Cultivated Landscapes of Native Amazonia and the Andes

Etukansi
Oxford University Press, 9.1.2003 - 396 sivua
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The Andes and Amazonia are two of the harshest regions on earth. The opportunities for productive agriculture, even with modern methods, seem limited given conditions of climate, terrain, and soils. Nevertheless, indigenous people, both prehistoric and more recent, developed systems ofcultivation that have been intensive, highly productive, and sustainable, reclaiming marginal lands and supporting large numbers of people and complex socities. This valuable reference work examines native South American agriculture. Its focus is on field types and field technologies, including agricultural landforms such as terraces, canals, and drained fields which have persisted for hundreds of years. The evidence utilized comes from abandoned fields,historical documents, and current practices. What emerges is a picture of indigenous farming practices in rain forests, savannas, swamps, rugged mountains, and deserts. This knowledge provides unique techniques and some basic principles for farming difficult environments.
 

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Sisältö

Classification of Field Types
13
Crops Tools and Soft Technology
27
A Diversity of Habitats and Field Systems
53
Fields of the Mojo Campa Bora Shipibo and Karinya
75
PreEuropean Riverine Cultivation
102
PreEuropean Forest Cultivation
115
Irrigated Fields
135
Terraced Fields
170
Lost Systems of Cultivation
215
The Mojos Raised Fields
239
The Titicaca Raised Fields
254
Ditched Fields Drainage Canals and River Canalization
278
1mplications of Indigenous Agricultural Technology
293
A Cultivated Plants of South America
307
References
324
Index
367

Terrace and 1rrigation Origins and Abandonment
185

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William M. Denevan is a Professor Emeritus of Geography, University of Wisconsin.

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