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wes, Clnnisc House at, 40
Liberty advocated by Luther, 201
Libraries, destruction of, 44; Dr.
Dee's supplication to Queen Mary,
44; national library suggested,

45

Lupset, Thomas, sketch of, 33, note;
on study of Bible, 218

Lutheranism, tenets of, 171; re-
sponsibility for, 174; effects of, 175;
evils of, 201-203 ! expectations of
English Lutherans, 387, 391

Lyndwood, cited, 218, 311

Mace, George, canon of Westacre, 41

Maitland, Professor, quoted on pre-
Reformation position of the Pope,
72

Manuel, Greek Emperor, arrival at
Canterbury, 20

Marlianus, Bishop, 174

Marshall, William, 91

Marsilius of Padua, 91, 92, note

Mary Magdalene, religious play, 281

Mary, Queen, attempt to restore
learning under, 44

Mass, the, 199, 239, 249, 251

Matrimony, State regulation of, 56;
Hytton's view of, 199

Matthew, Simon, preacher, 81

Medici, Lorenzo de, 26

Mentz, Cardinal Archbishop of, 160,

"63

Metal-working, inventions in, 376

"Miles," mouthpiece of Saint-Ger-
man, 66, 67

Miracles, 57, 376

Monasteries, scholarship in, 36, and
note; members of at universities,
39 " sea.

Monks, hostile to Erasmus, 156, 159;
Erasmus quoted on, 178; pilgrim-
ages and relics maintained by, 365

Morality of clergy, 128-129

More, Sir Thomas, attitude to Re-
formation, 6; and to learning, 18,
3335; connection with Christ-
church, 26; at Oxford 27, and note;
on immunity of clergy, 63; his
"Apology," 64, 65, 102, 107, 127;
on spiritual authority, 65 ; on Papal
Supremacy, 76 et seq., 79; on nature
of the Church, 77 et seq. ; against
Friar Barnes, 79; book against
Luther, 80; death, 81 ; sermon on,
82; controversy on clergy and laity,
102 et seq.; on quarrels between
religious, 103-104; defends clergy,
106; and replies to allegation of

fe, daily rules of, 252-253, 275
lly, George, 26, note
nacre, pupil of Selling, sketch of
early life, 25 ; accompanies Selling
to Italy, 26; becomes pupil of l'oli-
tian, ibid. ; at Rome, ibid. ; returns
to Oxford, 28; appointed Court
physician, ibid.; receives priest's
orders, ibid.; friend of Erasmus,
141, 145

iveries for chaplains, 122
ollards, the, 185 et seg., 190, 212
ondon, Mors's Lamentation against,

ongland, Bishop, 83, 129, 130, note
ouvain, University of, 141, 154,
note, 156, 157, 158. 159
ove of God, 263
uce, M. Simeon, cited, 309
uther, Martin, aims of, 6; cited on
pre-Reformation progress, 8; "New
Learning" inculcated by, 14, and
note ; books against, 75-76, 80, 84;
sermon against, 83; Henry VIII.
opposes, 84 ; method of, 97, note;
More and Lutherans, 106; con-
sidered disciple of Erasmus, 138,
157, 159; revival of letters not
connected with his movement, 159-
160; Erasmus's repudiation of, 159-
16:, 172-175; efforts to win over
Erasmus, 161-162; attacked by
Erasmus, 164, 169; supported by
von Hutten, 164 et sea.; tenets of
Lutheranism, 171; methods of
attacking condemned, 173; who
responsible for his movement, 174;
effects of Lutheranism, 175; and
spread of, 188-189; books pro-
hibited, 189-191; disciples, 192;
his book, 197 ; "New Learning"
and, 199; advocacy of liberty, 201,
evils of Lutheranism, 201-203 ; and
of Lutheran literature, 215; Tyn-
dale's connection with, 222 ; share
in Tyndale's Testament, 222-225;
direction of his remonstrances, 246

0

More, Sir Thomas— their mercenary spirit, 109; and of their idle laxity of life, 112; on abuses in religious life, 115; on prayers and alms of clergy, 116120; defends clergy from charges of corruption, 120; on faults of clergy, 126-128; and on their morality, 128-129; visited by Erasmus, 141-142; share in Erasmus' Enconium Moria, 142-143, 177; defends Erasmus' translation of New Testament, 149-150, 153, note; defends Greek studies, 156; urges Erasmus against Luther, 164; opinion of Erasmus' Enconium Moria, 178, note; on spread of heresy, 188, 192; on " New Learning" and Lutheranism, 199; on Luther's advocacy of liberty, 201; on evils of Lutheranism, 201-203; on English Bible, 209 et seq.; on case of Richard Hunn, 212-213! on Church's acceptance of vernacular Bibles, 213-214, 218-220; on false translations, 214; and reasons for condemnation of Tyndale's version, 214, 229-237; on reverence of images, 255-256, 258262; on prayer, 270; on pilgrimages, 368 et seq., 373 et seq.; on relics, 377 ; on indulgences, 384

Morebath, village of, well supported church, 296

Mors, Roderigo, his "Lamentation," 387
Mortality among pilgrims, 367
Mortmain, lands in, 50
Mortuaries, 49, 123
Morysine, Richard, 93, 95, note
Mountjoy, Lord, 141, 142, 145
Music, pre-Reformation progress in,

11 ; Richard Pace, quoted on, 32 Mystery plays, 278 et seq.

National churches, opposed by

Erasmus, 161, note National feeling and the Papacy, 73

et seq. "New Learning " defined, 14 et seq,;

its purely religious application, 15

et seq. ; result of, 45; founded on Luther's teaching, 199

National library, suggested, 45

Nevill, Archbishop, 247

New Testament, Erasmus' translation, 148 et seq.; English versions destroyed, 208; Tyndale's version, and Luther's share in it, 222 et st;.
Nicholas V., Pope, 85
Nicholas of Cusa, reforms in Germany, 5; opinion on Constanrke';

gift to Pope, 85"Noah and his Sons," religious play, 281 Nobility, attitude to clergy, 120 Norwich, Visitations of Diocese of, 40; Benedictine Cathedral Priory of, ibid. Nottinghamshire, chantries in, 354.

357-358

Obits, 352 et seq. CEcolampadius, 162, 189"Open Bible," 208, 217, 240, 242 Orders, religious, their graduate;; Oxford, 39; suggested alterations in constitutions, 114; hostility of Erasmus, 139 Ordinations, proposed prohibition regarding, 57; abuses in, 96, note, 131; action by Convocation, 131; William de Melton on, 131-135, note; reformers on, 199, 205 Oxford, Register of Graduates at, 38- 39; refounding of Durham College at, 44; heresy at, 201; Constitution or Synod of, 210, 218, 246

Pace, Richard, befriended by Bshor Langton, 31; his De Fnuzu, y. note; at foreign universities, 32; the Pope's library, ibid.; remarks on music, ibid.; indebtedness: Abbot Bere, 37; supports Greek studies, 156

Pagula, Walter, 272

Papal Commissions, 93, 385-386

Papal jurisdiction, meaning of renoi ciation of, 70; general acceptance, 71 ; books against, 90

Papal supremacy, 74 et seq.; rejection of, 81; English belief in, 83-85; rejection of, defended by Bishop Tunstall, 97; Erasmus on, 168, and note, 172

ipal prerogatives, in England, 48,

95-97 ; 1n France, 69

irdons, no, 128, 382-383 et seq.

irish churches, sanctuary privileges, 52; religious teaching in, 247 et seq.

Parish life, 284 et seq.; devotion of people, 286; care of the churches, 288; raising of money, 299;brotherhoods, 305
Parliament, legislation on mortuaries, 49,124; and on immunity of clergy,
60; need for settlement of religious
divisions, 55; suggested legislation, 50, 56, 64; right of legislation,
124; transfers powers of Convoca-
tion to Crown, 135; petition of
Commons against spirituality, ibid.;
authorises destruction of guilds, 334

Paul III., Pope, 93, 386

Paul IV., Pope, 385

Payment for " Pardons," 383 et seq.

Peckham, or Pecham, Archbishop,
246, 252

Penance, 248

Pensions, 96, note

Pensioners, university, 40

Pepwell, publisher, 272, note

Petition of House of Commons against
spirituality, 135

Pilgrimage of Perfection, quoted, 74

Pilgrimages, State supervision urged,
56; objections to, 258, 365; im-
portance, 366; foreign, 366; to
England, 368

Pincern, Bartolomeo, 85

Pinners, Guild of, 324

Plays, Mystery, 278 et seq., 301

Pocket, the people's, a clue to reli-
gious changes, 48

Pole, Cardinal, 44, 95

Politian, Angelo, 23, 26

Pomeranus, 189

Poor, right to benefices, 50; injury
to, by confiscations, 336, 354 et seq.;
bequests to, 350-351

'owell, Edward, theologian, quoted
on papal supremacy, 76

'ower, spiritual and temporal, 63,
65-66, 74; dialogue on, 65 et seq.,
87; the king's, 68

°raier and Complaynte of the Ploive-
man, 15, 16, note, 198

Pope, Sir Thomas, 44 Pope, the, and Sanctuary, 51 el seq.;
pre-Reformation loyalty to, 71:
powers in England, before Re-
formation, 72 et seq. ; spiritual and
temporal power in conflict, 74;
position as head of church, 74 et
seq.; rejection of his supremacy,

81; imprisoned, 84; English ac-
ceptance of his supremacy, 83-85;
Constantine's gift to, 85; wars of,
87; temporal power of, 86-89,
92-93; authority as Peter's suc-
cessor, 81, 88-89, 92 , works
against character of, 90-93; com-
mission appointed by, 93; how
deceived, 94; recommendations of
commission, 95; sermon against,
97; object of attacks on, 98;
Erasmus' attitude to, 167-168,
170-172, 174; Erasmus' satire on,
178, and note; refuses to grant
Henry's divorce, 184, and note

Prayers for Pope, 98; of clergy and
religious, 116; Sir Thos. More on,
270; daily, 275; for the dead, 352

Preaching at St. Paul's Cross, 61
style of, against Pope, condemned,

82; in parish churches, 248, 249
more important than mass, 250-251

"Prick song," or part music, 11
"Primer," the, 191, 198, 252
Printing, responsible for spread of
heresy, 188; religious works pre-
dominate in earliest, 277-278
Psalter, the, 198
Purgatory, 55, 199, 205, 341, 352,

357. 384.
Pynson, printer, 262

Reformation, impossibility of writ-
ing history of, 3; revival of letters
not due to, 6-7, 14; adverse effect
on learning, 8, 18, 38 et seq.;
English attitude to Pope, prior to,
70-71; share of divorce question
in, 184, and note; similar in Eng-
land to Luther's principles, 204;
meaning of, 74, 246; share of Wy-
cliffe and Lollards in, 185 et seq.;
effect upon church art, 291; and
poverty, 315

Relics, honour of, 365 et seq., 377 el

**>\ ...

Religious, at universities, 39 el seq.;

State interference, 56; abuses
among, 96, note; reputed quarrels
between, 103-104; evils in consti-
tutions, 114: testimony to moral
character, 121, note; Mr. Brewer
cited on, 129-130; Erasmus on,
178

Religious teaching, alleged neglect
of, 245; Reformation not directly
connected with, 246; extent and
character, 247 et seq.; nature and
effect, 254 et seq.; books used by
clergy in, 271 et seq.; religious
plays, 278 et seq.

Renaissance, definition of, 13; in
England, ibid.; earlier than gene-
rally supposed, 14

Restitution, argued, no; a case in-
volving, 124

Reuchlin, 159-16o, 163, 164, 165

Reverence of images, 254 et seq.

Ridley, Lancelot, commentaries on
Scriptures, 92, 99, and note, 241;
on devotion to saints, 371-372; on
pilgrimages and images, 372-373

Roberts, John, his Mustre of sets-
matyke bysshops of Rome, 90, and
note

Rogers, Mr. Thorold, cited, 313 et
seq., 317-318, 32o, 3SS

Rome, classical revival in, 17o-182;
sack of, 203; pilgrimages to, 366 Roper, John, 90, note Roper, Mary and Margaret, 35, note,
38, note Roy, Friar, 190, 196 Rule of life, daily, 252-253 Rules of religious orders, suggested
examination of, 114

Sacrament of the Altar, Dr. Rich-
ard Smythe on, 192, 240, note;
Hytton on, 200

Sacraments, English Reformers on,
199, 204; attack on, 239

Sadolet, Cardinal, 95, 97, note, 385

Saints, reverence of images of, 254
et seq.; amount of honour due to,
267-269,27o-271; devotion to, 372,
and note, 379 et seq.

Saint-German, Christopher, lawyer,
49, and note; attitude to Church,
48, 101; cited on mortuaries, 49,
123; on lands in mortmain and
benef1ces, 49-5o; on sanctuary and
benefit, 50; on churchyards, 54;
on clerical duties, 55; on need for
State interference, ibid.; on Pur-
gatory, ibid.; on State regulation
of religious life, 56; and of matri-
mony, ibid.; on miracles, 57; on
other debatable questions, ibid.;
on tithes, 58, 125; on power of
clergy, 59; on king's headship,
ibid.; on clerical immunity, 63;
on holidays, 64; his Salem and
Bizance, 64, 1o2, 1o5; on posi-
tion of clergy as individuals, 65 '.
controversy with More, 102 et seq.;
attacks on clergy, 105 et seq.;
alleged mercenary spirit among
clergy, 109; on election of abbots,
114; on constitutions of religious
orders, ibid.; on causes of dislike
of clergy by laity, 122; on indul-
gences, 382, 386

Salem and Bizance, Saint-German's
Dyalogtu of, 64, 1o2, 1o5, and
note, 108, 127

Sanctuary, difficulty of the subject,
50; a danger to the State, 51;
case of John Savage, 51 et seq.;
Papal Bull granted to Henry VII.,
51, note; the subject examined by
Star Chamber, 53

Savage, John, his plea of sanctuary,


Scaliger, cited, 147

Scholars, poor, bequests to, 349

Screens, excellence of pre-Reforma-
tion work, 10

Scripture, Holy, key of position of
English reformers, 204; transla-
tions of, 2o6, 2o8 et seq. ; study of,
advocated by Church, 215, 218,
243, note

See of Rome, supremacy of, 71 et
seq.

Selby, chantries at, 362

Sermo Exhortatorius, 132

Sermons, Church, more important
than the Mass, 249, 250-251 Sharpe, Dr., 316

Stokesley, William, 31, 33
Stubbs, Bishop, 311, 313
Students, distress of, at university, 43
Sturmius, John, 93, 95, and note, 97,

note
Suffolk, chantries in, 358-359
Sunday, legal status of, 64
Superstition in devotion, 258, 261,

266; condemned, 276
Supplication of Beggars, the, 189,196
Surtees Society, publications, 280,

343

Tailors, Guild of, 326

Taverns, frequented by clergy, 133

Teaching, religious. See Religious
teaching

Temporalities, right of State interfer-
ence in, 49 et seq.; difference be-
tween, and spiritual jurisdiction,
65 ; clearly defined in Spain, 68

Temporal power, derived from spiri-
tual, 63; of the Pope, 86-89,92-93,

95

:lling, Prior William, birth and
education, 22; real name, 22, and
note ; studies at foreign universities,
23; takes his degree in theology,
23 ; industrious book collector, 23;
good work at Christchurch, 24;
returns to Rome, 24, and note;
establishes Greek at Christchurch,
24; as Prior, 25, and note ; member
of an embassy to the Pope, 28, and
note, 51, note; continued interest
in literary revival, 29 ; Greek trans-
lation, ibid.; fate of his library,
ibid.; influence, 30
nines, pilgrimages to, 366 et seq.
mony, clergy charged with, 129
Slander and libel, jurisdiction per-
taining to, 59
Smith, Mr. Toulmin, on guilds, 320,

322, 33S

nythe or Smith, Dr. Richard, 192, 240, and note

,ci.il conditions before Reformation, 309 et seq.; case of the poor, 311

til's Garden, the, 189, notevereignty of the Pope, 86-89, 92"

93. 95

liritual power, temporal derived
from, 64ongia, the, of Erasmus, 165 et seq.
andish, Dr. Henry, on immunity of
clergy, 61 ; charged before convo-
cation, 61; on lesser orders, 61
Standish, John, archdeacon, 206,
219, 220, note, 238, 239
St. Giorgio, Venice, abbot of, 93
St. John of Jerusalem, priory of, 51
St. John the Baptist, head of, 378
St. Paul's Cross, preaching at, 60, 81;
testaments burnt at, 216, 226, and
note

, Peter, Catholic succession from,
80, note; vicarship, 88-89
Star-chamber, 53

State, jurisdiction of, 47; right of
interference in temporalities, 48,
55-58, 65; legislates concerning
mortuaries, 49, 124 ; limits to State
interference, 49; power claimed
for, 50, 55-58; punishment by,
for spiritual offences, 59; protect-
ing power of, 67; destruction of
guilds by, 334-335

Testamenta Eboracensia, 343
Theologians, Erasmus'satire on, 177
Tithes, the lay and ecclesiastical cases,
57-58; Saint-German quoted on,

125 , . ..Torkington, Sir Richard, rector of

Mulbarton, 367
Towneley Mysteries, the, 280
Tradition, and English Reformers,

204
Translations of Holy Scripture, 208 et seq.
Trentals, 109, no, 122, note, 324, 327
Trevelyan, George Macaulay, cited, 211, note
Trinity, Holy, feast of at Compostella, 366"Trojans " opponents of Greek study, 33

Tunstall, Bishop, 27, note, 31, and
note, 97, 149, 155, note, 164, 175,
189, and note, 219, 225, 226

Tyll. See Selling

Tyndale, More's confutation of, 77-
79, 104, 105, 120; charges clergy
with immorality, 123; use of word
"congregation for "church," 153,
note; attribution of Enconium

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