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of 14. Parliamentary Franchise, And Depeat Of Ministers—Mr.

Locke King moves for leave to bring in a Bill to extend the Franchise in

Counties to 1$. Occupiers—His Motion is supported by Mr. Hume and

Mr. Cobden, and opposed by Lord John Russell, but is carried against the

Government by 100 votes against 52. The Budget—First Financial

Statement of the Year made by the Chancellor of the Exchequer

on the 17th of February — His Propositions respecting the Income

Tax, and Partial Repeal of the Window Tax—The Statement is very

unfavourably received by the House—Adverse Criticisms from various

Members. The Ministerial Crisis—On the 20th of February the Re-

signation of Lord John Russell's Cabinet is announced in the Newspapers

—Reasons generally alleged for this step—On the meeting of the Houses

on the 21st, the Ministerial Leaders propose Adjournments till the 24th—

On the 24th Explanations are given in both Houses—Statement of the

Marquis of Lansdowne in the House of Lords—Remarks of Lord Stanley

—Similar Statement by Lord John Russell in the House of Commons—

Remarks of Mr. Disraeli and Mr. Roebuck—Further Adjournments till the

28th are proposed and agreed to—On that day the Marquis of Lansdowne,

in the Upper House, enters into a detailed account of the Negotiations

carried on for the reconstruction of the Ministry—He announces that the

Queen had had recourse to the Duke of Wellington for advice at this

juncture—Speeches of the Earl of Aberdeen and Lord Stanley relative to

the parts taken by them in the late transactions—In the Commons, on

the same evening, Lord John Russell enters into a full Statement of what

had occurred—Important Speech of Sir James Graham—Remarks of Mr.

Disraeli, Mr. Hume, Sir R. Inglis, and other Members—Ultimate adjust-

ment of the Ministerial Crisis, and Reinstalment of the late Cabinet

announced on the 3rd of March—Discussions in both Houses on this

occasion—Declarations by Irish Members of determined hostility to the

Ecclesiastical Titles Bill — Remarks of Lord John Manners and Mr.

Wakley [20

CHAPTER III.

Ecclesiastical Titles Bill, —The Bill is reintroduced by Sir George Grey

on the 7th of March, with the omission of the second and third Clauses—

Remarks of Mr. Stuart, Mr. M. Gibson, Sir R. Inglis, Mr. Bankes, Mr.

Gladstone, Lord C. Hamilton, and Lord John Russell—The Debate on the

Second Reading of the Bill commences on the 15th of March, and is con-

tinued for seven nights by Adjournment—Summary of the leading Speeches,

including those of Lord Arundel and Surrey, Mr. Roundell Palmer, Sir

Robert Peel, the Solicitor-General, Mr. Goulburn, Mr. Cardwell, Lord

Ashley, Mr. Sidney Herbert, and Mr. H. Drummond (whose remarks excite

a violent commotion in the House), Sir James Graham, Lord John Russell,

Mr. Walpole, Mr. Roebuck, the Attorney-General, Mr. Fagan, Sir John

Young, Mr. Grattan, Mr. Hume, Sir F. Thesiger, Mr. Gladstone, Mr. Dis-

raeli, and Sir George Grey—On a Division the Second Reading is carried

by 438 to 95—Proceedings on the Committal of the Bill—Protracted

Discussions, and numerous Amendments proposed, but without success—

The Bill does not pass through Committee till the end of June—On

bringing up the Report Sir F. Thesiger moves three important Amend-

ments of which he had given notice—A large number of Roman Catholic

Members walk out of the House, and the Amendments are carried against

the Government by considerable majorities—On the Third Reading Lord

John Russell attempts to induce the House to rescind Sir F. Thesiger's

Amendments, but is again defeated—The Third Reading is carried some-

what unexpectedly by 263 against 46, and the Bill is sent up to the Lords

—The Second Reading is moved by the Marquis of Lansdowne on the 21st

of July, when a spirited Discussion takes place, which is continued for

two nights—Speeches of the Earl of Aberdeen, Lord Beaumont, the Duke

of Wellington, who supports the Measure, the Earl of Malmesbury, Vis-

count Canning, the Duke of Argyll, the Bishop of St. David's, the Earl of

Winchilsea, Lord Lyndhurst, the Duke of Newcastle, the Marquis of Clan-

ricarde, Lord Monteagle, the Lord Chancellor, the Earl of St. Germans,

the Earl of Minto, and Earl Fitzwilliam—The Second Reading is carried

by 265 against 38—The Bill passes through Committee unaltered—On the

Third Reading a further Debate takes place, when the House is again

addressed by the Earl of Aberdeen, the Bishop of Oxford, the Duke of

Argyll, and other Peers—Lord Monteagle moves an Amendment, which is

negatived, and the Bill becomes Law [43

CHAPTER IV.

Finance. —The Chancellor of the Exchequer makes his second Financial

Statement for the Year, on the 5th of April—He explains at length the

motives which had influenced him in making his Propositions to the

House, and the subsequent modifications in his Plans—lie proposes a total

Repeal of the Window Tax in lieu of the Alteration before propounded,

and retracts some of the boons to the Agricultural Interest which had

been ungraciously received—The Budget meets with a more favour-

able reception than the former one. The Income Tax—Mr. Hemes

moves a Resolution directed to an alleviation of that Impost—He is

answered by the Chancellor of the Exchequer—Speeches of Mr. Prinsep,

Mr. F. Peel, Mr. T. Baring, Mr. J. Wilson, Sir R. Inglis, and other Mem-

bers—Mr. Uerries's Resolution is rejected on a division by 278 against

230—The Second Reading of the Income-Tax Bill is opposed by Mr.

Spooner and Mr. Muntz, but without effect—On the Bill going into Com-

mittee, Mr. Hume moves that the Grant be limited to one year, with the

object of having the whole subject considered in a Select Committee—

The Amendment is opposed by the Government, also by Mr. Cobden, and

Mr. Sidney Herbert—It is supported by Alderman. Thompson, Mr. Miles,

and Mr. Disraeli, and is carried by 244 to 230, amidst great cheering from

the Opposition—A few days afterwards, Lord John Russell declares the

intention of the Government to acquiesce in the Amendment—Remarks

of Mr. Disraeli—Mr. Hume experiences much difficulty in nominating a

Select Committee on the Income Tax—Discussion as to the object of the
Amendment, and the motives of those who had supported it—Remark* of

Lord John Russell and Sir C. Wood—h Committee is at length nominated.

Protectionist Fisahcr—On the 30th of June, Mr. Disraeli moTes certain

Resolutions respecting the Financial Position and Prospects of the

Country, and the Policy of the Government—His Speech—He is answered

by the Chancellor of the Exchequer—Speeches of Mr. Newdcgate, Mr.

Labouchere, Mr. Hume, and other Members—The Resolutions are ne-

gatived by a majority of 113. Alteration or Dctie* Ox Cowee And

Timber—The former opposed by Mr. B. H. Stanley, but agreed to by the

House—Mr. T. Baring mores a Resolution condemnatory of the Adul-

teration of Coffee by means of Chicory—The Motion is opposed by the

Chancellor of the Exchequer, and rejected after a Debate, by 5 votes only

—On a second attempt with the same view, Mr. T. Baring is outvoted by

199 to 122. Malt Tax—Repeal of that Duty moved by Mr. Cayley—

His Speech—He is supported by Mr. Disraeli and other Members of the

Agricultural Party—The Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord John

Russell resist the Motion, which is rejected by 2/iSto 122—Mr. Bass after-

wards m>ves that the Malt Duty be reduced one-half—This also is ne-

gatired by the House—Mr. Frcwen attempts a Repeal of the Hop Duty,

but without success—Lord Naas twice defeats the Government on his

Motion with respect to the mode of levying Duties on Homc-ma<le

Spirits in Bond; and Lord Robert Orosvenor once, upon a Proposi-

tion for repealing the Attorney's Certificate Duty—The Chancellor of

the Exchequer ultimately succeeds in reversing the decisions as to

both [76

CHAPTER V.

Foreign A.vd Coloxial Affair*.—Ceylon, and the Charges against Lord

Torrington—Notice of Resolutions censuring the Conduct of that Noble-

man and of Earl Grey given by Mr. Baillie—Lord Torrington enter* into

a detailed Explanation of his own Conduct in the House of Lords* —Re-

marks of Earl Grey and of the Duke of Wellington—Important Debate

on Mr. Baillie's Motion continued for two Kizhls—Speeches of Serjeant

Murphy, Mr. Ker Seymer, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. Hume, Sir James Hope. Sir

F. Thesiger, Mr. Dawes, Mr. Gladstone, the Attorney-General, Lord John

Russell, and Mr. Disraeli—Mr. Baillie's Resolutions are negatived bv a

Majority of 82. Colonial ExrENDirt-RB And Self-goteiixwext—Sir

William Moles worth moves Resolutions in favour of a Reduction of the

former, and an Extension of the latter to the British Colonies —His able

and comprehensive Speech—He is answered by Mr. Hawea—Speeches of

Mr. Adderley, Mr. Cobden, and Lord John Russell—The Debate is ad-

journed, and is not afterwards resumed. Affair* or Th» Cafe Coioxt

Political Agitation and Discontent in that Settlement, and Renewal of the

Kafir War—Debates in Parliament on these subjects—Mr. Adderley move*

an Address to the Crown, praying that a Commission may be sent out to

inquire into the Relations between the British Government and the Kafir

Tribes—His Speech—Lord John Russell move* as an Amendment that the
Select Committee be appointed with the same object—Speeches of Mr.

Vernon Smith, Mr. F. Scott, Mr. Gladstone, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. Labouchere,

Mr. Sidney Herbert, and other Members—The Amendment is carried by

128 to 60—Further Discussions in the House of Lords, and in the House

of Commons, on the vote being proposed for the Expenses of the Kafir

War in Committee of Supply—Important Debate on the Political Griev-

ances of the Cape Colony in the House of Lords, on the Motion of the

Earl of Derby—He enters fully into the subjects of the Postponement of

the promised Constitution, and the sending of Convicts to the Cape—Earl

Grey defends his own Policy—The Earl of Malmesbury, Lord Lyndhurst,

Lord Cranworth, the Lord Chancellor, the Duke of Argyll, and the Duke

of Newcastle, take part in the Discussion—Lord Derby's Motion for a

Select Committee of Inquiry is negatived by 74 to 6S. Sir James Brooke

—Mr. Hume moves for an Inquiry into the Conduct of this Officer in

reference to somo of his operations against the Dyak Tribes for alleged

Piracy—Mr. Hcadlam, Mr. II. Drummond, Mr. Milnes, and Lord Palmer-

ston vindicate Sir J. Brooke's Character—Mr. Cobden supports the Motion

—Mr. Gladstone discredits the personal Charges, but is in favour of In-

quiry—On a Division, the Motion is defeated by 230 to 19. The Slave

Trade—Interesting Statement made by Lord Palmerston respecting the

progress made towards its Suppression—Remarks of Sir John Pakington

and Mr. Hutt. State Prosecutions Op The Neapolitan Government

Publication of Mr. Gladstone's Letters to the Earl of Aberdeen—Strong

public interest and sympathy excited by these disclosures—Sir De Lacy

Evans questions the Government on the subject in the House of Commons

—Answer of Lord Palmerston, and steps taken by him in reference to

Mr. Gladstone's Pamphlet [104

CHAPTER VI.

Miscellaneous.The Navigation Laws—Discussions in both Houses on

the Policy of the Act of 1849 for the Removal of Maritime Restrictions—

Lord Derby presents a Petition from the Liverpool Shipping Association,

and enters at length into an Examination of the Effects of the Free-

Trade Policy on Shipping—He is answered in an able Speech by Earl

Granville, who declares that the Return to a restrictive Policy is imprac-

ticable—Remarks of the Earl of Hardwicke and Earl Grey—Mr. Herries,

in the House of Commons, moves an Address to the Crown praying the

Adoption of a retaliatory Policy towards non-reciprocating Foreign States

—He descants at length upon the Impolicy of the Free-Trade System,

and its injurious Effects on Navigation—Mr. Labouchere and Mr. James

Wilson combat his Arguments with statistical and other details—Mr.

Disraeli advises the withdrawal of the Motion on the ground of Nego-

tiations actually pending with Foreign Powers—Remarks of Lord John

Russell and Colonel Thompson—Motion by leave withdrawn. Parlia-

Mentary Reform—Debate on the Bill brought in by Mr. Locke King to

assimilate the Elective Franchise in Counties to that of Boroughs—

Speeches of Mr. Fox Maule, Mr. Bright, Sir B. Hall, Lord John Russell,
and Mr. Disraeli—On a Division the Bill is lost by 299 to 83—Motion by

Mr. Henry Berkeley in favour of the Ballot supported by Mr. Hume and

Captain Scobell, and carried against the Ministers by 87 to 50—The

Motion, however, produces no further result. St. Alban's Election

Gross Bribery alleged to have been practised at that Borough—Bill pro-

posed and carried for appointiug Commissioners to investigate the mode

in which the Election had been conducted. Peace Policy—Mr. Cobden's

Proposition in favour of a reciprocal National Disarmament—Speeches of

Mr. Cobden, Mr. Mackinnon, Lord Palmerston, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. Hume,

and other Members—Several Members advise the withdrawal of the

Motion in consequence of the language held by the Secretary for Foreign

Affairs—Mr. Cobden accedes to that suggestion. Marriages Of Affinity

—The Bill rejected in the preceding Year for legalizing Marriages with a

deceased Wife's Sister is again introduced in the House of Lords—Earl

St. Germans proposes and argues in favour of the Measure—The Arch-

bishop of Canterbury declares himself opposed to the principle of the

Bill, and moves its postponement for Six Months—The Bishops of Exeter,

St. David's, and Norwich, support the Amendment— Lord Campbell

argues forcibly against the Bill—Lord Gage supports the Measure—On a

Division the Amendment is carried by a Majority of 34. The Church

Of England And Convocation—Discussion in the House of Lords on the

Motion of Lord Redesdale on this subject—The Archbishop of Canterbury

argues with much force against the revival of Convocation—Important

Speeches of Lord Lyttelton, the Marquis of Lansdowne, the Bishop of

London, the Archbishop of Dublin, the Duke of Argyll, and the Bishop

of Oxford [140

CHAPTER VII.

Admission Of Jews To Parliament A Bill for this object is again intro-

duced by Lord John Russell early in the Session—Sir Robert Inglis re-

peats his Protest against the Measure—On the Second Reading being

proposed, Mr. Newdegate moves that it be postponed to that day Six

Months—He is supported by Mr. Goulburn, Mr. Wigram, Sir Robert

Inglis, and Colonel Sibthorp—Lord John Russell, Mr. Roebuck, the Soli-

citor-General, and Mr. J. A. Smith, speak in favour of the Bill—A Divi-

sion takes place, and the Bill is read a second time by a Majority of 25—

The Third Reading passes without a Division—In the House of Lords the

Second Reading is moved on the 17th of July by Lord-Chancellor Truro

—His Speech—Earl Nelson opposes the Bill, and moves its rejection in

the usual form—The Bishop of Norwich, the Earl of Carlisle, and the

Duke of Argyll support the Measure—It is opposed in an argumentative

Speech by the Earl of Shaftesbury, followed by the Earl of Winchilsea

and Lord Abinger—On a Division the Bill is lost by 144 to 108—Mr.

Alderman Salomons, a Member of the Jewish Community, lately elected

M.P. for Greenwich, determines to takes his Seat—He repeats the Oath of

Abjuration at the Table of the House of Commons, but omits the con-

cluding words "on the true faith of a Christian"—Beiug directed by the

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