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But neither the army mor the from the soil of Portugal. The people seemed to favour Saldanha's news that Oporto had declared in views, and he found himself almost his favour overtook him on the destitute of support. The King 27th of April, just as he had enleft Lisbon at the head of a strong tered Gallicia, and he immediately military force in search of the turned his horse's head and rode Duke, but the latter did not ven back. He reached Oporto late in ture to come to an engagement; and the afternoon, and met with a most he retired to the neighbourhood of enthusiastic reception.

One acOporto, in hopes that that city count says: The whole city would pronounce in his favour. seemed to vomit forth its inha

He made an effort to induce the bitants, and for two leagues on the Count de Casal, who commanded route by which he was expected the garrison at Oporto, to join him; the road was a complete mass of but that officer remained firm in people on foot, on horseback, and his duty and allegiance, and replied in carriages. In the city, the streets to Saldanha's summons in these which he had to pass along were a terms:

living mass, colours of all nations “Sir, However great may be the waved across from house to house, affection and deference we feel for the windows were hung with drayour Excellency, I cannot, as a peries, and filled with all the soldier and General of the 3rd beauty and fashion of the place." Military Division, but fulfil, even By this time the tide had everyat the sacrifice of my life, the duty where turned in Saldanha's faI owe to Her Majesty the Queen'; vour, and the Queen resolved to maintaining intact the prerogatives make at once a virtue of necessity, of the Crown, which I am deter- and, accepting the basty resignamined to sustain with the brave tion of Count Thomar, who took and faithful garrison I command.” refuge on board an English vessel But there

disaffection of war, she dispatched a telegraphic amongst the troops under his com message to Oporto, by which she mand, and on his ordering the desired the Duke of Saldanha to arrest of some officers whose de come immediately to the capital, signs he suspected, an insur " as the good of the Statē rerection of the garrison broke out, quired it." which the Count de Casal was un The result was, that Saldanha able to quell. He therefore at came in triumph to Lisbon, and a last, on the 25th of April, ab- ministry was formed, on the 22nd ruptly quitted Oporto, attended by of May, consisting of the followonly one aide-de-camp. A colonel ing members :of 'infantry, in endeavouring to re Duke of Saldanha, President store order and obedience, was shot of the Council, and Minister ad by the soldiers.

interim of War. In the mean time the Duke of Jose Ferreira Pestana, MinisSaldanha was wandering a fugitive, ter of the Interior. no one exactly knew where. He Joaquim Felipe de Soure, of had been disappointed in his hopes Justice. of a general rising, and his only

Marquis de Loulé, of Marine. chance of safety seemed to be in Marino Miguel Frangini, of his escape as quickly as possible Finance.



minated in March, but ally lingered on until think we cannot better ir proceedings and the

by quoting the folsage respecting them ured in the Allgemeine heir formal close they otten as a total failure, ganization of Germany Eately be discussed at

the Monarchs in perne Presidents of their abinets. All the agitar, and exchange of nly led to the recogniold Constitution and as the basis and body cal system. The reovement, and innovaveiled in the deepestobLe future, and will first ole in the second half ent month. Perhaps ay be made in Warsaw our one State at the ner; now is the right Prussia to beware that, appearance of an inwer over the small not itself placed in the ndary powers." sitting took place on May, when the follown was adopted by the Fes present := by the concurrence ates to the Frankfort -erally acknowledged Confederated German prung into existence;

action of the Comthe Conferences has ed by the submission pective reports; and -rding to the protocol

conviction has been all the Federal States he modes and objects


AUSTRIA.—The return of of their endeavours, but that an immediate and unconditional as- Austria to her old system of absosent of all the Federal Govern- lute government, and the utter ments to all the proposals of the worthlessness of the promises made Commissions could not be obtained, by the Emperor and his advisers it has been thought expedient to during the revolutionary storm of close the Conferences. In so doing, 1848 to adopt in future a more all the Federal Governments de constitutional policy, were signifi clare themselves to be generally cantly shown by the publication of agreed on those points which the the following letters addressed by Commissions established as leading the Emperor Francis Joseph to points, and on this basis they pro- Prince Schwarzenberg and Baron mise to continue the consultations Kübeck. in the Federal Diet. The proposi- MOST HIGH CABINET LETTER TO tions of the first Commission in

THE MINISTER-PRESIDENT. particular, respecting the transaction of business in the Diet and the ** Dear Prince Schwarzenberg,preparation of a number of troops As the responsibility of the Cabinet to be placed at the disposal of the as it now stands is devoid of legal said Diet, are acknowledged by all distinctness and exactitude, my the Governments to be useful, ex- duties as a Monarch induce me to pedient, and necessary. They con- relieve Ministers from the doubtful sequently promise to instruct their political position in which, as my agents to assent to these proposals, counsellors, and as the highest whenever the same are submitted executive organs, they are now to the sanction of the Diet." The end, therefore, of all the responsible to no other political

placed, by declaring that they are revolutionary movements which authority than the Throne.

have distracted Germany since

"1. The Cabinet has to swear February

, 1848, and of all the in- in my hands unconditional fidelity, numerable projects for the regene- as also the engagement to fulfil all ration of the Fatherland which Imperial resolutions and ordifrom time to time appeared and en- nances. joyed a short-lived popularity, “2. The Cabinet will in this has been the restoration of the old new position have punctually to Frankfort Diet as it had existed carry out my resolutions concernsince 1815. It seemed as if the ing all laws, ordinances, maxims nations had been asleep for four of administration, &c., may they years, and dreamt of revolutions, have been considered necessary or but on awakening found them- judicious by Ministers, or may the seles precisely in the same situa- latter have been directed by me to tion in which they were at the be- consult on and propose them. ginning of their slumber. Prussia

"3. The Cabinet, and each and Austria and all the other Minister in his department, is reStates sent their representatives to sponsible to me for the exact obthe Diet as of old, and before the servance of the existing laws and end of May its sittings began

. But Imperial ordinances, in their adnothingof sufficient general interest ministration. To each Minister occurred to make its deliberations is intrusted the direction of that

branch of the Administration with

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ed by the Cabinet i for its opinion, e. Agreeably to utes, I reserve to of demanding the Leichsrath, and of ussion of matters mediate direction sident. - to myself the ding the attendor their deputies

the Reichsrath, cumstances and

ns in the order 1 other matters ordinances, you me without loss ughts of laws orwarded by the chsrath are still Tue notice is to 7 under all cirsults of the deCouncil are to

SEPH (M.P.).

ug. 20, 1851."


uwarzenberg & copy you and

the alterations ght proper to 2 and statutes and the Cabinet, cerned, has to

SEPH (M.P.) g. 20, 1851."



mpsequence of


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relative to the political position of Germanic Confederation. They my Cabinet, I find it absolutely said— necessary that the question of the Schleswig-Holsteiners, -- The maintenance and of the possibility treaty of peace of the 2nd of July of carrying out the Constitution of made a renewed recognition of the the 4th of March, 1849, should rights of our country, and left it be taken into ripe and serious con to the Duchies to protect those sideration.

rights; but since the Germanic “ You have to consult with the Confederation has now resolved to President of my Reichsrath, and enforce the peace, with a promise to give me as soon as possible that they will protect the rights of your mutual opinions and proposi- Holstein, and the old and vested: tions relative to the manner and right of the connection between extent of the question, as also that duchy and Schleswig, the as to the proceedings and forms Stadtholders felt it to be their to be observed during the exami- duty to decree the cessation of nation.

hostilities. They have placed the During the examination of rights of the country under the this question, and in all future dis- protection of the Germanic Concussions concerning it, you have to federation. consider as principle and object, “ The Stadtholders have to and as the irrefragable foundation thank the army and navy for the of all your operations, the main- glorious proofs of gallantry and tenance of all the conditions of honourable perseverance which monarchical government, and the they have given; they have to unity of the states of my empire.. thank the people for the joyful.

“ FRANZ JOSEPH (M.P.) readiness with which they made “Schönbrünn, Aug. 20, 1851." the heaviest sacrifices.

“The Government of the counSCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN.- try thinks it a duty to mediate In our preceding volume we stated the transition to another administhat before the close of last year trative board, which will be estathe duchies of Schleswig and Hol-blished by the Germanic Confedestein submitted to the authority of ration. After the installation of the King of Denmark. This was this board,, the Stadtholders will substantially the fact, for after the resign their

power. offered mediation by Prussia and Schleswig-Holsteiners! For threat on the part of Austria to the future, too, we are sure you will interfere summarily by force with preserve the glory of order and a body of Federal troops, no further legality. attempt at hostility was made. “The Stadtholders of the But the formal submission was not Duchies of Schleswig and made until the beginning of the

Holstein present year, when a proclamation

“REVENTLOW, was issued by the Stadtholders to

FRANCKE, the inhabitants, in which they an

KROHN, nounced the cessation of the war,

REHOFF, and the reference of the matters in

FONTENAY." dispute to the arbitrement of the “ Kiel, Jan. 11.



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