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weight with the country at large: If send a large fleet to the West Indice he supposed however, that the lan- without informing us of it? Did guage of the address arose merely she not take possession of Louisifrom a hope of the co-operation of ana ? We saw Europe also proscontinental powers against France, trate at her feet, its territories he should disapprove of it. He plundered, and its liberties destroylooked to the innate strength, cou- ed. Had we then boldly stood rage and public spirit of the country, forward in defence of her liberty, as the foundation of its security; France must have receded from her and on that foundation alone, he desperate measures, discontinued trusted that we should rise superior her depredations, and Europe would to every difficulty which presented have been saved from the tyranny itself. With this qualification then of the French republic. which he had prescribed to himself, After the signature of the definithe address met his hearty con- tive treaty, France pursued the currence.

same line of conduct: The ink was Lord Grenville agreed that the scarcely dry with which it was present was a very serious aspect signed, the wax scarcely cold with of affairs. The new parliament which it was sealed; when France, had been assembled at a very awful in violation of the treaty of Amiens, period, in which the public, doubt- began to add territory to territory to ful of the principles and policy of the republic. Piedmont was the the present ministers, were anxious first which fell under its griping to learn whether we were to have ambition. Had Great Britain, in peace or war. The interests and concert with Russia, remonstrated happiness of Europe were nearly at the time, France would not have destroyed by the inordinate ambi- dared to annex it to her empire. tion of the French government, France, with her usual cunning, which was extending its power and first pretended to occupy Piedmont influence to the total subversion of merely as a military position, but the liberties of mankind. It was afterwards she thought fit to annex therefore better to meet the perils it to her states. She made a treaty of war with manly fortitude, than with the king of Sardinia :when he to sce with silent indifference the was a prisoner in his own capital; subjugation of Europe. The speech but even then his Sardinian majesfrom the throne met in several of ty had fortitude and fidelity enough its passages with his cordial concur- to refuse to act hostilely against rence: he thought many of its pro- Great Britain, or to exclude the positions were a direct censure on English from his sea-ports; yet this men in power, for their want of was the man whom we afterwards capacity and vigilance in the direc- so fully abandoned to the mercy of tion of public affairs. He would the French government. When we ask, was any attention paid to the signed the definitive treaty we by machinations of France between no means acknowledged this right the signature of the preliminary in France, nor bad we abandoned · and that of the definitive treaty? our own right of interference for Did not France during that interval the liberties and interests of Europe,


The definitive treaty was signed in expect, we were now to have a cons March, anu ratified in June. In şiderable augmentation. In the the month of August, France took late encroachments on Switzerland, upon berelf to regulate and new they did not think it proper to inpuodel the several states of Europe. terfere, but now they find out that Su early as the month of August, it is necessary to be watchful of the she set about new modelling the conduct of France. In order to German empire. Our ministers expect any real good, we must viewed this scene too with the have a total change of men and greatest indifference.

The inter- measures. In the madness of miets of another old and faithful nisters for a hollow peace, they ally, the prince of Orange, were sent out orders to abandon all our alo sacriticed at the peace of Ami- conquests. It was reported, howEIN, It was understood however, ever, at present, that orders had and the noble marquis (Cornwallis) been sent out to retain such of our wbo had concluded that peace, had conquests as had not been already risen in his place and asked with an ceded; he feared thosé orders would hobest warmth,“ Could any man not arrive at the Cape of Good Hope suppose that a full indemnity was early enough to answer the end pronot intended for the prince of posed; but the country has still Orange?" And yet his rights have the happiness of possessing Malta, been sacrificed. If any fears or whose commanding interest in the alarm can now be entertained of Mediterranean is too great to be the incapacity of this country to abandoned by a wise and vigorous combat France, they were owing to government. From all those conthe censurable and criminal con- siderations, he could not but state duct of the king's servants, who had that he had no confidence in the dismantled the feet and disbanded present administration. Instead of the ariny, before they had any cer- watching the operations of France tain demonstrations of sincere and with an eager solicitude, they had permanent peace on the part of been aiding her against this country, France. "Another part of his ma- Their policy was something similar jesty's speech has my sincere appro- to that of our ancestors, who gave bation; I mean that part which bribes to the Saxons and Danes, to recommends an augmentation of desist from the invasion of the counour forces. This was certainly not try. Those bribes they applied to very pacific, but it shews that the purchase of ships and ammuniministers at length see the necessity tion, and subjugated the country, of vigor and watchfulness when op- In this manner we had surrendered posed to an able and an active Martinique, &c, as a bonus not to government.” On the retrospect of violate the peace, Let Malta be atiairs he could not help expres- added to this bribe, and the price sing astonishment at the absurd will be completc. We shall they conduct of ministers, " We have perhaps experience a similar attack DOW obtained peace, and yet, in- on the part of France. The war 6tead of the boasted reductions and was now coming to our own doors, savings which we were taught to and no man could be absurd enough


to suppose that France will be more cessary to recal to the recollection favourable to Great Britain, than to of the house, that they had not Piedmont, Switzerland, &c. We had courted the situations they now no claim to her partiality.” His held. He regretted, as much as Lordship concluded, by expressing any man, the resignation of the his opinion that Great Britain might noble lord and his colleagues in ofstill be able to rouse the powers of fice, but that change was not proEurope, if its councils were under duced by the measures of his mathe direction of a leader of courage jesty's present servants. He thought and capacity, of the man (Mr. Pitt) that when the noble lord spoke of to whom Europe looked up for the the perilous situation of the counpreservation of its dearest rights and try at the present moment, he had liberties.

forgotten the state in which he left Lord Pelham hoped that neither it, when he resigned; and if he the house nor the country would and his friends then chose to abanbelieve that there was any thing in don their posts, when the country the speech which applied to the was in real danger, he did not think augmentation of our forces, as if that on that account the house war was inevitable. It was a mea- should be told that the interests of sure of prudence rather than neces- Europe had been sacrificed. His sity, and dictated by the present inajesty's ministers concluded 2 appearance of affairs on the conti- peace; when the objects of the war nent of Europe. As to our want were no longer attainable. The of confidence in France, it may be noble lord so well knew the diffireadily perceived that after such a culties of office, that he thought in long and dreadful war, a spirit of criminating the present administrajealousy must long continué. This tion for incapacity, he was at the was of itself a sufficient ground same time criminating himself for for the watchfulness now recom- relinquishing his situation. mended.

The question was then put upon Lord Carysfort expressed his re- the address, and carried nemine gret that both the speech from the dissentiente. throne; and that from the noble se- In the house of commons, on the cretary, admitted that we were not same day, a similar 'address' was prepared at present to enter into moved. a contest with France. ' "The treaty The hon. Mr. Trench (member of Amiens had certainly been vio- for Galway) rose, to propose an lated, but while France was in pos- address of thanks to his majesty. sesion of the isle of Elba, and the He observed, that in a new parliaprincipal strong places of the Me- ment, which had been the first diterranean; he could not conceive called since the legislative union that she would make the possession with Ireland, it was necessary to of Malta a very important object:' consider both the important conse

Lord Hobart vindicated the con- quences of that event, as also of the duct of administration from the change from a state of war to that charge of incompetency, advanced of peace. After touching on the by lord Grenville; he thought it ne- prosperous situation of our trade and manufactures, and the termin- fectly coincided in the sentiments ation of the disturbances which had expressed by the honourable mover, agitated Ireland, he cordially agreed Mr. Cartwright agreed with the in his majesty's gracious wishes to honourable mover, in thinking the preserve the peace, while, at the maintenance of peace desirable; same time, he was convinced that and that the best means of preservte house must be impressed with ing to the country its blessings were, the necessity of keeping a vigilant to shew ourselves prepared for the eve up on the continent, and being extremity of war; considering the a ways in a state of preparation; present conduct of France, the rootkr bis part, he did not think, at the ed enmity of its ruler to this country, present ome, that it was adviseable the pains he has taken to irritate the tur us to interfere much in the af- feelings of the nation, and to degrado fairs of the continent, without the its character abroad. Although he concert of other powers. He con- was fully sensible of the calamities cluded by expressing his confidence of war, and the sacrifices which its that his majesty's ministers would renewal would call for, still it was conduct themselves in relation to necessary that vigorous defensive continental atairs, with firmness preparations should be made for the and moderation; and that if peace be security of the state. He could not Dot tenable on those grounds, they help expressing his surprize at mi. will have the hearty concurrence nisters having so suddenly disarmed and united strength of the whole the country, and reduced all our rmpire for their support, should war establishments. This was a course be the necessary alternative. He diametrically opposite to the practhen moved an humble address to his tice of former ministers, who prou majesty, in the language of the portioned their reductions to those speech.



adopted by the enemy. We disThe hon. Mr. Curzon seconded maniled our ships and discharged the address, which was moved. He our men, with the same activity could not but view, with the greatest that the French have increased Satisfaction, the internal situation of theirs. However adviseable this the country, both in respect to its might be, merely on the ground of trade, manufactures, and domestic economy, it was somewhat unactranquillity, as also to its abundant countaine on the ground of policy: harvesi. With reference to its foreign Alter lamenting the fate of Switzerrelations, the importance of pre- land, which however he conceived serving peace, if it could be done that we had no power to remedy, he with honour, was suficiently obvi- concluded by expressing his concern ous. The acquisitions of France that those great talents which had upon the continent, and her extend- so long withstood the tide of French ed line of maritime frontier, dic principles, and upheld the dignity rectly opposite our eastern coasts, and honour of this country, were required a much stronger defensive not now more actively employed in system, on our part, than was ever its detence. before deemed necessary.

He con- Sir John Wrottesley, notwitha cluded by declaring, that he per- standing the respect he felt for ile


gentlemen at the head of administra- He disapproved of the practice of
tion, could not subscribe to all the speeches from the throne, which,
statements of our prosperity in the with the addresses that followed, he
speech. At least he was sure they considered a piece of bad machinery
were not borne out by the situation and of servile adulation, which every
of the district in which he happened good monarch should execrate and
to reside. He should however be forbid. As to the particular parts
happy to find the assertions of mi- of this speech he should for the pre-
nisters verified, although they were sent decline to observe upon them,
not agreeable to his own individual as they were topics which must be
experience. He feared ministers discussed in the course of the ses.
had been cqually mistaken in the sion.
views of France, when they per- Mr. Fox said, he should not havo
mitted themselves to be lulled into risen so early in the debate, if it had
a fatal security by the professions not been for some expressions
of that government. We had now which had fallen from other gentle-
seen all ihe powers of the continent men, which had made it necessary
reduced to a state of subjection; for him to explain the grounds on
we had seen the virtuous and unof- which he gave his cordial assent
fending Swiss nation prostrated be- to the address, There was how-
fore the feet of France without even ever one expression in his majesty's
a remonstrance on the part of this speech, respecting the blessings
country—and perhaps many of the which were to be derived from a
braresi Swiss patriots would soon legislative union with Ireland, which
share the fate and dungeon of he never could approve of, although
Toussaint. He joined the hon. mem- since that event had taken place
ber who spoke last, in regretting the he must wish every success and
secession of those great talents, advantage might attend it. There
which conducted the affairs of this was another material part of the
country through the vicissitudes of address to which he had no objec-
the late war; and hoped they would tion, but would conceive highly
again come forward in the defence objectionable if he understood it
of the country, should war now in the sense in which it had been
become necessary,

explained by the honourable mover, Mr. Pytches opposed not only who supposed his majesty had rethis address, but the whole spirit of commended generally the extend, addresses presented on similar occa- ing our military establishments gions, which he conceived were no- whereas the speech made mention thing but servile echoes of ninisterial of no particular establishment, but sentiments into which the house had only of such establislıment as might been cajoled year after year, under be most calculated to give security pretence of paying a customary com- to the country. When the question pliment to his majesty. The present should come before the consideraddress was so heterogeneous in its ation of the house, those who composition, and embraced so many thought large nilitary establish different objects, that it appeared to ments the most likely to obtain this him a sort of political salmagundi. object, would state their reasons ;


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