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bond, sharper than the rest—amere result of a panic, lest the windows lad, without either whisker or should have been lined with conmoustache-had covered me. In cealed enemies, and they wanted an instant I dashed my wife, who to secure their skins by the first had just stepped back, against the fire, or it was a sanguinary impier between the windows, when a pulse“either motive being equally shot struck the ceiling immediately discreditable to them as soldiers in over our heads, and covered us the one case, or citizens in the with dust and brokeu plaster. In other. As a military man, it is a second after I placed her upon with the deepest regret that I feel the floor, and in another a volley compelled to entertain the latter came against the whole front of the opinion. The men, as I have alhouse, the balcony, and windows; ready stated, fired volley upon one shot broke the mirror over the volley for more than a quarter of chimney-piece, another the shade an hour without any return; they of the clock; every pane of glass shot down many of the unhappy but one was smashed, the curtains individuals who remained on the and window-frames cut; the room, boulevard and could not obtain an in short, was riddled. The iron entrance into any house balcony, though rather low, was a persons were killed close to our great protection; still five balls door, and their blood lay in the entered the room, and in the pause hollows round the trees the next for reloading I drew my wife to morning, when we passed, at 12 the door, and took refuge in the o'clock. The soldiers entered back rooms of the house. The houses whence no shots ever rattle of musketry was incessant came, and though La Patrie, for more than a quarter of an hour the newspaper of the Elysée, preafter this, and in a very few tended to specify them by name, minutes the guns were unlimbered it was in a subsequent number and pointed at the magasin of M. obliged to deny its own scandalous Salandrouze, five houses on our imputations." right. What the object or mean After the barricade at the Porte ing of all this might be, was St. Denis had been carried, the ina perfect enigma to every indivi- surrection was virtually at an end. dual in the house, French or and no serious attempts were made foreigner; some thought the troops to prolong the resistance of the had turned round and joined the inhabitants to the stern rule of Reds, others suggested that they military power. On the evening must have been fired upon some- of the 4th, General St. Arnaud where, though they certainly had issued an order to the troops, in not from our house or any other which he said: on the Boulevard Montmartre, or “ Soldiers, -- You have to-day we must have seen it from the accomplished a great act of your balcony. Besides which, in the military life. You have preserved temper in which the soldiers the country from anarchy and pilproved to be, had that been the lage, and saved the Republic. You case, they would never have waited have shown yourselves what you for any signal from the head of the will always be—brave, devoted, column 800 yards off. This wan- and indefatigable. France adton fusillade must have been the mires you, and thanks you. The

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at force in Paris was dissolved the 7th, by a decree of the

on the ground that veral members of the corps had itten on their doors during the surrection, "armes données." Louis Napoleon was well aware

the immense importance of nciliating the Roman Catholic ergy, whose influence, if adverse

his plans, might cause an underrrent of resistance to set in roughout France which it would

very difficult to overcome. He Prefore affected great zeal for the cerests of religion, and amongst her acts ostentatiously restored

Panthéon to its original destition as the Church of Ste. Geviève. His decree ran thus:-

In the name of the French ople,--the President of the Reblic, on the report of the nister of Public Instruction,

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Having considered the law of e 4-10 April, 1791 ; * Having considered the decree the 20th February, 1806;

Having considered the ordonnce of the 26th August, 1830, > " Decrees : Art. 1.The ancient church

" The appeal to the nation to the strong arm of an overwhel terminate the struggles of parties ing military force had effectua occasioned, I knew, no serious crushed resistance; but in t risk to public tranquillity. provinces insurrectionary mov

Why should the people rise ments broke out, which at or against me?

time threatened to result in "If I have not your confidence, general rising of France. B if your ideas are changed, there is there was no lack of vigour in th no necessity to shed precious Executive, and Louis Napoleon blood ; you have only to deposit taught by the miserable expe in the urn a contrary vote. rience of Louis Philippe, showe

"I always respect the decision that he was resolved to attempt n of the nation ; but, till the nation half measures, but proceed in hi has spoken, I shall not hesitate at course with ruthless determination any sacrifice to bafile the attempts The army felt that they were actin of the factious.

for a man who possessed a resolut * The task, besides, is now be will, and they readily obeyed th come easy. On one hand it has orders of their officers, who in n been seen how mad it was to con- case evinced any symptoms of dis tend against an army united and affection to the measures taken b disciplined, animated by honour the President. The department and patriotism; on the other the where insurrectionary movemen tranquil attitude of the people of appeared were at once declared Paris

, the reprobation with which be in a state of siege, and tl they stigmatized the insurrection, firmness and discipline of th show for whom the capital pro- troops soon restored order an nonnced.

obedience. And as the aets * In the populousquarters, where the insurgents were plainly thos formerly the insurrection recruited of men whose object was plunde itself so quickly among the work- and violence rather than the de men, easy of seduction, anarchy fence of outraged liberty, the now encountered only the greatest nation at large sympathized wit| repugnance for its detestable ex: the army in its stern repression o citements.

the marauders. * Thanks; for such a change is It caused some surprise to fine due to the intelligent and patriotic that, amidst the grief and indigna population of Paris. Let them be tion with which all the best me convinced more and more that my in France regarded the conduct only ambition is to secure the re. Louis Napoleon, M. de Monta pose and prosperity of France. lembert openly proclaimed his i Let the people of Paris continue tention to vote in his favour at th to aid the authorities, and the approaching appeal to universe country will soon be able to per- suffrage. He detailed his reason form in calmuess the solemn act in a letter of considerable lengt which is to inaugurate a new era which appeared in the Univers, ar for the Republic."

in which he said : So far as regarded the restora * There are three courses tol tion of tranquillity in Paris

, the pursued-a negative vote, a usurper might say that disturb- stention, or an affirmative vote. ances had there disappeared, for "To vote against Louis Napo

Ste. Geneviève is restored to blic worship conformably to the ention of its founder, under the ocation of Ste. Geneviève, the

cron of Paris. Measures shall be taken at a er period to regulate the permaat exercise of the Catholic worp in that church." Com On the 8th the following promation was addressed by Louis poleon to the French people :* Frenchmen, Disturbances

e disappeared. Whatever be

decision of the people, society saved.

VE * The first part of my task is

hed,

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“The appeal to the nation to the strong arm' of an overwhelmterminate the struggles of parties ing military force had effectually occasioned, I knew, no serious crushed resistance; but in the risk to public tranquillity. provinces insurrectionary move

• Why should the people rise ments broke out, which at one against me?

time threatened to result in a “If I have not your confidence, general rising of France.

But if your ideas are changed, there is there was no lack of vigour in the no necessity to shed precious Executive, and Louis Napoleon, blood ; you have only to deposit taught by the miserable expein the urn a contrary vote. rience of Louis Philippe, showed

“I always respect the decision that he was resolved to attempt no of the nation ; but, till the nation half measures, but proceed in his has spoken, I shall not hesitate at course with ruthless determination. any sacrifice to baffle the attempts The army felt that they were acting of the factious.

for a man who possessed a resolute “ The task, besides, is now be- will, and they readily obeyed the come easy.

On one hand it has orders of their officers, who in no been seen how mad it was to con case evinced any symptoms of distend against an army united and affection to the measures taken by disciplined, animated by honour the President. The departments and patriotism; on the other the where insurrectionary movements tranquil attitude of the people of appeared were at once declared to Paris, the reprobation with which be in a state of siege, and the they stigmatized the insurrection, firmness and discipline of the show for whom the capital pro- troops soon restored order and nounced.

obedience. And as the acts of "In the populous quarters, where the insurgents were plainly those formerly the insurrection recruited of men whose object was plunder itself so quickly among the work- and violence rather than the demen, easy of seduction, avarchy fence of outraged liberty, the now encountered only the greatest nation at large sympathized with repugnance for its detestable ex

the army in its stern repression of citements.

the marauders. "Thanks; for such a change is It caused some surprise to find due to the intelligent and patriotic that, amidst the grief and indignapopulation of Paris. Let them be tion with which all the best men convinced more and more that my in France regarded the conduct of only ambition is to secure the re Louis Napoleon, M. de Montapose and prosperity of France. lembert openly proclaimed his inLet the people of Paris continue tention to vote in his favour at the to aid the authorities, and the approaching appeal to universal country will soon be able to per- suffrage. He detailed his reasons form in calmness the solemn act in a letter of considerable length which is to inaugurate a new era which appeared in the Univers, and for the Republic."

in which he said : So far as regarded the restora There are three courses to be tion of tranquillity in Paris, the pursued—a negative vote, abusurper might say that disturb- stention, or an affirmative vote. ances had there disappeared, for “To vote against Louis Napo

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ISTER, 1851.

prudent-I will even say, nothing more senseless-than for religious men and the friends of order, in a country like ours, to fling themselves across or out of the popular will, when that will has nothing in it contrary to the law of God or to the fundamental conditions of society. * * * *

" There remains, consequently, only the third course the affirmative vote. But to vote for Louis Napoleon is not to approve of all that he has done : it is to choose between him and the total ruin of France; it is not to say that his government is that which we prefer co every other; it is simply to de-lare that we prefer a prince who nas given such proofs of resolution und cleverness, to those persons vho are now showing their princioles of murder and pillage. It is not to confound the Catholic cause with that of a party or of a family; ut to arm the temporal power,

of its colleges
, its communities

, Napoleon for the reception of and works of charity, gradually in- Consultative Commission, to a creased. I seek in vain elsewhere municate to him officially this for a system or force able to port; and accordingly the m guarantee to us the preservation bers then repaired to the Pal and development of such benefits, of the Elysée, where M. Baroc I see only the gaping gulf of as Vice-President of the Comm victorious Socialism. My choice sion, announced the number is made--I am for authority against votes in a complimentary speed revolt

, for preservation against de- to which Louis Napoleon made t struction, for society against So- following reply:cialism, for the possible liberty of "Gentlemen --France has good against the certain liberty of sponded to the loyal appeal whi evil; and in the great struggle I made to her. She has compr between the two forces which hended that I departed from 1 divide the world, I think that in gality only to return to righ acting so I am again on the pre- Upwards of seven millions of vot sent occasion, as always, for Ca- have just absolved me, by justifyi tholicism against revolution." an act which had no other obje

Although by the terms of the than to save France, and perha decree calling upon the nation to Europe, from years of trouble a vote on the question of the powers anarchy. I thank you for havi to be conferred on the President effectually shown to what an the people were restricted to a tent that manifestation is natio simple "yes" or " no," many and spontaneous. If I congra availed themselves of the ballot late myself on this immense ad to express in short and emphatic sion it is not from pride, but language their political creed. cause it gives me the force to spe Thus in many of the boxes were and act as becomes the head of found slips of paper inscribed with great nation like ours. sentences like the following : “ I understand all the grande

"Oui ! Vivel'Empereur!""Oui! of my new mission, and I do n Mille et mille fois, Oui !" "Oui! deceive myself as to its difficultie A bas la République!" " Oui! Vive But with an upright heart, wi la République Democratique et the co-operation of all right-mind Sociale!" "Oui! pour que Louis men, who, like you, will assist v Bonaparte soit Empereur!"" Oui! with their intelligence and suppo Vive l'Armée!"" Oui! Mort à Ca- me with their patriotism, with t vaignac!" " Non! Mort au Dicta- tried devotedness of our valia teur !" " Non! Vive Henri V.!" army, and with the protecti "Non! Vive la République!""Non! which I shall to-morrow solemn A bas l'Armée!" &c. All these beseech Heaven to grant me, tickets were, however, annulled, and hope to render myself worthy the votes of the writers were coli- the confidence which the peo sequently lost.

continue to place in me. I ho The result of the ballot was, that to secure the destinies of Fran the President received 7,439,219 by founding institutions which votes in his favour, and that 640,737 spond at the same time to voted against him.

democratic instincts of the nato The evening of the 31st of De and to the universally express cember was appointed by Louis desire to have henceforth a stro

he only power at present possible, with the force necessary to put own the army of crime, and efend our churches, our hearths, ur wives, against the coveting of nose who respect nothing, who re at the good coat, who take aim the landowner, and whose bullets not spare our curés. * * * *

Louis Napoleon were a man nknown, I would undoubtedly esitate to confer on him such a rce and such a responsibility.

ut, without entering here into an ppreciation of his policy for the st three years, I recall to mind e great religious acts which arked his Government as long as e two powers agreed together, e liberty of instruction guaraned; the Pope restored by French ms; its councils, synods, and plenitude of its dignity, given

the Church; the number

e

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France.]
HISTORY.

[269 of its colleges, its communities, Napoleon for the reception of the and works of charity, gradually in Consultative Commission, to comcreased. I seek in vain elsewhere municate to him officially this refor a system or force able to port; and accordingly the memguarantee to us the preservation bers then repaired to the Palace and development of such benefits. of the Elysée, where M. Baroche, I see only the gaping gulf of as Vice-President of the Commisvictorious Socialism. My choice sion, announced the number of is made—I am for authority against votes in a complimentary speech, revolt, for preservation against de to which Louis Napoleon made the struction, for society against So- following reply: cialism, for the possible liberty of “Gentlemen,-France has regood against the certain liberty of sponded to the loyal appeal which evil ; and in the great struggle I made to her. She has comprebetween the two forces which hended that I departed from ledivide the world, I think that in gality only to return to right. acting so I am again on the pre- Upwards of seven millions of votes sent occasion, as always, for Ca- have just absolved me, by justifying tholicism against revolution." an act which had no other object

Although by the terms of the than to save France, and perhaps decree calling upon the nation to Europe, from years of trouble and vote on the question of the powers anarchy. I thank you for having to be conferred on the President effectually shown to what an exthe people were restricted to a tent that manifestation is national simple

no," many and spontaneous. If I congratuavailed themselves of the ballot late myself on this immense adheto express in short and emphatic sion it is not from pride, but belanguage their political creed. cause it gives me the force to speak Thus in many of the boxes were and act as becomes the head of a found slips of paper inscribed with great nation like ours. sentences like the following

" yes

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“I understand all the grandeur “Oui! Vive l'Empereur!" "Oui! of my new mission, and I do not Mille et mille fois, Oui !” “Oui ! deceive myself as to its difficulties. A bas la République!” “ Oui! Vive But with an upright heart, with la République Democratique et the co-operation of all right-minded Sociale!” “Oui ! pour que Louis men, who, like you, will assist me Bonaparte soit Empereur!” “Oui! with their intelligence and support Vive l'Armée!” “ Dui! Mort à Ca- me with their patriotism, with the vaignac!” “Non! Mort au Dicta- tried devotedness of our valiant teur !” “ Non! Vive Henri V.!” army, and with the protection “Non! Vive la République!” “Non! which I shall to-morrow solemnly A bas l'Armée !" &c. All these beseech Heaven to grant me, I tickets were, however, annulled, and hope to render myself worthy of the votes of the writers were con the confidence which the people sequently lost.

continue to place in me. The result of the ballot was, that to secure the destinies of France the President received 7,439,219 by founding institutions which revotes in his favour, and that 640,737 spond at the same time to the voted against him.

democratic instincts of the nation The evening of the 31st of De- and to the universally expressed cember was appointed by Louis desire to have henceforth a strong

I hope

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