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· "Lisode ARTICLE IX. -' .
The Emperor of China agrees to publish and promulgate, under His Imperial Sign Manual and Seal, a full and entire amnesty and act of indemnity to all subjects of China, on account of their having resided under, or having had dealings and intercourse with, or having entered the service of, Her Britannick Majesty, or of Her Majesty's officers; and His Imperial Majesty further engages to release all Chinese subjects who may be at this moment in confinement for similar reasons.
i en ARTICLE X.
His Majesty the Emperor of China agrees to establish at all the ports which are, by the Second Article of this Treaty, to be thrown open for the resort of British merchants, à fair and regular Tariff of export and import customs and other dues, which Tariff shall be publickly notified and promulgated for general information; and the Emperor further engages, that, when British merchandize shall have once paid at any of the said ports the regulated customs and dues, agreeable to the Tariff to be hereafter fixed, such merchandize may be conveyed by Chinese merchants to any province or city in the interior of the empire of China, on paying a further amount as transit duties, which shall not exceed * per cent. on the tariff value of such goods...
1'ARTICLE XI. . 2It is agreed that Her Britannick Majesty's Chief High Officer in China shall correspond with the Chinese High Officers, both at the capital and in ** See Declaration on this subject, which follows the
the provinces, under the term “communication;"* the subordinate British Officers and Chinese High Officers in the provinces, under the terms * statement,”* on the part of the former, and on the part of the latter, “declaration;"* and the subordinates of both countries on a footing of perfect equality: merchants and others not holding official situations, and therefore not included in the above, on both sides, to use the term “représentam tion”* in all papers addressed to, or intended for the notice of, the respective Governments.
ARTICLE XII. On the assent of the Emperor of China to this Treaty being received, and the discharge of the first instalment of money, Her Britannick Ma. jesty's forces will retire from Nanking and the Grand Canal, and will no longer molest or stop the trade of China. The military post at Chinhae will also be withdrawn; but the islands of K00langsoo, and that of Chusan, will continue to be held by Her Majesty's forces until the money payments, and the arrangements for opening the ports to British merchants, be completed. iii. . ARTICLE XIII. : : * The Ratification of this Treaty by Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, &c., and His Majesty the Emperor of China, shall be exchanged as soon as the great distance which separates England from China will admit; but, in the meantime, counterpart copies of it, signed and sealed by the Plenipotentiaries on behalf of their respective Sovereigns, shall be mutually delivered, and all its provisions and arrangements shall take effect.
* In the original, the Chinese characters are also inserted.
Done at Nanking, and signed and sealed by the Plenipotentiaries on board Her Britannick Majesty's ship “ Cornwallis," this twenty-ninth day of August 1842; corresponding with the Chinese date, twenty-fourth day of the seventh month, in the twenty-second year of Taoukwang. . (L.S.) HENRY POTTINGER,
Her M.'s Plenipotentiary.
DECLARATION respecting TRANSIT
DUTIES. [ Signed in the English and Chinese Languages.]
WHEREAS by the tenth Article of the Treaty between Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the Emperor of China, concluded and signed on board Her Britannick Majesty's ship “ Cornwallis," at Nanking, on the 29th day of August 1842, corresponding with the Chinese date 24th day of the 7th month, in the 22d year of Taoukwang, it is stipulated and agreed, that His Majesty the Emperor of China shall establish at all the ports which, by the second Article of the said Treaty, are to be thrown open for the resort of British merchants, a fair and
regular - Tariff of export and import: customs and other dues; whichi Tariff shall be publicly notified and promulgated for general information; and further, that when British merchandize shall have once paid, at any of the said ports, the regulated customs and dues, àgreeably to the Tariff to be hereafter fixed, such merchandize may be conveyed by Chinese merchants to any province or city in the interior of the empire of China, on paying a further amount of duty as transit duty;
And whereas the rate of transit duty to be so levied was not fixed by the said Treaty;
Now, therefore, the undersigned Plenipotentiaries of Her Britannick Majesty, and of His Majesty the Emperor of China, do hereby, on proceeding to the exchange of the Ratifications of the said Treaty, agree and declare, that the further amount of duty to be so levied on British merchandize, as transit duty, shall not exceed the present rates, which are upon a moderate scale ; and the Ratifications of the said Treaty are exchanged subject to the express declaration and stipulation herein contained.
In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Declaration, and have affixed thereto their respective seals. : Done at Hong-Kong, the 26th day of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty-three; corresponding with the Chinese date, Taoukwang twenty-third year, fifth month,and twenty-ninth day. ??. (L. S.) HENRY POTTINGER.
TARIFF of DUTIES on the FOREIGN TRADE
with CHINA. Established in pursuance of Article X. of the
T. M. C. C. 1 Alum, . per 100 Catties 0 1 0 0 2 Aniseed, Star, per 100 Catties 0 5 0 0
Do. Oil of, per 100 Catties 5 0 0 0 3 Arsenic, . per 100 Catties 0 7 5 0 4 Bangles (or Glass Armlets),
per 100 Catties 0 5 0 0 5 Bamboo Screens and Bamboo
Ware of all kinds, per 100
· 0 2 0 0 6 Brass Leaf, per 100 Catties i 500 7 Building Materials,
Duty free 8 Bone and Horn Ware, per 100 Catties .
. 1 0 0 0 9 Camphor, . per 100 Catties 1 5 0 0 10 Canes of all kinds, per thousand 0 5 0 0 11 Capoor Cutchery, per 100 Catties 0 3 0 12 Cassia, i per 100 Catties 0 7 5 0
Do. Buds, i per 100 Catties 1 0 0 0 • 'Do. Oil, per 100 Catties 5 0 0 0 13 China Root, per 100 Catties 0 2 0 0 14 China Ware, all kinds, per 100 Catties
· 05 00 15 Clothes (ready made), per 100 Catties
05 00 16 Copper Ware, Pewter do., &c. per 100 Catties
0 500 17 Corals (or false Coral), per 100 Catties
0 5 0 0 18 Crackers and Fire-works of all
kinds, per 100 Catties 19 Cubebs, per 100 Catties . 1 5 0 0