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c.31.

INJURIES TO THE PERSON-continued.

comm. abroad, in the same manner as he 96. 4. might have been tried before the passing of C. 4. 5. 7.

this act. Id. Manslaughter. Every person conv. of manslaughter, pun. at 9 G. 4.

the disc. of the Ct. Tr. for life, or not less
than 7 yrs. or Impr. with or without H. L. in
the com.g.or h. cor. not ex. 4

yrs.

or Fine as the Ct. shall award. 9 Geo. 4. c. 31. s. 9. The like offence comm. abroad, see Commit

ments, p. 29, ante. Homicide not felonious. See Homicide, p. 72,

ante. Attempts to murder by poisoning, drowning, stran

gling or suffocating, shooting or stabbing. Administering or attempting to administer to s. 11.

any person, or causing to be taken by any
person, any poison or other destructive thing,
or attempting to drown, suffocate or strangle
any person, or shooting at any person, or by
drawing a trigger, or in any other manner
attempting to discharge any kind of loaded
arms (a) at any person, or stabbing, cutting or

(a) These words will comprise air guns, though perhaps not cross bows, although a cross bow may be considered loaded when the bullet is put into the place from whence it is to be propelled by the distension of the gut; so a bullet is to be propelled from the air-gun by the escape of the air in the chamber.

9 G. 4.

c. 31

s. 11.

s. 15.

INJURIES TO THE PERSON—continued.

wounding any person with intent in any of the said cases to murder, and every person aiding or abetting, fel. pun. D. 9 Geo. 4.

c. 31.
Concealment of the birth of bastard children. See

Concealment, p. 31, ante.
Furious driving. See Driving Furiously, p. 57,

ante.
Sodomy.
Every person conv. of this abominable crime,

either mankind or with any animal, fel. pun.

D. 9 Geo. 4. c. 31. s. 15.
In cases of sodomy, it is not necessary to prove

the actual emission of seed in order to con-
stitute the offence, but it is to be deemed
complete upon proof of penetration only.

Id. s. 18.
Rape.

Persons conv. of rape, (a) fel. pun. D. Id. s. 16.
Carnal knowledge of girls under 10 yrs. See

p. 22. ante. The like of girls between 10 & 12 yrs. Id. Forcible abduction of women on account of their

property, and against their will. See p. 1, ante.

s, 18.

s. 18.

(a) It was held that the least degree of penetration was sufficient to constitute this offence. See Russen's case, 1 East, P.C. 438. Russell, 303.

INJURIES TO THE PERSON-continued.
Forcible abduction of girls under 16 yrs. See

p. 1, ante.
Child stealing. See p. 26, ante.
Bigamy. See p. 10, ante.
Arresting clergymen during divine service, or go-

ing to or returning from. See p. 10, ante. INSOLVENT DEBTORS. A prisoner wilfully and fraudulently omitting in 76 4.

his schedule any effects or property what- c. 57.
soever, or retaining or excepting out of his
schedule, as wearing apparel, bedding, work-
ing tools and implements, or other necessa-
ries, property of greater value than 201. with
intent to defraud his or her creditors; and every
person aiding and assisting him (or her) (a)
to do so, on conv. to be deemed guilty of a
misd. pun. Impr. with H. L. not ex. 3

yrs.
7 Geo. 4. C. 57. s. 70.
Persons forswearing in any oath to be taken s. 71.

under this act, pun. as for perjury. Id.

s. 71. Quakers making false affirmations, incur and

shall suffer the same pen. as for perjury. Id. INTERPRETATION, General rule of, relating to any offence what- 7 & 8 G. 4.

c. 29. ever, punishable upon ind. or summary juris.

(a) The words “or her,” which no doubt were intended to have been inserted, are omitted in the statute.

7 & 8 G.4. c. 28.

or any

INTERPRETATION-continued.

under the 7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 28. other

statute. In describing or referring to the offence or the

subject matter, on or with respect to which it shall be comm. or the offender, or the party affected or intended to be affected by the offence hath used or shall use words importing the singular number, or the masculine gender only, yet the statute shall be understood to include several matters, as well as one matter; and several persons, as well as one person; and females, as well as males ; and bodies corporate, as well as individuals ; unless it be otherwise specially provided, or there is something in the subject or context repugnant to such construction, and whenever any forfeit. or pen. is payable to a party aggrieved, it shall be payable to a body corporate in every case where such body shall be the party aggrieved. 7 & 8 Geo. 4.

c. 28. s. 14.
JUDGMENT,
On indictment for felony without benefit of

Clergy.
Where a person is indicted for any offence for

which by this or any other statute or sta-
tutes made or to be made, the offender is or
shall be excluded from the benefit of clergy,

7G. 4.

c. 64.

c. 64.

JUDGMENT-continued.

such person shall be equally excluded from 76. 4.
the benefit of clergy whether conv. by verdict
or by confession, or upon arraignment shall
stand mute of malice, or will not answer di-
rectly to the charge, or shall challenge pe-
remptorily above the number of 20 of the
jury, or shall be outlawed upon the indict-
ment, although the statute or statutes taking
away the benefit of clergy, in any such case
may not expressly provide that the offender
shall be excluded from the benefit of clergy,
in case such offender shall confess or stand
mute, or not answer directly, or challenge
peremptorily above 20 of the jury or be out-
lawed. And this extends as well to accessa-
ries as to principals. 7 Geo. 4. c. 64. s. 7,

See Punishment, post.
Of death in capital cases. Sentence of death, post.
Justifiable Homicide. See Homicide, p. 72, ante.

K.

KEELMEN.
Assaulting to prevent them working. See p. 14.
KILLING CATTLE. See p. 23, ante.

See
Cattle, p. 23, ante.
Unlawfully, and maliciously killing, maiming 7 & 8 G.4.

or wounding cattle, fel. pun. at the disc. c. 30.
of the Ct. Tr. for life, or not less 7

yrs. or

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