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respectively the twenty-second day of February one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, and the eleventh day of March one thousand eight hundred and forty-two, imposing duties upon the importation of goods into the colony of the Cape of Good Hope.
And it is hereby further ordered, that this Order shall come into operation from the time when the same shall be made known in the said colony, by a proclamation of the Governor of the said colony of the Cape of Good Hope.
Table of Customs' Duties. £ .. d. Meat, salted or cured, of all sorts,
not being the production or manu-
of any British possession, the cwt. 0 Meat, salted or cured, of all sorts,
being the production or manufac-
of any British possession, the cwt.
of fish or creatures living in the
(Imperial measure) .................. 3 0 0 Oil, spermaceti, of foreign fishing,
the tun (Imperial measure)......... 7 10 0 Fish, dried or salted, and fins and
skins, the produce of creatures
value thereof ........................ 12 0 0 And the Right Honourable the Lords Commige sioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, and the Right Honourable Lord Stanley, one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, are to give the necessary directions herein.
C. C. Grwitte. 1843.
And the there is ever of foreignteatures
TREATY between HER MAJESTY and the EMPEROR of CHINA, signed, in the English and Chinese Languages, at Nanking, August 29, 1842.
With other Documents relating thereto.
[Ratifications exchanged at Hong-Kong, June 26,
1843.] HER Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the Emperor of China, being desirous of putting an end to the misunderstandings and consequent hostilities which have arisen between the two countries, have resolved to conclude a treaty for that purpose, and have therefore named as their Plenipotentiaries, that is to say:
Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Sir Henry Pottinger, Bart. a MajorGeneral in the service of the East India Company, &c. &c.
And His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of China, the High Commissioners Keying, a Member of the Imperial House, a Guardian of the Crown Prince, and General of the Garrison of Canton; and Elepoo, of the Imperial Kindred, graciously permitted to wear the insignia of the first rank, and the distinction of a peacock's feather, lately Minister and Governor-General, &c. and now Lieutenant-General commanding at Chapoo; ir svar
Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, and found them to be in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following Articles :
ARTICLE I. There shalt henceforward be peace and friendship between Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and His Majesty the Emperor of China, and between their respective subjects, who shall enjoy full security and protection for their persons and property within the dominions of the other.
ARTICLE II. His Majesty the Emperor of China agrees, that British subjects, with their families and establishments, shall be allowed to reside, for the purpose of carrying on their mercantile pursuits, without molestation or restraint, at the cities and towns of Canton, Amoy, Foochowfoo, Ningpo, and Shang. hai; and Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, &c. will appoint Superintendents, or Consular Officers, to reside at each of the above-named cities or towns, to be the medium of communication between the Chinese authorities and the said merchants, and to see that the just duties and other dues of the Chinese Government, as hereafter provided for, are duly discharged by Her Britannick Majesty's subjects.
ARTICLE III. It being obviously necessary and desirable that British subjects should have some port whereat they may careen and refit their ships when required, and keep 'stores for that purpose, His Majesty the Emperor of China cedes to Her "Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, &c. the island of Hong-Kong, to be possessed in perpepetuity by Her Britannick Majesty, Her heirs and "successors, and to be governed by such laws and regulations as Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, &c. shall see fit to direct. so, when
ARTICLE IV. ii. *** · The Emperor of China agrees to pay the sum of six millions of dollars, as the value of the opium which was delivered up at Canton in the month of March 1839, as a ransom for the lives of Her Britannick Majesty's superintendent and subjects who had been imprisoned and threatened with death by the Chinese High Officers.
2. ARTICLE V. The Government of China having compelled the British merchants trading at Canton to deal exclusively with certain Chinese merchants, called Hong Merchants (or Co-Hong), who had been licenced by the Chinese Government for that purpose, the Emperor of China agrees to abolish that practice in future at all ports where British merchants may reside, and to permit them to carry on their mercantile transactions with whatever persons they please; and His Imperial Majesty further agrees to pay to the British Government the sum of three millions of dollars, on account of debts due to British subjects by some of the said Hong merchants, or Co-Hong, who have become insolvent, and who owe very large sums of money to subjects of Her Britannick Majesty. ;
· ARTICLE VI. The Government of Her Britannick Majesty having been obliged to send out an expedition to demand and obtain redress for the violent and unjust proceedings of the Chinese High Authorities towards Her Britannick Majesty's officer and subjects, the Emperor of China agrees to pay the sum of twelve millions of dollars, on account of the expences incurred; and Her Britannick Majesty's Plenipotentiary voluntarily agrees, on behalf of: Her Majesty, to deduct from the said amount of
twelve millions of dollars, any gums which may have been received by Her Majesty's combined forces, as ransom for cities and towns in China, subsequent to the 1st day of August 1841.'
It is agreed, that the total amount of twentyone millions of dollars, described in the three preceding Articles, shall be paid as follows ; ;' Six millions immediately. Ons m oulavery. . . " en
' Six millions in 1843; that is, three millions on
or before the 30th of the month of June, and three millions on or before the 31st of December.
Five millions in 1844; that is, two millions and a
half on or before the 30th of June, and two millions and a half on or before the 31st of
December. Four millions in 1845; that is, two millions on or
before the 30th of June, and two millions on or before the 31st of December.
And it is further stipulated, that interest, at the rate of 5 per cent. per annum, shall be paid by the Government of China on any portion of the above sums that are not punctually discharged at the periods fixed.
spirito ARTICLE VIII.
The Emperor of China agrees to release, unconditionally, all subjects of Her Britannick Majesty (whether natives of Europe or India), who may be in confinement at this moment in any part of the Chinese empire.