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and thus display the virtues suitable to his high charac ter, in the season of so severe a trial." Every thing being now prepared, Jesus stripped of his garments, and the cross laid on the ground, he was extended on it, and his mangled naked body, already covered with wounds and bruises, was fastened to it by large nails which were driven through his hands and feet. When the executioners had performed their cruel office, the cross was raised from the ground, and fixed in a hole prepared to receive it. What excruciating torment must our LORD endure! Yet not a murmur or ̊complaint escaped his lips; but, with unexampled charity and greatness of mind, he prayed for his murderers, at. the very time they were executing the wicked design of his enemies against him.

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That his death might be rendered as ignominious as possible, and the multitude prejudiced against him, crosses were erected on each side of that to which he was nailed, on which were crucified two infamous malefactors, condemned to death for theft. Thus was fulfilled a prediction of Isaiah *, "that be should be numbered with the transgressors."

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As soon as JESUS was fixed on the cross, the soldiers, with that unfeeling attention to their own interest so commento vulgar minds, seized on his garments as their perquisite; the manner of their parting them was predicted by the royal Psalmist +.

It was usual, in cases of crucifixion, to put upon the cross, over the head of the criminal, an inscription, containing the substance of the crime for which he was executed. It is very remarkable, that Pilate was so overruled by divine Providence, that instead of casting reproach upon JESUS, and exposing him to ridicule, he

* Isaiah liii.

+ Psalm xxii. 18.


declared his real character, and proclaimed his kingdom. The inscription was written in three languages, that it might be intelligible to Jews, Romans, and most other foreigners. Though the Chief Priests made great objections to the form of this inscription, Pilate could not be prevailed on to alter it. Happy would it have been for him, had he shewn the same firmness before! When the Chief Priests and rulers found that they could not procure an alteration, they mixed themselves with the throng, to feast their eyes with the miseries of the holy Sufferer, triumphing over his last agonies, blaspheming, mocking, and reviling him, and even upbraiding him, because he did not exert for his own deliverance that saving power, by which they could not deny numbers had been benefited. Our blessed LORD remained unmoved at their insults, and made no attempt to justify himself; and when one of the malefactors, who was executed with him, reproached him, he answered not: but when the other addressed him as a King, he received his homage, and promised to reward his peni


What agonizing sorrow must the mother of JesuS have felt, when she saw her beloved Son thus tortured, and heard the reproaches of his cruel, enemies! Now was fulfilled the prediction of Simeon," that a sword should pierce through her own soul.” JESUS saw his mother standing, and knew what she suffered; he saw also his beloved disciple John, who, he was certain, would, for his sake, gladly perform any office of filial love towards her our LORD, therefore, commended his mo.. ther to the care of his benevolent Apostle, with whom she is said to have lived many years. His attention to this circumstance, in the midst of such agonies, was a great instance of the composure of his mind.

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The darkness which happened at noon-day, while Our SAVIOUR hung on the cross, was out of the common course of nature; for a total eclipse of the sun could not take place, as it was the full of the moon: we may, then, consider it as caused by the immediate power of GOD, to add solemnity to the awful scene, and express his Divine displeasure against those who crucified his beloved Son; it is thought not to have been extended be. yond the land of Judea. Our LORD seems to have endured his torments for a long time in silence; and when his agonies and dejection of mind were greater than hu man nature could sustain, he did not give way to such complainings as would naturally have proceeded from the mouth of any other man under his circumstances, but vented his sorrows in the words of Divine inspiration," My God, my God, why hast thou FORSAKEN ME?" which proved, as I shall endeavour to explain, that he was the MESSIAH. Our LORD uttered this exclamation in the Syro-Chaldaic tongue, which the Jews weli understood; and, it is probable, they wilfully misinterpreted his words, that they might have a pretence for insulting him to the last. He now felt extreme thirst in consequence of his pains, and, as this particular had been predicted *, he made it known; on which, agree, ably also to the Psalmist's prediction, vinegar was offer. ed to him to drink; and by receiving of this, he com. pleted all that had been foretold concerning the sufferings! that should be inflicted on him by others. Nothing now remained, but to offer his life as an atonement for the sins, of the whale world, and to shew, that it was not forced; from him, but still remained in fall vigour, he cried with a loud voice; then bowing his venerable head in token of resignation to the Divine Will, he willingly dismissed †.

*See Psalm, Ixix. 21.

See Doddridge's Family Expositor, Vol. II. p. 591.



his spirit, with a lively faith and holy joy committing. it to the hands of the FATHER, in full assuramue that HE would not leave his soul in death, nor suffer his Holy One to see corruption. Our LORD was nailed to the cross between 9 and 12 o'clock, in the forenoon, andexpired between 3 and 4 in the afternoon, which was the time of offering the evening sacrifice, and also for killing the Paschal Lamb. It was at this hour that the angel Gabriel delivered to the prophet Daniel that glorious prediction of the MESSIAH; and some learned authors conjecture, that from that time to the kour of CHRIST'S death was exactly seventy weeks of years t.



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Our LORD in his last moments called upon his FATHER, and to shew the unbelieving Jews, that GOD acknowledged him as his SoN, the veil of the Temple, which separated the Holy Place from the most Holy, though made of the richest and strongest tapestry, was miraculously rent in two, from the top to the bottom; so that while the priest was ministering at the golden altar, the sacred Oracle was laid open to full view which was a token of the abolition of the Mosaic ritual, aud a type that a passage was opened to the PRESENCE of GOD in heaven by the sacrifice of CHRIST, the true PASCHAL LAMB.

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As a farther emblem of the approaching destruction of the temple, its very foundation was shaken by an earthquake; and many rocks in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem torn asunder in so wonderful a manner, as to retain, according to the report of authentic travellers, even to the present times, visible marks of miraculous power. Thus, when the Jews refused to acknowledge

*Henry's Annotations.


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+ See Sect. xxxi. Vol. V. Maundreli's Travels. Bee Doddridge, Vol. II. p. 229, in the


the MESSIAH, did the very stones help to proclaim him; and the centurion who guarded our LORD during his execution, though a Gentile, struck with his amazing fortitude, and the prodigies that followed his death, expressed a thorough conviction that JESUS was not only a righteous man, but the SON OF GOD.

The poor women, who with affectionate courage had followed our LORD to the cross, even after his disciples forsook him and fled, being no longer able to give him any charitable assistance, retired to some distance: perhaps they turned their care to the consolation of his afflicted mother, or sought a situation where they might mingle their tears with her's, without exposing them." selves to the insults of a furious rabble.

Those who were disinterested spectators of the wonderful scene, whom curiosity alone had assembled, were so affected with it, that they smote their breasts, which heaved with pity and commiseration, fear and dread; yet they returned to their own houses, without professing their belief in CHRIST; though it is very probable, that the impressions which the sight of the crucifixion made, prepared their minds for the preaching of the Apostles afterwards, and that many were then con. verted.

This portion of Sacred History demands our particular attention; let us therefore see what practical instruc tion we may derive from it.

From our LORD's address to the women who followed him, "Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, &c.” we are taught, that we should not entertain the same kind of sorrow for the sufferings and death of CHRIST, which we feel for the distresses. of mankind. If it was useless to weep for him at the very time he endured them, it certainly must be so now that he sits at the

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