The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy

Etukansi
Keimpe Algra, Jonathan Barnes, Professor of Ancient Philosophy Jonathan Barnes, Jaap Mansfeld, Malcolm Schofield
Cambridge University Press, 9.12.1999 - 916 sivua
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A full account of the philosophy of the Greek and Roman worlds from the last days of Aristotle (c. 320 BC) until 100 BC. Hellenistic philosophy, for long relatively neglected and unappreciated, has over the last decade been the object of a considerable amount of scholarly attention. The time has come for a general reference work which pulls the subject together and presents an overview. The History is organised by subject, rather than chronologically or by philosophical school, with sections on logic, epistemology, physics and metaphysics, ethics and politics. It has been written by specialists but is intended to be a source of reference for any student of ancient philosophy, for students of classical antiquity and for students of the philosophy of later periods. Greek and Latin are used sparingly and always translated in the main text.
 

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Sisältö

Why so much has been lost
3
Primary sources
5
Secondary sources
6
Stoic epistemology
9
Quellenforschung
16
Genres vi Doxography
17
On sects
19
Successions
23
Physicalism and materialism
546
Epicurean physicalism
550
Voluntary action
553
Conclusion
558
2O Stoic psychology by A A LoNG Irving Stone Professor of Literature in the Department of Classics University of California at Berkeley I Introduc...
560
The physical structure of the psuché and its location in the body
562
Rationality and the faculties of the mind
572
Concluding remarks
584

Biography
25
Fragments
26
Tradition and reception
29
Chronology by Tizi Ano DoRAND1 Chercheur at the CNRS Paris 1 Introduction
31
The Peripatos
35
The Stoa
37
The Garden
43
Pyrrhonists
46
Minor Socratics
47
Survey
48
Successions of scholarchs
53
Organization and structure of the philosophical schools by Tizi ANo Do RAND1
55
by JonATHAN BARNes Professor of Ancient Philosophy University
65
Logic
77
Language
177
EPISTEMOLOGY
229
Epicurean epistemology
260
by Michael FREDE Professor of the History of Philosophy
295
1o Academic epistemology
323
PHYSICS AND METAPHYSICS
355
Cosmology
412
Theology
452
Existence and attributes
454
The gods the world and men
462
Knowledge of God
469
Academic views and criticisms
475
Explanation and causation by R J HANKINson Professor of Philosophy University of Texas at Austin I Background
479
Stoic materialism
481
The Stoic analysis of causation
483
Antecedent causes
487
The concept of preceding causes
490
Dispositions and powers
491
vil Causes and conditions
494
Causes and time
497
The Epicureans and causal explanation
498
Teleology and mechanism
503
multiple explanations
505
empiricism
507
Determinism and indeterminism by R J HANKINson 1 The origins of the question
513
Logic and contingency
516
The Hellenistic response
517
The Epicurean position
522
fate and necessity
526
soft determinism
529
confatalia and the ephhēmin
531
Divination and fate
534
Soft determinism
537
Fate and moral progress
540
Epicurean psychology by Stephen EveRson Professor of Philosophy University of Michigan I Introduction
542
The psuché
543
Philosophy science and medicine by GIUSE PPE CAMBIANo Professor of Ancient Philosophy at the University of Turin I Philosophy and mathemat...
585
Epicureanism and mathematics
587
Scepticism and geometry
590
Philosophy astronomy and astrology
595
Anatomy and philosophical questions
599
Medical knowledge and experience
604
Medical disputes and philosophical arguments
608
PART V
615
The Socratic legacy by A A Long I Introduction
617
The Socratic presence in Greek ethics
618
Antisthenes and DiogenesCynicethics
623
Crates and the literary transmission of Cynicism
629
Aristippus and Cyrenaichedonism
632
Socratic ethics and Hellenistic scepticism
639
Epicurean ethics by Michael ERLER Professor of Classics University of Würzburg and MALcol M SCHOFIELD I Introduction
642
Ethics within the philosophy of Epicurus
644
Philosophical background
647
Pleasure and the foundation of ethics
648
Pleasure as the goal
651
Desire and the limits of life
657
Virtue and friendship
666
Practice
669
Stoic ethics by BRAD IN woodProfessor of Classics University of Toronto and Pierluigi Donini Professor of the History of Philosophy at the State Un...
675
Oikeiôsis and primary impulse
677
Cosmic nature and human nature
682
The goal of life
684
The good
687
Values actions and choice
690
Passions
699
Moral education and the problem of the passions
705
Virtue and wisdom 71 4
714
Moral progress
724
impulse with reservation
736
Social and political thought by MAlcolm Schofield I Introduction
739
An overview
740
On kingship
742
Polybius on the growth and decline of constitutions
744
Epicureanism on security
748
Zenos Republic
756
vil Justice oikeiôsis and the cosmic city
760
Retrospect
769
Epilogue
771
Synopsis offrincipal events
798
Editions ofsources andfragments
805
List of abbreviations
820
Bibliography
828
Index locorum
876
General index
907
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Tietoja kirjoittajasta (1999)

Jonathan Barnes has a BSc in Biological Sciences from the University of Sussex. He has been writing since the age of 21 and under a pseudonym has published four novels. He cam across the Bates method in 1983 and, as a wearer of glasses himself, decided to investigate it from a biologist's viewpoint. He found it logical and consistent, and since practising it has been able to improve his eyesight and discard his glasses.

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