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Books, earliest printed, largely re-
ligious, 277 Bourbon, Duke of, 2o3

Boyer, Sebastian, Court physician,
141

Brentano, Mr., cited, 319-320 Brethren of St. John's, 329; and
Hospital, 33o

Bretton, William, 272, and note Brewer, Mr., cited, 129-130,187, 22o,
246

Brotherhoods, Parish, 305 Brunfels, Otto, 171 Brygott, Richard, prior of Westacre,


Bucer, 189 Burials, 49

Burnet, historian, cited, 4 Bury St. Edmunds, chantries at, 360 Butley, Priory of, 40

Calendar of papers, domestic and
foreign, of reign of Henry VIII., 3

Cambray, Bishop of, 14o

Cambridge, portions of Prior Selling's
library at, 30; monastic students
at, 40; petition of scholars to the

king. 43

Campeggio, Cardinal, 158, 159, 16o

Canterbury, Archbishop of, on clerical
immunity, 62

Canterbury, entertainment of Em-
peror Manuel at Christchurch, 20;
Selling and Hadley, monks of
Christchurch, 22 et seq.; Canter-
bury College at Oxford, 25, and
note; St. Augustine's and the lite-
rary movement, 37

Caraffa, Cardinal, afterwards Paul
IV., 93, 95, 385

Carmelites, origin, 1o4; responsi-
bility for Lutheranism, 173

Caxton, 243, note

Chalcocondylas, Demetrius, 22, 26

Chantries, 109, 352, 353

Chapels of ease, 363

Chaplains, evil effects of their posi-
tion, 122-123

Charnock, Prior, 36

Chaucer cited, 365

Children, and idols, 257; religious
instruction of, 274, 275-276

Christchurch, see Canterbury

Christianity and the classical revival,
179-182

Chrysoloras, Manuel, Greek scholar,
21, and note

Chrysostom, St., cited, 108

Church, position of, prior to Refor-
mation, I, 13o, 187; need of re-
form in, S et seq.; attitude to
learning, 14, 19, 32-36, 38; hosti-
lity to " New Learning" explained,
14 et seq., 18; limits of jurisdiction,
47; and disputations entailed,
ibid.; State right to regulate tem-
poralities of, 48 et seq.; king as
supreme head, 59, 99; rights, 59;
what constitutes, 63; riches coveted,
67 ; Pope as head, 74 et seq. ; Papal
Commission appointed to save,
93; evils in, and how caused, 94 '•
abuses pointed out by Commission,
95, note, 96, note, 97, note; limita-
tations of king's Headship, 99-100;
controversy on riches of, 109;
Erasmus' attitude to, 148 et seq.;
176-178; Erasmus regarded as
an enemy to, 154-156; Lutheran
tenets concerning, 171: need of
Reform obscured by Reformation,
175; attack on, 191; attitude to
vernacular Bibles, 208 et seq., 216-
219; but hostility to denied, 213-
214, 217-218, 221 ; religious teach-
ing prior to Reformation, 245 et
seq.; charges against on points of
worship, 258, 266-267; bequests
to, 343 et seq. ; suggested disposal
of wealth of, 390; abuses in, 365 Church of Christ, sermon on, 8o

Church-building, activity of, 287;
contributions of people towards be-
quests for, 287, and note, 344;
decoration, 288, 292

Church House, 300

Churchyards, trees and grass in, 55

Cicero, and the classical revival, 179-
182

Ciceroniana of Erasmus, 179 Clark,Dr. John, English Ambassador,
84

Classical revival, Erasmus on, 179;absurdities of, 179-18o

Claymond, John, Greek scholar, 37,
note, 38, note

lement, John, 34, note
Clement, Pope, 97, note
Clergy, alleged encouragement of
ignorance, 2, 245; mortuary dues,
49, 123-127; "benefit," 50 ; rights
and duties, 56, 59-64; ordinations,
57, 131-135 ; exemptions, 57; im-
munity, 60 et seq. ; not the Church,
63; position as individuals, 64;
attack on their temporalities, 91;
laity's grievance against, 101 et
seq.; and its causes, 106, 122;
defended by More, 106-107; alleged
mercenary spirit, 109; and idle
laxity of living, 113; prayers, 116;
alms, 116-118; fasting and mortifi-
cation, 118; charges of corruption,
120; lack of definite work, 121,
note; in households of laity, 122;
tithe exactions, 125; faults, 126-
128; alleged immorality, 128-129;
charge of simony, 129; Mr.
Brewer cited on, 129-130; igno-
rance of, 133; hostility to verna-
cular scriptures examined, 208 et
seq., 214, 217; and reasons for
not encouraging, 213, 215; extent
and character of their religious
teaching, 247 et seq. ; books used
by for teaching, 271 et seq.; chantry
clergy, 352, 357-360.364: pilgrim-
ages and relics maintained by, 365;
and motives for, 371, 374
Clericus," 67

Cloth, clerical, State's right to legis-
late on, 55

xhlxus, John, 223, 224, note
jlet. Dean, 6, 18, 27, and note, 31,
note, 132, 141, 145, 148
Commerce, progress not due to Re-
formation, 7

Commissioners, royal, 334, 338
Compostella, pilgrimages to, 366
Concordat, between Leo X. and
Francis I., 69

Concubines, alleged licences for, 128
Confession, 199, 248, 253
Congregation, denoting church, 153, note, 23I-234

>nscience, examinations of, 252
instantine, donation to Pope, 85
Constantine, scholar, 22
Constantine, George, 196

Constantinople, effect of fall of, 22
Constitution, Provincial, 209211,

214, 247
Contarini, Cardinal, 95, 97, note
Convocation, grant of Headship of Church to the king, 99 ; enactment regarding ordination, 131-132;powers of legislation transferred to the Crown, 135; draws up list of heretical books, 190
Corpus Christi, feast of, 328; proces-
sion of guilds, 329; at Corunna, 366-367
Council of Trent, 5, 97, note, 386
Courts, ecclesiastical, subject to Pope, 72
Coverdale, Myles, 91, 228
Cranmer, and the English Bible, 208,

218; on hearing mass, 286
Creeping to the Cross, 266
Criticism in the Church, 137, 151
Croke, Richard, 33, note, 90, note
Cross, honour to on Good Friday,

266
Crowley, quoted, 336
Crucifix, reverence of image of, 254-

255, 264, 269; not an idol, 258
Crumwell, Thomas, 100, 135
Curates and mortuaries, 123-125 ; and

tithes, 125
Cuthbert (Tunstall), Bishop, 194

Dalton, John, of Hull, will of, 344

Dead, prayers for, 341, 352

De Athegua, George, Bishop, 157,

and note
De Burgo, John, 272
Dee, Dr., supplication to Queen

Mary, 44
Defence of Peace, 91, 92, note
Degree, advantage of, to religious, 41
De Melton, William, Chancellor of

York, 131
De Ribbe, M. Charles, on wills, 342,

note
Determinations of the Universities,

90, note
Deventer, school, 138-139
De Worde, Wynkyn, 74, 131, 243,

note, 251, and note, 262, 275 I 1
Digon, John, Canterbury monk,'38,

and note

Dislike of clergy, alleged, 101;reasons for, 112, 122
Dispensations, 94

Dives et Pauper, 250, 262, 311, 312
Division between spirituality and

temporality, Saint-German's work

on, 1o2 et seq., 1o8, 112, 123
Divorce question, the, and its share

in the Reformation, 184, and note
Doctors of Divinity, Erasmus's satire

on, 177
Dollinger, Dr., cited, 20
Dominicans, the, and Erasmus, 165;

responsibility for Lutheranism, 173
Dorpius, Marten, 149-150
Dues of clergy, 49
Dunstan's, St., Canterbury, 304;

parish accounts, 3o5
Dyalogue of Saint-German, t,oct seq.,

1o2, 123; of More, 231, 237,255

Eccles1ast1cal authority, alleged
discontent of laity under, I, 1o1,
184, et seq., 366; limits of, 47

Ecclesiastical discipline, inquiry into,

385

Ecclesiastics, attitude to revival of
learning, 33-35, 38; resistance to
encroachment, 47, 49; Erasmus'
satire on, 177 et seq.; attitude to
English Bible, 208 et seq.; alleged
encouragement of ignorance, 2,245

Edgworth, Roger, preacher, 15, 42,
188, 215, 239, 240, note, 257, 316

Education, fostered by monasteries,

4<

Enconium Moria, of Erasmus, 142,
177, et seq.; 378

Erasmus, attitude to Reformation, 6,
19; made responsible for "New
Learning," 14, note ; but attitude to
defined, 18, 19; his chief support
in England, 35 ; position and views,
137; considered a Reformer, 138,
157, 159-160; birth and education,
138-139; joins order of St. Augus-
tine, 139; ordained, ibid.; unfitness
for religious life, ibid.; hostility
to religious orders, 139, 159, 165,
177; denounces enticing of youths
into cloister, 140; leaves the
religious life, 140-141; takes
pupils, 141 ; at Oxford, ibid.

Erasmus—
In London, 141 ; visits Italy, ibid.;
his Adagia, Hid.; visits Venice,
ibid. ; returns to London, 142; his
Enconium Moria, 142, 177 et seq.,
378; at Cambridge, 142-143 ; testi-
mony to Archbishop Warham's
kindness, 143; praise of English
ecclesiastics, 144, note; amounts
received from English friends, 145;
again leaves England, 146; settles
at Basle, ibid.; superintends Fro-
ben's press, 146; death, 147 ; alti-
tude to Church, 148 et seq., 176-
177; translation of New Testa-
ment, 148, et seq.; attacks on, 153
et seq.; regarded as an enemy to
the Church, 154-156: opposition
to his revival of Greek, 156-157;
defends himself to the Pope, 158,
160-161; disclaims connection with
Luther, 159-161, 164, 172-175;
opposition to national churches,
161, note; attitude to Luther, 163,
I7a, 173-175; attacks Luther,
164; replies to von Hutten's at-
tacks, 165 et seq.; attitude to the
Pope, 167-168, and note, 170, 171-
172, 174; attacks Lutheran mo-
tives, 169-170; letter to Bishop
Marlianus on attitude to Luther,
174; general attitude to religious
movement of his age, 177 et seq.;
and to the classical revival, 179;
on pilgrimages and relics, 365, 367,
378; on devotion to saints, 379 et
seq.

Eton College Chapel, wall paintings
of, 10

Evensong, said before noon, 118 Exemptions of clergy, 57, 68

Fa1rs, 333 et seq.; at Winchester, 333

Faith, The Olde, of Great Britayne
and the New Learning of England,
16, and note

Fasting, 118

Ferguson, Mr., quoted on architec-
tural art, 289

Fineux, Chief-Justice, tries John
Savage, 52 et seq.; opinion on
spiritual courts, 62; 3o6

sher, Bishop, love of learning, 33,
note; object in studying Greek, 36;
views on Papal supremacy, 81, and
note; books against Luther, 80,
note, 170; execution, 81; sermon
on, 82; on moral character of re-
ligious, 121, note; invitation to
Erasmus, 142; on Erasmus' New
Testament, 149, 154, note; sup-
ports study of Greek, 156

isher, Kev. J., 273, note

Fleming, Robert, 21

Foxe, cited, 211, note, 221

Francis, I., 69

Francis, Order of St., 104

Free, John, 37, and note

Frith, 190, 197, 201

Froben, printer, 146, 160, 165

Froude, on Erasmus' New Testa-
ment, 152

Funerals, 49

Airdner, James, cited on jurisdic-
tion of Pope, 72, note; on the
divorce question, 184, note; on
Reformation influences, 186, 187,
note

Gardiner, Bishop, 384

ardynare, Gerinen, 201

Garlekhithe, St. James, 322

German reformers, books prohibited,
189-190

ibbon, cited, 20

'Muse of Truth, 90, note

lastonbury monastery, 36

Gloucester, Humphrey, Duke of, 21

God, love of, 263; worship of, 267

Goldstone, Reginald, monk, com-
panion of Selling, 24

Goldstone, Thomas, Prior of Christ-
church, 22

Gonville Hall, Cambridge, 39, 40

Good Friday observances, 266

Government, true principle of, 94

Grace at meals, 276
Graduates at Oxford, register of, 38-39

1 reck emperors, journeys to courts of
Western Europe, 20

Greek, influence in revival of learn-
ing, 13, 19 et seq. ; first schools of
the revival, 21; effect of fall of
Constantinople, 22-23.

Greek-
Decline in study of, after Reforma-
tion, 44; Erasmus and the Greek
Testament, 148 et seq; outcry
against studies in, 156
Green, historian, cited, 14, note
Gregory VII., Pope, 90
Grocyn, William, 27, and note, 141
Grudge of laity against ecclesiastics, 101
Guardian angel, prayer to, 271
Guarini, pupil of Chrysoloras, 21, 29, note
Guilds, 309; founded upon principle
of Christian brotherhood, 310 et
seq.; trade and religious, 318;
benefit societies, 320; their work,
32I> 339 > constitution, 322 et seq.;
"Pinners' " Guild, 324; accounts,
324-325; fees, 326; Guild of
Tailors, 326; members, 326; ex-
penditure, 327, and note; their part
in Corpus Christi processions, 328-
329; brethren of St. John's, 329;
feasts, 331, and note; Candlemas
Guild of Bury St. Edmunds, 331-
332; bequests, 331 -333; connec-
tion with fairs, 333; final destruc-
tion, 334

Hadley, William, companion of
Prior Selling, 22; studies at
foreign universities, 23; returns to
Christchurch, 24

Hair shirts, 116, 119

Headship of the Church, the king's, 51

Hegius, Alexander, 138

Henley-on-Thames, chantries at, 357

Henry IV., 120

Henry VII. obtains Bull from Inno-
cent VIII., 51; purchases pardon
for Westminster and Savoy, 110

Henry VIII., calendar of papers of
reign, 3; exerts his influence on
behalf of learning, 33, 156; deter-
mined to maintain rights of Crown,
62; book against Luther, 80, 84;
defends Church, 84, 200; reputed
book, 90, note; petition of Com-
mons, &c.,against spirituality, 135;
quarrel with Rome on divorce
question, 184, and note; forbids
Lutheran books, 189-190, 228;
authorises English Bibles, 241.

Henry VIII.—
Destroys the guilds, 334; the re-
formers and, 387
Heresy, spread by books, 189, 192
Hobhouse, Bishop, cited, 3o4, 314
Holidays determined by ecclesiastical law, 64
Holy Land, pilgrimages to, 366
Hortulus Anima, the, 189, and note
Huchin, William, see Tyndale
Hunn, Richard, 212
Hunting, by priests, 122, 123, 133
Hutton, Rev. W. H., cited, 184, note
Hytton, Sir Thomas, 198, 199

Idolatry, charges of, 258, 266, 268
Idols, distinguished from images, 233,

254 el seq.; 268-269
Ignorance, alleged prevalence of, 2,

245
Images, confused with idols, 233, 257;veneration of, 254 et seq., 372 et

seq.
Immunity of clergy, 57, 60 et seq.
Indulgences, 97, note; 382 et seq.
Innocent VIII., grants Bull to Henry VII., 51, note

Janssen, historian, cited, 5, 6, 246,

3"

Jerome, St., corrections in Testa-
ment, 150; cited on Papal supre-
macy, 174 Jessop, Dr., cited, 40; on popular
gifts to churches, 295; on poverty,

3«7

Jesus, bowing at name of, 249
Joye, George, or Clarke, 196, 198,

223, 227, 384
Judges, English Prelates as, 72
Julius II., Pope, 85, 91, 98, 180
Jurisdiction, limits of ecclesiastical
and lay, 47, 59 et seq., 156 ; leading
factor in Reformation, 48; Papal,
70 et seq.; Roman curia as court
of appeal, 72

Kather1nb, Queen, 157
Kent, Holy Maid of, 388
King's power, 68; his Headship of

Church, 59, 99
Knowledge, result of increase of, 1

La1ty, Reformation opposed to
convictions of, 1; alleged dis-
affection to Church, ibid.; and
reasons advanced, ibid.; attitude to
Church's jurisdiction, 47; absence
of enthusiasm among, in doctrinal
disputes, 48; grudge against eccle-
siastics, 1o1 et seq.; charge clergy
with mercenary spirit, 109; dislike
of clergy, and reasons for, 112;
"mortuaries" a great offence to, 123

Langton, Thomas, Bishop of Win-
chester, 30, 31, and note

Languages, battle of, 156-158

Laocoon, the, statue of, 182, note

Lascaris, John, 22 Latimer, William, Bishop, 32, 36, 43

"Latria," 258-267, 268-27o

Lawyers, ecclesiastical, 85 Learning, revival of, not due to Re-
formation, 6-7, 14; adverse effects
of Reformation on, 8, 175-176;
"New Learning" applied only to
religious teaching, 14 et seq;
Church's attitude to learning, 14,
18, 35; Erasmus on Reformation's
effect on, 18; general aspect of
revival of, 19; Greek influence in,
13, 2o etseq. ; subsequent progress,
32; occasional pulpit denunciations,
33; slight nature of opposition,
ibid.; laymen associated with re-
vival, 34; fostered by monasteries,
36; condition of things at universi-
ties, 38-40; education assisted by
religious houses, 41; decay of,
after Reformation, 42-44; revival
of, associated with Lutheranism,
157; but without cause, 159-60;
Erasmus' attitude to revival of
letters, 179-183 Lee, Edward, afterwards Archbishop
of York, 153-155, and note, 222

Leeds, chantries at, 362-363

Leland, cited, 22, note, 23

Leo X., Pope, 26, and note, 69, 84,
86, 153, 158, 160, 163, 386

Leo XIII., Pope, cited, 313, note

Leonicenus, 31 Leonicus 31, and note Leverton, parish of, 298; Church
accounts, 301 et seq.

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