The Footsteps of Israel: Understanding Jews in Anglo-Saxon England
University of Michigan Press, 2004 - 372 sivua
"This innovative, well-researched study looks at anti-Judaic rhetoric in the Old English and Latin texts of Anglo-Saxon England-a land lacking real Jews. The author isolates a common pool of inherited images for portraying the Jew, and teaches us to hear, especially in the vernacular, their increasingly dark and disturbing inflections."
---Roberta Frank, Yale University
"The Footsteps of Israel is a fascinating study of a pervasive stereotype. Scheil's analysis of how Jews, with no real physical presence in Anglo-Saxon England, captured the imagination of writers of the period, is a superb achievement."
---Louise Mirrer, President and CEO, New-York Historical Society
"The elegance of Scheil's prose weaves a unifying thread through the vast literary and historical tapestry he presents, moving with grace from Latin to Old English, from Bede to later authors, from Wordsworth and Blake to modern writers. He speaks elegantly of these texts' conversations with the past, and the Jews emerge as both enemies and spiritual antecedents of the 'New Israel' of Anglo-Saxon England."
---Stephen Spector, State University of New York, Stonybrook
Jews are the omnipresent border-dwellers of medieval culture, a source of powerful metaphors active in the margins of medieval Christianity. This book outlines an important prehistory to later persecutions in England and beyond, yet it also provides a new understanding of the previously unrecognized roles Jews and Judaism played in the construction of social identity in early England.
Andrew P. Scheil approaches the Anglo-Saxon understanding of Jews from a variety of directions, including a survey of the lengthy history of the ideology of England as the New Israel, its sources in late antique texts and its manifestation in both Old English and Latin texts from Anglo-Saxon England. In tandem with this perhaps more sympathetic understanding of the Jews is a darker vision of anti-Judaism, associating the Jews in an emotional fashion with the materiality of the body.
In exploring the complex ramifications of this history, the author is the first to assemble and study references to Jews in Anglo-Saxon culture. For this reason, The Footsteps of Israel will be an important source for Anglo-Saxonists, scholars of late antiquity and the early Middle Ages, scholars of medieval antisemitism in general, students of Jewish history, and medievalists interested in cultural studies.
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Bede and Hate
Bede and Love
Excursus on Bedes Historia Ecclesiastica
The Populus Israhel Tradition
The Populus Israhel Tradition in Britain
AntiJudaic Rhetoric in the Vercelli
Acts Alcuin ancient Andreas anger Anglo-Saxon England anti-Judaic anti-Judaic rhetoric anti-Judaic tradition apostles baere baet Bede explains Bede's exegesis Beowulf biblical blind body burh cannibals chapter Christ Christian church context culture Cynewulf deicide divine ealle Elene Elfric epic Eusebius evil exegetical exemplum Exodus Expositio Actuum Apostolorum faith figural understanding flesh folc Footsteps of Israel Genesis Gentiles Gildas gluttony God's Godes gospel Hebrews heora hermeneutic holy Homeliae homily interpretation Israelites Jerusalem Jesus Jewish Jews Jews and Judaism Judaism Judas Latin line numbers Lord ludaei ludaeorum Maccabees manuscript Middle Ages mind Moses narrative notes Old English Old English poetry Old Testament Paulinus Paulinus of Nola poem poet poetic poetry populus Israhel mythos Prudentius quae quia quod Salvian sins spiritual Tabernaculo temple tion Tobiam tropes understanding of Jews Vercelli and Blickling Vercelli Book verse waeron waes words