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'orefathers difference than from active opera-
but at the tion; but throughout all the trans-
glishman, actions, throughout all the difficult
berties of negotiations which had been tak.
:0 him as ing place in relation to the affairs

He ad- of the various German States, the
premacy of policy of this country, so far from
ustablished having been a merely acquiescing
xtent that policy, had been eminently active
ers of that and effective. Not a week had
nd he ac- passed in which the interference of
acy of the this country had not been em-
atholic po- ployed, and acknowledged to have
- in spiri- been so employed, by the various
any other States which had been involved in
over this the conflicting interests engaged.
the Pope, The animadversions on our finan-

his spiri- cial policy were best answered by
ulation, the facts. While Lord Lansdowne
ession, he admitted, of course, that distress
protest might prevail in some particular
Lansdowne districts, he was prepared to con-
jy a tribute tend that the condition of the great
Lord Ca- bulk of the population--and he in-

cluded in his view the agricultural for addi- population-had been gradually ose senti- and materially improving. Year ?d from & after year had great taxes been litary ties taken off, yet now again this year

we should think of withdrawing Mr. Roebuck expressed the pain the rights and privileges we had he felt at finding an administragiven to our Roman Catholic fel- tion calling itself liberal about to low subjects, of going back to the take a backward step, and at a practical oppression they had been time, too, when the Minister put for many centuries subjected to in into the mouth of the Sovereign this country. If all that the Pope congratulations upon the prosperhad intended in his bull was to ous state of the country, tlie result assume a spiritual jurisdiction over of the removal of restrictions. He Roman Catholics only, why was briefly reviewed the history of Rothat not expressed? There was man Catholic emancipation, and the no difficulty in chalking out that principles on which that measure course, or in finding words to ex. was founded, which, ho contended, press that object. This proceeding were violated by legislation against had issued from a power remark. religious distinctions granted by a able for its attention to forms and bishop, called the Pope. He to words; and if he saw that charged Lord John Russell with throughout the document in ques- dealing falsely with the country. tion the rights of the Crown and This so-called territorial aggression the existence of the Protestant was no new thing; it began years hierarchy were studiously and care ago, and had been sanctioned by fully ignored, no person would per the noble Lord himself; so far suade him that it was by accident, from being an aggression, it was a and that the inference of nothing retrogression on the part of the more than spiritual dominion over Pope. Where was the aggression Roman Catholics being intended upon Her Majesty's prerogative was to be drawn. He hoped, there because Dr. Wiseman choose to fore, that their Lordships would call himself a cardinal, and put entertain the measure that would on a large hat and red stockings? shortly be introduced on this sub- This was an exercise of spiritual ject.

authority, and the noble lord had The Earl of Roden concurred heretofore declared that the Pope's generally in the Address, but was spiritual power must be left undisappointed that contained no touched. The Roman Catholics stronger expressions respecting the had been led to believe by the acts Protestant religion.

of the Legislature and of the ExThe Address was then agreed to ecutive Government that what had unanimously.

been done could be done legally, In the House of Commons the and all had been planned and pubAddress was moved by the Mar. lished years ago. After they had quis of Kildare, who briefly ad- been thus lured on, was it wise or verted to the topics alluded to by worthy of the noble Lord, so long Her Majesty

the advocate of civil and religious The motion was seconded by liberty, to aid a cry which had its Mr. Peto, who dwelt upon the source in some of the vilest passuccessful results of our present sions, and lend the sanction of his commercial policy, and justified great name to the old puritanical upon political rather than religious bigotry of England ? grounds the restraint of Papal ag. Sir R. Inglis replied to Mr. gression.

Roebuck, insisting that no country

oman Ca- the Government found itself in a ; and he position to hold out to the country ly assert, the prospect of still further reducmanating tions of taxation. ould out Lord Lansdowne briefly spoke h the na- his own sentiments on the most lings ori- interesting topic of the Address. und igno- Whatever the variety of sentiment and pre- which had been put forward in doig of this bate upon that topic, he rejoiced to

find that not & word had been me parti- uttered not even by the noble Iress, his Earl (of Winchilsea)--to the preord Stan- judice of that free toleration which fault and ought to be extended, which had

n all its been extended, and which he e general trusted would always be extended, 'assed his to the Roman Catholic inhabitants suggested of Great Britain; and God forbid

had fou- that, under the pressure of any in and in- circumstances, of any prorocation,

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mitted our courts of equity the instruch the ments of injustice. Legislation, gative however, must not stop at the d the barren question of title. retics. Mr. Plumptre took the same ession view of the subject as Sir R. Inhough glis, and hoped the Bill of the ssions Government would meet the case; at Mi- otherwise the feeling of the country Lonies. would manifest itself with reBinary doubled energy.

The Earl of Arundel was pre3 Go- pared to oppose any measure of terred persecution, or any attack upon rit of the constitutional liberties of Roo the man Catholics.

Mr. W. Fagan dissented from ed the the views of Mr. Anstey; he deting a nied the right of the Legislature

apos- to interfere, by any act of coercion, tioned with the Roman Catholic Church, nment which was not an endowed church,

with reference to a measure most

n this

66

Mr. Grattan combated certain that of free trade, which, he obstatements made by Mr. Peto con- served, must be considered as a cerning the state of Ireland, and whole, and as a whole the prosperity protested against any attempt to of the country proved that it was a fetter or coerce the Roman Ca- system grounded upon sound printholics of the United Kingdom by ciples. He, therefore, gave Mr. reopening a question which was Bankes and his friends no hope of settled in 1829.

a 5s. duty upon foreign corn, which Mr. Bankes, on the part of the would be only valued by the farmer agricultural interest, thought it as a sympton of a return to a syswas his duty to make some re tem which would abridge the mamarks upon that part of the Speech terial comforts enjoyed by the which referred to the condition of labouring population. Addressing that interest, whose " difficulties," himself, then, to the subject of the it was said, would be diminished Papal aggression, Lord John deby the prosperity of other licately reproached Mr. Roebuck classes." He contended that if for the low motives he sometimes the producers of the food of our imputed to public men. Not labouring classes were foreigners, doubting the sincerity of Mr. Roeit was a fallacy to suppose that in- buck in his opinion that the matter creased consumption could benefit was one only of the use of titles, British farmers, who were despond- and one of perfect indifference, ing and alarmed. Agriculture Lord John Russell expressed his must have relief, and the only strong opinion, on the contrary, shape in which it could be afforded that the Court of Rome, as diswas by a fixed duty on foreign tinguished from the Church of

not

the salutary to that church. i En

Mr. Hume drew the attention nd to of the House from the subject of

In the Papal aggression — his obbation servations upon which he should very- postpone until he saw the prothen, mised Bill — and noticed some I he other topics in the speech. He land, regretted the occupation by the .ough Austrians of the free town of ct as Hamburgh ; he rejoiced at the men, projected reform of the Court of akest Chancery, which he wished to see

abolished, and at the prospect of a
ng in system of registration ; but he
I not lamented that nothing was said in
As a the Speech on the subject of a re-
ut of duction of taxation, the state of the

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Rome, is ever wishing for opporLord John Russell, after ex- tunities of making aggression, not pressing his satisfaction that there merely on the spiritual but on the would be no division upon the temporal interests of the kingdoms Address, justified the course pur- with which they have concern. It sued by the Government in respect had been represented as if the to foreign affairs; and, in allusion Protestants of the country, and to the suggestions of Mr. Bankes, himself among the foremost of observed, that although a tempo- them, were filled with a rage for rary fixed duty upon foreign com, persecuting the Roman Catholics : adopted in 1840 or 1841, might Lord John met this charge by have prepared the agricultural in- rapidly recalling the recent current terests for an inevitable change, of concession and consideration to he did not believe it could have the Roman Catholics, especially in been maintained as the foundation Ireland. Indeed, this conduct was of a permanent system. Be that cited on the other side as the most as it may, however, the Legislature reprehensible part of the policy of had adopted another course, con- the Government. Of one instance sonant to the great interests of the of favour shown to the Irish Roman country, and tending, in his opinion, Catholics he did not till lately to its political and moral tranquil

. know the history. It was stated lity. Lord John urged various that in the Lord Chamberlain's arguments against the policy of a department the Roman Catholic protective system, and in favour of Primate of Ireland and the Ro

corn.

Pope

; not representation, and the colonies.

Colonel Sibthorp arraigned the gres

whole policy of the Ministers with holic respect to Rome, agriculture, free ainst trade, and the Exhibition. indue Mr. G. Berkeley adverted briefily etters to the condition of the labouring t the classes, of the tenant-farmers, and

make of the colonists.

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of Ire- than that I consider the present to the authority possessed by Parliament at was is fully sufficient to deal with the 2 sub- whole of these transactions, and f the the questions arising out of them. -as not I believe that the specific measure ing to I shall on a future day propose for which the adoption of this House will be

found to tend to the establishment sen of of harmony and good feeling cuting, among all the various classes and urt of professions of Christians in this :laring country. That measure will be ivided general in its application to the Arch- whole United Kingdom. I know of all it has been doubted whether, after

pro- what has taken place, this would shall be so; I know it has been surries of mised that one portion of the rtford. United Kingdom would be exviritual cluded from it. But such is not ven by the fact. It never has been in the whose contemplation of Government to 3 Pro- observe any such limitation." plore; Lord John Russell briefly justiof the fied his letter to the Bishop of

upon them.

Declaring his conviction that system, it had left the artificial Parliament would not listen to the burden. Upon the question of the proposition that had been mooted Papal aggression, he criticised the for the arrangement of these affairs letter of Lord J. Russell, which he by the sort of treaty called a thought had not been provoked concordat,” Lord John concluded, solely by the appointment of Dr. I am firmly persuaded that we Wiseman-an act, not insidious, have already, in our own public but frank almost to indiscretion, feeling, our own polity, our own nor insolent, for it was fully expublic discussion, and in the exist- pected, and was in daily operation ing law and authority of Parlia- in Ireland ; but it was connected ment, sufficient to protect the in- with the existing state of our retegrity of that civil and religious lations with the Court of Rome. freedom that all classes of Her Ma The motion was then agreed to. jesty's subjects are so earnest to On the first evening of their maintain against all aggressions of meeting, each House was called this kind that may be attempted upon to pay a tribute of acknow

After all that has ledgment to the name of a valuaarisen to call forth the expres- ble officer lately removed from its sion of that feeling, it is upon service. In the House of Lords that feeling that I rely with the the Marquis of Lansdowne angreatest confidence. It is on the nounced that the Earl of Shaftesattachment of the people to those bury had, from the weight of adinstitutions, on their deep and vancing years and infirmities, reearnest feeling for all that regards signed the post of Chairman of their welfare and integrity, that I Committees.

Lord Lansdowne look for the surest protection of paid a high compliment to the inthis kingdom against the machina- tegrity and ability of Lord Shaftestions and aggressions of the Court bury, and intimated the neutrality of Rome, or of any other foreign of the Government on the choice power, spiritual or temporal, what- of his successor, by stating that ever.

he did not wish that there should Mr. Disraeli, after a passing be any discussion on the subject. reference to foreign politics, dwelt Lord Stanley added his tribute of at some length upon the depres- sincere admiration for Lord sion of the agricultural class, ob- Shaftesbury, and moved that Lord serving that there must be some

Redesdale be his successor. The cause deep-seated in the constitu- Duke of Wellington mentioned, tion, why all classes but one that some years ago, in anticipation should be in a flourishing con

of the present resignation, he had dition; that class, in fact, con- recommended Lord Redesdale to tributed the capital by which the devote himself to the Committee other classes prospered. In dis- business of the House: he becussing the motion of which he lieved there was now no person had given notice, he should con more capable of the duties of sider the subject of agricultural Chairman.

Lord Lansdowne distress with reference to the whole concurred. Lord Redesdale was of our system of taxation, and show unanimously chosen, and suitably that whilst the policy of the Govern- acknowledged the honourable apment had destroyed an artificial pointment.

this Durham, and vindicated himself

from the charge of having insulted er for the feelings of his Roman Catholie arned fellow-subjects. I beg to declare Lord, that I have never insulted the abject feelings of my Roman Catholic

very countrymen. I made some obenter. servations which had reference not would to those to whom the honourable ns of Gentleman would apply them, but shall to a section or body the Church sure to which I myself belong. The lead matter of those observations may shall have been right or it may have hink been wrong: I do not conceive and, that any candid Roman Catholic,

hich on perusing them, would feel that Occa- they were intended to apply to way

him: but it is sufficient for me to le to state, that in making them I used isses no stronger terms than I had heard

I the bishop of my own diocese em. this ploy in speaking of the same body topic

in our own church."

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