Sivut kuvina
PDF
ePub

** - . w

simple appearance which the mind has in its view, oT < perceives in itself, when that idea is said to be in it: by detl&rminate, whejj applied'to a complex idea, I mean Sisuch an one as consists of adeterminate number of certain simpkror less complex ideas, joined in such a pro- £portion and situation, as the mind has before its visor,. and sees in itself, when thafidea is present itL.it; or »> should be present in it, when a man gives a name to it: I say, should be; because it is not every one, not perhaps any one, who is so careful of his language, as to use no word, till he views in his mind the precise determined idea, which he resolves to make"' it the sign of. The want of this is the cause of no small obscurity and confusion in men's thoughts and .r*..**) v- 'discourses.^ *^:,Jt A"^ *'

I know there are not words enough in any language, to answer all the variety of ideas that enter into men's . .discourses and reasonings. But this hinders not, but that when any one^ises any term, he may have in his mind a determined idea, which he makes it the sign of, *t and to which he should keep it steadily annexed, during that present discourse. Where he does not, or cannot do this, he in vain pretends to cigar or^Rfincf^ ^ ideas: it is plain bifcare not so; and therefore there ^c^f can be expected nothing but obscurity and confusion, where such terms are made use of, which have not such a precise determination. -7"

Upon this grouhd,.I have thought determined ideas a way of speaking less liable to mistakes, than clear and distinct: and where men ha^s»got juch determined

[graphic]

ft ideas of all that they reason, in^iire2pr argue about, they will find-crgreat part oJLtheir dou»ts anc[ disputes

•i at an end. The greatest part of the questions and controversies that perplex mankind, depending o^the - doubtful and uncertain use of words, or (which is the same) indetermined ideas, which they are made to stand for; I have made choice of these terms to signify, 1. Some immediate object of the mind, which it per- &ceives and has before it, distinct from the sound it uses as a sign of it. 2. That this idea, thus determined, i. e. which the mind has in itself, and knows, and sees there, #

.^be' determined without any change to that name, and that name determined to that precise idea. If men had such deternMhjed idea§vin their inquiries and discourses, they would both discern how far their own inquiries and discourses went, ^nd^void the greatest part of the disputes and wranglings they have with others. '-£

Besides, this, the bookseller will think it necessary I should ad,vertis§»the reader; that there is an'additiOjg of two chapters wnolly new; the one of the association of ideas, the other of enthusiasm. These, $ith some other 'larger additions never^before printed, he has engaged v * ^to print by themselves after the same*manner, and for "'the same, purpose, as was don&jwhe|i this essay ha^he t second impression. » ''MW '* -Jf

^ *V^Jn the . six^h edition, thefte is very little added or altered; th*e greatest part of what is new, is contained in the 21st . chapter of the second book, which any one, if he thiqfcs^t worth while, may, with a very little labour,^

[graphic]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][graphic][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

CHAP. I.
The Introduction.

ot on the mind SECT.

1. An inquiry into the under-
standing,pleasantand useful.

2. Design.

3. Method.

4. Useful to know the extent of
our comprehension.

5. Our capacity proportioned to
our stateand concerns, tools'-
cover things useful to us

[graphic]

to children,

6. Knowing the extent of our^ . j;
capacities,will hinderusfrom
useless curiosity, scepticism,
and idleness. » *

5. IVot on the mind natu-
rally imprinted, because
not known
idiots, &c
6, 7. That men -know them
they come to the
of reason, answered.
8. If reason discovered them,
that would not prove thenl
innate.

9—II. It ;s false, that reason dis-
covers them.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

2. The coming to the use
of reason, not the
we come to know these
maxims. *~ V

13. By"^R, they are not distinguished from .Apthect
kr^yablej|j|uth9. ~

14. I^fcoming to the use of
reason were the time of

• ^fteir discovery,, it would
not prove^hem innate.
15, 16. The steps by which the
mind attains several truths. 17. Assenting as soon as pro-
posed and understood, proves them not innate.

18. If such an assent be a
mark of innate, then that
one and two are equal
to three; that sweetness
is not bitterness; and a
thousand the like, must be
innate.

If). Such less general proposi

[merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors]

lessjfbeir ideas be
Ideas, especially those be-
longing to principles, not
born with children.
Identity an idea not in
nate

Whole and part,
nate ideas.

p not ii

7. Idea of wj

nate,

not m-
not in-

[ocr errors]

them in their practice, yet
admit them in their
thoughts, answered.

Moral rules need a proof, >-l 1. Idea of God, not innate

not innate. ^ ^"lS. Sujtable to God's goodInstance in keeping com- ^Pess» lkat a" men should pacts. . '" j,ave an j(jea 0f

6. Virtue generally approved, not because innate, butjle»

4. Mora
ergo,

5. Instar

0

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

irofi table, actions convin

ce us,

[ocr errors]

that the rule of virtue is

"€f printed
swered.

13—16. Ideas of God, various in

[merged small][ocr errors]
« EdellinenJatka »