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Speaker to withdraw, he at first takes his Seat in the House, but after-

wards retires below the Bar—A Discussion commences, but is postponed

to a future day—On the 21st Mr. Salomons again enters the House, and

takes his Seat on the Ministerial side of the House—A stormy discussion

ensues, and three Divisions take place, on two of which Mr. Salomons

himself votes—Mr. Bethell delivers an opinion in favour of Mr. Salomons'

competency to sit upon taking the Oath as he had done—Sir F. Thesiger

maintains the contrary opinion—Mr. Salomons is called upon, and ad-

dresses the House in a short Speech—The House having affirmed by 231

against 81 the Motion that Mr. Salomons should withdraw, he refuses to

do so unless compelled—The Sergeant at Arms is then directed to remove

him, and he retires—The next day Lord John Russell moves a Resolution

denying the right of Mr. Salomons to sit until he has taken the usual

Oath—The question is debated at considerable length during two evenings,

but after several Amendments and Divisions the original Motion is finally

carried by 123 to 63. Remaining Business or The Session—Bills for

regulation of Capitular and Episcopal Estates, for improved Administra-

tion of the Woods and Forests, and for the Removal of Smithfield Market

Law ReformRegistration Of DeedsPatent LawsCriminal

Law Amendment BillCreation Of New Judicial Offices In The

Court Of Chancery—Lord John Russell's First and Second Plans—Opi-

nions of Legal Members of the House—Outline of the Measure as passed

—Close of the Session—Occupation of their New Chamber by the House

of Commons—The Prorogation of Parliament on the 8th of August—

Address of the Speaker and Her Majesty's Speech—Remarks on the Ses-

sion—Its small legislative results—Effect of the Papal Aggression on the

progress of Parliamentary business. Conclusion .... [161

CHAPTER VIII.

France.—Interpellations by M. Napoleon Bonaparte in the Assembly re-

specting Orders issued to the Army by General Changarnier—Discussion

thereon—Election of Questors—Resignation of the Ministry—Formation

of the Baroche Cabinet—Order of the Day issued by General Baraguay

d'Hilliers, the new Commander-in-Chief—Hostile Motion by M. Remusat,

carried in the Assembly—Report of Committee on the Conduct of the

Executive in dismissing General Changaraier—Resolution of Want of

Confidence in the Ministry moved by M. St. Beuve—Debate thereon—

Speeches of MM. Mouet, Baroche, Berryer, Lamartine, General Changar-

nier, M. Thiers, and General Cavaignac—Motion of M. St. Beuve carried

—The Ministry resign—Formation of a Provisional Cabinet—Message of

the President to the Assembly—Interpellations by M. Houyn de Tranchere

—Letter from the Due de Bordeaux to M. Berryer—Dotation Bill of the

President brought forward by the Ministry—Report of Committee there-

upon, rejecting the Bill—Financial Statement—Debate on Dotation Bill

—Speeches of MM. de Royer, Dufougerais, and de Montalembert—Dota-

tion Bill rejected—The President declines an offer of a Public Subscription

—New Ministry formed by M. Leon Faucber—Speech by M. Leon Faucher
—Hostile Motion of M. St. Beuve rejected—Proposition by M. Pascal

Duprat respecting the Candidature for the Presidentship—Discussion re-

specting French Cardinals—Debate on proposal to repeal the Law exiling

the Bourbon Family—National Guard Organic Bill—Speech of the Presi-

dent of the Republic at Dijon—Comments thereon in the Assembly—Peti-

tions in favour of a Revision of the Constitution—The Assembly refer the

Petitions to a Special Committee—Discussion in the Bureaux—Opinions

of the Conseils Generaux throughout France on the question of Revi-

sion [182

CHAPTER IX.

France continued.—Speeches of MM. de Broglie and de Tocqueville in the

Committee on the Revision of the Constitution—Report of the Committee

—Result of the Debate thereon in the Assembly—Motion by M. Baze,

censuring the Ministry, carried—The Ministry tender their Resignations,

which are not accepted—Prorogation of the Assembly—Question of the

Repeal of the Electoral Law of May, 1850—Resignation of the Lion

Faucher Ministry—New Cabinet formed under M. de Thorigny—Com-

mencement of New Session—Message of the President—M. de Thorigny

submits a projet de loi for repealing the Electoral Law of May, 1850, and

demands "Urgency"—Urgency rejected by the Assembly—Report of

Committee on the Electoral Law—A Majority are against the proposed

Repeal—Proposition by the Questors respecting the authority of the As-

sembly over the Army—Speeches by Generals St. Arnaud and Lend, and

MM. Cremieux and Thiers—Proposition of the Questors rejected—Pro-

posed Law on the Responsibility of the President of the Republic and

Ministers—Coup cTEtat of Prince Louis Napoleon—Dissolution of the As-

sembly—Appeal to the People, and Proclamation to the Army—Arrest of

Members of the Assembly—Narrative of the Proceedings of the Assembly

and High Court of Justice—New Ministry—Votes of the Army. Ple-

bi«citi of the President—Appointment of a Consultative Commission—

Letters written by M. Leon Faucher and Count Mole—Release of 230 De-

puties—Decree declaring Universal Suffrage and Vote by Ballot—Insur-

rectionary Movements in Paris—Combat in the Streets and Suppression of

Resistance—Narrative by an English Officer—Restoration of the Pan-

theon to Roman Catholic Worship—Proclamation by Louis Napoleon to

the French People—Disturbances in the Provinces—Letter of M. de Mont-

alembert—Result of the Voting for the Presidential Election—Speech by

Louis Napoleon—Trees of Liberty cut down—Reflections on the Coup

cTEtat [226

CHAPTER X.

Portugal.—Proclamation of Revolt by the Duke of Saldanha—Letter from

him to the Duke of Terceira, explanatory of his Conduct and Views—He in

vain tries to induce the Governor of Oporto to declare in his Favour—Dis-

affection in the Garrison there—Saldanha tries to escape from Portugal—
Oporto pronounces for him—His Return and enthusiastic Reception there

CHAPTER XI.

Cape Op Good Hope.—Meeting at King William's Town between Sir H.

Smith and the Caffre Chief—Deposition of Sandilli—Unsuccessful attempt

to capture that Chieftain—General Rising of the Natives and Outbreak

of Caffre War—Repulse of Colonel Somerset—The Caffres advance beyond

the Great Fish River and ravage the Colony—Contests between them and

the British Troops—Severe losses of the Settlers—Insurrection of Hot-

tentots—They are successfully attacked by General Somerset—Memorial

of Board of Defence of Graham's Town to Sir Harry Smith—His Reply

—Engagement between Troops under the Command of Colonel Fordyce

and the Caffres—He is subsequently killed in Action—Constitution granted

by Earl Grey to the Colony—Its Provisions—Its Reception by the Colo-

nists.

Cuba.—Second Piratical Invasion of Cuba by General Lopez from America

—Narrative of the disastrous Failure of the Expedition—Deception prac-

tised to engage Volunteers—Execution of Lopez—Account of his Career

—Letter from Colonel Crittenden—Narrative written by M. Xavier Isturiz,

Spanish Minister in Great Britain.

United States.—Message of the President. Topics.—1. Cuban Expedi-

dition—2. Right of Search of American Vessels—3. Assault on the House
of the Spanish Minister at New Orleans—4. The Turkish Government and

Kossuth—5. Intercommunication between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans

—6. Financial Statement—7. Question of a Low Tariff—8. Californian

Gold—9. Ad valorem and specific Duties—10. Disposal of Lands in Cali-

fornia—11. Agricultural Bureau—12. Army—13. Navy—14. Post Office

—15. Proposal to revise the written Laws of the United States—16. Fu-

gitive Slave Act—17. Territorial and Slavery Questions . . . [282

THE

ANNUAL REGISTER,

FOR THE YEAR
1851.

HISTORY OF EUROPE.

CHAPTER I.

England.Circumstancesof the Country at the commencement of the year 1851—Prevalent Feeling of the Nation respecting the Papal Aggression Anticipations of the Great Exhibition of IndustryState of Trade, Revenue, and Condition of the Lower ClassesComplaints of the Agricultural InterestOpening of Parliament by the Queen in person, on the 2nd of February-Her Majesty's Speech from the ThroneDebates in both HousesIn the Lords, the Address is proposed by the Earl of Effingham, and seconded by Lord CremomeSpeeches of Lord Stanley, the Duke of Richmond, Earl of Winchilsea, Lord Camoys, and the Marquis of LansdotcneThe Address is agreed to nem. con.In the Commons, the Address is moved by the Marquis of Kiltlare, and seconded by Mr. PetoSpeeches of Mr. Roebuck, Sir R. Inglis, Mr. J. CfConneU, Mr. A. B. Hope, Mr. Chisholm Anstey, Mr. Plumptre, Mr. Hume, Mr. Bankes, Lord John Russell, and Mr. DisraeliThe Motion is carried without a DivisionRetirement of the Earl of Shaftesbury from the Office of Chairman of Committees, and Election of Lord Redeidale in his roomTribute of Respect to the Memory of Mr. J. H. Ley, late Clerk of the Table in the House of Commons. Ecclesiastical Titles BillOn the 7th of February Lord John Russell moves for leave to bring in a Bill for counteracting the Aggressive Policy of the Church of RomeHis able and interesting Speech on that occasionThe debate on the preliminary question of introducing the Bill is protracted during four nights by successive AdjournmentsThe Motion is supported by the Attorney-General, Mr. IV. Page Wood, Sir George Grey, Sir R. H. Inglis, Mr. Disraeli,

Vol. XCIIL [B]

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