« EdellinenJatka »
A TABLE of OFFICES and CONDITIONS of MEN. PATRIARCHS, or Fathers of Families, Prophets, anciently called Seers, who such as Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob,
foretold future events, and denounced and his sons.
God's judgements. Judges, temporary supreme Governors, Children of the Prophets, their disci. immediately appointed by God over
ples or scholars. the children of Israel.
Wise Men, called so in imitation of the Kings, and they either of the whole Eastern Magi, or Gentile Philosophers.
nation, or, after the falling off of the Scribes, writers, and expounders of the ten tribes, of Judah or Israel.
law. Elders, Senators of the LXX, or San- Disputers, that raised and determined hedrin.
questions out of the law. Officers, Provosts, Sheriffs, or Execu- Rabbies or Doctors, Teachers of Israel. tioners.
Libertines, freed men of Rome, who, Judges, inferior Rulers, such as deter
being Jews or Proselytes, had a synmine controversies in particular cities. agogue or oratory for themselves. Israelites, Hebrews, descendants from Gaulonites, or Galileans, who preJacob.
tended it unlawful to obey an heathen An Hebrew of Hebrews, an Israelite by Herodians, who shaped their religion to
magistrate. original extraction. A Proselyte of the Covenant, who was
the times, and particularly flattered circumcised, and submitted to the
Herod. whole law.
Epicureans, who placed all happiness. A Proselyte of the Gate, or stranger Stoics, who denied the liberty of the
in pleasure. who worshipped one God, but remained uncircumcised.
will, and pretended all events were
determined by fatal necessity.
Simon Magus, author of the heresy of Presidents, or Governors, sent from the Gnostics, who taught that men, Rome with imperial power.
however vicious their practice was, Tetrarchs, who had kingly power in should be saved by their knowledge. four provinces.
Nicolaitanes, the disciples of Nicolas, Proconsuls, or deputies of provinces. one of the first seven Deacons, who INFERIOR OFFICERS.
taught the community of wives. Publicans, or Tax-gatherers.
Nazarites, who under a vow abstained Centurions, Captains of an hundred men.
from wine, &c.
Nazarenes, Jews professing Christianity. ECCLESIASTICAL OFFICERS, or SECTS OF MEN.
Zelots, Sicarii, or murderers, who under High Priests, who only might enter pretence of the law, thought themselves the Holy of Holies.
authorised to commit any outrage. Second Priests, or Sagan, who supplied Pharisees, separatists, who upon the
the high priest's office, in case he opinion of their own godliness, dewere disabled.
spised all others. High Priests for the War, set apart Sadducees, who denied the resurrection
for the occasion of an expedition. of the dead, angels, and spirits. Priests, Levites of the sons of Aaron, Samaritans, mongrel professors, partly
divided into twenty-four ranks, each Heathen, partly Jews, the offspring
rank serving weekly in the temple. of the Assyrians sent to Samaria. Levites, of the tribe of Levi, but not of Apostles, Missionaries, or persons sent;
Aaron's family; of these were three they who were sent by our Saviour from orders, Gershonites, Kohathites, Me- their number were called The Twelve. rarites, several sons of Levi.
Bishops, Successors of the Apostles in Nethinims, inferior servants to the the government of the church.
Priests and Levites (not of their tribe) Deacons, Officers chosen by the Apoto draw water, and cleave wood, &c. stles to take care of the poor.
OFFICERS under the ROMAN EMPERORS.