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Preliminary Observations.-Meeting of Parliament.-Election of a Speaker. -Mr. Abbot proposed.--Chosen without opposition.-King's Speech.Address moved by Lord Arden.-Seconded by Lord Nelson. --Speeches of the Marquis of AbercornLord Carlislethe Duke of Norfolk-Lords Grenville-Pelham-Carysfort-and Hobart.- Address carried nem. diss. - Mored the same day in the Lower House by Mr.T'rench.--Seconded by Mr. Curzon.-Speeches of Dr. Carturight-Sir John Il'rottesleyVír. PytchesFor -- Canning-Lord Hawkesbury --Mr. Il'indhamAddington -- T. Grenville --- Lord Castlereagh-and Mr. H'hitbread. --Address carried unanimously.


bled in the winter of the year stance which must eventually pro1802, was the first which had been duce a most powerful influence on summoned since the union between the state of parties in Great Britain. Great Britain and Ireland. By the It was on this ground, principally, provisions of the act of union, Ire- that Mr. Fox opposed the legislative and returned to the imperial par- union with Ireland from the beginliament thirty-two peers (includ- ning; he' apprehended, that troin ing four spiritual lords), and one the manner in which the Irish re. hundred commoners. The addition presentatives were returned, they Vol. XI.V.


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would be constantly found in the Portland. The commons attended Tanks of whoever was the minister to hear the commission read, and of the day, and would give him a pre- retired to choose their speaker. ponderating influence over every The peers, who were present, then constitutional opposition that could took the oaths, and the commons be made in parliament; and, in proceeded to the election,

The this point of view, he thought the members, who attended in tho union between the two countries house of commons, being sworn by injured most materially the consti- the clerk, tution of Great Britain. Whether Sir W. Scott rose, and addressed those fears were well or ill founded, the house in a speech of uncominon the history of the times we live in neatness. He pointed out the great will best evince; if however it should importance of a proper choice in prove, that the representatives of the person who was to be their Ireland were equally independent speaker: the various talents which of ministerial infuence with those should be combined in the person of Great Britain; in that case it who was to fill that high office, the must be allowed, that such was the principles which he ought to have alarming aspect of affairs at the of loyalty and attachment to the opening of the first imperial parlia- sovereign, and a profound venera. ment, that all the united talents of tion for the constitution).

After the empire appeared necessary, not describing, with great eloquence, only to secure its honour, but its the rare assemblage of talents and very existence. If the Irish repre- virtues which were necessary to fill sentation was so constituted, as to such a situation, he concluded by call the best talents of their coun- moving “ that Mr. Abbot be again try to assist in the grand council of elected to the discharge of the of the empire at this momentous crisis; fice of speaker of this house.” in such case the union would doubt- The hon. Henry Lascelles second. less have been of immense advan- ed the motion. He observed, that tage to both countries, and to the if this assemblage of virtues and tainterests of the empire at large; lents were at all times necessary this however is a question that ra

who was to fill the situ. ther belongs to the page of history ation of speaker of that house, they than to the temporary nature of were more peculiarly necessary at a periodical work.

a time when not only the fate of On Tuesday the 16th of Novem- this kingdom, but of Europe, might ber the parliament was called to- be involved in the future deliberagether. The lord chancellor, in tions of parliament. He concluded the mode usual on similar occa- by warmly seconding the motion of sions, communicated to the house sir W. Scott. of lords that his inajesty had ap- Mr. Abbot then rose, and in a pointed commissioners to open the very handsome manner expressed business of the sessions. The lords his high sense of the honour that commissioners who attended, were was intended to be conferred upon the archbishop of Canterbury, the him. Although he declared that lord chancellor, and the duke of he felt strongly his own inability to



the person

discharge the important duties of " The internal prosperity of the the office, yet he put himself at the country has realized our most sandisposal of the house, and was sa- guine hopes; we have experienced tisdied to act as they should direct. the bounty of divine providence in

Mr. Abbot was then introduced the produce of an abundant harvest. into the chair, as speaker, and re- “The state of the manufactures, turning thanks for the honour that commerce, and revenue of my had been conferred upon him, hoped United Kingdom, is flourishing bethat the house would judge of his yond example; and the loyalty and gratitude more by his future con- attachment which are inanifested to duct, than by any words he could my person and government, afford find to express himself.

the strongest indications of the just Lord Castlereagh congratulated sense that is entertained of the nuthe speaker on his re-election, in merous blessings enjoyed under the an appropriate speech.--The house protection of our happy constituthen adjourned.

tion. On the 17th of November the “In my intercourse with foreign house of commons attended at the powers, I have been actuated by bar of the house of lords, with their a sincere disposition for the mainnewly-elected speaker; who, after tenance of peace. It is nevertheless informing the lords commissioners impossible for me to lose sight of of the choice of the commons have that established and wise system of ing fallen upon him, expressed a policy, by which the interests of hope (according to the usual form), other states are connected with our that his majesty might allow the own; and I cannot be therefore incominons to go to a new election, different to any material change in in order that they might find a their relative condition or strength. person worthier of that high office My conduct will be invariably rethan himself.

gulated by a due consideration of The lord chancellor then express- the actual situation of Europe, and ed his majesty'sentire approbation of by a watchful solicitude for the perthe choice of the house of commons. manent welfare of our people. The speaker, after returning

“ You will, I am persuaded, agree thanks, claimed, as usual, the free with me in thinking that it is incumdom of speech and other privileges bent on us to adopt those means of of the house of commons.

security which are best calculated to At half past two, on the 23d, his afford the prospect of preserving to majesty came down to the house of my subjects the blessings of peace.” peers. The commons being order- « Gentlemen of the House of Commons, ed to attend, he addressed his par- “ I have ordered the estimates of liament in the following manner: the ensuing year to be laid before

"My Lords and Gentlemen, you, and I rely on your zeal and " It is highly gratifying to me to liberality in providing for the variresort to your advice and assistance, ous branches of the public service, after the opportunity which has which it is a great satisfaction to been recently afforded of collecting me to think may be fully accomthe sense of my people.

plished, without any considerable B 2

addition our national industry had not been The same day the address was slackened, nor had it been frustramoved in the house of lords by ted of its rewards. The condition lord Arden, and in the cominons of unexampled prosperity which by Mr. Trench (of Galway.) the country enjoys, iminediately Lord Arden, after stating that after the late war, is such as would

, 1803. addition to the burdens of my peo- the prosperity of our commerce and ple."

manufactures, the abundance of My Lords and Gentlemen, the necessaries of life, and the uni"I contemplate, with the utmost versal spirit of loyalty and attachsatisfaction, the great and increas- ment to the king and constitution ing benefits produced by that im- which now prevailed, justified comportant measure which has united pletely what had fallen from his the interests and consolidated the majesty in his most gracious speech, resources of Great Britain and Ire- took particular notice of that part land. The improvement and ex- of it which referred to the situation tension of these advantages will be of Europe. The order of domiobjects of your unremitting care nion could not be there indefinitely and attention. The trade and com- changed, without endangering the merce of my subjects, so essential security of this country. Although to the support of public credit, and in the conclusion of the last war of our maritime strength, will, I we had reluctantly abandoned alam persuaded, receive from you lies, who had neither the power or every possible encouragement; and the will to make a stand for their you will readily lend your assist- own political existence: yet there ance in affording

to mercantile trans- were limits beyond which this plan actions, in every part of my United of conduct could not be extended. Kingdom, all the facility and ac- He therefore thought the house commodation that may be consis- must approve of the resolution of tent with the security of the pub- his majesty, to keep the vigilance of lic revenue.

the governmentawake to the changes To uphold the honour of the in the arrangement of continental country, to encourage its industry, power; and that they would not to improve its resources, and to refuse such supplies, as the necesmaintain the true principles of the sary vigor of such preparation constitution in church and state, are must require. His lordship conthe great and leading duties which cluded by moving the address, you are called upon to discharge. ' which as usual, was an echo of the In the performance of them, you speech from the throne. may

be assured of my uniforin and The hero of the Nile (lord cordial support; it being my most Nelson) seconded the address, and earnest wish to cultivate a perfect declared his approbation of a plan harmony between me and my par- of government, which promised to liament, and to promote to the maintain the antient dignity of the utmost, the welfare of my faithful country, without hastily throwing subjects, whose interests and hap- away the blessings of peace. War piness I shall ever consider as in- had not exhausted our resources ; separable from my own."


under us inexcusable were we to compliment to the vigorous mind sacrifice its honor. He had him- and unrivalled talents of Mr. Pitt, self een much of the miseries of and expressed his opinion to be Bar: he had himself seen horrors in favour of peace, which however he of human distress which had made thought was most likely to be prean indelible impression on his heart; served, by being prepared with such He was therefore, in his inmost means of defence as would enable bul, a man of peace: yet could he us to repel insult and agression. not consent, for any peace however He concluded by hoping, that the fortunate, to sacrifice one jot of unanimity of the house would conEngiand's honor. Our honor was vince Europe, of the unanimous dethe most valuable of our interests; termination of the nation, to support it was what had always procured and maintain their weight and imus the respect and regard of the na- portance in the scale of nations. tions on the continent. The nation The earl of Carlisle congratulabad been satisfied with the sincere ted the house and the country on, spirit of peace, in which the Bria the tone of the address, which he Dish government negociated the late hoped would have the happy effect treaty; and if now restless and of inspiring publick confidence, unjust ambition in those with whom which was so peculiarly necessary we desired a sincere amity has in the present state of the country: giren a new alarm; the country he never had approved of the terms apuviless would rather press the of the peace, and considered the Enernment to assert its honor, present administration as weak in than shrink from the supplies which its original formation, and he had a vigorous state of preparation not expected them to gain any would require.

fresh energy in their progress. The marquis of Abercorn wished Ministers had hitherto appeared to to impress the house with the ne- view with indifference the aggranCessity of attending, with more than dizement of France: it was an inordinary vigilance, to the awful and difference which, at the same time critical situation of the country. that it depressed the spirit of this l'pon the wisdom, policy, and reso- country, inflated the pride and conlution of Parliament for a few fidence of the French government months, the very existence of this so much, that they set no bounds. Country appeared to him to depend. to their ambition. On whatever After adverting to the extraordinary grounds his majesty's ministers had aggrandizement of our ambitious changed their opinions, he was and inveterate natural enemy, he glad to find that they were changed; declared he was ready to give his and he could not help expressing support to any ministers, who his most cordial approbation of the would manfully adopt that system present address. which the exigency of the times The duke of Norfolk also cordirequired; but he should never give ally approved of the tone and terms his countenance to any half mea- of the address: it was such as sures, palliatives, or concessions. became the dignity of the house, His Lordship then paid the highest and would doubtless have its due



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