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THE

MONTHLY
M A G A ZINE;

COR,

BRITISH REGISTER;

Including

MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNICATI. ( ACCOUNT OF ALL NEW PATENTS.
ONS FROM CORRESPONDENTS,

LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND IMPOR
ON ALL SUBJECTS OF LITERA-

TATIONS,
TURE AND SCIENCE.

REGISTER OF DISEASES IN LONDON.
MEMOIRS OF DISTINGUISHED PER-
SONS.

RETROSPECT OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

LIST OF BANKRUPTCIES AND DI-
ORIGINAL LETTERS, ANECD
&c.

VIDENDS

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES CLASSED
• POETRY.

AND ARRANGED IN THE GEOGRA-
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL

PHICAL ORDER OF THE COUN.
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CAL MEMOIRS, &c.
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REPORT OF THE STATE OF COM-
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MERCE, &c.
REVIEW OF ENGLISH, AND FRENCH

| REPORT OF AGRICULTURE, &c.
IATERATURE.

1. REPORT OF THE WEATHER.

VOL. XXIII.

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PART 1: FOR 1807. ATAN

London:
FRISTED FOR RICHARD PHILLIPS, No. 6, New BRIDALBL LET;

By whom Communications (Post-paid) are thankfully received.

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On the 28th of January was published, the SUPPLEMENTARY NUMBER to our Twenty

Second Volone, containing-HALF-YEARLY RETROSPEC?s of LITERATURE, fundry
COMMUNICATIONS relative to Book-SOCIETIES, and the NEGOTIATION PAPERS..

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As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving to their Opinions : Maximym ut

Influence and Celebrity, the most extensively circilascd Miscellany will repay with the greatest Effect the
Curiosity of bose who read aner for Amusement or Intruction." JOHNSON,

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ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, with, or rather in subjection to our deadly SIR,

foe. The natural result of our credulity LAVING lately read a very useful and folly was, that the sheep-owners in Il and interesting French work, on Spain, perceiving the vast profits of the the fubject of fine-wooled Spanish theep, fleece, devoted their whole attention to and being of opinion that its leading fea- its inprovement, and left thic carcass to tures ought to be generally known take its chance of becoming better or throughout this island, I take the liberty worse. Hence, the latter ensued; but, as of requesting the publication of them I have said, the evil may be remedied. through the medium of your valuable and That intelligent and patriotic breeder, widely circulated Miscellany.

Mr. Tollet, of Staffordsire, (whose naine I laient that, after the successful ex- I have before mentioned, who has now * periments and satisfactory reports of such large flock of Merino, and Anglo-dering fpirited and enlightened agriculturists as flieep, and who is indefatigable in his enLord Somerville, Mr. Tollet, and Dr. deavours to promote the adoption of this Parry anyt further incitement to the celebrated race,) itates, that, in defiance adoption of a race. So jutily esteemed of negled, some of the sheep, which have Donld be necessary; but it unfortunately been brought to this country froin Spain, happens that in this, as in every other have been far from deficient in those country, ignorance and prejudice are characteristics, which are generally con

leontinually thwarting the efforts of rite Gidered as coinbining excellence of form. I ftional convi&tion, He, thercfore, who at- It follows, therefore, that judicious felec

tenints by perfuafion founded on just tion from the offspring of these, and of grounds, to difpel the milt, which clouds others, might cre long totally remove the the faculties and prevents the exertions absence of symmetry, so much complained of British breeders, will not bave the of. But after all, viewing them in their cenfire of candid and well-informed inen. present state, and suppoling that their

It is true that the Merino deep is not shape never can be improved, allow me likely to attra&t the approbation of any to ask whether the rude Arab, like the one by its beauty; till less so in the pre- enlightened Briton, would, while confestrage, when fyrametry of form has been templating the deformity of his camel, 1 clafely studied, and completely obtain- lose light of its utility. Is it not a futi

d; but to this it toay be replied, first, cient incentive to the frumers of those that the defeat in carcass thould be prin- diftricts, where the deep is reared principany feribed to British fupinenela; cipnlly for carding-wool, (and inany of and fecondly, that it can be remedied. these flocks are far from exhibiting models Po abftantinne my charge, I need only of beauty) that a single cross of the Me Ternate that this nation has for many rino race will double the value of ench ses witbuat evga being at the trouble fleece; that the animal, thus yielding at of experiment, paid to Spain for her once double profit as to wool, will live toel wurdimo any price that the chose on the same pasturage; and that a butch

demd. The article was indispensable er, if wilhing to buy a score fat wethers. to find manufactures; we con- of this cross, would value them accorsling teated ourfelves with believing the mers, to his calculation of their weight, &c.

tion that the foil, climate, and other local without reference to their beauty; fo Jercumstances, were the causes of wool that one breed would in this respect be búng produced in Spain of an inimitable_exactly situated like the other? Is it not quality and we continued to transmit afficient, I say, that the carcals dould our enormous Orders to a country, which be worth no less, while the feece by its was toally becoming more in alliance increase, both in quantity and quality,

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will be of double, then treble, and qua- mitive form; their feece is close and firm, druple value, as the Merino blood con- loling nothing in tinencis, length, elatiitinues to be introduced? That such is city, or quantity. There are rams, which tik abtistice faci me lave abundant proof bave producel tlurteen pounds of wool. fmu tive mod respectable authorities I observed too, that the race', bred in and aluve quoi. Yet are there many inurer to this climate, appeared fironger farucrs isha tell us, that they are coutent and larger thau the theep of Spain. I with the treed, by which their furefathers found on the farm of M. Schulzenheim, earned a livelihood, like a thepherd at in the province of Upland, a foc's con-, Pearuddock, * who, being alked, whence Gifting of animals bred from a Spanish inihis fagularly rough-legyed, ill-formed portation titty-tive scars before the time; Berp lasi beru obtained, gave as his aide and their wool, when compared with that fuer: “ Lord, Sir, they air fik as God of fome Merinos recently procured from fet urnu ile land; ze never change any." the same country, yielded to it in no one

Altre tice few preliminaries, which deiiralle quality. There, and other facts, will, I trut, not be deemei useless, I prove in a manner decitive and perempproceed to H. Lastevrie's Account of the tory, that the Spanilli theep may be proIntroduction of fine-wooled Spanith Sheep, pugated and reared to advantage in into the differcut States of Europe, and levere climatcs, by which it is certain at the Cape of Good Hope:

that the fleece is not affected; a fact, ine “ SWEDEN.

conteftibly proved by the fpeciniens • « There is, doubtless, just ground for which I procured on my journey through surprise, thai Swedlen, which seemed to different countries; and which I afterë Lys a country the moti nutarourable in wards submitted to the inspection of the Europe for rearing fine-wooled sheep, Department of the Seine. tlould, nevertheless, have been the firit

“DEXMARK AND XOTWAY. to naturalize this valuable race; but what “The Norwegian race has been ime excites still greater aitoniflucat is, that proved by the English, as well as the there are men in France (to which inay Spanish breeds, but the most important be ardded England) who still ditpute the amelioration in the ticece must be attriposibility of a naturalization etiablimed buted to a Spanilli ram, which was imin Sweden, during nearly a century. ported above titty years ago on the M. Alluremer imported a fock of Me- western coast of Norway. This intro rivo fheep from Spain in 1723 ; and go- duction was, however, but partial, and vernment, convinced that the ignorance did not extend into other parts of the of slepherds opposed serious obstacles country, where the sheep in a wild state, In the preservation and propagation of and without inconvenience, bid defiance this new race, instituted in 1739 a school to the inost intense cold. I have seen for thepherds, the direction of which was then living in the inidii of snow, without confided to M. Alliroemer. Premiums ever receiving any portion of food from, were appointed, and various salutary re- the hand of inan; and of fo untractable Sulauons adopted. In 1764, Sweden a nature are they, that they cannot be potletted 65,369 sheep of the pure, and taken but by a chace on horleback. This 23,584 of the mixed breed; and although breed is so accustomed to the impressions this fupply was not fuflicient for the ma- of the atınosphere, that it cannot support nutrctures of the country, yet the impor- a fuddeu trautition froin a state of nature tatiou of wool has been gradually dimi- to a domestic one. nilling froin year to year, wbile the ma- " Tlie Danes, induced by the example mutantures have been increafing; fo that, of Sweden, imported Spanish theep from titkiin every thing fairly into calculation, that kingdoin about twenty-seven years it may be afferted that the number of since, and cheir descendants exit to this pore and mixed breeds is at present day, though not in large numbers. Some about 100,000, and this forms a 25th of them have preferred their original part of all the theep reared in that coun- quality of fleece, while others have deyetry; a very great proportion, if we con- nerated, but palpally from neglect. At biter the relative (tute of auriculture in Eleruin, a royal domain, I saw a Buck thit country, which it would here occupy of Spanith theep imported from Suculen, two much fpace to defrribe. The Me- inany years betore, which yieldied wool ring thecy prcferre, in Sweden, their pri- of a fair quality. To tint place, too,

which is eight leagues from Copenhagen, • Beaucies of England and Wilcs, vol. Ili, the Danilh government hus teat thinee y. 19.

hundred Merinu sheep, inported from

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Spain in 1797. This fuck is composed ad feveral sore Fissee thuas . Ar of the breeds, wbich are of all others the preferst ihre Flettor's flexrli musons to 100tt defirable to be obtained, všt. zbote 3,400, and he annually difpufcs of are of the Escurial, of Guatlakorpe, of Paxlar, modrer} by pahlie motion, which are * of the Duke del Infantado, of the Count each ti neet the demands repos de Monturco, and the Count de Negrelli. breeders. The Spauitha ke preferte i

"The Efarial breed is looked upon as Saxons at their originat pestectious; poffeting the finest fleece is all Spain, which is prired by this speciais of Food The Guadaloupe theep are reinarkable fyr preferred for many years, w at by a krametry of furnt, as well as for the comparisos of new importationes verbe quantity and quality of their wool. The offspring offismer onts. The Sussou go Puular are equally gifted with the two verment ins beer amply selvspenud bitter perfections, but poflets a greater for its attention, and muleranded for its Swell behind the ears, and a tnore palpa- xlvances by the talente axenters ble degree of throutinrjs. The lambs of which the country has therehe procured Sus breed, and thofe of the Intantado, Sheep-breeding is, indeerd, che molt iaare generally prouduced with a coarfe crative parfuit of the Saxon Erruet; ad hairy appearance, which is fucceeded by the manufacturers, fisicing witšsio ihrir wool of exquiste quality. The Negretti own limits the greatnity and quality of hreed is compofed of the larget theep in wood eceffiry for their parpole, are sub Spain. The Ellerumn Hock, when I saw tunget obliged to import from Spaia; , had been twenty months froin Spain, bere are therehy.freed brunale difen

Alkukieletwa theer tages attendant on the chances * TAIand was very licalthy Only two line kuid bovu loit by the long roynge, levere merce. Saxony reais atve 1.600.000 winter, and heavy rains of spring, to theep of wl? kids ; mel of them alont which they lwad heers exposed Suce their $0,000 are'at prefent of the South and arrival in Denmark, 149 s. mixed breeks. Thate prestere wit ately OS

SANONY. anul as the quamity of woul necetary for the "Upper Saxony is the country into fine manufactures of she CMET, bet which, after Sweden, the Spanvith vace of even finnith a furplus erzesz to be ice deep is of most ancient introduction, and rior confermption, which supus is fout at it is in Saxony that tlsis naturalization the Leipzig fairs in the 2009 has been marked with the completetty

. TRT IX. pls.. fuccefs, and produced the most aufvantaa Frederick the II who was not less genos results. The different indigenóng forned for the wikkani od his teatrale Inreels at that country, of which some tion, then for his man gley, and to produce tolerable and others very coarse whos Prim aziendrore is user great svonl, howe been m adly improved by the obligations, introduced find Svart, in aufs. The Elector of Siwony, wishing 9786, a fock of one knelted marks and to repair the devastations sceation 3 two bedrer ewes,

to where his donirsons by a foren years war, obs the various breeds of his knogama. Sa fained from the Kmg of Spain in 1765, a veral inllian farmers have, hane that Selection from the beft Merino Seks, time, bonght theep of the Sex Spaust), coufisting of one hundred rams, and two kind; in confequence of which the cab hundredewes. Experience having proved by can now boast of many Hocks en that they were easily reconciled to the tirely compofed of fine-woked animals dimate, attention was paid to the general Goverordut fins cheated this verdient hindama of walive breeds, after sub nivmitage, albas foruxelestan in fieunion jecting those anuals which appeared most for the purpose, which is directed by Mr. deferine soxatiration. In 2016, deep Pink, a celebrated agricnltart of Gére of for years all were difpoled of to indi- many,

t his gentleman und begin itse vidando but the be experments al improvement in his owo flock by the in

w moet maith oppolition, the fale was traduction of freep from Silefia, retrant? tended the fuck ditfaulties, that the able for the finonels of their feere. He menghant obliged ople wha gented the purfired his fyftem further by purchufes

total are ia perche centuro pro from Saxony in 1768, and from Spuit in purong mana borrar Spath theep. The 3778. By these progretiive merus, Mr.

difendered what was mof Fink has fucceeded in apparting freiels thematitudes and the Elect to the Heroes of Pruslinn Theep: hiela hot bo obh to supply the werer origimlly of the consfett quality

derer day, le has been imicated, with rendt Noin 1778Aqually satisfactor, by the Countipan

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