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REVIEW OF BOOKS.

Memoirs of John Howard, the Philan Sumner's Evidence of Christianity... 266

thropist, by James Baldwin Brown, Faber's Difficulties of Infidelity 269

i Esq. LL. D.

28 Robinson on Wesleyan Methodism 270

Rev. D. Wilson's Sermon on the Death Biddulph's Divine Influence

307

of Charles Grant, Esq...

67 Mortimer's Sixteen Lectures on ditto 310

Select Christian Authors; with Intro The Modern Trareller ..

318

ductory Essays

71 Scott's Letters and Papers

349

Dr. Kenney's Visitation Sermon at St. Way's Household of Faith

355

Saviour's

107 Dr. Brown's History of Christian Mis-

Rev. Edward Anderson's Visitation

388

Sermon at Nottingham .

ib. Life and Travels of Serjeant B.

894

Rev. W. Dealtry's Visitation Sermon Cunningham's Morning Thougbts... 495

at Hatfield.

ib. Morning Meditations

ib.

Rev. Edward-Thomas Vaughan's Ser Sturm's Morning Communings with

mon at Leicester

111 God

ib.

Rev. John Owen's Strictures on Mr. Williams's Daily Bread

ib.
Vaughan's Sermon
ib. | Foster's Bible Preacher

ib.
Sermons by Thomas Chalmers, D. D. The Daily. Words, &c. of the Bre-

preached at Glasgow, &c. &c. 146 thren's Congregations for 1825... ib.

A Tribute of Parental Affection to the Matibew Henry at Hackney

430

Memory of a beloved Daughter (by Review of the Doctrine of the Gospel ib.
Rev. C. Jerram).

189 Grinfield's Harmony of the New Tes-
Abbé Dubois's Letters on the State

ib.

of Christianity in India

225 Bishop Ryder's Farewell Sermons at

The Rev. James Hough's Reply to do. ib. Gloucester

489

Henderson's Appeal to the British and Immediate, not Gradual, Abolition .. 494

Foreign Bible Society on the Turkish Watson's Sermon on the Instruction

New Testament

230 of Slaves

Professor Lee's Remarks on ditto .ii. ib.

tament ....

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THE

CHRISTIAN GUARDIAN, ,

AND

Church of England Magazine.

JANUARY 1, 1824.

MEMOIRS OF THE REFORMERS.

but we

MELANCTHON.

scribed as a man of piety and grave

manners. He had a remarkable In contemplating the lives and turn for the

invention of warlike incharacters of the Reformers, there struments, which attracted the noare few if any individuals to whom tice of Maximilian, son of the Emthe mind reverts with greater satisperor Frederick III. and other aufaction than the subject of the pre- gust personages, as the palatinės sent Memoir. We may, indeed, Philip and Rupert, to whom he hesitate to concur with Mr. Bose was Engineer of Artillery*. He well in pronouncing him the wor

died on the 27th of October, 1508, thiest of all the Reformers, and in consequence of having drunk may seriously disapprove of the water from a poisoned well in time particular instance in which his of war. Two days before his demildness is by that gentleman com cease he called Philip to his bedmended, the advising his aged mo- side, and blessing him, said, “ I ther to continue in the old religion; have seen many changes, but there

e must ever maintain, that will yet be greater, in which I pray the cause of the Reformation was God to keep thee safe. And, o most deeply indebted to the piety, my son, I charge thee, fear thy learning, and peaceable disposition God, and lead à virtuous life? of Philip Melancthon.

The sorrowing child was then reThis great and good man was

moved to Spires, about eighteen born at Bretten, in the Lower Pa- miles distant, that he might not latinate, on the

sixteenth of Febru witness the last agonies of his reary, 1497*. His father, George vered parent. Swartzard t, was a native of Hei Losing his maternal grandfather delberg, who settled at Bretten about the same time, and having after his marriage with Barbara, the attained the rudiments of learning, amiable daughter of John Reuter with his younger brother George, (several years mayor of that small at the school in their native town, but respectable town), and who became the mother of the subject allusive of his name and office, viz. Sable,

* Maximilian granted bim coat-armour of our Memoir. This gentleman a Lion sejant, crowned or, holding in dexter bore a character for integrity, pru- foot a mallet, and in sinister a forceps. dence, and fidelity, and is de- Philip preferred using for his device, &

Serpent banging on a cross ; on which * Camerarius, vit. Melancth., not. ap. Gretser, the Jesuit, made an ill-natured

cpigram; intinating, that it suited bim well; + Græcè, Melancthon ; Anglicè, Black- for he was a viper by nature, and deserved

to be crucified. JAN. 1824.

B

Stobelium.

land.

a

mar.

he was sent to the academy of refused a Master's degree in the Pfortsheim, where he lodged at following year on account of his the house of a relation, who was youth, and thinking moreover that sister to the famous Reuchlin. His the air of the place did not agree tutor in Latin was John Hunga- with his delicate constitution, he rus, an excellent grammarian, who became a member of the scholastic became afterwards zealous body of Tubingen, in September, preacher. “ He used to make me 1512. Here he diligently studied construe,” says Melancthon," from mathematics, jurisprudence, logic, twenty to thirty lines of Virgil, medicine, and theology; cultivated without allowing any omission; the intimacy of the first scholars; and as often as I blundered he mo was created Doctor in Philosophy, derately chastised me. To him I or Master of Arts, before he was owe my acquaintance with gram seventeen; and became a public

He was a worthy man, and lecturer. It was at this period that loved me as a child, while I loved Erasmus spoke of him in such an him as a father, and I hope we exalted manner :

• What hopes shall both soon meet in heaven *."

may we not conceive of Philip MeThe writer of this testimony was a lancthon, though as yet very young, docile lad, who generally excelled and almost a boy, but equally to be his seniors in their little grammatical admired for his proficiency in both contests. He had a slight hesita- languages! What quickness of intion in his speech, probably from vention? What purity of diction! timidity, as in after-life it was What extent of memory! What scarcely if at all perceptible. His variety of reading! What modesty Greek preceptor was George Sim- and gracefulness of behaviour ! ler, who was subsequently a dis At this early period, Melancthon tinguished lawyer at Tubingen. discovered at once erudition and Reuchlin came occasionally to visit benignity, in joining with some his sister, and was so much pleased other scholars to defend Reuchlin with her young inmate, that he against the Cologne divines. These gave him an enlarged Greek gram- ignorant and bigoted characters obmar, and a Greek and Latin lexi- tained an edict from the Emperor con, jocosely dubbing him doctor, to burn all Hebrew works, except and putting on him his own cap, the Bible, as heretical ; but on the with which the boy was not a little earnest supplication of the Jews, flattered. It appears, that he wrote that its execution might be stayed a comedy at the early age of thir- till the books had been examined, teen, which his schoolfellows acted Reuchlin was nominated by the in the presence of Reuchlin, to Elector of Mentz to make the newhom it was dedicated.

cessary report. This distinguished After two years, he was removed scholar, knowing how much the into the University of Heidelberg, terests of learning were concerned, where he made such extraordinary performed his task with 'fidelity, progress, that before he completed and recommended the preservation his fourteenth year

he took

of all the writings which were not Bachelor's degree, was appointed expressly antichristian. The ditutor to the sons of a nobleman, vines immediately calumniated him and composed most of the public with the grossest invective; but harangues and discourses that were Melancthon aided him with his delivered in the University, and counsel, and succeeded in rescuing even wrote some essays for the Pro- him from the impending vengeance fessors themselves. Finding himself of the Roman see.

The office of advocate, always * Explic. Evang. Dom. P. 3. p. 804.

pleasant, is doubly so when exer

.a

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