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sec. 2.

1998, ch. 49, oath or affirmation be so taken by the debtor, the court, upon the mo

tion of the creditor, shall recommit the debtor to the prison from whence he was liberated, there to be detained for the said debt, in the same

manner as if such oath or affirmation had not been taken. Thirty days Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That any person imprisoned upon

, debtor impris.' process issuing from any court of the United States, except at the suit oned may take of the United States, in any civil action, against whom judgment has the benefit of been or shall be recovered, shall be entitled to the privileges and relief this act, al. though no exe.

provided by this act, after the expiration of thirty days from the time cution is sued such judgment has been or shall be recovered, though the creditor should

not, within that time, sue out his execution, and charge the debtor therewith.

APPROVED, January 6, 1800.

out.

STATUTE I.

ence.

Jan. 17, 1800.

CHAP. V.-An Act for the preservation of peace with the Indian tribes.(a) [Expired.) Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives Penalty on cor. of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That if any citirespondence with the In.

zen or other person residing within the United States, or the territory dians, to pro. thereof, shall send any talk, speech, message or letter to any Indian naduce infraction tion, tribe, or chief, with an intent to produce a contravention or infracof treaties, or disturb the

tion of any treaty or other law of the United States, or to disturb the peace of the peace and tranquillity of the United States, he shall forfeit a sum not United States.

exceeding two thousand dollars, and be imprisoned not exceeding two

years. Penalty on the

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That if any citizen or other bearers of such

person shall correspond.

carry or deliver any such talk, speech, message or letter, to or from

any Indian nation, tribe, or chief, from or to any person or persons whatsoever, residing within the United States; or from or to any subject, citizen or agent of any foreign power or state, knowing the contents thereof, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars,

and be imprisoned not exceeding twelve months. Penalty on cer. Sec. 3. And be it enacted, That if any citizen or other person, residpondence with ing or being among the Indians, or elsewhere, within the territory of á foreign pow. the United States, shall carry on a correspondence, by letter or otherer, in relation to wise, with any foreign nation or power, with an intent to induce such the Indiansand on attempt

foreign nation or power to excite any Indian nation, tribe, or chief, to ing to alienate war against the United States, or to the violation of any existing treaty; their confi. or in case any citizen or other person shall alienate, or attempt to aliendence.

ate the confidence of the Indians from the government of the United States, or from any such person or persons as are, or may be employed and entrusted by the President of the United States, as a commissioner or commissioners, agent or agents, or in any capacity whatever, for facilitating or preserving a friendly intercourse with the Indians, or for managing the concerns of the United States with them, he shall forfeit

sum not exceeding one thousand dollars, and be imprisoned not exceeding twelve months.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of the act, visions of a former act applied intituled "An act to regulate trade and intercourse with the Indian to this.

tribes, and to preserve peace on the frontiers,” passed the third day of Vol. i. 743.

March, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-nine, be, and the same are hereby extended to carry into effect this act, and for the trial and punishment of offences against it, in the same manner as if they were

herein specially recited. Limitation. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue and

(a) Act of March 3, 1799, chap. 46, sec. 105; act of March 30, 1802, chap. 13; act of April 29, 1816; act of March 3, 1817, chap. 43; act of May 6, 1822, chap. 58.

Certain pro

be in force until the third day of March, in the year one thousand eight hundred and two, and no longer.

APPROVED, January 17, 1800.

STATUTE I.

Chap. VI.–An Act to repeal part of an act, intituled An act to provide for mili- Feb. 11, 1800.

gating or remilling the forfeitures, penalties and disabilities, accruing in certain cases iherein mentioned, and to continue in force lhe residue of the same."(a)

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Vol. i. 506. States of America in Congress assembled, That the fourth section of an act intituled “An act to provide for mitigating or remitting the forfeitures, penalties and disabilities, accruing in certain cases therein mentioned,” passed on the third day of March, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven, shall be, and the same is hereby repealed, and the residue of the said act shall be, and the same is hereby continued in full force without limitation of time.

APPROVED, February 11, 1800.

STATUTE I.

CAAP. VIII.An Act giving further time to the holders of Military Warrants, to Feb. 11, 1800.

register, and locate the same. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United [Obsolete.) States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury shall, for the space of fourteen days after the expiration of the 1796, ch. 46. nine months heretofore allowed for that purpose, by the act, intituled “An act regulating the grants of land, appropriated for military services, and for the society of the United Brethren for propagating the Gospel among the Heathen,” register warrants for military services in the form and manner as is prescribed by the said recited act; and the priority of location of said warrants, and the warrants registered under the said recited act shall be determined by lot, immediately after the expiration of the said fourteen days, and a day for the location shall be fixed by the Secretary of the Treasury, in a public notice given in one of the gazettes of the city of Philadelphia. APPROVED, February 11, 1800.

STATUTE I. Caap. IX.-An Ad to suspend in part, an act, intituled "An act lo augment the Feb. 20, 1800.

Army of the United States ; and for other purposes." Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the (Obsolete.) United States of America in Congress assembled, That all further enlistments under the second section of an act, intituled “An act to augment the army of the United States, and for other purposes,” shall be sus Vol. i. 604. pended until the further order of Congress, unless in the recess of Congress, and during the continuance of the existing differences between the United States and the French Republic, war shall break out between the United States and the French Republic, or imminent danger of invasion of their territory by the said Republic, shall, in the opinion of the President of the United States, be discovered to exist. APPROVED, February 20, 1800.

STATUTE I. CAAP. X.-An Act further to suspend the commercial intercourse between the Feb. 27, 1800.

United States and France, and the dependencies thereof.(6)
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives

[Expired.) of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all com

(4) Act of March 3, 1797, chap. 13.

(6) Act of February 9, 1799, chap. 2.

Intercourse mercial intercourse between any person or persons resident within the suspended. United States or under their protection, and any person or persons resi

dent within the territories of the French Republic, or any of the dependencies thereof, shall be, and from and after the second day of March next, is hereby prohibited and farther suspended, excepting only in the cases hereinafter provided. And any ship or vessel, owned, hired, or employed wholly or in part by any person or persons resident within the United States, or any citizen or citizens thereof resident elsewhere, and sailing therefrom after that day, which contrary to the intent hereof, shall be voluntarily carried, or shall be destined or permitted to proceed, or shall be sold, bartered, entrusted or transferred, for the purpose that she may proceed, whether directly or from any intermediate port or place, to any port or place within the territories of that Republic, or any of the dependencies thereof; or shall be engaged in any traffic or commerce, by or for any person resident within the territories of that Republic, or within any of the dependencies thereof; and also any cargo which shall be found on board of such ship or vessel, when detecied and interrupted in such unlawful purpose, or at her return from such voyage to the United States, shall be wholly forfeited, and may be seized and condemned in any court of the United States, having competent

jurisdiction. On clearing Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That excepting for foreign ships other than cer- or vessels owned, hired, and employed by persons permanently residing sels for at for. in Europe, and commanded and wholly navigated by foreigners, no eign voyage, se. clearance for a foreign voyage shall be granted to any ship or vessel curity to be

whatever, until the owner or the employer for the voyage, or if not resigiven.

dent within the district where the clearance shall be required, his factor or agent, with the master and one or more sufficient surety or sureties, to the satisfaction of the collector of the district, shall give bond to the United States, such owner, employer, or factor, with the master, in a sum equal to the value of the vessel, and of one third of her cargo; and such surety or sureties in a like sum, when it shall not exceed ten thousand dollars; and if it shall exceed, then in that sum, with condition that the ship or vessel for which a clearance shall be required, is actually destined, and shall proceed to some port or place without the limits or jurisdiction of the French Republic, or any of the dependencies thereof, and during the intended voyage shall not be voluntarily carried, or permitted to proceed or sold, entrusted or transferred, with

that she may proceed whether directly, or from any intermediate port or place, to any port or place within the territories of that Republic, or any of the dependencies thereof; and shall not, at any such port or place, voluntarily deliver or unlade any part of such cargo; and if compelled by distress of weather, or taken by force into any such port or place, will not there receive on board of such ship or vessel, any goods, produce, or merchandise, other than necessary sea stores; and generally, that such ship or vessel shall not be employed in any traffic or commerce, with or for any person resident within the terri

tory of the French Republic, or any of the dependencies thereof. Master of a Sec. 3. Provided, and be it further enacted, That when any ship or vessel going to vessel which shall obtain a clearance for a foreign voyage, after a bond a French port shall be given as aforesaid, shall be compelled by distress of weather, or by compulsion, other casualty endangering the safety of such ship or vessel, or of the may receive

mariners on board the same, or shall be taken by any armed vessel, or payment in money or bul.

other superior force, into any port or place within the territories of the lion, &c. French Republic, or any of the dependencies thereof, and shall there

necessarily unlade and deliver, or shall be deprived of any cargo then on board, then, and in such case, the master or other person having charge of such ship or vessel, may receive compensation or payment in bills of exchange, or in money or lion, for such cargo, but not otherwise,

the purpose

vessel and car.

&c.

and shall not be understood thereby to contravene this law, or to incur a forfeiture of the said bond.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That no ship or vessel coming Forfeiture of from any port or place within the territories of the French Republic, or

go coming from any of the dependencies thereof, whether with or without a cargo, or a French port, from any other port or place, with a cargo on board obtained for, or or from an ina laden on board of such vessel at any port or place within the said terri- termediate port, tories or dependencies, which shall arrive within the limits of the United States after the said second day of March next, shall be admitted to an entry with the collector of any district; and each and every such ship or réssel which shall arrive as aforesaid, having on board any goods, wares or merchandise, destined to be delivered within the United States, contrary to the intent of this act, or which shall have otherwise contravened the same, together with the cargo which shall be found on board, shall be forfeited, and may be seized and condemned in any court of the United States having competent jurisdiction : Provided, that nothing Exceptions. herein contained shall be construed to prohibit the entry of any vessel having a passport granted under the authority of the French Republic, and solely employed for purposes of political or national intercourse with the government of the United States, and not in any commercial intercourse, and which shall be received, and permitted by the President of the United States to remain within the same: And provided also, that until the first day of August next, and no longer, any ship or vessel, wholly owned or employed by a foreigner, other than any person resident in France, or in any of the dependencies of the French Republic, and which coming therefrom shall be destined to the United States, and shall arrive within the same, not having otherwise contravened this act, shall be required and permitted to depart therefrom, and in case she shall accordingly depart, without any unreasonable delay, and without delivery, or attempting to deliver, any cargo or lading within the United States, such ship or vessel, or any cargo which may be on board the same, shall not be liable to the forfeiture aforesaid.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That if any ship or vessel, coming Treatment of from any port or place within the territories of the French Republic, vessels coming

from a French or any of the dependencies thereof, or with any cargo there obtained

port or with a on board, but not destined to any port or place within the United States, cargo therein shall be compelled by distress of weather, or other necessity, to put into obtained, and any port or place within the limits of the United States, such ship or through stress vessel shall be there hospitably received in the manner prescribed by of weather, &c. the act, intituled “An act to regulate the collection of duties on imports and tonnage;" and shall be permitted to make such repairs, and to Vol. i. 627. obtain such supplies as shall be necessary to enable her to proceed according to her destination; and such repairs and supplies being obtained, shall be thereafter required and permitted to depart. But if such ship or vessel shall not conform to the regulations prescribed by the act last mentioned, or shall unlade any part of her cargo, or shall take on board any cargo or supplies whatever, without the permit of the collector of the district previously obtained therefor, or shall refuse, or unreasonably delay to depart from and out of the United States, after having received a written notice to depart, which such collector may, and shall give, as soon as such ship or vessel shall be fit for sea; or having departed shall return to the United States, not being compelled thereto by further distress or necessity, in each and every such case, such ship or vessel and

shall be forfeited and may be seized, and condemned in any court of the United States having competent jurisdiction.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That at any time after the passing The President of this act, it shall be lawful for the President of the United States, by may remit the his order to remit and discontinue for the time being, whenever he shall probibition of deem it expedient, and for the interest of the United States, all or any renew it again.

her

cargo

Vou. II.-2

How Hispa.

President may

&c.

of the restraints and prohibitions imposed by this act, in respect to the territories of the French Republic, or to any island, port or place belonging to the said Republic, with which in his opinion a commercial intercourse may be safely renewed; and also it shall be lawful for the President of the United States, whenever he shall afterwards deem it expedient, to revoke such order, and hereby to re-establish such restraints and prohibitions. And the President of the United States shall be, and he is hereby authorized, to make proclamation thereof accordingly.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the whole of the island of niola Bhall be. Hispaniola shall for the purposes of this act be considered as a depender this act. dency of the French Republic: Provided, that nothing herein contained

shall be deemed to repeal or anvul in any part, the order or proclamation of the President of the United States, heretofore issued for permitting commercial intercourse with certain ports of that island.

SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for the instruct the pub. President of the United States, to give instructions to the public armed to stop vessels vessels of the United States, to stop and examine any ship or vessel of contravening the United States on the high sea, which there may be reason to suspect this act.

to be engaged in any traffic or commerce contrary to this act, and if upon examination, it shall appear that such ship or vessel is bound or sailing to, or from any port or place, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act, it shall be the duty of the commander of such public armed vessel, to seize every ship or vessel engaged in such illicit commerce, and send the same to the nearest convenient port of the United States, to be there prosecuted in due course of law, and held

liable to the penalties and forfeitures provided by this act. Penalties may be mitigated,

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That all penalties and forfeitures incurred by force of this act, shall, and may be examined, mitigated and remitted in like manner, and under the like conditions, regulations

and restrictions, as are prescribed, authorized and directed by the act, Vol. i. 506. intituled “An act to provide for mitigating, or remitting, the forfeitures, Distribution of penalties and disabilities accruing in certain cases therein mentioned ;" penalties.

and all penalties and forfeitures, which may be recovered in pursuance of this act in consequence of any seizure made by the commander of

any public armed vessel of the United States, shall be distributed accordVol. i. 715. ing to the rules prescribed by the act, intituled "An act for the govern

ment of the navy of the United States ;" and all other penalties arising

under this act, and which may be recovered, shall be distributed and Vol. i. 697. accounted for in the manner prescribed by the act, intituled “An act

to regulate the collection of duties on imports and tonnage.” President may

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That nothing contained in this sion to enter and act shall extend to any ship or vessel to which the President of the clear in certain United States shall grant a permission to enter and clear; provided such

ship or vessel shall be solely employed, pursuant to such permission, for purposes of national intercourse; and shall not be permitted to proceed with, or to bring to the United States any cargo or lading whatever

other than necessary sea-stores. Former act Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That the act, intituled “ An continued in

act further to suspend the commercial intercourse between the United part. Vol. i. 613.

States and France, and the dependencies thereof,” shall be, and is hereby continued and shall be taken to be in force in respect to all offences, which shall have been committed against the same, before the expiration thereof; and to the intent that all seizures, forfeitures and penalties arising upon such offences, may be had, sued for, prosecuted and recovered, any limitation of the said act to the contrary hereof notwith

standing. Limitation of Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That this act shall be and remain this act.

in force until the third day of March, one thousand eight hundred and onc: Providerl, horror, the expiration thereof shall not prevent or

cases.

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