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7 G.4.

c. 64.

PARTNERS-continued.

to name one of them in the ind. " and another or others.”. 7 Geo. 4. c. 64. s. 14. See Indictment, p. 85, ante.

sons.

c. 114.

PAUPERS.
Ill treatment of, and apprentices and helpless per-

See Apprentices, p. 9, ante.
PERJURY AND FALSE OATH.
3 G.4.

Pen. for wilful and corrupt perjury, Impr. with

H. L. not ex. the term for which the Ct. may
now Impr. for, either in add. to or in lieu of
any
other
pun.
which

may be inflicted on the off. by any law in force before this act. 3 Geo, 4. c. 114. See Hard Labour, p. 71,

ante. 7 & 8G.4. PERSON. c. 29.

Stealing from the, fel. D. . 7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 29.

s. 6. See Larceny, and Robbery from the

Person, p. 100, ante. 59 G.3. PERSONATING. c. 56.

Any person representing himself as the next of

kin, in order to receive prize money, bounty money, &c. of any petty officer, non-commissioned officer, seaman or marine, &c. or any agent whose authority is reserved, offering to receive pay, &c. misd. and pun. ac

cordingly. 59 Geo. 3. c. 56. s. 3. Inserting a false date in an order for payment PERSONATING—continued.

s. 12.

of prize money, &c. misd. pun. accordingly. 59 6. 3. Id. s. 12. See Navy Pay, p. 128, ante.

c. 56. PETTY LARCENY. The distinction between grand and petty larceny 7&8 6. 4.

is abolished, and any larceny, whatever the c. 29.
value of the property may be, shall be deemed
of the same nature, and subject to the same
incidents as grand larceny was before the
commencement of this act; and every Ct.
whose power was before the commencement
of this act limited to petty larceny, shall have
power to try every case of larceny, the pun.
of which cannot exceed the pun. for simple
larceny, and also to try all accessaries to

larceny. (a) 7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 29. s. 1.
PIGEONS, Stealing.–Summary Conviction.
Killing, wounding, or taking any house dove or s. 33.

pigeon under such circumstances, shall not
amount to larceny at com. law, (b) pun. on
conv. before a J. P. to forfeit and

pay

above the value of the bird, not ex. 21. Id. s. 33. PLEA of not guilty. 7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 28. s. 1. c. 28.

See Imparlance, p. 78, ante. (a) The latter part of this clause applies to the Ct. of Q. Sess.

(b) Animals feræ naturæ are not objects of larceny, while they are suffered to remain at large ; but if confined, so that the owner may take them at pleasure, they then become objects of larceny. Qu. Whether old pigeons, unconfined, except belonging to an open dovecote, come under this clause ?

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POACHING
In the Night. Misd. pun. Tr. for 14 or 7 yrs. or

Impr. not ex. 3 yrs. 9 Geo. 4. c. 69. s. 9,

See Game, p. 61, ante.
POISONING,
With intent to murder, fel. pun. D. 9 Geo. 4.

c. 31. s. 11.
PRINCIPAL AND ACCESSARY,
Before and after the fact. 7 Geo. 4. c. 64. See

Accessaries, p. 2, ante.
PRETENCES, FALSE.
Obtaining goods, money, &c. by false pretences,
misd. pun. Tr. Fine, or Impr. 7 & 8 Geo. 4.

See False Pretences, p. 52, ante.
PRISON BREACH AND RESCUE.
Rescuing, or aiding or assisting in rescuing, from

the lawful custody of any constable, &c. or
other person whomsoever, any person charged
with or suspected of fel. ; then if the person
so offending shall be conv. of fel. and be enti-
tled to benefit of clergy, and liable to Impr.
not ex. one yr., the Ct, may order that such
person, instead of being so fined and impr.
as aforesaid, (a) to be Tr. for 7 yrs. or Impr.
only, or Impr. with H. L. in the com. g. or
H. C. or Peniten. not less than 1, nor ex. 3
yrs. 2 Geo. 4. c. 88.(b) s. 1.

c. 29.

2 G.4. c. 88.

(a) So in the stat.

So much of this act as relates to the offences of as

PRIVY COUNCILLORS, assaulting them.
Assaulting a privy councillor was formerly a ca-

pital offence by 9 Ann. c. 16. but that stat.
is repealed by the 9 Geo. 4. c. 31., and there

is no specific provision made in its stead.
PRIZE FIGHTS.
All who are present, assisting or in way counte-

nancing a prize fight, are guilty of an offence.
It is the duty of magistrates to cause the com-
batants to come before them, and compel
them to enter into recognizances to keep the
peace till the next assizes or sessions, and on
refusing so to do to comm. them. Rex v.

Billingham, 2 C. & P. 234.
PROCESS.
Persons charged with offences punishable by sum- 7&86. 4.

c. 30.
mary conv. may be compelled to appear either
by summons or warrant, at the discretion of
the J. 7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 30. 8. 30. See

Summary Conviction, post.
PRIZE MONEY, East India.
Making a false oath relative to East India prize 1& 2 G. 4.

money belonging to soldiers and seamen in
the service of the E. I. C. Perj. pun. as

c. 61.

saulting, beating, and wounding constables, &c. or other persons, with intent to obstruct, resist, or prevent the apprehension or detention of a person charged with or suspected of fel. is repealed by 9 G. 4. c. 31. and the remedy in that case is provided for by that stat. s. 12. 25.

PRIZE MONEY-continued. 1 & 2 G.4.

persons guilty of perj. in England. 1 & 2 c. 61.

Geo. 4. c. 61. s. 6.
Procuring or suborning any person to swear falsely

for any such purpose ; pun. as for perj. Id. PROPERTY, laying of, in the indictment. See

Indictment, p. 85, ante.
PULSE.
Setting fire to any stack of pulse, corn, or grain, (a)

or crops of pulse, &c. (6) fel. See Arson,

p. 10, ante.

PUNISHMENT OF FELONY in General. (c) 7 & 8 G.4. Every person conv. of fel. not punishable with D.

shall be pun. in the manner prescribed by the

stat. specially relating to such fel. And

every person conv. of fel. for which no pun. hath been, or hereafter may be specially provided, shall be pun. under this act, and at the disc. of the Ct. Tr. not ex. 7 yrs. or Impr. not ex. 2 yrs.; and if a male, to be once, twice

c. 28.

(a) That is, corn, pulse, &c. brought home and stacked. (6) That is, when in the field.

(c) The month by the common law is but 28 days, and so in the case of inrollment of deeds, and generally in all cases where months are mentioned in a statute ; but when a statute mentions a year, half year, or quarter of a year, then it is to be reckoned according to the calendar : a twelve month in the singular number, includes the whole year according to the calendar, but twelve months, six months, &c. in the plural number, are to be reckoned after the rate of 28 days to every month. Inst. 135, 6. Cro. Jac. 167. 141.

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