hereby Earnestly exhort all our brethren to follow this our Example, which we heartily wish our great predecessors bad heretofore set, as a remedy and prevention of all such abuses. Provided always, that nothing in this Declaration shall be construed to limit the lawful and undoubted right of every subject of this Realm, to judge, censure, or condemn, in the whole or in part, any Poem or poet whatsoener. Given under our hand at London this third
Day of January, in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred thirty and two.
Declarat cor' me,
not blind): The editor himself confessed as much in his preface : and no two poems were ever published in so arbitrary a manner. The editor of this had as boldly suppressed whole passages, yea the entire last book, as the editor of Paradise Lost added and augmented. Milton himself gave but ten books, his editor twelve ; this author gave four books, his editor only three. But we have happily done justice to both; and presume we shall live in this our last labour, as long as in any of our others.
PRE F A C E
Prefixed to the five first imperfect Editions of the.
DUNCIAD, in three books, printed at DUBLIN and London, in octavo and duodecimo, 1727.
The PUBLISHER : to the READER.
IT will be found a true observation, though some
what surprizing, that when any scandal is vented against a man of the highest distinction and character, either in the state or literature, the public in general
a The Publisher] Who he was is uncertain; but Edward Ward tells us, in his preface to Durgen," that most judges are of opinion this preface is not of English extraction, but Hibernian," &c. He means it was written by Dr. Swift, who, whether the publisher or not, may be said in a sort to be author of the poem. For when he, together with Mr. Pope (for reasons specified in the preface to their Miscellanies), determined to own the most trifling pieces in which they had any hand, and to destroy all that remained in their power; the first sketch of this poem was snatched from the fire by Dr. Swift, who persuaded his friend to proceed in it, and to him it was therefore inscribed. But the occasion of printing it was as follows:
There was published in those Miscellanies, a Treatise of the Bathos, or Art of Sinking in Poetry, in which was a chapter, where
afford it a most quiet reception; and the large part accept it as favourably as if it were some kindness done to themselves: whereas, if a known scoundrel or blockhead but chance to be touched upon, a whole legion is up in arms, and it becomes the common cause of all scribblers, booksellers, and printers whatsoever."
Not to search too deeply into the reason hereof, I will only observe as a fact, that every week for these two months past, the town has been persecuted with pamphlets ", advertisements, letters, and weekly essays, not only against the wit and writings, but against the character and person of Mr. Pope. And that of all
the species of bad writers were ranged in classes, and initial letters of names prefixed, for the most part * at random. But such was the number of poets eminent in that art, that some one or other took every letter to himself. All fell into so violent a fury, that for half a year, or more, the common newspapers in most of which they had some property, as being hired writers) were filled with the most abusive falsehoods and scurrilities they could possibly devise; a liberty no ways to be wondered at in thos: people, and in those papers, that, for many years, during the uncontrouled licence of the press, had aspersed almost all the great characters of the age; and this with impunity, their own persons and names being utterly secret and obscure. This gave Mr. Pope the thought, that he load now some opportunity of doing good, by detecting and dragging into light these common enemies of mankind; since to invalidate this universal slander, it sufficed to shew what contemp:ible men were the authors of it. He was not without hopes, that by manifesting the dulness of those who had only malice to recommend them; either the booksellers wouli not find their account in employing them, or the men themselves, when discovered, w.nt courage to proceed in so unlawful an occupation. This it was that gave birth to the Dunciad; and he thought it an happiness, that by the late flood of slander on himself, he had acquired such a pecu. liar right over their names as was necessary to his design.
WARBURTON. ► Pamphlets, advertisements, &c.] See the list of those anonymous papers, with their dates and authors annexed, inserted before the poem,
WARBURTON. Certainly not at random.
those men who have received pleasure from his works, (which by modest computation may be about a 'hundred thousand in these kingdoms of England and Ireland ; not to mention Jersey, Guernsey, the Orcades, those in the new world, and foreigners who have translated him into their languages,) of all this number not a man hath stood up to say one word in his defence.
The only exception is the d author of the following poem, who doubtless had either a better insight into the grounds of this clamour, or a better opinion of Mr. Pope's integrity, joined with a greater personal love for him, than any other of his numerous friends and admirers.
Farther, that he was in his peculiar intimacy, appears from the knowledge he manifests of the most private authors of all the anonymous pieces against him, and from his having in this poem attacked e no man living, who had not before printed, or published, some scandal against this gentleman.
About a bundred thousand] It is surprizing with what stupidity this preface, which is almost a continued irony, was taken by those authors. All such passages as these were understood by Curl, Cook, Cibber, and others, to be serious. Here the Laureate (letter to Mr. Pope, p. 9.), “ Though I grant the Dunciad a better poem of its kind than ever was writ; yet when I read it with those vain-glorious encumbrances of notes and remarks upon it, &c.- it is amazing, that you, who have writ with such masterly spirit upon the ruling passion, should be so blind a slave to your own, as not to see how far a low avarice of praise," &c. (taking it for granted that the notes of Scriblerus and others were the author's own.)
WARBURTON. The author of the following poem, &c.] A very plain irony, speaking of Mr. Pope himself.
WARBURTON. • The publisher in these words went a little too far: but it is certain whatever names the reader finds that are unknown to him, are of such; and the exception is only of two or three, whose dulness, impudent scurrilities, or self-conceit, all mankind agreed to have justly entitled them to a place in the Dunciad.
How I came possest of it, is no concern to the reader ; but it would have been a wrong to him had I detained the publication, since those names which are its chief ornaments die oft daily so fast, as must render it too soon unintelligible. If it provoke the author to give us a more perfect edition, I have my
Who he is I cannot say, and (which is a great pity) there is certainly nothing in his style and manner of writing, which can distinguish or discover him: for if it bears any resemblance to that of Mr. Pope, 'tis not improbable but it might be done on purpose, with a view to have it pass for his. But by the fre. quency of his allusions to Virgil, and a laboured (not to say affected) shortness in imitation of him, I should think him more an admirer of the Roman poet than of the Grecian, and in that not of the same taste with his friend.
I have been well informed, that this work was the labour of full six years of his life, and that he wholly retired himself from all the avocations and pleasures of the world, to attend diligently to its cor
f There is certainly nothing in his style, &*c.) This irony had small effect in concealing the author. The Dunciad, imperfect as it was, had not been published two days, but the whole town gave it to Mr. Pope.
WARBURTON. & The labour of full six years, Gc.) This also was honestly and seriously believed by divers gentlemen of the Dunciad. J. Ralph, pref. to Sawney: “ We are told it was the labour of six years, with the utmost assiduity and application : It is no great complio ment to the author's sense, to have employed so large a part of his life,” &c. So also Ward, pret. to Durgen : “ The Dunciad, as the publisher very wisely confesses, cost the author six years retirement from ail the pl-asures of li'e; though it is somewhat difficult to conceive, from either its bulk or beauty, that it could be so long in hatching, &c. But the length of time and closeness of application were mentioned to prepossess the reader with a good opinion of it." They just as well understood what Scriblerus said of the poem.