Sivut kuvina

xxi. 10. xxiv. 17. xiv, 30. xxvii. 4. xxiv. 20. iii. 31. xxiii. 17. xxiv. 1. xxiv. 2. iii. 32. xxiv. 20.

SECT. 13.

The quality
Justice to man others Mercy:
only: First, to l 1. in }

The gain of it.

Let not mercy and truth forsake thee : bind them on thy neck, and write them upon the table of thine heart; this suffereth not to stop thine ear at the cry of the poor : yea, the righteous man regardeth the life of his beast : no virtue is more gainful: for By mercy and truth iniquity shall be forgiven ; and By this thou shali find farour and good understanding in the sight of God and man : good reason; For he honoureth God, that hath mercy on the poor : yea, he makes God his debtor; He, that hath mercy on the poor, lendeth to the Lord, and the Lord will recompence him : so that The merciful man rewardeth his own soul ; for He, that followeth righteousness and mercy, shall find righteousness, and life, and glory; and therefore is blessed for ever. Pr. iii. 3. xxi. 13. xii. 10. xvi. 6. ij. 4. xiv. 31. xix. 17. xi. 17. xxi. 21. xiv. 21.

SECT. 14.

(1. Unmercifulness. Against mercy offend 2. Oppression.


3. Blood-thirstiness.

1. That (not only) the rich ruleth the poor, but that the poor is hated of his own neighbour ; whereas the friends of the rich are many; of his neighbour ? Yea all the brethren of the poor hate him : how much more will his friends depart from him ? though he be instant with words, yet they will not. Pr. xxii. 7. xiv. 20. xix. 7.

2. There is a generation, whose teeth are as swords, and their jaws as knives, to eat up the afflicted out of the earth. These are they that oppress the poor, to increase themselves, and give to the rich ; that rob the poor because he is poor, and oppress the afflicted in judgment ; that take away the garment in the cold season, and therefore are like vine gar poured upon nitre, or like him that singeth songs to a heavy heart ; that trouble their own flesh, and therefore are cruel ; an ordinary sin. I turned and considered all the oppressions that are wrought under the sun; and behold the tears of the oppressed, and none comforteth them; and the strength is of the hand of those that oppress them, and none comforteth them. None? Yes surely, above. If in a country thou seest the oppression of the poor, and the defrauding of judgment, and justice, be not astonished at the matter ; for he, that is higher than the highest, regardeth, and there be higher than they, which will defend the cause of the poor, to cause the oppressor to come to poverty : in which estate he shall cry and not be heard. Pr. xxx. 14. xxii. 16. xxii. 22. xxv. 20. xi. 17. Ec. iv. 1. v. 7.

3. The bloody man is he, which not only doth hate him that is upright, but layeth wait against the house of the righteous, and spoileth his resting place; yea, that doth violence against the blood of a person : such as will say, Come with us, we will lay wait for blood, and lie privily for the innocent without a cause. We will swallow them up alive like a grave, even whole ; as those that go down into the pit. But, my son, walk not thou in the way with them : refrain thy foot from their path : for their feet run to evil, and make haste to bloodshed. Certainly, as without cause the net is spread before the eyes of all that hath wings, sv they lay wait for blood and lie privily for their lives : Thus the mercies of the wicked are cruel : but shall they prevail in this? The causeless curse shall not come : The just man may fall seven times in a day, but he riseth up again, while the wicked shall fall into mischief ; yea into the same they had devised : he, that diggeth a pit, shall fall therein; and he, that rolleth a stone, it shall fall upon him, and crush him to death : for He, that doth violence against the blood of a person shall Hee unto the grave, and they shall not stay him. Pr. xxii. 23. xii. 16. xxi. 13, xxix. 10. xxiv. 15. xxviii, 17. i. 11. i. 12. i. 15. i. 16. i. 17. i. 18. xii, 10. xxvi. 2. xxiv. 16. xxvi. 27. xxviii. 17.

SECT. 15.

The second kind of

Justice to others, Limited,
is Liberality


with his own, Rewarded,

with more.

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LIBFRALITY or beneficence, is to cast thy bread upon the waters; to give a portion to seven, and also to eight ; in a word, to give of his bread io the poor, and not to withhold his goods from the owners thereof, (i. e. the needy) though there be power in his hand to do it, and not to say to his neighbour, Go and come again, to morrow I will give thee, if he now have it : not that God would not have us enjoy the comforts he gives us, ourselves; for, to every man to whom God hath given riches and treasures, and giveth him power to eat thereof, and to take his part, and to enjoy his lubours, this is the gift of God; but if the clouds be full, they will pour out rain upon the earth, and yet they shall be never the emptier. The liberal person shall have plenty, and he that watereth, shall also have ruin: yea not only he, that giveth to the poor, shall not lack, but shall find it after many days, whereas he, that hideth his eyes, shall have many curses : but, There is that scattereth, and is more increased : thus He, that hath a good eye, is blessed of God. Ec. xi. 1. xi. 2. Pr. xxii. 9. iii. 27. ii. 28. Ec. v. 18. xi. 3. Pr. xi. 25. xxviii. 17: Ec. xi. 1. Pr. xi. 24. xxii. 9.

SECT. 16.

The description of it,
The extremes

The curse.
whereof are

Prodigality. The covetous is he, that is greedy of gain, that having an evil eye, and coveting still greedily, travailleth too much to be rich, and therefore both spareth more than is right, and increaseth his goods by usury and interest : There is one alone, and there is not a second, which hath neither son, nor brother; yet is there none end of his travail, neither can his eyes be satisfied with riches, neither doth he think, For whom do 1 travail, and defraud my soul of pleasures? This man is unsatiable, like to the horse-leech's two daughters, which cry still, Give, Give: especially in his desires; The grave and destruction can never be full ; so the eyes of a man can never be satisfied : All the labour of man is for his mouth, and yet the soul is not filled : yea, this is the curse that God hath set upon him, He, that loveth silver, shall not be satisfied with silver : and he, that loveth riches, shall be without the fruit thereof; and whereas the rich man's riches are his strong city, he that trusteth in riches shall fall, and by his sparing cometh surely to poverty. All this while he sets his eyes on that which is nothing, and doth but gather for him that will be merciful to the poor : wherefore, Better is a little with right, than great revenues without equity. Give me not poverty, nor giches : feed me with food convenient for me, lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the Lord ? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of God in vain. Pr. i. 19. xxiii. 6, xxi. 26. xxiii. 4. xi. 24. xxviii. 8. Ec. iv. 8. Pr. xxx. 15. xxvii. 20. Ec. vi. 7. v. 9. Pr. xviii. 11. xi. 28. xi. 24. xxiii. 5. xxviii. 8. xvi. 8. XXX, 8, XXX. 9.

SECT. 17.

The Quality,
Too much ex-
pence: whereof

The End. .
Prodigality in

Carelessness of his Estate. The prodigal is the man that boasteth of false liberality, that loveth pastime, and wine, and oil, that feedeth glutions, and followeth the idle: The unthrifty man, and the wicked man, walketh with a froward mouth : Lewd things are in his heart, he imagineth evil at all times ; Therefore shall his destruction come speedily, and he shall be destroyed suddenly without recovery; and, in the mean time, The riches of vanity shalt diminish; so that he shall be a man of want ; yea filled with poverty, and a shame to his father. Of this kind also is he, that is otherwise careless of his estate: Be not thou of them that touch the hand, nor among them that are surety for debts: If thou hast nothing to pay, why causest thou that he should take thy bed from under thee? Pr. xii. 9. xxi. 17. xxviii. 7. xviii. 19. Ec, vi. 12. vi. 14. Pr. vi. 15. xiii, 11. xxi. 17. xxviii. 19. xxviii, 7. xxii. 26. xxii. 27. See more of this rule in the last page of Politic, following

SECT. 18.


what it is.
how profitable in Wealth and Abundance,



Justice to a man's self, is dNligence; for he, that travailleth, travailleth for hiinself: The diligent is he, who all that his hand shall find to do, doth it with all his power. I have seen indeed) the travail, that God hath given the sons of men, to humble them thereby, that all things are full of labour, man cannot utter it ; but what profit hath he that worketh, of the thing wherein he travailleth ? Much every way: 1. Health: The sleep of him that travailleth, is sweet, whether he eat little or much. 2. Wealth : Open thine eyes, and thou shalt be satisfied with bread : yea, The hand of the diligent maketh rich, and his soul shall be fat: and not sufficiency only, but in all labour there is abundance, but the talk of the lips bringeth want : yet more, the riches, that the diligent man hath, are precious. 3. Honour : A diligent man shall stand before kings, and not before the base sort ; and The hand of the diligent shall bear rule, but the idle shall be under tribute. Pr. xvi. 26. Ec. ix. 10.

iii. 20. i. 8. iii. 9. v. 11. Pr. xx. 13. X. 4. xiii. 4. xiv. 23. xii. 27. xxii. 29. xii. 24.

SECT. 19.

The properties.

The danger of it. THE slothful, is he, that foldeth his hands, and eateth up his own flesh; That hideth his hand in his bosom, and will not pull it out again to his mouth ; That turneth on his bed, as a door turneth on the hinges, and saith, Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep. Every thing that he ought to do, is troublesome : The way of the slothful man is a hedge of thorns, (which he is loth to set foot in) There is a lion without (saith he) I shall be slain in the street: who although herein he be wiser in his own conceit, than seven men that can render a reason : Yet (the truth is) he, that (so much as) follows the idle, is destitute of understanding ; he lusteth (indeed) and affecteth great things, but his soul hath nought : so, The very desire of the slothful slayeth him,

for his hands refuse to work. And not only he, that is slothful in his work, is brother to him that is a great waster; but he, that sleepeth (and slothfulness causeth to fall asleep) in harvest, is the son of confusion : and, He, that will not plough because of winter, shall beg in summer, and have nothing : Love not sleep therefore, lést thou come to poverty; for what is it, that hence cometh not to ruin ? For the house: By slothfulness the roof of the house goeth to decay; and by idleness of the hands, the house droppeth through. For the land : I passed by the field of the slothful, and by the vineyard of the man destitute of understanding : and, lo, it was all grown over with thorns, and nettles had covered the face of it, and the stone wall thereof was broken down. Then I beheld and considered it well: I looked upon it, and received instruction : so in every respect the slothful hand maketh poor. Go to the pismire therefore, thou sluggard, and behold her ways and be wise : For she, having no guide, governor, nor ruler, prepareth her meat in summer, and gathereth her food in harvest. How long wilt thou sleep, 0 sluggard? when wilt thou arise out of thy sleep? Yet a little sleep, yet a little slumber, yet a little folding of the hands to sleep : Therefore thy poverty cometh as a speedy traveller, and thy necessity as an armed man. Ec. iv. 5. Pr. xix. 24. xxvi. 24. vi. 10. xv. 19. xxii. 13. xxvi. 13. xxvi. 16. xii. ll. xiji. 4. xxi. 23. xviii. 9. X. 5. xix. 15. xx. 4. xx. 13. Ec. x. 18. Pr. xxiv. 30. xxiv. 31. xxiv. 52. x, 4. vi. 6. vi. 7. vj, 8. vi. 9. xxiv. 33.

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