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saved his country from anarchy, tice due from the country, that he thought that it was marked with it should pay debts evidently congreater inroads on the constitution, tracted in consequence of the enalliberties of the subject than had gagements the man in the busibeen committed at any other time ness of the country; and so apsince ine revolution ; and that an peared, on the face of them, the unjust clamour had been then raised result of the official situation his for the express purpose of throwing right honourable friend held. He obloquy on men, than whom, in owned that al a' meeting of the his opinion, more honourable, or creditors of his friend he had re. more attached to the interests of commended that the money should the ration, did not exist. Nor would be raised by subscription among he consent, by a silent vote, to libel his friends, rather than that an ap. for ever, and on record, their cha- plication should be made to parliaracter and conduct as well as his ment. He believed the money
He willingly admitted that might have been raised by such a Mr. Pitt was perfectly disinterest- subscription; but it was thought ed:-that he was far above all pe. that justice to the memory of his cuniary considerations:—that he right honourable friend indispendisdained praise on that account : sably required the present mode of that far from thanking his officious proceeding. friends for such an eulogium, his Mr. Manning had no doubt the lofty spirit would have spurned at money might have been raised by the idea, that the not having de- subscription, but he was convinced scended to unworthy means of ac- a great majority of the house and quiring wealth should be imputed the country wished the debts to be to him as merit--that his perform- paid from the public purse. He ance of common duties, or absti- believed Mr. Pitt, in the hands of nence from degrading practices, Providence, the instrument of saving should have been represented as the country. The expenses of the exertions of heroic virtue. He high offices which he held much thought it would have been more exceeded the salary. On his sughonourable to the friends of the de gestion, Mr. Pitt had adopted the ceased to have taken upon them- plan of voluntary contributions, lý selves the discharge of his debts: which 2,000,0001. had been raised, as an individual, he would him ef and 100,0001. of annual taxes saved have readily contributed ; but as to the country. he did not apprehend that the coun. Mr. Cuming, Mr. Ellison, and try at large were desirous of incur- the marquis of Douglas all spoke ring the burthen, he would not seek in defence of the notion. the reputation of libcrality in the Mr. Fox never felt more satisfacdubious road of granting away the tion than in giving his support to property of others, nor join in im-. this testimony of the consideration posing on his constituents a charge of a great and rich nation for the which, as he verily believed, no merits of an eminent servant. The sense, on their part, of obligation mode of introducing it, left him no to the deceased would induce them difficulty in giving it the support he cheerfully to sustain.
wished. He rose in consequence Mr. Rose thought it but a jus- of some observations that had fallen
from some gentlemen most earnest If these old causes of dissension in support of the motion. Among were revived, it would be imposother expressions he had heard that sible to come to an unanimous vote. of Saviour. With respect to this, He did think that one of the objeche must say that he retained all his tions made by his honourable friend former opinions; or, if any change (Mr. W. Smith) was overstrained. had taken place in them, it was in To speak of Mr. Pitt as disinterestconsequence of the situation of the ed in not touching the public country in the years 1809 and 180+, money, was certainly an insult; which rendered it essential to the but to abstain from making many public interest and public safety, advantages from his office which that the differences of former he fairly might ;-to have Leen times, and the animosities they had in office twenty years, and in that given rise to, should be buried in time to have had no place of prooblivion. When the right honour- fit but the cinque ports; was able gentleman, now no more, pro. disinterestedness of the most emiposed that he should have a large nent nature. It was a disinterest. share in the administration, it would edness not to be paralleled in any have been in the highest degree minister within his memory-he indelicate in him to agitate these believed not in any since the acquestions. Mr. Pitt felt the same cession of the house of Brunswick. kind of delicacy. He had borne This it was that he wished to reample testimony of his wish to bury ward. He had no fear that the exthese differences in oblivion. He ample would have any pernicious hoped the house would do him the effect. justice to think, that as he was un- Mr. Canning hoped that, in the willing to touch upon these topics little he had to say on this subject, while Mr. Pitt was living, he was he should not deviate from the candoubly unwilling to touch on them, dour and moderation so laudably at least so much as related to Mr. professed on the other side, buc Pitt personally, now that he was used, at the same time, as a veil no more. He was not now going to throw over one or two propoto touch upon them, nor would he sitions in which he did not agree. ever; but he begged to be under- Some of the gentlemen were willing stood not to be influenced by any to allow parliament to discharge regard to himself, when he resolved the debts of his late friend as it to abstain so religiously from these matter of generosity towards topics. He knew not whether Mr. old public servant. He wished Pitt thought in the same way of it to be known, however, that the him, but he always thought with friends of that illustrious person respect to Mr. Pitt, that he should would not be satisfied to receive form a distinguished part of any the vote as an eleemosynary grant administration framed with a view to posthumous necessities ;--not as to the advantage of the country, a boon of pity or compassion ;and on this ground he wished dis- but as a public debt to a highly cord to cease.
He had not had a meritorious public servant. He distinct opportunity of showing his did not from the beginning expect sense of that wish ; Mr. Pitt had, an unanimous vote; he would not and he had expressed it distinctly. purchase unanimity by conceding
a title of the services of that il- dian splendour obscure i, had heid lustrious man. He appe. led to the à glorious course for the comiry, house, Whether it was not on the band worthy to call forth its admi. other side that the inpics of dissen. ration and gratitude. He protestsion were started? Objections were ed against the made in which the made to the form of the former mo- honourable gentlemen gave their tion. The fault he found with it was, support to thie motion, and wished that it was cold, and inadequate to to restore to them the benefit of the feelings of those who supported that consistency which they labourit. . When the friends of this greated so much to reconcile tvith the man consented to n'utralize the
support they gav? He
gave creexpressions of their feelings, for the, dit io him who resuscul his consent purpose of removing the grounds because he did not see inarit, but of opposition to the motion; when he could not see the ground on they resolved, instead of dipping which those opposite followed a the pen into the he..rt, to look in:o distinct course.
If the sum were, the statute-book for a precedent; given as an eleemosynty grant, when they had lovered and diluted without any distinction of merit or every glowing feeling; when they demerit, he disdained it. Those had restrained and chastised the who did not vote for it on the warmth of their affections, in order ground of Mr. Pitt's merits, had to constitute unanimity;-the result better oppose it openly. It was liad added to the miny proofs he only as a tribute to great merits had seen in the course of his poli- that he would receive it; and if tical life, that nothing was to be any one supported it on any other gained by compromise. Now the ground than as a testimony and a honourable gentlemen canvassed reward for those merits, he wished particular acts, and thus agitated him to withdraw his support, and topics, which were omitted to avoid preserve his consistency by opposing, creating discussion. [Here Mr. it. Canning was called to order by After a few words from Mr. Mr. Wynne, for reverting to former Fox, by way of explanation, the debates.] He said he had no de- motion was agreed to. sire to go further back than to show Mr. Fox, when this business was that the agitation of the objects of disposed of, gave notice of a modissension originated on the other tion which he should make on the side. It was expected that this next day, “ For leave to bring in question would have been generally bill to remove certain doubts of the supported; that all political diffé- propriety of a lord commissioner rences would have ceased, and of the treasury holding at the that all animosities would have same time the office of auditor of been buried. That brilliant lumi- the exchequer." The discussion nary that was before us, whether of this motion we shall refer to a its dawn was clouded, or its meric succeeding chapter.
СНАР. CHAPTER II.
Continental Treaties-Del ite in the House of Commons on a Bill to enable
the Auditor of the Exchequer to be a Commissioner of the TreasuryOn e Bill to indemnify certain Persons giving Evidence on Lord Melville's Trial- Debate in the House of Lords on the sanie Bill-- Committee appointed to search for Precedents-Opinions of the Judges -- Judges called on to deliver their Opinions seriatim-Bill brought
forward by Earl Stanhope for the Discovery of Truth-Witnesses, declaratory Bill in the Lords and Commons- -Njotion in the House of Lords respecting Lord Ellenborough s Seut in the Cabinet - The same Sulject discussed in the
House of Commons. TH
HE treaties which were laid stance, occupied too much space :
before parliament, explaining the decisions of parliament have, the original plans of the combined however, both in the case of lord powers concerning which the late Grenville and in that of lord Eladministration thought proper to lenborough, been liable to strong make some observations before objections, and have sanctioned re. they resigned, will be found in an, gulations that will herefter be re. other part of the volume. It will ferred to as precedents for future be sufficient, therefore, to observe ministers, and on that account it here, that by these treaties the was deemed right to state the argu. high contracting powers pledged ments for and against these pro. themselves not to make peace with ceedings at large. the common enemy, but with the We shall now proceed with lord consent of all the powers engaged Mulgrave's observations, in the in the league ; whereas Austria, as house of Lords, February 4th, on we have seen, was under the neces- the supplements to the treadies, which, sity of accepting a peace dictated the noble lord said, were illustraby the conqueror, It was agreed tive of the spirit and the objects that Hanover should be evacuated; with and for which the treaties and that the independence of the themselves had been negotiated and republics of Holland and Switzer, concluded. The substance of these land should be established. T'hese, treaties he noticed, with some ob and many other projects equally servations on the situation of Aus. important, the allied powers had tria previously to her determina. promised to effect; and it was left tion to have recourse to arms. He to Lord Mulgrave to announce of maintained, that after the encroachificially the complete failure of ments made by the French go. them all, as will be seen in the sub, veinment in Italy there was no sequent pages. We have also given other alternative but war; which in this chapter a pretty full account being resolved on, the emperor of the discussions in parliament on of Germany was countenanced certain very interesting constituti. and supported by Ru and this onal questions, as the title will show. country. The spirit, zeal, and To some of our readers, it may be activity, said his lordship, with thought that we have, in this in which the resolution was carried * into effect, claimed the praise sight, and of circumspection in of the most indifferent, though the plan of operations, that it had the catastrophe with which such ex. failed, but from a strange and ertions were terminated must ex- unfortunate deviation from the cite the regret of every feeling system which had been generally mind. No nation had more reason proposed and mutually agreed to regret it than England ; yet to upon. With the misfortunes that the ministers of this country no have followed that deviation every blame or censure whatever was im- one was acquainted. They were putable. Every thing that . wis. great and disastrous to an extent dom could suggest
, that compre- beyond the surmise of human sahension could embrace, that fore. gacity, and they have led to consight could provide for, or prudence sequences equally distressful and regulate, had been prepared and humiliating. But the conduct of collected by this country in con- Austria, and of her unfortunate junction with the powers that had sovereign under such circumstances, espoused the same cause. It was said his lordship, are not to be not mere paper statements of the lightly considered. The dilemma great force to be employed for the to which he was reduced was tryattainment of that end ; but before ing in the extreme; and the minds the 1st of October, the day on which of Englishmen would withhold the first instalment was made, a any opinion, which did not rest as substantial and accurate account fairly upon the spirit and the deterwas given of the real and efficient mination evinced by the emperor, force which was then in tlie field, and by the dangers and sacrifices and which amounted in Austrians he has exposed himself to, as upon to 314,000 men, and Russians to the calamitous issue in which 180,000 : the latter had arrived at were exhausted so many efforts their appointed stations at least and so many lives. In bringing [wo days previously to the time forward these additional docu. stipulated and from their position ments, it was the object of the and readiness to act the happiest noble lord to ground upon them a expectations 'might have been irr- confirmation, that nothing of the dulged. No calculacions could calamities and disasters that had have supposed that the enemy befallen the South of Europe was would have been in readiness to imputable to the councils of this eommence hostile operations be- country. There were more withfore the whole force had arrived at held that would place the assertion its due destination; nor could the in a clearer and more convincing enemy, in effeef, have had an op- point of view, and they were with portunity of trying their fortune held solely from motives of delicaor their strength, if the plums adopt. cyiind consideration for the situaed and agreed upon by the other tion of other powers. All the docoalesced powers had been minute- cuments to which he alluded would ly adhered to. From an attentive soon be placed in other hands; perusal of the dreuments, which and it would be with the judgment he should now submit to their lords and good sense of his successors to ships, it would, he saúl, be abun- make public more of them, or to dantly manifest, that ii was from approve the motives that on his No deficiency of wisdom, of fore- part had suspended their publica